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TheByzantineEmpire
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TheByzantineEmpire

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TheByzantineEmpire TheByzantineEmpire Presentation Transcript

  • The Byzantine Empire
  • From what did the Byzantine Empire develop?
  • From what did the Byzantine Empire develop?
    • The Eastern Roman Empire
    • As Western Rome declined, power began to shift east
    • Eastern Rome adopted a lot of the old Greek culture
    • Capital was Constantinople
  • What were the two basic components of Byzantine Society?
  • What were the two basic components of Byzantine Society?
    • The Monarchy (or Emperors)
    • Christianity
  • What did Justinian attempt to do after the fall of Rome in 476?
  • What did Justinian attempt to do after the fall of Rome in 476?
    • As the eastern emperor, he still claimed western Rome
    • He attempted to recover & restore the old empire
    • Justin was able to reconquer most of Mediterranean territory
  • Why were Justinian’s victories short-lived?
  • Why were Justinian’s victories short-lived?
    • Justinian spent too much of his empire’s wealth
    • Upon his death the Byzantine treasury was nearly bankrupt
    • After Justinian’s death most of the recovered territories were lost
  • What role did the Byzantine Emperors play in society?
  • What role did the Byzantine Emperors play in society?
    • Priest-Kings
    • Head of state and deputy of god on Earth
  • What was the Justinianic Code?
    • Emperors were responsible for establishing justice & order
    • Preserved Roman law through written codes
    • Basic framework of Byzantine law
    • Used as a basis for later European legal systems
  • Who governed the early Christian church?
  • Who governed the early Christian church?
    • The Pope & Bishops of the largest most powerful cities
    • Arab expansion left only Rome and Constantinople
  • What was the religious argument between Rome & Constantinople?
    • Whether the Pope had supreme authority over all religious matters
    • Byzantines wanted major issues settled by church councils
  • What was the Iconoclast Movement?
    • Conflict in the 700s over the worship of Icons
    • Some Christians believed Icon worship was too close to paganism
    • Conflict lasted until the “Council of Orthodoxy accepted icons in 843
  • How was the conflict between eastern and western churches settled?
  • How was the conflict between eastern and western churches settled?
    • The churches split in 1054, called a schism
    • Orthodox Church became the official church of the Byzantines
    • The Catholic Church, headed by the Pope, remained the church of the west