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Transcript

  • 1. Populism The Agrarian Revolt
  • 2. “ Farmers should raise less corn and more Hell.” Mary Elizabeth Lease
  • 3. What type of problems did farmers have after the Civil War?
    • Declining crop prices due to overproduction (deflation)
    • Railroad monopolies
    • Debt to banks
  • 4. What was the Grange?
    • National farm organization
    • Worked to solve the problems of farmers
    • Lobbied for laws to help farmers
  • 5. How did the Grange try to help farmers?
    • Cooperatives: nonprofit stores owned by farmers
    • State laws setting maximum railroad rates, called “Granger Laws”
    • Granger laws upheld in Munn vs. Illinois Supreme Court case
  • 6. Why did the Grange lose members?
    • The economy got better
  • 7. What was the Populist Party?
  • 8. What was the Populist Party?
    • National political party representing farmers
    • Included former Grange members & other angry farmers
  • 9. What were the economic goals of the Populist Party? $
  • 10. What were the economic goals of the Populist Party? $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $
  • 11. What were the economic goals of the Populist Party?
    • Free silver: replace the gold standard with silver & cause inflation (more money)
    • Graduated Income Tax: the more you make the more you pay, the less you make the less you pay
    • Nationalize or have the government take over railroads
  • 12. What were the Political goals of the Populist Party?
  • 13.
    • Direct election of Senators
    • One term President
    • Direct Primary: voters select nominees not party machines
    • Secret Ballot
    • Referendum: allows voters to overturn laws
    • Recall: allows voters to remove elected officials from office
  • 14. What were the social goals of the Populist Party?
    • Immigration restrictions
    • Eight hour work day
  • 15. What affect did the Populist Party have on national elections?
    • Took vote from the major parties
    • Major parties began to steal populist issues as their own