Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Presentation 10
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Presentation 10

118
views

Published on


0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
118
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • Transcript

    • 1. Female Reproductive Terms Cynthia Gaughan
    • 2. Endometrium• Innermost layer of the uterus- a mucosal lining• When fertilization of the ovum occurs, the embryo is implanted in the endometrium.• If fertilization does not occur, the lining is shed. This is known as menstruation.
    • 3. Layers of Endometrium• Stratum functionalis- undergoes cyclic changes in response to ovarian hormone levels, is shed during menstruation• Stratum basalis- forms new functionalis after menstruation, does not respond to ovarian hormones
    • 4. Endometriosis• A condition in which the uterine lining grows outside the uterus- can occur in the pelvic and abdominal cavities• Can cause abnormal uterine or rectal bleeding, dysmenorrhea, pelvic pain, and infertility• Treatment includes birth control hormones, NSAIDs, and surgery
    • 5. Gestation• The length of time from conception to birth• Approximately 38 weeks (266 days) for humans
    • 6. Stages of Gestation• Pre-embryonic • First two weeks • From fertilization and creation of zygote to implantation• Embryonic • Weeks three through eight• Fetal • Weeks nine through thirty-eight
    • 7. Embryonic Stage• Week 3- Central nervous system begins to form, connective tissue forms (mesenchyme)• Week 4- Head and jaw become visible, arm and leg buds form• Week 5- Head enlarges, digital rays appear• Week 6- Internal organs begin to form• Weeks 7 & 8- Neck is formed, eyeballs and eyelids form, nostrils are plugged
    • 8. Fetal Stage• Weeks 9-12 -Head and body same size, ears appear, fetal respiration begins, by week 12 can differentiate sex• Weeks 13-16 - Human features appear, heartbeat detected• Weeks 17-20 - Fetus now in fetal position, fetal movement detected, body in proportion• Weeks 21-25 - Substantial weight gain
    • 9. • Weeks 26-29 - Eyes are open, testes descend, head of fetus directed toward cervix (vertex position)• Weeks 30-38 - Average length from crown to buttocks is 14”, average weight is 7.5 pounds. Ready for birth
    • 10. Menopause• The point when ovulation and menstruation cease• Generally determined to be one year after last menstrual cycle• Occurs, on average, between ages 40 and 55• Estrogen production declines
    • 11. Common Symptoms of Menopause Many of these symptoms occur duringperimenopause- the years before menopause• Hot flashes/ night sweats• Osteoporosis• Irritability/ depression/ memory lapse• Fatigue/ trouble sleeping• Vaginal dryness
    • 12. Treatments for Menopause• Hormone replacement therapy- for hot flashes• Low-dose antidepressants- for mood disorders• Bisphosphorates- for osteoporosis• Vaginal estrogen- for vaginal dryness