The Byzantine Empire
From what did the Byzantine Empire develop?
From what did the Byzantine Empire develop? <ul><li>The Eastern Roman Empire </li></ul><ul><li>As Western Rome declined, p...
What were the two basic components of Byzantine Society?
What were the two basic components of Byzantine Society? <ul><li>The Monarchy (or Emperors) </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity...
What did Justinian attempt to do after the fall of Rome in 476?
What did Justinian attempt to do after the fall of Rome in 476? <ul><li>As the eastern emperor, he still claimed western R...
Why were Justinian’s victories short-lived?
Why were Justinian’s victories short-lived? <ul><li>Justinian spent too much of his empire’s wealth </li></ul><ul><li>Upon...
What role did the Byzantine Emperors play in society?
What role did the Byzantine Emperors play in society? <ul><li>Priest-Kings </li></ul><ul><li>Head of state and deputy of g...
What was the Justinianic Code? <ul><li>Emperors were responsible for establishing justice & order </li></ul><ul><li>Preser...
Who governed the early Christian church?
Who governed the early Christian church? <ul><li>The Pope & Bishops of the largest most powerful cities </li></ul><ul><li>...
What was the religious argument between Rome & Constantinople? <ul><li>Whether the Pope had supreme authority over all rel...
What was the Iconoclast Movement? <ul><li>Conflict in the 700s over the worship of Icons </li></ul><ul><li>Some Christians...
How was the conflict between eastern and western churches settled?
How was the conflict between eastern and western churches settled?  <ul><li>The churches split in 1054, called a schism </...
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TheByzantineEmpire

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TheByzantineEmpire

  1. 1. The Byzantine Empire
  2. 2. From what did the Byzantine Empire develop?
  3. 3. From what did the Byzantine Empire develop? <ul><li>The Eastern Roman Empire </li></ul><ul><li>As Western Rome declined, power began to shift east </li></ul><ul><li>Eastern Rome adopted a lot of the old Greek culture </li></ul><ul><li>Capital was Constantinople </li></ul>
  4. 4. What were the two basic components of Byzantine Society?
  5. 5. What were the two basic components of Byzantine Society? <ul><li>The Monarchy (or Emperors) </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity </li></ul>
  6. 6. What did Justinian attempt to do after the fall of Rome in 476?
  7. 7. What did Justinian attempt to do after the fall of Rome in 476? <ul><li>As the eastern emperor, he still claimed western Rome </li></ul><ul><li>He attempted to recover & restore the old empire </li></ul><ul><li>Justin was able to reconquer most of Mediterranean territory </li></ul>
  8. 8. Why were Justinian’s victories short-lived?
  9. 9. Why were Justinian’s victories short-lived? <ul><li>Justinian spent too much of his empire’s wealth </li></ul><ul><li>Upon his death the Byzantine treasury was nearly bankrupt </li></ul><ul><li>After Justinian’s death most of the recovered territories were lost </li></ul>
  10. 10. What role did the Byzantine Emperors play in society?
  11. 11. What role did the Byzantine Emperors play in society? <ul><li>Priest-Kings </li></ul><ul><li>Head of state and deputy of god on Earth </li></ul>
  12. 12. What was the Justinianic Code? <ul><li>Emperors were responsible for establishing justice & order </li></ul><ul><li>Preserved Roman law through written codes </li></ul><ul><li>Basic framework of Byzantine law </li></ul><ul><li>Used as a basis for later European legal systems </li></ul>
  13. 13. Who governed the early Christian church?
  14. 14. Who governed the early Christian church? <ul><li>The Pope & Bishops of the largest most powerful cities </li></ul><ul><li>Arab expansion left only Rome and Constantinople </li></ul>
  15. 15. What was the religious argument between Rome & Constantinople? <ul><li>Whether the Pope had supreme authority over all religious matters </li></ul><ul><li>Byzantines wanted major issues settled by church councils </li></ul>
  16. 16. What was the Iconoclast Movement? <ul><li>Conflict in the 700s over the worship of Icons </li></ul><ul><li>Some Christians believed Icon worship was too close to paganism </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict lasted until the “Council of Orthodoxy accepted icons in 843 </li></ul>
  17. 17. How was the conflict between eastern and western churches settled?
  18. 18. How was the conflict between eastern and western churches settled? <ul><li>The churches split in 1054, called a schism </li></ul><ul><li>Orthodox Church became the official church of the Byzantines </li></ul><ul><li>The Catholic Church, headed by the Pope, remained the church of the west </li></ul>

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