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The Rise of Islam
 
Where did Islam begin?
Where did Islam begin? <ul><li>The Arabian Peninsula </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly desert </li></ul><ul><li>The southwest corne...
How did geography affect Yemen?
How did geography affect Yemen? <ul><li>Fertile soil leads to agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Good sea ports lead to trade <...
How did the desert portion of the Peninsula make a living?
How did the desert portion of the Peninsula make a living? <ul><li>Herding animals: sheep, goats, cattle </li></ul><ul><li...
Who was Muhammad? <ul><li>Born in Mecca 570 AD </li></ul><ul><li>Establishes Islam </li></ul><ul><li>The Qu’ran: the holy ...
What are the fundamental ideas behind Islam? <ul><li>There is only one God, Allah </li></ul><ul><li>Islam, Judaism & Chris...
What are the Five Pillars of Islam?
What are the Five Pillars of Islam? <ul><li>Most important duties expected of Muslims </li></ul><ul><li>Say the confession...
<ul><li>4. Fast during the holy month of Ramadan </li></ul><ul><li>5. Make the Hajj or “pilgrimage” to Mecca at least once...
What conflict did Muhammad’s death cause? <ul><li>Who would be Islam’s new leader </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Ali, Muhammad’s cous...
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Rise islam

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Transcript of "Rise islam"

  1. 1. The Rise of Islam
  2. 3. Where did Islam begin?
  3. 4. Where did Islam begin? <ul><li>The Arabian Peninsula </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly desert </li></ul><ul><li>The southwest corner of the peninsula, Yemen, has fertile land & sea ports </li></ul>
  4. 5. How did geography affect Yemen?
  5. 6. How did geography affect Yemen? <ul><li>Fertile soil leads to agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Good sea ports lead to trade </li></ul><ul><li>Trade allowed for the exchange of ideas & culture </li></ul>
  6. 7. How did the desert portion of the Peninsula make a living?
  7. 8. How did the desert portion of the Peninsula make a living? <ul><li>Herding animals: sheep, goats, cattle </li></ul><ul><li>Bedouins: Arab herders </li></ul><ul><li>Traveled Arab Peninsula in search of food & water for livestock </li></ul><ul><li>Well armed, mobile & accustomed to fighting </li></ul>
  8. 9. Who was Muhammad? <ul><li>Born in Mecca 570 AD </li></ul><ul><li>Establishes Islam </li></ul><ul><li>The Qu’ran: the holy book of Islam, it records the information revealed to Muhammad by God </li></ul>
  9. 10. What are the fundamental ideas behind Islam? <ul><li>There is only one God, Allah </li></ul><ul><li>Islam, Judaism & Christianity share the same God </li></ul><ul><li>Muhammad is God’s prophet </li></ul>
  10. 11. What are the Five Pillars of Islam?
  11. 12. What are the Five Pillars of Islam? <ul><li>Most important duties expected of Muslims </li></ul><ul><li>Say the confession of faith </li></ul><ul><li>Pray five times a day </li></ul><ul><li>Support the poor through the payment of Alms </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>4. Fast during the holy month of Ramadan </li></ul><ul><li>5. Make the Hajj or “pilgrimage” to Mecca at least once, if possible </li></ul>
  13. 14. What conflict did Muhammad’s death cause? <ul><li>Who would be Islam’s new leader </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Ali, Muhammad’s cousin or Abu Bakur, Muhammad’s close friend </li></ul><ul><li>Abu Bakur becomes the first “Caliph” </li></ul><ul><li>Caliphs are not prophets, just deputies of the prophet </li></ul>
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