Populism The Agrarian Revolt
“ Farmers should raise less corn and more Hell.” Mary Elizabeth Lease
What type of problems did farmers have after the Civil War? <ul><li>Declining crop prices due to overproduction (deflation...
What was the Grange? <ul><li>National farm organization </li></ul><ul><li>Worked to solve the problems of farmers </li></u...
How did the Grange try to help farmers? <ul><li>Cooperatives: nonprofit stores owned by farmers </li></ul><ul><li>State la...
Why did the Grange lose members? <ul><li>The economy got better </li></ul>
What was the Populist Party?
What was the Populist Party? <ul><li>National political party representing farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Included former Grang...
What were the economic goals of the Populist Party? $
What were the economic goals of the Populist Party? $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $
What were the economic goals of the Populist Party? <ul><li>Free silver: replace the gold standard with silver & cause inf...
What were the Political goals of the Populist Party?
<ul><li>Direct election of Senators </li></ul><ul><li>One term President </li></ul><ul><li>Direct Primary: voters select n...
What were the social goals of the Populist Party? <ul><li>Immigration restrictions </li></ul><ul><li>Eight hour work day <...
What affect did the Populist Party have on national elections?  <ul><li>Took vote from the major parties </li></ul><ul><li...
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7 populism

  1. 1. Populism The Agrarian Revolt
  2. 2. “ Farmers should raise less corn and more Hell.” Mary Elizabeth Lease
  3. 3. What type of problems did farmers have after the Civil War? <ul><li>Declining crop prices due to overproduction (deflation) </li></ul><ul><li>Railroad monopolies </li></ul><ul><li>Debt to banks </li></ul>
  4. 4. What was the Grange? <ul><li>National farm organization </li></ul><ul><li>Worked to solve the problems of farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Lobbied for laws to help farmers </li></ul>
  5. 5. How did the Grange try to help farmers? <ul><li>Cooperatives: nonprofit stores owned by farmers </li></ul><ul><li>State laws setting maximum railroad rates, called “Granger Laws” </li></ul><ul><li>Granger laws upheld in Munn vs. Illinois Supreme Court case </li></ul>
  6. 6. Why did the Grange lose members? <ul><li>The economy got better </li></ul>
  7. 7. What was the Populist Party?
  8. 8. What was the Populist Party? <ul><li>National political party representing farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Included former Grange members & other angry farmers </li></ul>
  9. 9. What were the economic goals of the Populist Party? $
  10. 10. What were the economic goals of the Populist Party? $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $
  11. 11. What were the economic goals of the Populist Party? <ul><li>Free silver: replace the gold standard with silver & cause inflation (more money) </li></ul><ul><li>Graduated Income Tax: the more you make the more you pay, the less you make the less you pay </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalize or have the government take over railroads </li></ul>
  12. 12. What were the Political goals of the Populist Party?
  13. 13. <ul><li>Direct election of Senators </li></ul><ul><li>One term President </li></ul><ul><li>Direct Primary: voters select nominees not party machines </li></ul><ul><li>Secret Ballot </li></ul><ul><li>Referendum: allows voters to overturn laws </li></ul><ul><li>Recall: allows voters to remove elected officials from office </li></ul>
  14. 14. What were the social goals of the Populist Party? <ul><li>Immigration restrictions </li></ul><ul><li>Eight hour work day </li></ul>
  15. 15. What affect did the Populist Party have on national elections? <ul><li>Took vote from the major parties </li></ul><ul><li>Major parties began to steal populist issues as their own </li></ul>

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