Local Food as
Economic Recovery




      Ken Meter
      Crossroads
      Resource Center
      (Minneapolis)

      CFSC...
Financial partners:

•  Prairie Rivers RC&D
•  Golden Hills RC&D
•  Johnson County Local Food Alliance
•  Grinnell Area Lo...
“Finding Food in Farm Country” Studies




plus Maui & Hawai’i



           45 regions in 20 states (8 states, 1 province)
Local Farm & Food Economies




The perspectives of the
communities where food is
produced and eaten...

       …are often...
Local is a shorthand....




Photo: DSC
Goal: to build
  Community-Based
  Food Systems




Photo: DSC
Vision for local food economies




Build:
  Health
  Wealth
  Connection
  Capacity
Photo: Teryl Roper
Finding Food in Farm Country




Marshall
 County




           Partner: Prairie Rivers RC&D
Marshall County




                    •  39,000 residents
                    •  Earn $1.3 billion income
              ...
households




                      -
                                                  1,000
                           ...
Farm Production Balance in
                                                          Marshall County, Iowa, 1969-2007
    ...
Farm Production Balance in
                                                                Marshall County, Iowa, 1969-200...
Farm Production Balance in
                                                                Marshall County, Iowa, 1969-200...
Marshall County’s Food
           & Farm Economy



  •  Region’s farmers sell $175
       million of commodities per year...
Marshall County’s Food
           & Farm Economy



            So…

   •  Farm families earn $11 million of
        other...
Crop and livestock sales in
                                                               Marshall County, Iowa, 1969-200...
Finding Food in Farm Country

  All told, Marshall County...


•  Gains $4 million in production

•  Loses $80 million buy...
Finding Food in Farm Country




             Total loss is:


•  $166 million each year!
•  This is 87% of value of all f...
Finding Food in Farm Country


If consumers bought only 15% of
 their food directly from local farms:

   $8 million of ne...
Marshall County is not alone...
State of Iowa
Farm Production Balance
                                                                        in Iowa, 1969-2007
       ...
U.S. data
Consumption out of balance




   •    50% of U.S. public school students
          qualify for free / reduced
          l...
Health suffers

            Medical costs of obesity are
               $134 billion per year —



              1/3 of wh...
Corn sweeteners consumed
                   Corn sweeteners consumed in U.S., 1966 - 2002
                           in U....
U.S. Youth Who are Overweight
                   Percent by Age
Percent
   16
                                            ...
Photo: DSC
Value Chain




                                      Food
                                     Service



Producer   Proc...
Farmers' share of retail prices paid by
                  consumers, 1950-2004
   900


   800


   700


   600


   500
...
Value Network



                         Policy
                         Council
Non Profits


                          ...
Pollo de Campo (Minnesota)

•  Build 30 chicken barns this
    winter

•  20 – 25 Latino families

•  ¼ acre each

•  Goal...
Vernon Economic Development
    (Wisconsin)

•  Crossroads’ study inspires
    vision

•  Purchase factory at low price

•...
Marshall County (Iowa)

•  100 people at community forum

•  Chamber, Mayor’s office attend

•  Des Moines Register covers...
Pottawatamie County (Iowa)



•  RC&D district sponsors study

•  County board allocates 5 years’
    funding for local fo...
Northeast Iowa Farm and Food
    Coalition

•  from 6 farmers to 150 active
    citizens in 18 months!

•  Ken presents 9 ...
Northern Iowa region


If residents purchased locally grown
   fruits and vegetables just 3
   months out of the year:
•  ...
Clark County (Washington)



•  Data turns around local
    discussion of agriculture

•  Deepens work of food systems
   ...
Columbia Gorge (Washington/
  Oregon)

•  Data persuades county to
    allocate land for local foods

•  Community food as...
Flint (Michigan)



•  Data makes strong case to mayor
    and development officials

•  Urban farms can use existing
    ...
Douglas County (Kansas)



•  County chair launches food
    planning effort

•  Sustainability coordinator to be
    hired
Dreaming New Mexico



•  Data for state plus 6 regions

•  Create bioregional vision
Elements of Success
for Local Food Systems

       NEW STUDY!
  “Mapping the Minnesota
      Food Industry”


www.crcworks...
Elements of Success
for Local Food Systems

       NEW STUDY!
  “Mapping the Minnesota
      Food Industry”

       •  Rec...
Invest in communities

 rather than cash for
     commodities
Vision for local food economies




Build:
  Health
  Wealth
  Connection
  Capacity
“Finding Food in Farm Country”




     www.crcworks.org/econ.html
           (612) 869-8664


        kmeter@crcworks.org
Local Food as Economic Recovery
Local Food as Economic Recovery
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Local Food as Economic Recovery

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PDF of power point used by Ken Meter during the Food Policy Council meeting at the 2009 Community Food Security Conference held in Des Moines, IA.

Published in: News & Politics

Local Food as Economic Recovery

  1. 1. Local Food as Economic Recovery Ken Meter Crossroads Resource Center (Minneapolis) CFSC Food Policy Workshop Des Moines, Iowa October 10, 2009
  2. 2. Financial partners: •  Prairie Rivers RC&D •  Golden Hills RC&D •  Johnson County Local Food Alliance •  Grinnell Area Local Food Alliance •  Geode RC&D •  Limestone Bluffs RC&D •  Pathfinders RC&D •  Iowa Valley RC&D •  University of Wisconsin Extension •  Experiment in Rural Cooperation (SE Minnesota) •  Northwest & West Central Minnesota Regional Sustainable Development Partnerships •  Food Systems Working Group (Value Chain Partnerships project) — Aldo Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture at Iowa State University •  University of Minnesota •  Oregon Food Bank •  W. K. Kellogg Foundation (Michigan) •  FarmAid •  Northwest Area Foundation
  3. 3. “Finding Food in Farm Country” Studies plus Maui & Hawai’i 45 regions in 20 states (8 states, 1 province)
  4. 4. Local Farm & Food Economies The perspectives of the communities where food is produced and eaten... …are often overlooked
  5. 5. Local is a shorthand.... Photo: DSC
  6. 6. Goal: to build Community-Based Food Systems Photo: DSC
  7. 7. Vision for local food economies Build: Health Wealth Connection Capacity
  8. 8. Photo: Teryl Roper
  9. 9. Finding Food in Farm Country Marshall County Partner: Prairie Rivers RC&D
  10. 10. Marshall County •  39,000 residents •  Earn $1.3 billion income each year Source: Federal Census 2000, BEA
  11. 11. households - 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 200 400 600 800 less than $10,000 $10,000 - $14,999 $15,000 - $19,999 $20,000 - $24,999 $25,000 - $29,999 $30,000 - $34,999 $35,000 - $39,999 $40,000 - $44,999 (26%) below 9,824 people 185% of poverty $45,000 - $49,999 $50,000 - $59,999 Household income levels in Marshall County, 1999 $60,000 - $74,999 $75,000 - $99,999 $100,000 - $124,999 $125,000 - $149,999 $150,000 - $199,999 $200,000 or more
  12. 12. Farm Production Balance in Marshall County, Iowa, 1969-2007 250 Cash Receipts 200 Production expenses Balance 150 $ millions (current) 100 50 0 1969 1971 1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 -50 Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis
  13. 13. Farm Production Balance in Marshall County, Iowa, 1969-2007 450 400 Cash receipts Production expenses 350 Balance 300 $ millions (2007 dollars) 250 200 150 100 50 0 1969 1971 1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 -50 -100 Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis
  14. 14. Farm Production Balance in Marshall County, Iowa, 1969-2007 450 400 Cash receipts Production expenses 350 Balance 300 $ millions (2007 dollars) 250 200 150 100 $37 million less than 1969! 50 0 1969 1971 1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 -50 -100 $4 million average surplus Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis
  15. 15. Marshall County’s Food & Farm Economy •  Region’s farmers sell $175 million of commodities per year and… •  Spend $171 million to raise them Gain $4 million in production costs Averages for (1979-2007) Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis
  16. 16. Marshall County’s Food & Farm Economy So… •  Farm families earn $11 million of other farm-related income •  And receive $18 million in federal supports each year Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis
  17. 17. Crop and livestock sales in Marshall County, Iowa, 1969-2007 300 250 $ millions (2007 dollars) Livestock 200 Crops 150 100 50 0 1969 1971 1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis
  18. 18. Finding Food in Farm Country All told, Marshall County... •  Gains $4 million in production •  Loses $80 million buying inputs •  Loses $90 million buying food Potential wealth lost each year
  19. 19. Finding Food in Farm Country Total loss is: •  $166 million each year! •  This is 87% of value of all food commodities raised in region
  20. 20. Finding Food in Farm Country If consumers bought only 15% of their food directly from local farms: $8 million of new farm income earned each year
  21. 21. Marshall County is not alone...
  22. 22. State of Iowa
  23. 23. Farm Production Balance in Iowa, 1969-2007 40 35 30 Cash receipts Production expenses $ billions (2007 dollars) 25 Balance 20 15 10 $2.3 billion less than 1969! 5 0 1969 1971 1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 -5 $22 billion gained in last 29 years
  24. 24. U.S. data
  25. 25. Consumption out of balance •  50% of U.S. public school students qualify for free / reduced lunch •  10% of households are “food insecure” Source: USDA Mural: The Food Project
  26. 26. Health suffers Medical costs of obesity are $134 billion per year — 1/3 of what U.S. farmers gross Source: Harvard Public Health/Colditz
  27. 27. Corn sweeteners consumed Corn sweeteners consumed in U.S., 1966 - 2002 in U.S., 1966 - 2002 70 60 50 40 HFCS 30 Glucose Dextrose 20 10 0 Source: USDA/ERS — chart by Ken Meter, 2006
  28. 28. U.S. Youth Who are Overweight Percent by Age Percent 16 14.0% 14 12 10.7% 13% 10 10.7% 8 6 4.6% 4 4.1% 2 0 1963-70 1971-74 1976-80 1988-94 1999 Ages 6-11 Ages 12-17 >95th percentile for BMI by age and sex, based on NHANES I reference data Source: Troiano RP, Flegal KM. Pediatrics 1998;101(3):497-504. NHANES 1999, National Center for Health Statistics. Chart by Melinda Hemmelgarn
  29. 29. Photo: DSC
  30. 30. Value Chain Food Service Producer Processor Distributor Retailer Consumer
  31. 31. Farmers' share of retail prices paid by consumers, 1950-2004 900 800 700 600 500 400 marketing bill farm value 300 200 100 41% 20% 0 Source ERS; chart by Ken Meter, 2007
  32. 32. Value Network Policy Council Non Profits Consumer: Producer “Coproducer” Processor Retailer Educator Distributor Food Service
  33. 33. Pollo de Campo (Minnesota) •  Build 30 chicken barns this winter •  20 – 25 Latino families •  ¼ acre each •  Goal: 35,000 chickens in 2010 •  Create a path to ownership
  34. 34. Vernon Economic Development (Wisconsin) •  Crossroads’ study inspires vision •  Purchase factory at low price •  Regional food processing center
  35. 35. Marshall County (Iowa) •  100 people at community forum •  Chamber, Mayor’s office attend •  Des Moines Register covers Latino farming project •  Local sponsors: RC&D, Community College, Leopold
  36. 36. Pottawatamie County (Iowa) •  RC&D district sponsors study •  County board allocates 5 years’ funding for local food coordination •  Part of Southwest Iowa Farm and Food Initiative
  37. 37. Northeast Iowa Farm and Food Coalition •  from 6 farmers to 150 active citizens in 18 months! •  Ken presents 9 times •  Data helps unify effort and attract investors
  38. 38. Northern Iowa region If residents purchased locally grown fruits and vegetables just 3 months out of the year: •  475 new jobs •  $6.3 million in labor income added to local economy David Swenson, ISU Economist
  39. 39. Clark County (Washington) •  Data turns around local discussion of agriculture •  Deepens work of food systems council
  40. 40. Columbia Gorge (Washington/ Oregon) •  Data persuades county to allocate land for local foods •  Community food assessment brings low-income needs forward •  Mobile farmers’ market
  41. 41. Flint (Michigan) •  Data makes strong case to mayor and development officials •  Urban farms can use existing infrastructure •  Youth involved in hoop house
  42. 42. Douglas County (Kansas) •  County chair launches food planning effort •  Sustainability coordinator to be hired
  43. 43. Dreaming New Mexico •  Data for state plus 6 regions •  Create bioregional vision
  44. 44. Elements of Success for Local Food Systems NEW STUDY! “Mapping the Minnesota Food Industry” www.crcworks.org/mnfood.pdf
  45. 45. Elements of Success for Local Food Systems NEW STUDY! “Mapping the Minnesota Food Industry” •  Reciprocity •  Resilience •  Recycling
  46. 46. Invest in communities rather than cash for commodities
  47. 47. Vision for local food economies Build: Health Wealth Connection Capacity
  48. 48. “Finding Food in Farm Country” www.crcworks.org/econ.html (612) 869-8664 kmeter@crcworks.org

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