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ALWD to Bluebook
 

ALWD to Bluebook

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A presentation on the differences between the ALWD citation manual and the Bluebook, intended to help transfer students from schools that use the ALWD manual.

A presentation on the differences between the ALWD citation manual and the Bluebook, intended to help transfer students from schools that use the ALWD manual.

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    ALWD to Bluebook ALWD to Bluebook Presentation Transcript

    • Introduction to the Bluebook
      Transitioning from the ALWD to the Bluebook
    • Overview
      Key differences between ALWD and Bluebook
      Detailed look at using the Bluebook
      Demonstrations of how to use the Bluebook to find the right citation rules for two common citation situations
      More places to look for help
    • Key Differences between ALWD and Bluebook
    • Key Differences: Overview
      Typeface
      Abbreviations
      Form
      Court names
      Spacing
      Page spans
      Particular resources
      Legal dictionaries
      Cases
      Division/District information for state appellate courts
      Docket information
      Star Pagination
    • Typeface
      • ALWD: Rule 1
      • BB: B1 (practitioner documents), R2 (academic writing)
      • Difference
      • ALWD italicizes or underlines things like case names and titles of articles with no distinction between practitioner documents and academic writing
      • BB has separate typeface rules for practitioner documents and academic writing.
      • BB uses italics or underlining for things like case names, titles of articles in practitioner documents.
      • For academic writing, there are separate typeface rules including the use of Small Caps.
    • Summary of typeface rules
    • Abbreviations
      Form of abbreviations
      Apostrophes and periods
      Whether to abbreviate
      Abbreviations of court names
      How the citation manuals represent spacing in abbreviations
    • Form of abbreviations
      ALWD: Rule 2, Rule 12.2(e)(3) organizations as parties, case names, Appendix 3
      BB: B4.1.1(v), R6.1, R10.1, R10.2.2, T6
    • Form of abbreviations, Differences
      Apostrophes and periods
      ALWD never uses apostrophes in its abbreviations and always ends abbreviations with periods
      Ex. Department = Dept.
      BB sometimes uses apostrophes in its abbreviations and those abbreviations do not end with a period
      Ex. Department = Dep’t
      Whether to abbreviate
      ALWD allows for abbreviation of party names, but does not require it
      In citations, BB requires the abbreviation of any word in a party’s name that is found in T6
    • Abbreviation of court names
      ALWD: Appendix 1
      BB: T1
      Difference:
      ALWD eliminates “Ct.” from most court abbreviations
      Ex. Indiana Court of Appeals = Ind. App.
      BB keeps “Ct.”
      Ex. Indiana Court of Appeals = Ind. Ct. App.
    • Spacing: how represented in manuals
      ALWD indicates where a space belongs with a green triangle (ex. Ind. App.)
      BB defines where spaces belong according to R6.1
      Difference? the effect of the rules is the same, it is just explained differently by the book itself
    • Page Spans
      ALWD: Rule 5.3(b)
      BB: R3.2(a)
      Difference
      BB requires to you drop repetitive digits in a page span and retain two digits on the right-hand side of the span
      Ex. 356-58
      ALWD allows you to present the entire page span or shorten it according to a rule identical to BB’s R3.2(a).
      Ex. 356-358 or 356-58
    • Particular Resources
      Legal Dictionaries
      Cases
      Division and District information for state appellate courts
      Docket numbers for cases cited from Westlaw or LexisNexis
      Star pagination for cases cited from Westlaw or LexisNexis
    • Legal Dictionaries
      • ALWD: Rule 25
      • BB: B8.1, R15.8(a)
      • Difference
      • ALWD treats legal dictionaries like books
      • Ex. Black’s Law Dictionary 101 (Bryan A. Garner ed., 8th ed., West 2004).
      • BB has a special citation form for legal dictionaries
      • Ex. Black’s Law Dictionary 101 (8th ed. 2004).
    • Cases: Division and District information for state appellate courts
      • ALWD: Rule 12.6(b)(2)
      • BB: B4.1.3(v), R10.4(b)
      • Difference
      • ALWD requires the inclusion of division/district information for state appellate courts
      • Ex. MBNA Am. Bank, N.A. v. Cardoso, 707 N.E.2d 189 (Ill. App. 1st Dist. 1998).
      • BB permits, but does not require, inclusion of division/district information. Only when of “particular relevance”
      • When is it of “particular relevance?” When your state’s court system is set up with several appellate courts and the precedential weight of the courts’ decisions are not strictly equal across the state.
      • Ex. MBNA Am. Bank, N.A. v. Cardoso, 707 N.E.2d 189 (Ill. App. Ct. 1998).
    • Cases: Docket numbers for cases cited from Westlaw or LexisNexis
      ALWD: Rule 12.12(a)
      BB: B4.1.4(i), R10.8.1(a), R18.3.1
      Difference
      ALWD does not require the docket number of cases cited from Westlaw or Lexis
      Ex. Shelton v. City of Manhattan Beach, 2004 WL 2163741 at *1 (Cal. App. Sept. 28, 2004).
      BB requires the docket number, in addition to the number assigned to the case by the electronic database
      Ex. Shelton v. City of Manhattan Beach, No. B171606, 2004 WL 2163741, at *1 (Cal. Ct. App. Sept. 28, 2004).
    • Cases: Star pagination for cases cited from Westlaw or LexisNexis
      ALWD: Rule 12.12(b)
      BB: B4.1.4(i), R10.8.1(a), R18.3.1
      Difference:
      ALWD uses two asterisks when a citation includes multiple pages
      Ex. Gibbs v. Frank, 2004 U.S. App. LEXIS 21357 at **18-19 (3d Cir. Oct. 14, 2004).
      BB always indicates pagination using one asterisk
      Ex. Gibbs v. Frank, No. 02-3924, 2004 U.S. App. LEXIS 21357 at *18-19 (3d Cir. Oct. 14, 2004).
    • Key Differences: Review
      Typeface
      Abbreviations
      Form
      Court names
      Spacing
      Page spans
      Particular resources
      Legal dictionaries
      Cases
      Division/District information for state appellate courts
      Docket information
      Star Pagination
    • Using the Bluebook
    • The book itself
      Front Cover
      Back Cover
      Table of Contents
      Bluepages
      Whitepages
      Tables
      Index
    • Starting Points
      Quick Reference on front and back cover
      Front cover: academic writing
      Back cover: practitioner documents
      Index (refers to page numbers)
      Table of contents (IX-XVII)
    • Bluepages: practitioner documents
      Rules here: bluepages
      Fleshed out here: whitepages
      Excepttypeface conventions always follow bluepages
      This is not a distinction with ALWD
    • White pages: academic writing
      Rules 1-9 Citation basics
      Rules to familiarize yourself with
      Including rules for structure and use of citations (i.e. signals, parentheticals), typeface conventions for law reviews, quotations, capitalization
      Rules 10-21 rules for Particular Resources (i.e. cases, statutes, etc.)
    • Tables
      T6 Case Names
      T13 Periodical Names
      T10 Geographical Areas
      • T1 abbreviations and citation conventions for U.S. jurisdictions
    • T6: Case Names
      Most important: tab it now!
      R10.2.2 requires you to abbreviate case names by abbreviating any word listed in T6
    • T13: Periodical Names
      • Gives the proper abbreviation for the names of law reviews, journals, and even some newspapers
      • Ex. New York Times = N.Y. Times
      • Where there is no pre-made abbreviation for the title, T13 also shows you how to abbreviate every word of a title
      • Ex.
      • School is abbreviated to Sch.
      • Law is abbreviated to L.
      • Thus, a journal called “School Law” would be abbreviated to “Sch. L.”
      • Where a geographical area is included in the title, that area is abbreviated according to T10 (see below)
    • T10: Geographical Abbreviations
      Includes tables for U.S. states, cities, and territories T10.1 as well as foreign countries T10.2, T10.3
      Use these abbreviations for case names (R10.2.2), court and jurisdiction (R10.4), and periodical abbreviations (R16, T13)
      Ex. Indiana Department of Corrections v. Smith = Ind. Dep’t of Corrs. v. Smith
      Ex. case from the Indiana Appellate Court in 1996 = (Ind. Ct. App. 1996).
      Ex. Indiana Law Journal = Ind. L.J.
    • Includes federal system T1.1 as well as the states T1.3
      Intended for use when writing for a national audience, trumped by local rules where applicable
      T1: abbreviations and citation conventions for U.S. jurisdictions
    • Putting it all together
      Examples of how to use the Bluebook
    • Using all of these sections to create your citation
      Front Cover
      Back Cover
      Table of Contents
      Bluepages
      Whitepages
      Tables
      Index
    • Citations in Legal Documents
      Inside BACK cover, Bluepages & Whitepages (Rules)
    • Bluepages B4, Whitepages R10
      Cite to pages 733 to 734 in opinion
      REGINALD D. WHITTINGTON, JR., Plaintiff-Appellant, v.
      INDIANAPOLIS MOTOR SPEEDWAY FOUNDATION, INC., Defendant-Appellee.
      No. 08-3352
      UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE SEVENTH CIRCUIT
      601 F.3d 728; 2010 U.S. App. LEXIS 7524
      December 11, 2009, Argued
      April 13, 2010, Decided
      4.1.1 Abbreviate case name, following T6 & T10
      4.1.2 Abbreviate Reporter, following T1
      4.1.2 Pincites
      4.1.3, R6.2 Circuit number
      Whittington v. Indianapolis Motor Speedway Found., Inc., 601 F.3d 728, 733-34 (7th Cir. 2010).
    • Citations in Law Reviews
      Inside FRONT cover & Whitepages (Rules)
    • Whitepages R16
      16 & 16.1 basic form: author, title, vol., journal abbrev., pages cited, date in parenthesis
      16.1, 16.2 Student Author of Comment
      16.3 Titles, Capitalization (R8)
      16.1, Numbering
      16.4, T13 Journal title (large/small caps)
      Cite to pages 518 to 526 in article
      Seton Hall Journal of Sport Law 19977 Seton Hall J. Sports L. 513COMMENT: A pit-stop in the Courts and applying the brakes to keep another from crashing: A comment on the conflicts between Indianapolis motor speedway and championship auto racing teamsNAME: Meri J. Van Blarcom
      Meri J. Van Blarcom, Comment, A Pit-Stop in the Courts and Applying the Brakes to Keep Another from Crashing: A Comment on the Conflicts Between Indianapolis Motor Speedway and Championship Auto Racing Teams, 7 Seton Hall J. Sport L. 513, 518-26 (1997).
    • For more help
      CALI exercise
      Lexis’ Interactive Citation Workstation
      www.legalbluebook.com
      Dickerson’s ALWD to BB conversion table (Note: not updated for 19th Edition)