PRESENT
PERFECT TENSE
There are basically three uses for the present
perfect tense:
-Experience
-Change
-Continuing Situation
Present perfect tense for experience
We often use the present perfect tense to talk
about experience from the past. We are...
Present perfect tense for change
We also use the present perfect tense to talk
about a change or new information.
Present perfect tense for continuing situation
We often use the present perfect tense to talk
about a continuing situation...
Affirmative
Subject + Have/Has + Past participle (V3)
-He/She/It has drunk water.
-I/You/We/They have played football.
Negative
Subject + Have/Has + not + Past Participle (V3)
-I/You/We/They haven’t played football.
-He/She/It hasn’t drunk w...
Interrogative
Have/Has + Subject + Past Participle (V3)
-Has he/she/it eaten anything?
-Have you/we/they seen the film?
JUST/ALREADY/YET
‘Just’ is usually used only with the present perfect tense and it means
‘a short time ago’. It comes betw...
SINCE/FOR
We often use since and for when talking about time.
Since + Point
A point is a precise moment in time, for examp...
For + Period
A period is a duration of time, for example:
5 minutes, 2 weeks, 6 years. For means
"from the beginning of th...
Been To/Gone To
We use 'been' to mean that the person being
talked about has visited the place, and come
back. Notice the ...
We use 'gone' to mean that the person is at
the place now:
-Where is John? He has gone to the bank.
(He is at the bank now...
Teacher: GİZEM CEYLAN
ELT
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

ELT

92

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
92
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

ELT

  1. 1. PRESENT PERFECT TENSE
  2. 2. There are basically three uses for the present perfect tense: -Experience -Change -Continuing Situation
  3. 3. Present perfect tense for experience We often use the present perfect tense to talk about experience from the past. We are not interested in when you did something. We only want to know if you did it.
  4. 4. Present perfect tense for change We also use the present perfect tense to talk about a change or new information.
  5. 5. Present perfect tense for continuing situation We often use the present perfect tense to talk about a continuing situation. This is a state that started in the past and continues in the present (and will probably continue into the future). This is a state (not an action). We usually use for or since with this structure.
  6. 6. Affirmative Subject + Have/Has + Past participle (V3) -He/She/It has drunk water. -I/You/We/They have played football.
  7. 7. Negative Subject + Have/Has + not + Past Participle (V3) -I/You/We/They haven’t played football. -He/She/It hasn’t drunk water.
  8. 8. Interrogative Have/Has + Subject + Past Participle (V3) -Has he/she/it eaten anything? -Have you/we/they seen the film?
  9. 9. JUST/ALREADY/YET ‘Just’ is usually used only with the present perfect tense and it means ‘a short time ago’. It comes between the auxiliary verb (‘have’) and the past participle. -I have just seen Susan -Mike has just called. ‘Already’ is used to say that something has happened early or earlier than it might have happened. It usually comes in mid-position. -I’ve already spent my salary. -The train has already left. ‘Yet’ is used to talk about something which is expected to happen. It means ‘at any time up to now’. It comes at the end of the sentence. -Have you finished your homework yet? -I haven’t done my homework yet.
  10. 10. SINCE/FOR We often use since and for when talking about time. Since + Point A point is a precise moment in time, for example: 9 o'clock, Monday, January. Since means "from a point in the past until now."
  11. 11. For + Period A period is a duration of time, for example: 5 minutes, 2 weeks, 6 years. For means "from the beginning of the period until the end of the period."
  12. 12. Been To/Gone To We use 'been' to mean that the person being talked about has visited the place, and come back. Notice the preposition 'to': -I have been to Paris (in my life, but now I'm in London, where I live). -She has been to school today (but now she's back at home).
  13. 13. We use 'gone' to mean that the person is at the place now: -Where is John? He has gone to the bank. (He is at the bank now.) -Julie has gone to Mexico (She is in Mexico now.)
  14. 14. Teacher: GİZEM CEYLAN
  1. Gostou de algum slide específico?

    Recortar slides é uma maneira fácil de colecionar informações para acessar mais tarde.

×