U10 dutch, english & french colonies


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U10 dutch, english & french colonies

  1. 1. Dutch, English & French Colonies
  2. 5. What did the success of Spain & Portugal lead other nations to do? <ul><li>Find their own route to Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to find a Northwest Passage </li></ul><ul><li>Sea route around or through North America to Asia </li></ul><ul><li>The English, French & Dutch eventually settled for colonies in North America </li></ul>
  3. 6. What did the French & Dutch want from colonies? <ul><li>Money from fur trade </li></ul><ul><li>French colonists established trading posts in Canada </li></ul><ul><li>The Dutch settled in present day New York </li></ul>
  4. 7. How did French desire for trade effect relations with Indians? <ul><li>The French were interested in trade not land </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted good relations with Indians for trading </li></ul><ul><li>French traders lived among & interacted with Indians </li></ul>
  5. 8. Who was Henry Hudson? <ul><li>Englishman sailing for the Dutch </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed the Hudson River Valley & Hudson Bay for the Dutch </li></ul><ul><li>The Dutch established the colony of New Netherland </li></ul>
  6. 9. What were the first two English Colonies in N. America?
  7. 10. What were the first two English Colonies in N. America? <ul><li>Roanoke: founded by Sir. Walter Raleigh, but disappeared </li></ul><ul><li>Jamestown, Virginia 1607 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First permanent English colony in N.A. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Founded by the London Company </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Goal of the colony was to find gold </li></ul></ul>
  8. 11. What types of problems did the Jamestown colony have? <ul><li>Lack of food </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of labor </li></ul><ul><li>No Gold </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually survived by growing & selling Tobacco </li></ul>
  9. 12. How did the Jamestown Colony attempt to solve their labor problems? <ul><li>Indentured Servitude </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provided free passage to the new world in exchange for 4 to 7 years of work </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Encouraging women & whole families to move </li></ul><ul><li>Importation of slaves from Africa </li></ul>
  10. 13. How were England’s southern colonies different from the French & Dutch? <ul><li>English colonies focused on plantation farming, not trade </li></ul><ul><li>English colonies made their money from cash crops </li></ul><ul><li>Required the settlement of large tracts of land by English colonists </li></ul>
  11. 14. What crops did England’s southern colonies grow? <ul><li>Virginia: tobacco </li></ul><ul><li>NC: naval stores (tar, lumber) for ship building </li></ul><ul><li>SC: rice & indigo </li></ul><ul><li>Georgia: established as a prison colony and a buffer from Spanish Florida </li></ul>
  12. 15. Why did English settlers settle in New England? <ul><li>Southern colonies were settled for wealth from cash crops </li></ul><ul><li>New England colonies were settled for religious freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Colonists came to escape religious persecution </li></ul>
  13. 16. What were the first two English colonies settled for religious freedom? <ul><li>Plymouth Colony settled by the Pilgrims 1620 </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Bay Colony settled by Puritans 1630 </li></ul><ul><li>Both colonies allowed religious freedom for Puritans only </li></ul>
  14. 17. What did religious intolerance in Massachusetts lead to? <ul><li>More New England colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Connecticut was founded as an escape from strict Puritan rule </li></ul><ul><li>Roger Williams formed Rhode Island after being kicked out of Mass. </li></ul><ul><li>Rhode Island allowed religious toleration for all </li></ul>
  15. 18. What other New England colonies were founded on religious freedom? <ul><li>1630’s, Maryland founded as a refuge for Catholics by Cecil Calvert </li></ul><ul><li>1680’s, Pennsylvania founded by Quaker leader William Penn </li></ul>