0
Scientific Method Hypothesis Controlled Experiment and Variable Independent and Dependent Variable Sample Size and Validit...
Steps of the Scientific Method <ul><li>Make observations.  </li></ul><ul><li>Ask a question.  </li></ul><ul><li>Form a hyp...
Hypothesis An explanation of a natural event or observation that can be tested by additional observations or experimentation
Example of Hypothesis Observation: The population of tiger salamanders declined 65% between 1984 and 1988 Hypothesis: Acid...
Controlled Experiment and Variable Tests one variable at a time (experimental variable) Controlled experiments include 2 g...
Independent and Dependent Variables Independent variable : The factor that is deliberately manipulated in an experiment   ...
<ul><li>Sample Size </li></ul><ul><li>Sample Size (N) </li></ul><ul><li>The number of subjects involved in experimentation...
Validity The extent to which experimental results can be generalized to other settings or situations To increase validity,...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Scientific Method and Experimental Design

17,933

Published on

Published in: Technology
0 Comments
6 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
17,933
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
10
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
252
Comments
0
Likes
6
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Scientific Method and Experimental Design"

  1. 1. Scientific Method Hypothesis Controlled Experiment and Variable Independent and Dependent Variable Sample Size and Validity Scientific Method and Experimental Design
  2. 2. Steps of the Scientific Method <ul><li>Make observations. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask a question. </li></ul><ul><li>Form a hypothesis. </li></ul><ul><li>Test the hypothesis. </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze the results. </li></ul><ul><li>Draw conclusions. </li></ul><ul><li>Communicate the results. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Hypothesis An explanation of a natural event or observation that can be tested by additional observations or experimentation
  4. 4. Example of Hypothesis Observation: The population of tiger salamanders declined 65% between 1984 and 1988 Hypothesis: Acids that were formed in the upper atmosphere by pollutants were falling onto mountains in the winter snows
  5. 5. Controlled Experiment and Variable Tests one variable at a time (experimental variable) Controlled experiments include 2 groups: Experimental Group Exposed to experimental variable Control Group Not exposed to experimental variable
  6. 6. Independent and Dependent Variables Independent variable : The factor that is deliberately manipulated in an experiment (also called experimental variable) Dependent variable : The variable that is changed or determined by manipulation of the independent variable. It is what is measure in the experiment
  7. 7. <ul><li>Sample Size </li></ul><ul><li>Sample Size (N) </li></ul><ul><li>The number of subjects involved in experimentation </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing N </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decreases impact of chance events and error </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase reliability of results </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Validity The extent to which experimental results can be generalized to other settings or situations To increase validity, increase N
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×