Objectives: Describethe parts and functions of the urinary system. Explain how the kidneys filter blood. Describe three disorders of the urinary system.
Cleaning the Blood The urinary system contains the organs that remove waste products from your blood.
The Kidneys as Filters Kidneys Pair of organs in the urinary system that clean the blood and excrete products as urine. Inside each kidney are more than 1 million microscopic filters called nephrons.
Water In, Water Out Sweat and Thirst The evaporation of water sweat cools you down. As the water content of the blood drops, the salivary glands produce less saliva, resulting in thirst. Antidiuretic Hormone When you get thirsty, antidiuretic hormone is released. This hormone signals the kidneys to take water from the nephronsand return it to the body. Diuretics Cause the kidneys to make more urine, which decreases the amount of water in the blood. Example: beverages containing caffeine
Urinary System Problems Bacterial Infections Bacteria can get into the bladder and uretersthrough the urethra and cause painful infections. Kidney Stones Salts and other wastes can collect inside the kidneys and form kidney stones. Kidney Disease Damage to nephrons can prevent normal kidney functioning and can lead to kidney disease.