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Progressive presidents2 Progressive presidents2 Presentation Transcript

  • Progressive Presidents
  • Who were the three progressive presidents?
  • Who were the three progressive presidents?
    • Teddy Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, Woodrow Wilson
  • How did Roosevelt become president in 1901?
    • Republican President McKinley was assassinated in 1901
    • The VP, TR became the nation’s youngest Pres ever at 42
  • How was TR's view of the role of the president different from Presidents before him?
    • Believed in strong, active government
    • Believed government should protect people from big business
    • Beginning of “big government”
  • What TR mean when he said people would get a “square deal?”
    • Government would protect people from big business
  • What labor precedent did TR set in 1902?
    • Set up arbitration (negotiations) over a coal strike
    • Owners refused to negotiate
    • TR threatened to send in the Army & nationalize the mine
    • Gov’t could intervene if a strike threatened public welfare
  • What was TR’s belief about trusts?
    • Nicknamed “trustbuster”
    • Some could be good
    • Sued big businesses using the Sherman Anti-trust Act if the monopoly hurt the public
  • What was TR’s reaction to Sinclair’s The Jungle ?
    • He was grossed out
    • Pure Food & Drug Act required mandatory labeling
    • Meat Inspection Act enacted food inspection
    • More gov’t intervention in business
  • Why is TR considered the 1 st environmental president?
  • Why is TR considered the 1 st environmental president?
    • Active in conservation
    • Believed in preserving natural resources
    • Established the national parks system
  • What happened in the election of 1908?
    • Roosevelt chooses Taft as successor
    • Taft failed to live up to TR’s expectations
    • TR returned to run for President again in 1912
  • Who Ran in the election of 1912?
    • Taft won the Republican nomination
    • TR formed his own Progressive Party: “The Bull Moose” Party
    • Wilson got the Democratic nomination
  • Compare TR’s “New Nationalism” to Woodrow Wilson’s “New Freedom.”
    • Names of the Platforms for each candidate
    • Both were progressive
    • Both believed govt should be more active in regulating business
    • New Nationalism (TR)
    • Some trusts beneficial
    • Only get rid of monopolies that hurt consumers
    • New Freedom
    • All trusts bad
    • Govt should restore competition
  • What happened in the election of 1912?
    • TR & Taft split Republican voters
    • Democrats were united: Wilson won