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Baltimore’s Food Justice Initiatives: Urban Agriculture, Virtual Supermarkets and More
Baltimore’s Food Justice Initiatives: Urban Agriculture, Virtual Supermarkets and More Laura Fox Baltimore Health Department Abby Cocke Baltimore Office of Sustainability
Who are the partners andwhat roles do they play?
The Office of Sustainability develops and advocates forprograms, policies and actions bygovernment, citizens, businesses,and institutions that improve thelong-term environmental, social, and economic viability of Baltimore City.
• Working groups and community meetings in 2008 • Formally adopted by the City Council in 2009• Commission on Sustainability (oversight) and BaltimoreOffice of Sustainability (implementation) formed in 2009 • Office currently has 8 staff people
Plan Organization1. Cleanliness2. Pollution Prevention3. Resource Conservation 29 Goals 131 Strategies4. Greening5. Transportation6. Education & Awareness7. Green Economy
Baltimore Sustainability PlanGreening Goal #2: Establish Baltimore as a leader in sustainable, local food systems • Strategy A: Increase the percentage of land under cultivation for agricultural purposes • Strategy B: Improve the quantity and quality of food available at food outlets • Strategy C: Increase demand for locally- produced, healthy foods by schools, institutions, super-markets and citizens • Strategy D: Develop an urban agriculture plan • Strategy E: Implement Baltimore Food Policy Task Force recommendations related to sustainability and food • Strategy F: Compile local and regional data on various components of the food system
VisionA healthy Baltimore.MissionTo advocate, lead, and provideservices of the highest quality inorder to promote and protect thehealth of the residents ofBaltimore City.- The oldest continuously operatinghealth department in the US- Employs nearly 1,000 people- Programs forinfants, children, men, women, seniors, and animals.
Healthy Baltimore 2015 The Baltimore City Health Department’scomprehensive health policy agenda for the city, articulating its priority areas and indicators for action.
HEALTHY BALTIMORE 2015 PRIORITY AREA #3: REDESIGN COMMUNITIES TO PREVENT OBESITY SUPERMARKET ACCESS DISPARITY BETWEEN HIGHEST-ACCESS AND LOWEST-ACCESS COMMUNITIES, BALTIMORE CITY, 2011 Estimated Travel Time to Nearest Supermarket (Min.) • Highest-Access Communities 1.8 • Lowest-Access Communities 29.1 • Disparity Ratio 16.0“Building healthy communities means increasing access to healthy and fresh food by improving public transportation and other creative strategies that reduce the impact of food deserts.”
Baltimore Food Policy Initiative (BFPI)• Inter-governmental collaboration: – Baltimore Office of Sustainability, Department of Planning, and Health Department• Strategy to use city, state and federal policy, zoning and permitting to address food access issues• Umbrella for all food access related projects, policies and partnerships
Baltimore Food Policy• 2009 – Food Policy Task Force Convenes• 2010 – Food Policy Task Force Recommendations Released• 2010 – First Food Policy Director Hired (Holly Freishtat)• 2010 – Food PAC Created – Advisory Capacity to Implement FP Task Force Recommendations – Embraces Food System Perspective to Health• 2011 – Food Access Coordinator Hired (Jamie Nash)
Food Policy Recommendations1. Promote and expand farmers markets2. Support urban agriculture3. Expand supermarket home delivery program1. Promote and expand farmers markets4. Develop a targeted marketing campaign to2. Support urban agriculture encourage healthy eating among all Baltimoreans3. Expand supermarket home delivery program5. Support research on food deserts and4. Develop a targeted marketing campaign to encourage collaboration with policy makers healthy eating among all Baltimoreans6. Create healthy food zoning requirement or5. Support research on food deserts and collaboration incentives with policy makers7. Improve the food environment around schools &6. Create healthy food zoning requirement or incentives recreation centers7. Improve the food environment around schools &8. Support street vending of healthy foods recreation centers9.8. Promotestreetexpand communityfoods Support and vending of healthy supported agriculture9. Promote and expand community supported10. Support a central kitchen model for schools agriculture10. Support a central kitchen model for schools
The Center funds research that increases knowledge about the complex interactions among diet, health, food production and thenatural environment in the search for practicesthat are equitable, environmentally sustainable and healthful for the rapidly growing world population.
Goals:- To increase the body of knowledge aboutthe interconnections among diet, foodproduction, human health and the naturalenvironment in order to influence publicpolicy toward more equitable and sustainablesystems.- To engage public health professionals in thediscovery of new knowledge, thecommunication of findings and the formationof public policy, and to influence attitudes andbehaviors. - To raise individual and institutionalawareness within the JHU and GreaterBaltimore communities of our responsibilityfor environmental stewardship and, throughcurriculum, educational events, attention touniversity practices and technical assistance,effect individual behavior and stimulatesocietal changes.
Living for the Future – Greenhouse Gas Inventory for JHU – Sustainability at Hopkins – Water Related Projects
Farming for the Future – Industrial Food Animal Production Project – Public Health and Sustainable Aquaculture Project – The Sustainable Agriculture Education (SAgE) Project – Pew Commission on Industrial Farm Animal Production – Healthy Farm Bill Initiative – Agriculture and Public Health Gateway – Community Supported Agriculture
Eating for the Future – The Johns Hopkins Healthy Monday Project (JHHMP) – Eat Healthy Monday – Meatless Monday – Food System Mapping – Baltimore Food and Faith – Food for Life in Elementary Schools – Community Food Assessment – Eat Local
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