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No Local Food without Local Farmland:  Keeping Farmland Available for Farming - PowerPoint Presentation
 

No Local Food without Local Farmland: Keeping Farmland Available for Farming - PowerPoint Presentation

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    No Local Food without Local Farmland:  Keeping Farmland Available for Farming - PowerPoint Presentation No Local Food without Local Farmland: Keeping Farmland Available for Farming - PowerPoint Presentation Presentation Transcript

    • No Local Food without Local Farmland Kathryn Gardow—Gardow Consulting Kimberly Freeman—Pierce County, WA © Gardow Consulting
    • THE ISSUE:To I-5 © Gardow Consulting
    • Urban Pressure Loss is approx. 1 acre/minute 2002-2007 U.S. lost over 4,000,000 acres of farmland 1982-2007 U.S. lost over 41,000,000 acres of farmland 91% of fruits & 78% of vegetables are grown in the urban fringe © Gardow Consulting
    • Washington StateDigital-topo-maps.com © Gardow Consulting
    • Olympic Peninsula, WA 60 Acre Farm © Gardow Consulting
    • Olympic Peninsula, WAPrime SoilsPrime Soils, if irrigated © Gardow Consulting
    • Olympic Peninsula, WA Zoned R5=1 house/5 acres 60 Acre Farm Zoned AR=1 house/16 acres Zoned R2=1 house/2.5 acres © Gardow Consulting
    • Olympic Peninsula, WA 60 Acre Farm © Gardow Consulting
    • Urban pressure = increased land prices North Pierce County © Gardow Consulting
    • 1,500 Food Miles TraveledPortland New York City © Gardow Consulting
    • What is an experienced farmer?• 7-15 years to become experienced• Living through multiple growing seasons• Willingness to continue being educated with new varieties, growing methods, etc.• Willingness to re-invent one’s self © Gardow Consulting
    • Value of land as retirement fund © Gardow Consulting
    • Agriculture JeopardyPreservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies $10 $10 $10 $10 $100 $100 $100 $100 $1000 $1000 $1000 $1000 © Gardow Consulting
    • Agriculture JeopardyPreservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies StrategiesLand use code $10 $10 $10 strategy $100 $100 $100 $100 $1000 $1000 $1000 $1000 © Gardow Consulting
    • Agriculture JeopardyPreservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies What is $10 $10 $10 zoning? $100 $100 $100 $100 $1000 $1000 $1000 $1000 © Gardow Consulting
    • Cluster Zoning © Gardow Consulting
    • Agriculture JeopardyPreservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies What is $10 $10 $10 zoning? $100 $100 $100 $100 $1000 $1000 $1000 $1000 © Gardow Consulting
    • Agriculture JeopardyPreservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies What is $10 $10 $10 zoning? Uses public / private $ or $100 $100 $100trade markets $1000 $1000 $1000 $1000 © Gardow Consulting
    • Agriculture Jeopardy Preservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies What is $10 $10 $10 zoning?What is Transfer & Purchase of Development $100 $100 $100 Rights? $1000 $1000 $1000 $1000 © Gardow Consulting
    • TDR / PDR Programs• Pierce County—Orting Valley Farms PDR• King County-TDR since 2001, saved 141,000 acres of farm, forest & open space land © Gardow Consulting
    • Funding Sources• Local Land Trusts• State & Local Funding Sources• Federal Funding Sources—NRCS-Farmland Protection Program © Gardow Consulting
    • Agriculture Jeopardy Preservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies What is $10 $10 $10 zoning?What is Transfer & Purchase of Development $100 $100 $100 Rights? $1000 $1000 $1000 $1000 © Gardow Consulting
    • Agriculture Jeopardy Preservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies What is $10 $10 $10 zoning?What is Transfer & Purchase of Development $100 $100 $100 Rights? Values land as resource nothighest and best $1000 $1000 $1000 use © Gardow Consulting
    • Agriculture Jeopardy Preservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies What is $10 $10 $10 zoning?What is Transfer & Purchase of Development $100 $100 $100 Rights? What is an agricultural $1000 $1000 $1000 appraisal? © Gardow Consulting
    • Land Affordability• Land for Housing Costs $20,000-$50,000/Acre• Land for Warehouse & Industrial Development $40,000-$80,000/Acre• Land on Which a Farmer can be Profitable $4,000- $10,000/Acre © Gardow Consulting
    • Appraisal Process • Appraiser must perform “highest & best use analysis” • “Highest & best use” can still be more than a farmer can afford • Appraisal does not consider social values such as food production © Gardow Consulting
    • Agriculture Jeopardy Preservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies What is $10 $10 $10 Zoning?What is Transfer & Purchase of Development $100 $100 $100 Rights? What is an agricultural $1000 $1000 $1000 appraisal? © Gardow Consulting
    • Agriculture Jeopardy Preservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies Access to urban What is markets is crucial $10 $10 zoning? for salesWhat is Transfer & Purchase of Development $100 $100 $100 Rights? What is an agricultural $1000 $1000 $1000 appraisal? © Gardow Consulting
    • Agriculture Jeopardy Preservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies What is What are $10 $10 zoning? direct sales?What is Transfer & Purchase of Development $100 $100 $100 Rights? What is an agricultural $1000 $1000 $1000 appraisal? © Gardow Consulting
    • Direct Sales“Access to urban markets is crucial to farmers engaged in direct sales.” No Local Food without Local Farmland © Gardow Consulting
    • Direct Consumer Sales• Farmers’ Markets—6,132 markets in 2010• Community Supported Agriculture (CSA)—more than 2,500• U-Pick• Farm Stands/On-Site Sales• Agricultural Tourism © Gardow Consulting
    • Agriculture Jeopardy Preservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies What is What are $10 $10 zoning? direct sales?What is Transfer & Purchase of Development $100 $100 $100 Rights? What is an agricultural $1000 $1000 $1000 appraisal? © Gardow Consulting
    • Agriculture Jeopardy Preservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies What is What are $10 $10 zoning? direct sales?What is Transfer This program & Purchase of links large Development $100 $100 institutions to Rights? farms What is an agricultural $1000 $1000 $1000 appraisal? © Gardow Consulting
    • Agriculture Jeopardy Preservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies What is What are $10 $10 zoning? direct sales?What is Transfer & Purchase of What are Farm Development to School $100 $100 Rights? programs? What is an agricultural $1000 $1000 $1000 appraisal? © Gardow Consulting
    • Farm to School Programs• 1996—2 pilot Farm to School Programs• 2011—2352 Farm to School Programs © Gardow Consulting
    • Agriculture Jeopardy Preservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies What is What are direct sales? $10 $10 zoning?What is Transfer & Purchase of What are Farm Development to School $100 $100 Rights? programs? What is an agricultural $1000 $1000 $1000 appraisal? © Gardow Consulting
    • Agriculture Jeopardy Preservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies What is What are $10 $10 zoning? direct sales?What is Transfer & Purchase of What are Farm Development to School $100 $100 Rights? programs? What is an Creating or agricultural capturing more $ $1000 $1000 appraisal? from products © Gardow Consulting
    • Agriculture Jeopardy Preservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies What is What are $10 $10 zoning? direct sales?What is Transfer & Purchase of What are Farm Development to School $100 $100 Rights? programs? What is an agricultural What is value- $1000 $1000 appraisal? added? © Gardow Consulting
    • Value-Added Products © Gardow Consulting
    • Agriculture Jeopardy Preservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies What is What are $10 $10 zoning? direct sales?What is Transfer & Purchase of What are Farm Development to School $100 $100 Rights? programs? What is an agricultural What is value- $1000 $1000 appraisal? added? © Gardow Consulting
    • Agriculture Jeopardy Preservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies 5-letter acronym What is What are for farm $10 Zoning? direct sales? organizationWhat is Transfer & Purchase of What are Farm Development to School $100 $100 Rights? programs? What is an agricultural What is value- $1000 $1000 appraisal? added? © Gardow Consulting
    • Agriculture Jeopardy Preservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies What is What are What is $10 Zoning? direct sales? WWOOFing?What is Transfer & Purchase of What are Farm Development to School $100 $100 Rights? programs? What is an agricultural What is value- $1000 $1000 appraisal? added? © Gardow Consulting
    • WWOOF• World Wide Opportunities on Organic Farms• 99 Countries with WWOOF Opportunities © Gardow Consulting
    • Agriculture Jeopardy Preservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies What is What are What is $10 zoning? direct sales? WWOOFing?What is Transfer & Purchase of What are Farm Development to School $100 $100 Rights? programs? What is an agricultural What is value- $1000 $1000 appraisal? added? © Gardow Consulting
    • Agriculture Jeopardy Preservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies What is What are What is $10 zoning? direct sales? WWOOFing?What is Transfer & Purchase of What are Farm Get a 4 year Development to School degree from $100 Rights? programs? here What is an agricultural What is value- $1000 $1000 appraisal? added? © Gardow Consulting
    • Agriculture Jeopardy Preservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies What is What are What is $10 zoning? direct sales? WWOOFing?What is Transfer What are Farm & Purchase of What is a land to School $100 Development grant university? programs? Rights? What is an agricultural What is value- $1000 $1000 appraisal? added? © Gardow Consulting
    • Sustainable Agricultural Programs• Washington State University• C.S. Mott Group for Sustainable Food Systems at Michigan State University• UC Davis Agricultural Sustainability Institute• Evergreen College Sustainable Agricultural Program Photo from Evergreen State College © Gardow Consulting
    • Agriculture Jeopardy Preservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies What is What are What is $10 zoning? direct sales? WWOOFing?What is Transfer & Purchase of What are Farm What is a land Development to School $100 grant university? Rights? programs? What is an agricultural What is value- $1000 $1000 appraisal? added? © Gardow Consulting
    • Agriculture Jeopardy Preservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies What is What are What is $10 zoning? direct sales? WWOOFing?What is Transfer & Purchase of What are Farm What is a land Development to School $100 grant university? Rights? programs? What is an Other (unpaid) agricultural What is value- opportunities to $1000 appraisal? added? learn farming © Gardow Consulting
    • Agriculture Jeopardy Preservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies What is What are What is direct sales? $10 zoning? WWOOFing?What is Transfer & Purchase of What are Farm What is a land Development to School $100 grant university? Rights? programs? What is an What are agricultural What is value- apprentice & $1000 appraisal? added? internship programs? © Gardow Consulting
    • Apprentice and Internship Programs © Gardow Consulting
    • Agriculture Jeopardy Preservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies What is What are What is $10 zoning? direct sales? WWOOFing?What is Transfer & Purchase of What are Farm What is a land Development to School $100 grant university? Rights? programs? What is an What are What is value- apprentice & agricultural added? $1000 appraisal? internship programs? © Gardow Consulting
    • Agriculture Jeopardy Preservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies Public policy on What is What are What is production, zoning? direct sales? WWOOFing? distribution & consumptionWhat is Transfer & Purchase of What are Farm What is a land Development to School $100 grant university? Rights? programs? What is an What are What is value- apprentice & agricultural added? $1000 appraisal? internship programs? © Gardow Consulting
    • Agriculture Jeopardy Preservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies What is What are What is What is food zoning? direct sales? WWOOFing? policy?What is Transfer & Purchase of What are Farm What is a land Development to School $100 grant university? Rights? programs? What is an What are What is value- apprentice & agricultural $1000 added? internship appraisal? programs? © Gardow Consulting
    • Food Policy © Gardow Consulting
    • Agriculture Jeopardy Preservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies What is What are What is What is food zoning? direct sales? WWOOFing? policy?What is Transfer & Purchase of What are Farm What is a land Development to School $100 grant university? Rights programs? What is an What are agricultural What is value- apprentice & $1000 appraisal? added? internship programs? © Gardow Consulting
    • Agriculture Jeopardy Preservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies What is What are What is What is food zoning? direct sales? WWOOFing? policy?What is Transfer & Purchase of What are Farm Effective tool to What is a land Development to School identify prime grant university? Rights? programs? farmland What is an What are agricultural What is value- apprentice & $1000 appraisal? added? internship programs? © Gardow Consulting
    • Agriculture Jeopardy Preservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies What is What are What is What is food Zoning? direct sales? WWOOFing? policy?What is Transfer & Purchase of What are Farm What is the What is a land Development to School Soil Survey? grant university? Rights? programs? What is an What are agricultural What is value- apprentice & $1000 appraisal? added? internship programs? © Gardow Consulting
    • Web Soil SurveyWeb Soil Survey – http://websoilsurvey.nrcs.usda,gov Click on Start WSS © Gardow Consulting
    • Agricultural Soil Values Prime Prime Farmland, if Prime Farmland, ifFarmland protected from protected from flooding flooding & irrigated © Gardow Consulting
    • Agriculture Jeopardy Preservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies What is What are What is What is food zoning? direct sales? WWOOFing? policy?What is Transfer & Purchase of What are Farm What is the What is a land Development to School Soil Survey? grant university? Rights? programs? What is an What are agricultural What is value- apprentice & $1000 appraisal? added? internship programs? © Gardow Consulting
    • Agriculture Jeopardy Preservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies What is What are What is What is food Zoning? direct sales? WWOOFing? policy?What is Transfer & Purchase of What are Farm What is the What is a land Development to School Soil Survey? grant university? Rights? programs? What is an What are This strategy agricultural What is value- apprentice & focuses appraisal? added? internship resources programs? © Gardow Consulting
    • Agriculture Jeopardy Preservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies What is What are What is What is food zoning? direct sales? WWOOFing? policy?What is Transfer & Purchase of What are Farm What is the What is a land Development to School Soil Survey? grant university? Rights? programs? What is an What are What is agricultural What is value- apprentice & coordination, appraisal? added? internship funding and programs? commitment? © Gardow Consulting
    • Vermont’s Successful Program• 1,650 parcels of land protected• More than 500,000 acres protected• Approximately 8% of private land protected• 700 working farms conserved• 15% of the prime farmland © Gardow Consulting
    • Food for Thought• Preservation• Create and expand market demand• Pay attention to succession• Food Policy and Action Plans: – Identify and map ‘food shed’ – Specify who, what, how ($)• Our own actions © Gardow Consulting
    • Reference List• American Farmland Trust, http://www.farmland.org/• Cascade Harvest Coalition, http://www.cascadeharvest.org/• Economic Research Service/USDA, http://www.ers.usda.gov/• Farm to School, www.farmtoschool.org• Gardow Consulting—Land Matters Food Matters, kathryn@gardow.com• King County Agriculture Section, www.kingcounty.gov/environment/wlr/agriculture-program.aspx• National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service, www.attra.ncat.org• PCC Farmland Trust, http://www.pccfarmlandtrust.org/• Rockridge Orchards & Cidery, http://rockridgeorchards.com/• Terry’s Berries, http://terrysberries.com/• Vermont Land Trust, vlt.org• WWOOF, http://wwoof.org/ © Gardow Consulting
    • Thank you
    • Agriculture Jeopardy Preservation Market Succession Align and Act! Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies What is $10 $10 $10 zoning?What is Transfer & Purchase of Development $100 $100 $100 Rights?What is CurrentUse Taxation? $1000 $1000 $1000 © Gardow Consulting