Africa Climate Conference CCAFS Overview - James Kinyangi
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Africa Climate Conference CCAFS Overview - James Kinyangi

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CCAFS East Africa Regional Program Leader James Kinyangi highlighted the role of CCAFS research in addressing African development priorities at the Africa Climate Conference 2013, in Arusha, Tanzania, ...

CCAFS East Africa Regional Program Leader James Kinyangi highlighted the role of CCAFS research in addressing African development priorities at the Africa Climate Conference 2013, in Arusha, Tanzania, 15-18 October.

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Africa Climate Conference CCAFS Overview - James Kinyangi Africa Climate Conference CCAFS Overview - James Kinyangi Presentation Transcript

  • CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) James Kinyangi, Africa Climate Conference, 2013, Arusha, Tanzania
  • 1. Climate smart technologies, practices, and portfolios 2. Climate information services and climateinformed safety nets 4. Policies and institutions for climate-resilient food systems
  • Big problems 1. 2. 3. 4. Large yield gaps in all crops is an opportunity for meeting food demand in future even in the face of increasing climatic risks. In short-term, several options relating to technology transfer and adoption can help improve adaptive capacity. Later, better adapted genotypes will be needed. Climate change may provide new opportunities for growing crops in regions/periods not considered suitable earlier. Need to manage them. Problems related to poverty, governance, institutions, and human capital limit agriculture growth today and can also limit adaptation to increasing climatic risks. 3
  • Agronomic options can meet goals of adaptation in short-term 20 Net vulnerability, % 15 10 5 0 -5 -10 -15 -20 -25 Impact + Sowing date + Variety + Irrigation efficiency + Fertilizer use efficiency + Additional inputs Adaptation options 4
  • Climate change may limit the potential adaptation window of current technologies 4.0 3.5 Yield gap, t/ha 3.0 2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 0.0 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 1 2 3 4 5 5
  • Adaptation to increasing climatic risks: Assisting farmers to cope with current climatic risks Providing value-added weather services Weak weather infrastructure; data protocols, storage, access and dissemination Promoting insurance for climatic risk management scientific and economically validated schemes; weather derivatives; awareness Facilitating community partnership in food, forage and seed banks Technical know-how; capital costs; reduced acceptance if successive years are risk free Compensating farmers for environmental services Technical know-how; costs of production go up Sharing experiences across similar regions Validation in new scenarios of development and climate risks 6
  • Constraints to seasonal forecast use and benefit by farmers  Coarse spatial scale lacks local information  Lack of information about timing of rainfall  Lack of information about onset & cessation or length of season  Ambiguity about forecast categories  Forecasts not in local language  Accuracy not sufficient 7
  •  Deepen understanding of links between science and indigenous knowledge  Risk Assessments linked to both biophysical and social vulnerability  Participatory development of decision tools 8
  • www.ccafs.cgiar.org sign up for science, policy and news e-bulletins Twitter: @cgiarclimate 9