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TheByzantineEmpire
 

TheByzantineEmpire

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    TheByzantineEmpire TheByzantineEmpire Presentation Transcript

    • The Byzantine Empire
    • From what did the Byzantine Empire develop?
    • From what did the Byzantine Empire develop?
      • The Eastern Roman Empire
      • As Western Rome declined, power began to shift east
      • Eastern Rome adopted a lot of the old Greek culture
      • Capital was Constantinople
    • What were the two basic components of Byzantine Society?
    • What were the two basic components of Byzantine Society?
      • The Monarchy (or Emperors)
      • Christianity
    • What did Justinian attempt to do after the fall of Rome in 476?
    • What did Justinian attempt to do after the fall of Rome in 476?
      • As the eastern emperor, he still claimed western Rome
      • He attempted to recover & restore the old empire
      • Justin was able to reconquer most of Mediterranean territory
    • Why were Justinian’s victories short-lived?
    • Why were Justinian’s victories short-lived?
      • Justinian spent too much of his empire’s wealth
      • Upon his death the Byzantine treasury was nearly bankrupt
      • After Justinian’s death most of the recovered territories were lost
    • What role did the Byzantine Emperors play in society?
    • What role did the Byzantine Emperors play in society?
      • Priest-Kings
      • Head of state and deputy of god on Earth
    • What was the Justinianic Code?
      • Emperors were responsible for establishing justice & order
      • Preserved Roman law through written codes
      • Basic framework of Byzantine law
      • Used as a basis for later European legal systems
    • Who governed the early Christian church?
    • Who governed the early Christian church?
      • The Pope & Bishops of the largest most powerful cities
      • Arab expansion left only Rome and Constantinople
    • What was the religious argument between Rome & Constantinople?
      • Whether the Pope had supreme authority over all religious matters
      • Byzantines wanted major issues settled by church councils
    • What was the Iconoclast Movement?
      • Conflict in the 700s over the worship of Icons
      • Some Christians believed Icon worship was too close to paganism
      • Conflict lasted until the “Council of Orthodoxy accepted icons in 843
    • How was the conflict between eastern and western churches settled?
    • How was the conflict between eastern and western churches settled?
      • The churches split in 1054, called a schism
      • Orthodox Church became the official church of the Byzantines
      • The Catholic Church, headed by the Pope, remained the church of the west