Learning Event No. 6, Session 2: Steinfeld. ARDD2012 Rio,


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Presentation by Henning Steinfeld, Secretariat of the Global Agenda for Action in Support of Sustainable Livestock, at the 2012 Agriculture and Rural Development Day (ARDD) in Rio de Janiero, Learning Event No. 6, Session 2: “Introducing the Sustainable Livestock Sector Agenda” http://www.agricultureday.org

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Learning Event No. 6, Session 2: Steinfeld. ARDD2012 Rio,

  1. 1. TheSustainable LivestockAgenda www.livestockdialogue.org
  2. 2. The livestock sector is resource- hungry ~ 70 of total agricultural land, 35 % of all crop land ~ 60 % of total anthropogenic biomass appropriation ~ 29 % of agricultural water use Greenhouse gas emissions Driver of deforestation (pasture, soy) and degradation Major source of water pollution
  3. 3. Point of Departure The livestock sector is resource-hungry The sector has specific resource issues ◦ Low NRU efficiency ◦ geographic dispersion (extensive systems) ◦ geographic clustering (intensive systems) Demand will continue to grow and needs to be accommodated within finite resources Potential for social, health and economic gains needs to be seized
  4. 4. A Global Agenda of Action• Focus: Livestock sector’s natural resource use – social, economic and health aspects need to be safeguarded• Nature: Open, voluntary, informal, consensual, action-oriented, multi- stakeholder (public, private, civil society, research, international organizations)• Process: Broad stakeholder consultations to create awareness, agree on objectives, priorities and concepts (ongoing)
  5. 5. Direction of ChangeImproving the efficiency of naturalresource useThree focus areas: 1. Close the efficiency gap: catching up in technology adoption 2. Restore value to grasslands: supporting soil carbon, ecosystem health and productivity restoration with climate finance 3. Zero discharge: towards full recovery of nutrient and energy from animal manure
  6. 6. Closing the Efficiency Gaptotal greenhouse gas emissions and milk output per cow 12.00 10.00 kg CO2-eq. per kg FPCM 8.00 6.00 4.00 2.00 0.00 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000 8,000 9,000 Output per cow, kg FPCM per year
  7. 7. Closing the efficiency gap Resource constraints have started to “bite” Huge gaps between attainable and actually attained efficiency Gaps can be narrowed with existing technology Globally there is more gain from large numbers of producers catching up than from pushing the frontier Prices need to reflect true scarcities of natural resources
  8. 8. Closing the natural resource use efficiency gapWhat has changed: The natural resource constraint has become “real” Govern- Private Civil Scienc Inter Actions ments Sector Society e Govern Org. mental Org. Define and measure efficiency Assess natural resource use efficiency gap and options to close the gap Develop PPPs for innovation and technology transfer Promote investments in efficiency improvementExpected result: More knowledge -intensive practices, with more efficient naturalresource use
  9. 9. Restoring Value to Grasslands:Potential C sequestration in natural grasslands Through grazing practices, 20 year horizon
  10. 10. Restore value to grasslands  Grasslands: ◦ often heavily degraded ◦ home to the poorest people globally  Carbon finance and other PES can alter the production function of grasslands, particularly in marginal areas  Develop a “business case” for grasslands – multiple, global and local, environmental services  Certification methodologies are required  Institutional mechanisms for benefit sharing need to be developed  Income and development in areas without alternatives to livestock
  11. 11. Restoring value to grasslandsWhat has changed: Payment for Environmental Services and climate change financecan reverse the neglect of grasslands and enhance productivity and incomes Govern- Private Civil Scienc Inter Actions ments Sector Society e Govern Org. mental Org. Assess potential for carbon sequestration and synergies with food security Develop monitoring and certification methodologies Pilot institutional and technical approaches Develop intergovernmental support for grasslands, e.g. through NAMAsExpected result: Pastoralist adopt practices that provide environmental servicesand improve food security
  12. 12. Globally-900,000,000 hogsEstimated distribution of industrialized produced pig populations. Livestock’s LongShadow, 2006
  13. 13. Towards zero discharge:Recovery of nutrients and energy from animal manureIssue: Discharge of animal manure into theenvironment caused by geographicconcentration of livestock total amounts of nutrients in livestock excreta > synthetic fertilizers 50 to 90 percent of nutrients contained in feed are excreted as manure, 30 % of energy Technology exists to recover most of the energy (biogas) and nutrients (except N) Policies to address spatial distribution of livestock are required
  14. 14. Recovery of nutrient and energy from animal manureWhat has changed: Discharge of animal manure is less and less accepted Govern- Private Civil Scienc Inter Actions ments Sector Society e Govern Org. mental Org. Analyze the clustering trend and assess the constraints to improved practices Develop regional networks for policy advise Create opportunities for nutrient recycling and energy recovery Foster the development of PPPs for technology transfer and adoptionExpected result: Increased nutrient and energy recovery from manure, resulting inreduced pollution
  15. 15. The Agenda: what’s new? The thematic focus ◦ Puts the livestock sector on a sustainable growth path ◦ Offers strong synergies between economic gains and environmental impact reduction The action-orientation (change in practice) ◦ Build on the sense of urgency to put what we know into practice Value added of the multi-stakeholder engagement ◦ Convergence of interests and action will translate into change of practices
  16. 16. THANK YOUhenning.steinfeld@fao.orgwww.livestockdialogue.org