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U10 dutch, english & french colonies

U10 dutch, english & french colonies






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    U10 dutch, english & french colonies U10 dutch, english & french colonies Presentation Transcript

    • Dutch, English & French Colonies
    • What did the success of Spain & Portugal lead other nations to do?
      • Find their own route to Asia
      • Wanted to find a Northwest Passage
      • Sea route around or through North America to Asia
      • The English, French & Dutch eventually settled for colonies in North America
    • What did the French & Dutch want from colonies?
      • Money from fur trade
      • French colonists established trading posts in Canada
      • The Dutch settled in present day New York
    • How did French desire for trade effect relations with Indians?
      • The French were interested in trade not land
      • Wanted good relations with Indians for trading
      • French traders lived among & interacted with Indians
    • Who was Henry Hudson?
      • Englishman sailing for the Dutch
      • Claimed the Hudson River Valley & Hudson Bay for the Dutch
      • The Dutch established the colony of New Netherland
    • What were the first two English Colonies in N. America?
    • What were the first two English Colonies in N. America?
      • Roanoke: founded by Sir. Walter Raleigh, but disappeared
      • Jamestown, Virginia 1607
        • First permanent English colony in N.A.
        • Founded by the London Company
        • Goal of the colony was to find gold
    • What types of problems did the Jamestown colony have?
      • Lack of food
      • Lack of labor
      • No Gold
      • Eventually survived by growing & selling Tobacco
    • How did the Jamestown Colony attempt to solve their labor problems?
      • Indentured Servitude
        • Provided free passage to the new world in exchange for 4 to 7 years of work
      • Encouraging women & whole families to move
      • Importation of slaves from Africa
    • How were England’s southern colonies different from the French & Dutch?
      • English colonies focused on plantation farming, not trade
      • English colonies made their money from cash crops
      • Required the settlement of large tracts of land by English colonists
    • What crops did England’s southern colonies grow?
      • Virginia: tobacco
      • NC: naval stores (tar, lumber) for ship building
      • SC: rice & indigo
      • Georgia: established as a prison colony and a buffer from Spanish Florida
    • Why did English settlers settle in New England?
      • Southern colonies were settled for wealth from cash crops
      • New England colonies were settled for religious freedom
      • Colonists came to escape religious persecution
    • What were the first two English colonies settled for religious freedom?
      • Plymouth Colony settled by the Pilgrims 1620
      • Massachusetts Bay Colony settled by Puritans 1630
      • Both colonies allowed religious freedom for Puritans only
    • What did religious intolerance in Massachusetts lead to?
      • More New England colonies
      • Connecticut was founded as an escape from strict Puritan rule
      • Roger Williams formed Rhode Island after being kicked out of Mass.
      • Rhode Island allowed religious toleration for all
    • What other New England colonies were founded on religious freedom?
      • 1630’s, Maryland founded as a refuge for Catholics by Cecil Calvert
      • 1680’s, Pennsylvania founded by Quaker leader William Penn