Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Applied Chapter 4.2 : Tour of the Periodic Table
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Saving this for later?

Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime - even offline.

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Applied Chapter 4.2 : Tour of the Periodic Table

2,321
views

Published on


0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
2,321
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
33
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Chapter 4.2
    Tour of the Periodic Table
  • 2. Objective 1:
    Locate the different families of main-group elements, on the periodic table, describe their characteristic properties, and relate their properties to their electron configurations.
  • 3. Periods and Blocks of the Periodic Table
    p1
    p6
    s1
    s2
    s2
    1
    d1
    d10
    2
    3
    3
    4
    4
    5
    5
    6
    7
    4
    Periods = energy levels
    5
    f 1
    f 14
  • 4. Hydrogen and Helium
    Hydrogen
    • Family of it’s own
    • 5. Has s1 configuration
    • 6. Properties of both group 1 and group 17
    Helium
    • b/c its’ highest occupied energy level in filled - stable
    • 7. Has s2 configuration
    • 8. Properties of Group 18 Noble gases
  • S-block Elements: Group 1 & 2
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
    Group 1 – Alkali metals
    Properties –
    • silvery
    • 9. soft metal
    • 10. very reactive
    • 11. not found in nature as free elements
    • 12. react strongly with water
    Group 2 – Alkaline earth metals
    Properties –
    • silvery
    • 13. harder, denser and stronger than alkali metals
    • 14. Reactive, but not as much as alkali
    • 15. not found in nature as free elements
  • P-block elements: group 13-18
    Main-group elements
    P-block elements together with s-block elements
    Electron configurations
    Group
    13 ns2np1
    14 ns2np2
    15 ns2np3
    16 ns2np4
    17 ns2np5
    18 ns2np6
    p-block
    s-block
    ns2np6
    Stable Noble gas configuration
  • 16. P-block elements: group 13-18
    • Group 17
    • 17. Halogens
    • 18. Properties
    • 19. Most reactive nonmetal
    • 20. React vigorously with most metals
    • 21. Some are gases at room temperature
    Total number of electrons in highest energy level
    Group number minus 10
    • Properties vary greatly
    • 22. Metals/metalloids/
    nonmetals
    p-block
  • 23. Objective 2:
    • Locate metals on the periodic table, describe their characteristic properties, and relate their properties to their electron configurations.
    d – block elements: Groups 3 - 12
    Transition Elements
    First appears when n =3
    • Properties:
    • 24. Good conductors of heat and electricity
    • 25. High luster
    • 26. Less reactive than alkali and alkaline earth metals
    • 27. Some are so unreactive, they don’t form compounds
    • 28. Exist in nature as free elements
    d-block
    Au
    Zn
    Cu
    Hg
  • 29. f-block elements: Lanthanide and Actinides
    Wedged between groups 3 and 4 in the sixth and seventh periods
    14 f-block elements in each of the series
    Actinides are all radioactive
    Only first 4 actinides have been found naturally on earth
    Lanthanides are shiny metals similar to alkaline earth metals
    f-block
    Samarium
    Uranium
  • 30. Lanthanides and Actinides
    Lanthanides – 14 elements with atomic number from 58 to 71
    Cerium to Lutetium (Top row – f-block)
    • Actinides – 14 elements with atomic number from 90 to 103
    • 31. Thorium to Lawrencium ( Bottom row – f-block)
    • 32. To save space – both were set off below main portion of periodic table
    • 33. What it would look like!