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Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
Applying To Graduate School
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Applying To Graduate School

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Preparing for and applying to graduate school in the biomedical sciences.

Preparing for and applying to graduate school in the biomedical sciences.

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  • 1. The Next Step in Your Biomedical Sciences Career C Gita Bosch, PhD, MBA Academic & Educational Consulting theacademicconsultant.com
  • 2. Topics to be covered  Preparing and planning for graduate/professional school – the undergraduate years  Finding information and selecting a school  The application and admissions process  Financing your education B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 3. What is your right next step  What do you want to do  Why do you want to do this  Where will you be in 10 years  How do you think you will get there  Is this a realistic plan B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 4. Career Education  What/Where  Academia  K-12  Undergraduate/graduate  Research Institute  Government  NIH  NASA  White House  Business  Biotech  Law  Journals (e.g., editors)  Industry  Pharmaceutical companies (big pharma)  Clinical Practice  How  PhD  MD/PhD  MD  MSc  PSM  Post-Bac  BA/BS B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 5. Getting to graduate school  Directly from undergraduate  Masters degree  Postbac program  PREP  NIH  Job (1+ years)  Research technician B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 6. The Undergraduate Years Year 1 Sum Year 2 Sum Year 3 Sum Year 4 Post- Bac Fall Fall Fall Aug I I I Sep F N N N Oct E T T T Nov L E E Early E Dec L Spring R Spring R Spring R Jan O N N N Feb W S S S Mar S H H Late H Apr H I I Spring I May I P P P Jun P B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 7. The undergraduate years  Introductory courses  Basic science courses  English  Reading  Writing  Advanced courses  Research techniques  Non-science courses  ―Life-enriching‖  Arts & Humanities  Analytical skills  Communications skills B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 8. Between sophomore & junior years ―Am I prepared and have a strong enough academic record to apply to the programs that I am interested in?‖ Yes: continue on your current trajectory No: why not? What are the barriers? Learning? Interest? Re-examine your educational/career goals v timing Asses and rethink B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 9.  Independent research  Prep courses and standardized tests  GRE  MCAT  Prepare application materials  Retake standardized tests if needed  Summer programs The undergraduate years B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 10. Research Opportunities-PhD & MD/PhD  Hands-on research  Cutting-edge projects  Become intellectually immersed  Gain problem-solving and critical analysis skills  Foster scientific confidence and maturity  A look into the life of a graduate student B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 11. Clinical Opportunities-MD/PhD & MD  A look into the life of a physician  Experience with interpersonal skills  Networking opportunities  Interactions w/ healthcare providers  Learn more about a medical specialty B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 12. The undergraduate years Introductory Science Courses Explore Programs: Advisors, Grad School Fairs, ABRCMS, etc. Freshman Sophomore Junior Senior PostBac Take the GRE/MCAT Apply Research Experiences Advanced Science Courses Interview www.aamc.org/phd B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 13. Topics to be covered  Preparing and planning for graduate/professional school – the undergraduate years  Finding information and selecting a school  The application and admissions process  Financing your education B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 14. How/Where to find information  Internet  Network contacts  Conferences  Talk to faculty advisors  Summer internships/fellowships B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 15. SWOT Analysis Schools Strengths Weaknesses Courses Other Test Appl Deadline Appl Sent Contacts Outcome of Contact Notes One Research; teaching opp Location; culture Biochem Research GRE/ MCAT 12/15/12 12/14/12 school contacted me interview scheduled for 1/10/13 great school Two Location Research Biology ResearchMCAT 01/15/13 12/15/12 I contacted school needs rec letter letter rec'd; interviewed - not like environment Three Research; location no mentoring Sciences and Math ResearchGRE 12/30/12 11/24/12 I contacted school sch not interested Four Five Six Seven Requirements B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 16. “…all great institutions are continually changing---renovating, building, recruiting, developing new programs and collaborations, and pursuing new ideas.”(Harold Varmus) What to look for in an Institution B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 17. What to look for in a Program? vs What do you want to do? B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 18. What is the goal of the program?  Provide the training for you  develop a knowledge base in a specific area  develop specific teaching & life skills  reach your goals as researcher and scholar Provide the opportunity for you to become a leader in your field B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 19. What does the program look like  Year one  Core curriculum  Life skills  Laboratory rotations  Year two  Elective coursework  Year three & beyond  Research B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 20. Coursework Rotations Qualifying Exam Dissertation Research Defense of Dissertation Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 … Select Mentor & Advisers Professional Development Presenting Your Research Milestones * * * * Funding Your Graduate Education PhD Graduate School www.aamc.org/phd
  • 21. Structure & Organization  What is the structure/organization of the programs  Are there enough faculty in your area of interest  Is there academic help if you need it  Are there special programs for students B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 22. The Facilities  What do the facilities/laboratories look like  Where is the campus located  What is there to do when you are not in class  Are there cultural/sports events in the area  Housing  Are there special amenities/services for students  Is it easy to get from place to place B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 23. Topics to be covered  Preparing and planning for graduate/professional school – the undergraduate years  Finding information and selecting a school  The application and admissions process  Financing your education B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 24. The Admissions File  Application Form  complete the entire application form, i.e., answer all questions  Scores & GPA  a strong academic record is essential  verify and have transcripts and test scores sent early  Personal Statement  Letters of Recommendation  Interview B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 25. Personal Statement  Introduction of you  Writing skills  Commitment and motivation  Inform and persuade Who am I? What do I want to do? B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 26. What does the school want to know? BE HONEST  Your goals—degree, field, specialty  Why are you pursuing this degree?  What events brought you to this point?  What makes you qualified to do this?  Why are you applying to this School?  How will they help you reach your goals? B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 27. Inform and persuade  Beginning  Interesting & captivating = the hook  Who are you?  Why do you want to go to graduate school?  Middle  Substance = Research Statements  Experiences  Ending  Reader wants to meet you  Why this program B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 28. SKGSBS Writing about your research  Introduce the overall purpose of the research  Describe specifically what you worked on and what you did  Describe how your work fitted into the overall objective of the main project, the field and human health B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 29. Research paragraph One of the goals of the laboratory is to …. We studied ….. My project involved ….. The resulting structures were …. Because they ….. these structures could be used to ….. B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 30. Read it out loud The Final Touch  No errors!  Grammar. Spelling. Language.  Proofread!  Punctuation: commas, colons, & semicolons  Apostrophes and hyphens  Subject-Verb agreement  Word usage Listen to it B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 31. Personal Statement  Deliberate & thoughtful  Clear & simple language  Concise (trim the fat)  Interesting & creative  Style & tone  Vary the sentence forms  Seamless transitions between paragraphs  More is not necessarily better B theacademicconsultant.com ERROR- FREE ZONE
  • 32. Letters of Recommendation  What is the purpose of the letters of recommendation?  How many should there be?  Who should write your letters?  To waive your right to access or not to waive your right to access? B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 33. Letters of Recommendation  Ask recommenders if they can write you a strong letter of recommendation  Give them a copy of the personal statement; if possible, ask them to meet  Give them plenty of time to write a thoughtful substantive letter B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 34. The interview -- objectives School Be interviewed by the faculty, students and administration  They want to see the application come to life You Interview the faculty, students and administration  Is this the right fit for you? B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 35. The interview -- objectives  Make a positive and professional first impression  Learn about the facilities  Be  Professional  Prepared  Personable  Enthusiastic  Engaging/ interesting  Knowledgeable B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 36. At the interview  Dress professionally  Clothing, shoes, jewelry, make-up  Relax and be professional & social  Introduce yourself (the handshake)  Sit up, smile and speak clearly; participate in the conversation; show confidence B theacademicconsultant.com Show them the person you presented in the application
  • 37. At the interview  You are always ―on‖  Be careful of bad behavior  Emphasize your strengths and experiences  Show enthusiasm & commitment when you talk about your research  Show some interest in the interviewer’s research  It is OK to say ―I do not know‖ YOU SCHOOL B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 38. What Schools look for  Commitment  Motivation  Maturity  Academic record/Coursework  Aptitude for science/Critical thinking  Research experiences  Extracurricular activities/Life experiences B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 39. The Application Year Jul/Aug 2012 Apr 2012 Mar 2012 Feb 2012 Jan 2012 Dec 2011 Nov 2011 Oct 2011 Sep 2011 Aug 2011 Select schools Start application form Request letters Schedule/Take GREs Submit application form Request transcripts Check on documents Interviews/2nd visits Receive offers Decision 4/15 Matriculate! B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 40. Topics to be covered  Preparing and planning for graduate/professional school – the undergraduate years  Finding information and selecting a school  The application and admissions process  Financing your education B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 41. What is Financial Aid? Work Research Assistantships Teaching Assistantships Graduate Student Assistantships Grants Non-Work Fellowships Scholarships Grants Loans B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 42. Cost  Costs & FA are different for  PhD  MD/PhD  MD  Sources of funding are different for  PhD  MD/PhD  MD  Expenses  Tuition & Fees  Living Expenses  Revenues  Fellowships, etc  Loans  Grants  Job B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 43.  Stipend (COL)  Full Tuition  Medical Insurance  Travel Awards  First Year Student Allowance  Laptops/iPads  Relocation costs  Professional organization membership Fellowship Package PhD & MD/PhD B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 44.  Institutional  Central  Departmental  External  National Institutes of Health (NIH)  National Science Foundation (NSF)  Ford Foundation  Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI)  Professional Associations Funding sources for fellowships B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 45.  What if it is not enough for me to live on?  Is renewal automatic each year?  If not, what is the renewal process?  Are there restrictions on the uses of the funds?  Does the fellowship provide health insurance? Travel? MAQ about fellowships B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 46.  Can you request special supplements, such as monies to purchase a computer?  When does the award start?  Is the start date flexible?  Can the award period be extended? How?  What happens if I do not complete the Program?  Are there payback obligations? MAQ about fellowships B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 47.  The program offers you admission  You accept or decline the offer  Academic program/research strength/faculty  Location  Financial support  Teaching opportunities  Research opportunities  Mentoring -- personal, professional, academic  Culture and environment of the School  Amenities Matriculation decision B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 48. Data Analysis Schools Strengths Weaknesses Courses Other Test Appl Deadline Appl Sent Contacts Outcome of Contact Interview Notes One Research; teaching opp Location; culture Biochem Research GRE/ MCAT 12/15/12 12/14/12 school contacted me interview scheduled for 1/10/13 great school Two Location Research Biology ResearchMCAT 01/15/13 12/15/12 I contacted school needs rec letter letter rec'd; interviewed - not like environment Three Research; location no mentoring Sciences and Math ResearchGRE 12/30/12 11/24/12 I contacted school sch not interested Four Five Six Seven Requirements B theacademicconsultant.com
  • 49. We must not forget that when radium was discovered no one knew that it would prove useful in hospitals. The work was one of pure science. And this is a proof that scientific work must not be considered from the point of view of the direct usefulness of it. It must be done for itself, for the beauty of science, and then there is always the chance that a scientific discovery may become like the radium a benefit for humanity. Marie Curie B theacademicconsultant.com

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