Chapter 8 presentation

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  • Chapter 8 presentation

    1. 1. Terms of the Digestive System Cynthia Gaughan
    2. 2. Colonoscopy• Internal examination of the colon and rectum• Usually performed by a gastroenterologist• Colonoscope- flexible tube with an attached video camera used in procedure
    3. 3. Colonoscopy Prep• 1 to 2 days of clear liquid diet• Drinking large quantities of special solution prescribed by doctor to empty colon• Loose, frequent stools- It is recommended that a patient stays at home during this prep time
    4. 4. Who should have a Colonoscopy?• Recommended for anyone age 50 and older• Patients at higher risk for colon cancer, such as African Americans and people with a family history should consider scheduling one sooner
    5. 5. Reasons to have a Colonoscopy• Check for cancer or polyps• Check for cause of blood in stool or dark stool• Check for cause of chronic diarrhea• Check for cause of iron deficiency anemia
    6. 6. Bite-wing X-ray• A type of dental x-ray• T-shaped with a bite tab• Placed on interior side of jaw• Patient bites down on tab to hold in place• Shows upper and lower back teeth and how they touch each other in a single view
    7. 7. Reasons for Bite-wing X-ray• Check for tooth decay between teeth• Check tooth alignment• Check for periodontal disease• Check for bone loss when gum disease or infection are present
    8. 8. Lavage• Common names- Stomach pumping or Gastric irrigation• Used when a patient has ingested poison, overdosed on drugs or alcohol, or before surgery to clear contents of digestive tract
    9. 9. Steps of Lavage• Passage of tube via mouth or nose to stomach- must make sure tube has entered the stomach and not the lung• Sequential administration and removal of small volumes of liquid (water or saline)• Repeat until fluid shows no further gastric contents
    10. 10. Complications of Lavage• Aspiration pneumonia• Laryngospasm• Hypoxia• Bradycardia• Epistaxis• Water intoxication
    11. 11. Anastomosis• Surgical connection between two hollow structures• Used to restore continuity after resection (removal of part of organ or gland)• In the past, sutures were more commonly used to create the connection. Now mechanical staples and biological glues are popular
    12. 12. Uses for Anastomosis• Treatment for colon cancer, including colostomy (opening created between bowel and skin)• Bariatric surgery, whether gastrectomy or resection and rerouting of the small intestine to a small stomach pouch

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