Romans 5 complete outline


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Romans 5 complete outline

  1. 1. ROMANS 5:1 Charles e. Whisnant, January 02, 2010In this area of Ohio, it seems I have been told, there is the belief that you can be truly converted and then fallfrom grace. If that is true, I believe all true converted people should leave this part of Ohio.If you can lose your salvation, you had better learn how not to lose it. If you made salvation conditional, thenit’s only good as long as you can maintain the conditions of keeping your salvation. o The question is: Is there a works/righteousness perspective in our salvation?PAUL ADDRESSES THIS ISSUE IN ROMANS CHAPTER FIVEPaul has established already in chapters 3 and 4 that salvation is a free gift, by grace alone, received by faithalone, in Christ alone.HOW IS SALVATION MAINTAINED IN THE LIFE OF THE BELIVER? HOW DO WE KNOW WEARE SECURE IN OUR SALVATION? Chapter five will tell us.How does Paul tie in the believer into the Savior for eternity? This knot is so secure IT CAN NOT BELOOSED. It is tied into six parts.SATAN’S ATTACK ON THE CHRISTIAN IS TO GET HIM TO DOUBT HIS ASSURANCE OF HISSALVATION.THE FIRST KNOT IN THIS ROPE. The way of securing our salvation is joining the knots in such a waythat they are secure in ChristTHEREFORE, HAVING BEEN JUSTIFICED 1344 BY FAITH 4102, WE HAVE PEACE 1515WITH GOD. Vs. 11A I AM AT PEACE WITH GODTHEREFORE: Is the thread that pulls us together with the foundation that has been laid in chapter 3 -4.WE HAVE PEACE WITH GOD. 1B That which binds together that which has been separated means that I have it today. I will have it tomorrow. I will have it the next day. I will always have it.1 Romans 5 complete Outline Charles e. Whisnant, Pastor/Teacher, Rivers of Joy Baptist Church, Minford Ohio
  2. 2. 2B Present tense means continuous duration of action. Indicative mood means that is a fact, take it to the bank. Active voice means the subject is acted upon or doing the acting. 3B There is tranquility of mind; a positive feeling about being secure. Yet it is more than this 4B It is speaking of relationship, feeling or not. 5B It is saying. God is not at war with us anymore. (As before when we were not saved.) Now there is peace with God. God is angry at men. Psalms 7:11 o God is at war (wrath) with the sinner, God is the enemy of the sinner, and the sin. o You might not believe you are at war with God. That is not the point, God is at war with you. (1:18) o Exodus 22:24; Deuteronomy 32:16-22; Joshua 23:16; II Kings 22:13,17; I Samuel 5:23; Isaiah 13:9,13. o “I hope God is on my side.” Well, God is not on the side of the sinner, the Christ rejecters. 6B God is satisfied from His end, not that we did something from our end. 7B God was satisfied in the payment of Christ. The price was paid. Colossians 1:20-22. The act of Jesus Christ so fully accomplished peace with God, that from now on, forever, you are holy, blameless in His sight. THE WAR IS OVER. 8B JUSTIFICATION OR RECONCILIATON o Means you have been intertwined into, closely twisted together or around Christ’s righteousness. o God’s wrath has been removed means the condemnation of men and eternal HELL has been removed.THROUGH 1223 OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST, 1B The question is how do we know that this peace will continue? First John 1 “He keeps on cleansing us from all sin.” The continued cleansing provides for us the maintaining of that reconciliation. 2B Christ bore our sin and therefore there is nothing to violate our reconciliation. 3B Our Lord made PEACE through the blood of the Cross. Through His sacrifice He binds together that which separated us from God, so those whose faith is put in Him, are bound again to God in their new standing with God. 4B THROUGH HIM: John 1:7; 10; John 14:6; Acts 3:16; Acts 10:43, Acts 13:38-39; I Corinthians 8:6; Hebrews 7:25 5B I am at peace with God for how long? As long as Jesus Christ lives. And how long is that? He lives forever. 6B When a person embraces Christ by faith, the spotless Son of God makes that person one with God and he is at peace .2 Romans 5 complete Outline Charles e. Whisnant, Pastor/Teacher, Rivers of Joy Baptist Church, Minford Ohio
  3. 3. I want to thank my wife Charity for her help in proofreading these Notes.I AM NOW A FRIEND OF GOD and HAVE ACCESS TO GOD AND AM STANDING IN HIS GRACE NOW AND FOREVER. ROMANS 5:1B January 16, 2011 – Charles e. WhisnantTherefore as a result of having been justified, that is, having been acquittedof the charges against us and the penalty imposed by law against us, whichwas due to our being guilty of breaking the law, the penalty has now beenremoved by faith, and now we have peace with God. We are no longer at warwith God, (now God is on our side), through the Lord Jesus Christ, Whomade a complete payment of the penalty imposed by God on us, by Hissacrifice on the Cross. We now stand a righteous person before God’s law.Thus through whom now we also in addition to peace with God, we haveobtained access to Him. That is we as believers have been accepted by Godand now have been provided admission or the permission or the ability toenter into the presence of God. God welcomes us as sons and not asstrangers, and this right will be forever. All this comes by faith into this gracewe have available to us all of God’s favor or empowerment to livesupernaturally, in which we stand…. THE STRAINS IN THE ROPE THAT KEEP US SECURE.THE REASON WE HAVE SECURITY AS A BELEIVER TO KNOW WE WILL ALWAYS BESAVED IS DUE TO THE ABOVE FACTS. 1. We have peace with God 2. We have access to God 3. We stand in grace with GodTo say a believer could lose their salvation would be to say the work of Christ is not sufficient and/or thework of Christ as our High Priest is not sufficient. That is impossible.THROUGH WHOM 1223  The benefits of justification come through Christ. Indicates the channel or conduit.3 Romans 5 complete Outline Charles e. Whisnant, Pastor/Teacher, Rivers of Joy Baptist Church, Minford Ohio
  4. 4. ALSO  Sets these blessings as distinct from and additional to that of peace with God.WE HAVE  Perfect tense, we have obtained, past completed actions. Speaks of the permanency of our access to God, independent of human merit. We are near and dear to god.ACCESS 4318 prosagoge  It means providing admission or access (freedom, permission and / or the ability to enter) into the presence of… right of entry  A bringing into the presence of the Divine presence. This is not for an interview, but to remain with Him, to be of His household, and by faith, to behold His face, and walk in the light of his countenance.  Ephesians 2:18 and 3:12 the only other two times used.  The Jews knew Exodus 19:9-13; 24:1 You don’t go near God, or death was sure to happen. There was no way anybody could approach God in the O.T. So access was not a word in their dictionary. Access was not known under the legal covenant; God was hidden, the veil was not yet removed.  Few are giving an introduction to the Divine presence and is a lasting privilege. This is not an interview, but to remain with Him.SO HOW WAS IT POSSIBLE TO HAVE THIS ACCESSABILITY TO GOD?  Matthew 27:51 “Behold, the veil of the temple was torn in two…” Why? To have an entrance into God.  After the death of Christ, He led the captivity, the O.T. Saints to Heaven.  Hebrews 4:16 “Let us come boldly unto the throne of God…. To find mercy and grace.”  Jeremiah 32:38-40 and Hebrews 10:19-22BY FAITH It is only possible by saving faith that we have been granted this privilege. 5485 charisINTO THIS GRACE  God’s undeserved favor was given freely to us. Hebrews 10:19-20  Gives us the empowerment we must have in order to live this supernatural life in Christ.  Bill Gothard: Basic Institute of Youth Conflict I attended 1976 thru 1996  Grace works where there is a need. Romans 6. Where there is sin there is grace. 2476 histemiIN WHICH WE STAND  Once we get in we STAND in GRACE.  To set, be firm, established, fixed. Jude 1:24.  A perfect tense: a past complete action with a present and continuing result.  The payment of Christ is permanent, and secures the position of the believer to enjoy God’s grace forever.  Stand firm. We are fixed on this spot. No storm can move us from where we stand.  Stand in the sphere of God’s grace.  My standing is always perfect because it is measured by Christ’s acceptance. I John 4:17; Romans 8:5If the death of Christ could make peace with God, how much more can a living Savior keep you in God’sgrace? 2 Timothy 1:12, Hebrews 10:10-14, Romans 8:31-334 Romans 5 complete Outline Charles e. Whisnant, Pastor/Teacher, Rivers of Joy Baptist Church, Minford Ohio
  5. 5. A new convert might be tempted to say, “How long will this born again salvation last?” And they might say, “Is thereanything I can do to lose it?”Paul would answer in Ephesians 1:13-18. Paul was not only wanting to see the salvation of the human soul but hewanted them to understand what kind of salvation it was. He wanted them to understand this salvation. Romans 5:1-2. Charles e. Whisnant, Pastor/Teacher, January 23, 2011 45.61REVIEW:1A PEACE WITH GOD Write down this list: Peace of _______________ rather than worry.(You will learn more if you write rather than type. Your brain has time to think if you write out what you want to say.) 4318 5484)2A ACCESS (right of entry) BY FAITH INTO THIS GRACE (GOD) 1. We open the door and step into the kingdom; we see our self standing in grace. Grace is the place where all sin is forgiven and forgotten. 2. Literally means a bringing near, a leading, or bringing into the presence of. 3. The believer’s access to God through Jesus Christ. 4. Access to the Father (Ephesians 2:18) 5. Access through Jesus Christ (I Timothy 2:5) The blood gives you boldness (Hebrews 10:19) 6. Access by our faith (Romans 5:2; Ephesians 3:12) 7. The essential ingredient is prayer. (Hebrews 10:22) NO LONGER. WHEREIN WE STAND2476, (IN WHICH WE STAND) 1 In the perfect tense indicating a past completed action with present and continuing results.5 Romans 5 complete Outline Charles e. Whisnant, Pastor/Teacher, Rivers of Joy Baptist Church, Minford Ohio
  6. 6. 3A HOPE IN GLORY:REJOICE2744  To boast over a privilege. Joyful confidence. An unusually high degree of confidence in God  Really to rejoice in the real security of the future. 1 Timothy 1:1; 1 Peter 1;18-21; 17:22IN HOPE1680  This is not the “hope so” kind.  Defined as a desire for some future good with the expectation of obtaining it. Confident expectancy, anticipation of that which we do not yet see.  Romans 8:28-30 Our Security Is Secure.  We are going to lose our humanism. Lose the inability of the flesh. Lose the body’s earthiness.OF THE GLORY1391 OF GOD:  An expression of God’s persons. God has revealed His glory. What’s this? o Someday God in the fullest, truest, purest, is going to reflect His eternal character through us. Romans 8:18-23 o The final completion of us, our redemption. The glorification of God in us. o The ultimate fulfillment of our salvation! Heaven.  HEAVEN: (I would like to take a detour and talk about Heaven.)  An expression of Christ’s person. Romans 8:29  II Corinthians 3:18, Exodus 33 (Moses) Philippians 3:20-21, Colossians 3:4, Hebrews 2:10 Romans 9:23  The reason I am secure in the hope that is built into my salvation that I was saved unto glory.  Romans 9:23 We are prepared unto glory, and we are awaiting to get there.  We are just waiting to get rid of this body so we can get there and enter into the glory.  This Glory of God, Christ revealed. o Colossians 1:27; I Thess. 2:12, 1 Peter 5:1; o6 Romans 5 complete Outline Charles e. Whisnant, Pastor/Teacher, Rivers of Joy Baptist Church, Minford Ohio
  7. 7. HOW TRIBULATION PROVIDES THE BELIEVER WITH UNFLINCHING STEADFASTNESS Romans 5:3-5 Charles e. Whisnant, 45.62 January 31, 2011  Hebrews 3:6: God plants in the heart of the believer the power of His Spirit that keeps alive the hope and rejoicing and the obedience. This is not how to be saved or remain saved. It means rather that perseverance in faithfulness is proof of salvation.  Hebrews 3:14: “My hope is built on nothing less than Jesus’ blood and righteousness.”Romans 5:3-5  And not only [so], but we glory in tribulations also: knowing that tribulation worketh patience; and patience, experience; and experience, hope: And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us.  Moreover (let us also be full of joy now!) let us exult and triumph in our troubles and rejoice in our suffering, knowing that pressures and affliction and hardship produces patient and unswerving endurance.AND NOT ONLY (SO). BUT WE GLORY IN TRIBULATIONS ALSO:  But that’s not all! Not only do we experience peace with the holy, righteous, just God. Not only do we stand forever in His grace, with full access to His throne of grace. And not only do we rejoice in the hope of future glory… but get this -- we also rejoice in our tribulation.How can we rejoice in tribulation? Because we know it can never take away our promised glory.REJOICE2744 TRIBULATIONS OR SUFFERING? !!!!!!!!  Acts 14:22; 2 Thessalonians 3:3, 2 Corinthians 1:4; 1 Corinthians 3:22; James 1:3  Not that we rejoice while going thru sufferings but because of them . Matthew 5:4; 5:10; Acts 5:41; I Peter4:13-14; 2 Corinthians 12:9-10;How are we doing today when things go bad for us?So, the omnipotent power of grace is the key. We stand in this grace, Paul says in verse 2. But grace does notwork like magic. It works through truth. You will know the truth and the truth will set you free (John 8:32) -from complaining and from paralyzing frustration and from a critical spirit. Grace opens the eyes of theheart to truth and inclines the heart to embrace it and live by it. What truth? That is what the rest of this text isabout.TRIBULATION2347Suffering, Trials.  is preceded by the definite article, marking these tribulations out as specific occurrences naturally expected in a Christian’s life. Paul did not exult because of the tribulations themselves but because of their beneficial effect upon his Christian life  has the underlying meaning of being under pressure and was used of squeezing olives in a press in order to extract the oil and of squeezing grapes to extract the juice...In Scripture the word is perhaps most often used of outward difficulties, but it is also used of emotional stress.  To crush, press together, squash, hem in, compress, squeeze.7 Romans 5 complete Outline Charles e. Whisnant, Pastor/Teacher, Rivers of Joy Baptist Church, Minford Ohio
  8. 8. Martin Luther wrote that... Whatever virtues tribulation finds us in, it develops more fully. If anyone is carnal, weak, blind, wicked, irascible, haughty, and so forth, tribulation will make him more carnal, weak, blind, wicked and irritable. On the other hand, if one is spiritual, strong, wise, pious, gentle and humble, he will become more spiritual, powerful, wise, pious, gentle and humble. KNOWING THAT TRIBULATION WORKTH PATIENCE  Engage in an activity involving considerable expenditure of effort.  To accomplish, in this case the “fruit” of tribulation, which is perseverance?  Means to work something fully out. When you put pressure on something and squeeze it, what’s on the inside is going to come out. When a believer goes through tribulation, suffering, of any kind in his life, he knows the thing tribulation will squeeze out of him is something that he desperately needs. It’s already there, but the trial will bring it out. What does it bring out? "Patience."AND PATIENCE, EXPERIENCE5281 or PERSEVERANCE (hupo meno)  To be approved. The process of proving. Proven character. It perfects Christian character.-  Literally means abiding under.  The root idea of the word is that of remaining under some discipline, subjecting one’s self to something which demands the submission of the will to something against which one naturally would rebel.  The word has the idea of the ability to continue working in the face of strong opposition and great obstacles.  The word portrays a picture of steadfastly and unflinchingly bearing up under a heavy load and describes that quality of character which does not allow one to surrender to events in one’s life and to give up under trial.  It is not the spirit that lies down and lets the floods go over it, but it is the spirit which meets the trial head on.  It has the idea that with Christ you can cope with life; it is the strength which has the ability to accept things, and in accepting them, changes then into glory.-  Means the spirit which overcomes the world, by actively overcoming the trials of life.  Romans 5:3-5 summarize the process of Christian maturity and sanctification, which is accomplished by God’s grace or transforming power. I Thessalonians 5:23-24.Salvation does not purify your character, you take a bitter, anger, mean person and get him saved, and youhave a bitter, angry, and a mean Christian. That is a transaction that occurs on a Divine side.What salvation does, it plants in you the capacity to be perfected, and the removal process begins and theLord uses trials and suffering and when they come into your life, you rejoice. Why? Because they aremaking you stronger and proving your character. I Thessalonians 3:3.Paul wrote three chapters of Romans about man’s failure before God’s law before he explained the doctrine ofjustification. He obviously thought that sinners needed to know the true nature of their lost and fallencondition. Sinners need to know what it means to be lost, and that one day they shall face the holy andrighteous Judge. They need to know clearly that they have disobeyed God’s law and desperately need a savior.Those who preach the law and the gospel are preaching for conversions, not just religious followers.8 Romans 5 complete Outline Charles e. Whisnant, Pastor/Teacher, Rivers of Joy Baptist Church, Minford Ohio
  9. 9. BEING IN THE PROCESS OF BECOMING A PROVEN CHRISTIAN BELIEVER CHARACTER Romans 5:3-4 Charles e. Whisnant, 45.63 02 06 11Romans 5:3 And not only so, but we glory in tribulation also; knowing that tribulation workethpatience; (4) and patience, experience; and experience hope; (5) and hope maketh not ashamed;because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us. CHARLES H. SPURGEON June 19,1834 in Kelvedon, Essex, England January 31, 1892 at 57 in Menton, Alpes-Martimes, France Spurgeon continued to preach there several times per week until his death 31 years later. He never gave altar calls at the conclusion of his sermons, but he always extended the invitation that if anyone was moved to seek an interest in Christ by his preaching on a Sunday, they could meet with him at his vestry on Monday morning. Without fail, therewas always someone at his door the next day. He wrote his sermons out fully before he preached, but what he carried up to the pulpit was a note card with an outline sketch. Stenographers would take down the sermon as it wasdelivered; Spurgeon would then have opportunity to make revisions to the transcripts the following day for immediate publication. His weekly sermons, which sold for a penny each, were widely circulated and still remain one of the all- time best selling series of writings published in history.9 Romans 5 complete Outline Charles e. Whisnant, Pastor/Teacher, Rivers of Joy Baptist Church, Minford Ohio
  10. 10. THE PRESENT PHILOSOPHY OF MANY PASTORS AND MEMBERS OF CHURCHESThe church needs men like Charles Spurgeon. Spurgeon was a man that was not afraid to boldly stand for thetruth. Preaching the Word of God was his sole passion. He believed the church’s tolerance of real preaching wasbeginning to decline. He looked around at other pastors and saw they were already beginning to experiment withshorter sermons and looking for different approaches such as shorter messages to be more applicable or relevant.And to draw bigger crowds. He saw that preachers were beginning to compromise truth and doctrine bypreaching less and doing other things more and more.But Spurgeon saw the danger of that, and he spent a great deal of time holding on to the truth. And doing so ledthe Baptists of his time to censor him. And while at one time he was the most respected preacher now he was not.It took such a toll on him that it lead to his death.This idea of whether you should stick to this straight forward God’s ordained method of preaching or move onto a more relevant kind of entertaining method led to a negative effect on his health and then his life.As you know, since his death in 1865, some have kept the faith of faithful preaching. Others have of coursequestioned that.The prevailing opinion of the day, please log on to our website and vote.“Waste less time listening to long sermons and spend more time preparing short ones. People, I’ve discovered,will forgive even poor theology as long as they get out before noon,” a preacher wrote.Do you understand the heart of the quote? It is better for the preacher to keep the congregation comfortable,entertained and interested; even if what he is preaching is not completely biblical. And that I am afraid does sumup the average attitude of preachers and people in Christian ministry today.Bad doctrine is okay, but a long sermon most certainly is not. The length of the sermon is far more of concern tothe average churchgoer. The length of the sermon is of more concern to the average church goers than thecontent of the sermon.Where you are going to eat lunch, or what, has more impact than the nourishment of the spiritual soul. Todaylong sermons are considered a greater sin than heresy. We are willing to put personal comfort over the veryimportant virtues: like truth and doctrine and God’s glory. And that kind of thinking is the attitude that coulddestroy the church. John MacArthur DESIRE this evening not to preach upon this text as a mere matter of doctrine. You all believe and understand thegospel of justification by faith, but we want to preach upon it tonight as a matter of experience, as a thing realized,felt, enjoyed, and understood in the soul. I trust there are many here who not only know that men may be saved andjustified by faith, but who can say in their own experience, "Therefore, being justified by faith, we have peace withGod, through our Lord Jesus Christ," and who are now at the present moment walking and living in the actualenjoyment of that peace.Wishing to speak of the text, then, in this sense, I shall ask you to accompany me, not only with your ears, and with theattention which you usually give so generously, but also with the eye of your self-examination, asking yourselves, aswe proceed step by step, "Do I know that? Have I received that? Have I been taught of God in this matter? Have I beenled into that truth?" And our hope will be that some person to whom these things have hitherto been merely external,and therefore valueless, may be led by God to get hold of them, so that they may be matters of soul, and heart, andconscience, so that they may enjoy them, and find themselves where once they feared they would never be,namely, in a state of reconciliation with God, happily enjoying peace with the Most High. Charles Spurgeonsaid April 28th 186710 Romans 5 complete Outline Charles e. Whisnant, Pastor/Teacher, Rivers of Joy Baptist Church, Minford Ohio
  11. 11. BELIEVERS ARE ASSURED OF ETERNAL SALVATION Charles e Whisnant, Pastor/Teacher, February 13, 2011 45.64 Romans 5:5Brief Outline:THE ASSURANCE OF ETERNAL LIFE IN HEAVEN WITH CHRIST IS SUPPORTED BYGOD’S ATTRIBUTE OF FAITHFULNESS.1A SCRIPTURAL SUPPORTS FOR GOD’S FAITHFULNESS 1. Deut 7:9 9Know therefore that the LORD thy God, he is God, the faithful God, which keepeth covenant and mercy with them that love him and keep his commandments to a thousand generations; 2. II Timothy 2:13 13If we believe not, yet he abideth faithful: he cannot deny himself. 3. Isaiah 11:5 5And righteousness shall be the girdle of his loins, and faithfulness the girdle of his reins. 4. Psalms 36:5 5Thy mercy, O LORD, is in the heavens; and thy faithfulness reacheth unto the clouds 5. Lamentations 3:23 23They are new every morning: great is thy faithfulness. 6. Hebrews 10:23 23Let us hold fast the profession of our faith without wavering; (for he is faithful that promised;) 7. I Corinthians 1:8-9 8Who shall also confirm you unto the end, that ye may be blameless in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ. 9God is faithful, by whom ye were called unto the fellowship of his Son Jesus Christ our Lord. 8. 1 Peter 4:19 19Wherefore let them that suffer according to the will of God commit the keeping of their souls to him in well doing, as unto a faithful Creator. 9. 1 Thessalonians 5:2424Faithful is he that calleth you, who also will do it. 10. 2 Thessalonians 3:3-53But the Lord is faithful, who shall stablish you, and keep you from evil. 4And we have confidence in the Lord touching you, that ye both do and will do the things which we command you. 5And the Lord direct your hearts into the love of God, and into the patient waiting for Christ 11. Philippians 1:6 6Being confident of this very thing, that he which hath begun a good work in you will perform it until the day of Jesus Christ: 1. Believers have a PEACE with God. 2. Believers have STANDING in God’s GRACE for FORGIVENESS. 3. Believers have a HOPE in Future Glory which is HEAVEN. 4. Believers have KNOWLEDGE in their hearts that God LOVES them through the Holy Spirit. 5. Believers have the CERTAINTY of DELIVERANCE through all TRIALS. 6. Believers have JOY in GOD.GOD’S LOVE FOR MANKIND IS THE MOTIVATION TO ACCOMPLISH THE PURPOSEOF JUSTIFICATION 5:5-11The thread #4 The Possession of Love:Romans 5:5 …and hope does not put us to shame, because God’s love has been poured intoour hearts through the Holy Spirit who has been given to us.11 Romans 5 complete Outline Charles e. Whisnant, Pastor/Teacher, Rivers of Joy Baptist Church, Minford Ohio
  12. 12. The hope that we have of seeing Christ in heaven does not ever cause us to be disappointed or ashamed. WHY? God has begun a love relationship that stretches throughout eternity. Believers become possessors of love. God deposits in you the Holy Spirit 2 Corinthians 1:22 22Who hath also sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts. So believers are guaranteed salvation by the indwelling Holy Spirit of God in their hearts. The Holy Spirit produces in us an awareness of the love of God. Therefore we sense the assurance in our hearts that we belong to Jesus Christ our Lord and Saviour. Romans 8: 14For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God.FOOTNOTE: THIS SENSE OF ASSURANCE COMES WITH OBEDIENCE AND IS LOST WITHDISOBEDIENCE.  Galatians 5: 22But the fruit of the Spirit is love,  Ephesians 3:13-19 13Wherefore I desire that ye faint not at my tribulations for you, which is your glory. 14For this cause I bow my knees unto the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, 15Of whom the whole family in heaven and earth is named, 16That he would grant you, according to the riches of his glory, to be strengthened with might by his Spirit in the inner man; 17That Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith; that ye, being rooted and grounded in love, 18May be able to comprehend with all saints what is the breadth, and length, and depth, and height; 19And to know the love of Christ, which passeth knowledge, that ye might be filled with all the fullness of God.QUESTION TODAY: Do You Know You Are Saved? Here is how you know?  God has literally poured out, richly given, like a mightily endless current (Titus 3:6)  An inexhaustible abundance, and the outpouring continues, of the supply of God’s love .  Therefore we are secure in that love: Romans 8:35-39 tells us. o 35Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword? o 36As it is written, For thy sake we are killed all the day long; we are accounted as sheep for the slaughter. o 37Nay, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him that loved us. o 38For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come, o 39Nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord. Now the sense of that (above verses) is given to us by the working of that gift of God the Holy Spirit, given to us to confirm that reality.“I think the greatest mystery in all of the universe, and by "mystery" I mean that which we as creatures cannotwrap our finite minds around so as to comprehend it is not the trinity, and not that he made the universe exnihilo (out of nothing), and not the virgin birth, but the greatest mystery is his divine love for us. The love ofthe Father choosing us, the love of the Son dying for us, and the love of the Spirit giving us a new birth.”12 Romans 5 complete Outline Charles e. Whisnant, Pastor/Teacher, Rivers of Joy Baptist Church, Minford Ohio
  13. 13. AND (Biblical) HOPE MAKETH NOT (does not) (never, ever) ASHAMED; BECAUSE THE LOVEOF GOD IS SHED ABROAD IN OUR HEARTS BY THE HOLY GHOST WHICH IS GIVEN UNTOUS. Kjv ROMANS 5:5Hope (1680) Elpis  Hope in Scripture is not the worlds definition of "I hope so", with a few rare exceptions (Acts 27:20)  Hope is defined as a desire for some future good with the expectation of obtaining it.  Hope is confident expectancy. 2 Thessalonians 2:16-17  Hope is the looking forward to something with some reason for confidence respecting ou 3756MAKETH NOT  Expresses direct and full cancellation, independently and absolutely, and hence, objectively.ASHAMED (2617) (kataischuno from katá = intensifies verb aischúno = to shame)  Cause someone to be ashamed, humiliated, or disgraced, or disappointed.  1 Corinthians 11:4-5, Romans 9:33; 10:11BECAUSE THE LOVE OF GOD 1632 ) (ekcheo from ek = out + chéo = pour)IS SHED  Gods love flows out in abundance and we experience it in an abundant manner.  Inexhaustible abundance of the supply  Pour out. Perfect tense. Began in the past at conversion, results and benefits of that outpouring continue been withdrawn.  The idea is that the love of God has been poured out in our hearts and still floods them. The fact that the voice is passive supports the interpretation that this is a reference to Gods love for us not our love for God.ABROAD IN OUR HEARTS2588 kardia  The center of personality, intellect, emotion.  The heart is the wellspring of man’s spiritual life.  The heart is the center of the personality, and it controls the intellect, emotions, and will.  No outward obedience is of the slightest value unless the heart turns to God.BY THE HOLY SPIRIT  The Christian community is anointed by the Spirit (1 John 2:20); and the Spirit assures the believer of the indwelling presence of Jesus (1John 3:24).WHICH IS GIVEN UNTO US (1325) (didomi)  Means to give based on decision of the will of the giver with no merit of recipient.13 Romans 5 complete Outline Charles e. Whisnant, Pastor/Teacher, Rivers of Joy Baptist Church, Minford Ohio
  14. 14. THERE IS NO REASON FOR WHICH GOD WOULD NOT KEEP HIS ELECT Romans 5:5-6 Charles e. Whisnant February 26, 2011 45.65Ephesians 3:13-16 13Wherefore I desire that ye faint not at my tribulations for you, which is your glory. 14 For this cause I bow my knees unto the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, 15Of whom the whole family inheaven and earth is named, 16That he would grant you, according to the riches of his glory, to be strengthenedwith might by his Spirit in the inner man;Paul says he is praying for you so that you might know the full strength of theSpirit. Know the full operation of the power of the Spirit. That you would knowthe Spirit is moving in your life.Ephesians 3:17-19 17That Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith;That ye, being rooted and grounded in love,18 May be able to comprehend with all saints what is the breadth, and length, and depth,and height; 19And to know the love of Christ, which passeth knowledge, that ye might befilled with all the fulness of God. Romans 5:5 GOD SHED ABROAD1632 EXCHUNO GUSH OUT, SPILLED OUT 1. to pour out, shed forthRomans 5:6-7 1063FORIntroduces Pauls explanation of why the pouring out of Gods love assures believers of hope (absoluteassurance.)WHEN5607 (on) is the present tense, indicating this was our continual state.WE WERE YET WITHOUT STRENGTH772  When we were without power, strength, helpless, no bodily vigor. Helpless in a moral sense.  Romans 8:7-8IN DUE TIME2540 KAIROS AT THE RIGHT TIMECHRIST  Christ, the name given to our Lord, is an expressive word; it means “Anointed One,” and indicates that He was sent upon a divine errand, commissioned by supreme authority Galatians 4:4-514 Romans 5 complete Outline Charles e. Whisnant, Pastor/Teacher, Rivers of Joy Baptist Church, Minford Ohio
  15. 15. DIED599FOR5228 HUPER  Is a Greek preposition which Paul uses 3 times in this section (Romans 5:6,7,8) and in the context of each use expresses the idea of substitution. THE UNGODLY765  Describes the man or woman who has no fear, no reverence and no respect for God or the things of God. The ungodly are not necessarily irreligious, but they actively practice the opposite of what the fear of God demandsCHARLES SPURGEON SAID:  The argument of our text is this: since the Lord Jesus Christ saved us when we were ungodly, and came to our rescue when we were without strength, we can never be in a worse condition than that;  And if He then did the best thing possible for us, namely, died for us, there is nothing which He will not do.  In fact, He will give us all things, and He will do all things for us, so as to keep us safely, and bear us through.  The argument is that, looking back, we see the great love of God to us in the gift of His dear Son for us when there was nothing good in us, and when we were ungodly, when we had no power to produce anything good, for we were without strength.  At such a time, even at such a time, Christ came on wings of love, and up to the bloody tree He went, and laid down His life for our deliverance.  We, therefore, feel confident that He will not leave us now, and that He will not keep back anything from us whatever we may need.  He has committed Himself to the work of our eternal salvation, and He will not be balked of it. He has done too much for us already ever to run back from His purpose; and in our worst estate, if we are in that condition TODAY, we may still confidently appeal to Him, and rest quite sure that He will bring us up even to the heights of joy and safety This is Amazing Love... And can it be that I should gain An interest in the Savior’s blood? Died He for me, who caused His pain— For me, who Him to death pursued? Amazing love! How can it be, That Thou, my God, shouldst die for me? Amazing love! How can it be, That Thou, my God, shouldst die for me? Charles Wesleys great hymn15 Romans 5 complete Outline Charles e. Whisnant, Pastor/Teacher, Rivers of Joy Baptist Church, Minford Ohio
  16. 16. ONE MAN DID IT TO ALL PEOPLE THAT HAVE BEEN BORN.HOW IS IT THAT DEATH COMES TO ALL PEOPLE? WHY IS IT THAT ALL PEOPLE IN THE ENTIRE WORLD WILL DIE? Romans 5:12 Charles e Whisnant, March 06 2011 45.66Greek: 12 Dia touto hosper di enos anthropou e hamartia eis ton kosmon eiselthen (3SAAI) kai dia tes hamartias othanatos, kai houtos eis pantas anthropous o thanatos dielthen, (3SAAI) eph o pantes hemarton (3PAAI)Romans 5:12 Wherefore 5124 as by1223 one man 444 sin266 entered1525 into the world,2889 and death2288 by sin;and so death passed1330 upon1519 all3956 men,444 for that3739 all have sinned:264We note two phases “Death reigned” vs. 14 and 17 and vs. 12 tell us that death passed upon all men and vs.21 tells us that sin hath reigned unto death.  Death is king over the entire human race. Death reigns. Because of sin, death reigns over the entire human race of peopleWhat about DEATH? Some have tried to describe it, but it is going to happen for sure. But the question that might come to our minds… WHY?HOW IS IT THAT DEATH COMES TO ALL PEOPLE? WHY IS IT THAT ALL PEOPLE IN THE ENTIRE WORLD WILL DIE?THIS LESSON IS ABOUT HOW IT IS THATALL MEN WILL DIE AND HOW ONE MAN CAUSED THE DEATH TOCOME UPON ALL MANKIND AND I MUST SAY, ON ALL THINGS.SO THE QUESTION WOULD BE: HOW CAN WHAT ONE MAN DID 8000 YEARS AGOAFFECT SO MANY?The answer is found for us in Romans 5:12-21. We are going to see two persons; ADAM AND CHRIST. BECAUSE OF ONE MAN ADAM, IN ONE ACT OF SIN, PRODUCED AN EFFECT UPON ALL MAN. And in comparison CHRIST DID IN ONE ACT, CAUSE THE EFFECT UPON MANY. The sum of it comes in verse 19. . 19 For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so bythe obedience of one shall many be made righteous“WHEREFORE”. 5124NOTE THE PARENTHESIS IN THE KJV ( )  Paul is linking Romans 5:10 and 11 (read) Through one individual we have been reconciled to God. o This refers to that whole concept of Christ’s relation to the whole human race that has been expounded in 3:21-5:11.Therefore this whole plan of salvation, by Christ’s work, all by a single Redeemer is the same principle aswhen through the other one man sin entered the world, and, with it, its wages, death.So we see then one man Adam (and the one sin of that one man), as opposed to him (and to it) the one manJesus Christ (and His one work of grace). The one man and his sin and the one Savior and His salvation arecritical to this discussion we are in.16 Romans 5 complete Outline Charles e. Whisnant, Pastor/Teacher, Rivers of Joy Baptist Church, Minford Ohio
  17. 17. 1A ADAM AND THE REIGN OF DEATH: VS. 12-13 Paul is going to give us four steps: WHY IS THE WORLD LIKE IT IS? Why is man like he is? Why has human history gone the way it has? And why _________ billion people have died. 1B SIN ENTERED THE WORLD THROUGH ONE MAN: VS 12AS BY5618 or JUST AS  is a conjunction which introduces a comparison.ONE MAN444 anthropos SIN ENTERED INTO THE WORLD  Notice it does not say Adam originated sin. Sin had already originated, prior to Adam. How? The devil has sinned from the beginning. I don’t know when the beginning was, but the beginning of his sin was then. But it pre-dated Adam.  Adam just merely introduced it to the human race. That is why it says “sin entered into the world, the cosmos, into the human system, into human kind.  1 John 3:8; Genesis 2:15-17, Genesis 3:1-6  NOW God gave Adam only one command, just ONE, and that is the only thing that kept Adam in a point of submission to God. And that one thing keeps things different between Adam and God. If there were no commands and no probations, then Adam would have had the same right to rule as God had.  And as we have learned when Adam sinned something appalling happen. Romans 5. Sin entered into the human life. Adam’s sin brought a constitutional change of ungodliness into his soul  That which before had been pure, holy, good, no guilt, pure happiness, now has been corrupted. 266 hamartiaSINTHE SIN.  In the theological sense as used most often in Scripture the word sin describes ones thoughts, words or deeds which so often miss the ultimate purpose that God would intend them to have (i.e., they "miss" His will). Stated another way, our thoughts, words and/or deeds fall short of God’s perfect standard of holiness.When Adam sinned, the sin principle entered into the human race. So he passed on theprinciple of sin. Because God made us a pro-creation race. So what we are is passed towho we bear.So every person born of Adam was born sinful. And as time has passed mankind is worse.  Refers to the inherent propensity to sin that entered the human heart, which in turn made Adam a sinner by nature. Adam then passed the inherent sinful nature he possessed to all his offspring. Yes, it was only a single act of disobedience, but it opened his heart to the entrance of the sin (nature,17 Romans 5 complete Outline Charles e. Whisnant, Pastor/Teacher, Rivers of Joy Baptist Church, Minford Ohio
  18. 18. principle). This same "Adamic" nature is present in every person ever born from the moment of conception.  The whole of mankind was in the loins of Adam. All of human history is summed up in Genesis 3  Now the Jews understood this principle. It was called “corporative (all together) personality. o Hebrews 7:9-10; Psalms 58:3, I Corinthians 15:22ENTERED1525 eiserchomai2B PRINCIPLE NUMBER TWO -- DEATH ENTERED INTO THE WORLDTHROUGH SIN. In the day you eat, you shall surely what? Die! So when the corrupting principle came so did its penalty CONSEQUENCES. That is why we have Romans 6:23 “Wages of sin” is Death. Ezekiel 18:14 “soul that sinneth, it shall die.” Genesis 2:17 “you eat, you die.” 1519 EISINTO  Conveys the idea of motion into some place or some thing 2288 THANATOSDEATH:  Death is not natural…. To the constitution of man as created in the image of God.i  God did not create a man who would die! That came as a penal act, a consequence, punishment for sin.  We were never made for DEATH. That is the reason Hell was never made for us. It was made for the devil and his angels. Not for us. It was never to be our place.THIS PRINCPLE OF SIN:  Death does not come because you committed sins, but because you bear in you a sin principle. A corrupt natureSO WHAT KIND OF DEATH?PHYSICAL DEATH. SPIRITUAL DEATH. AND THEN THERE IS ETERNAL DEATHSPIRITUAL DEATH  That is separation from God.  Ephesians 4:1818Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart:  Life is lived in the physical realm or, or dominion. Live to the world. Live to the things of man, live to the things of the devil. BUT DEAD TO GOD.18 Romans 5 complete Outline Charles e. Whisnant, Pastor/Teacher, Rivers of Joy Baptist Church, Minford Ohio
  19. 19. 3B DEATH SPREAD TO ALL MEN BECAUSE OF SIN 1330 DIERCHOMAI 1525SPREAD ENTERED  Means literally to go through or to pass throughout. It speaks of complete movement in a particular direction.BECAUSE ALL HAVE SINNED 3956ALL 264 hamartanoHAVE SINNED  All of us have sinned? All? Yes, all. Because we are all in the loins of Adam.  Because all humanity existed in the loins of Adam Hebrews 7:9, 10, and have through procreation inherited his fallenness and depravity, it can be said that all sinned in him. Therefore, humans are not sinners because they sin, but sin because they are sinners.  Psalms 51:5; Psalms 58:3; Jeremiah 17:9; Job 14:4 You want to know why Jesus had to be born of a virgin? Why He had to bypass a human father?  He had to be created in the body of Mary, bypassing the human race. Had Jesus not been born that way, He would have been born a sinnerHOW CAN I SIN IN ADAM WHEN I WASN’T THERE?  How can I be responsible for something that somebody else did? I wasn’t there!Let me ask you this question  Have you died in Christ? As a Christian are you willing to accept that wonderful fact? Did you rise in Christ to walk in the newness of life? How did you do that when you weren’t there?  You didn’t literally die on the Cross. You didn’t literally go into the Grave. You didn’t literally come out of the GraveNO DIFFERENT IS IT? Somehow we were in Adam when he sinned. Somehow we were in Christ when He died.  QUESTION? IS IT JUST? I NEVER ASKED TO BE BORN.  Question: IS IT FAIR THAT MILLIONS OF SINNERS SHOULD BE SAVED BY THE GRACE OF GOD?  IS IT FAIR THAT SOMEBODY ELSE HADTO PAY THE PENALTY FOR YOUR SIN THAT YOU COULD NOT PAY?19 Romans 5 complete Outline Charles e. Whisnant, Pastor/Teacher, Rivers of Joy Baptist Church, Minford Ohio
  20. 20. Christ Is Far Greater Than Adam ROMANS 5:13-21 45.67 Charles e Whisnant Rivers of Joy Baptist Church March 13, 2011In Adam there is death and in Christ there is life. We were ruined by the Fall, but we are saved bya free gift. The text tells us that “the Grace of God, and the gift by Grace, which is by one Man,Jesus Christ, has abounded unto many.” “Where sin abounded, Grace did much more abound .”“Grace reigns through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.”The main point of the text is that what Christ has done for all who are in him is far greater than what Adam didfor all who were in him.In Romans 5:12-21, Paul views salvation from the curse of Adam to God’s cure in Christ. Adam’s one act ofdisobedience brought both sin and death upon mankind. Christ’s one act of obedience, on the cross of Calvary,brought about the solution to this curse. The work of Christ offers all men not only the promise of theforgiveness of their sins, but a new identity and a new beginning, in ChristRomans 5:13  Sin was still sin during the period from Adam to Moses and people died during that period of time. Even when there was no LAW man was still accountable for sin. Therefore from Adam to Moses sin continued to affect all mankind, which was death.Romans 5:141A THE OUTCOME OF EACH MAN’S ACT WAS DIFFERENT: Romans 5:15 Paul continues his analogy of Adam and Christ, showing how the life that was made possible for all mankind by Christ’s atoning sacrifice is illustrated diametrically opposed, antithetically by the death that was made unavoidable for all men by Adam’s sin. (MacArthur)2A THE RANGE OF EACH MAN’S ACT: Romans 5:16 Adam’s one sin damned everyone, Christ in salvation can forgive all sin. So much greater is Christ’s one act over Adam’s one act. Christ does more than just remove the curse, but he forgives all sin3A THE PROVISION OF EACH MAN’S ACT: Romans 5:17 Adam brought about the reign of death and Christ brought about the reign of life.Christ gave the abundance of grace which was much more abundant. His act on the Cross was beyondthe ordinary course of what might be expected. His gift of righteousness was He not only forgave butHe put His righteousness to our account. And Christ gave life with Him. Jesus said I come that youmight have life, a truly meaningful life. 2 Timothy 1:1; John 10:10; Romans 8:39; Matthew 23:34; I Corinthians 4:820 Romans 5 complete Outline Charles e. Whisnant, Pastor/Teacher, Rivers of Joy Baptist Church, Minford Ohio
  21. 21. 4A THE MOST IMPORTANT FEATURE OF EACH MAN’S ACT: Romans 5:18-19 Adam’s one act caused condemnation for all men. Christ’s one act of righteousness was justification for all men that would believe. Whereas, by Adam’s one act of disobedience all were made sinners and guilty of the act of sin; through obedience to Christ, many will be made righteousness i.e. come to salvation in Christ. Hebrews 5:8; 10:5-9 and Philippians 2:5-10 Because of Adam’s disobedience, the many were appointed by God to be sinners. They were put down in the category of and constituted to be sinners. Because of Christ’s obedience, the many will be appointed to be righteous. Amazing grace that saved wretches such as we!5A THE ENERGIZING FORCE: WHAT IS THE DRIVING FORCE BEHIND THESE TWO MEN: Romans 5:20-21 What energizes sin? The Law: What energizes righteousness? Grace The Mosaic Law is not defective. The Law made men more aware of their own sinfulness and their inability to keep God’s perfect standard. The Law helps drive the sinner to Christ. Therefore the Law was good and holy and righteous because it makes obvious to man his need for a Savior. Okay, if the Law creates in us, shows us our sinfulness, then GRACE that will dwell in the believer will much more create in us a desire to live more and more to the glory of God inwardly. Christ’s life is more powerful than Adam’s life. Living the Christ’s life is greater, much more that the old Adam life. The Law is a storm that wrecks your hopes of self-salvation, but at the same time washes you up upon the Rock of Ages. Spurgeon BUT WHERE SIN ABOUNDED, GRACE DID MUCH MORE ABOUND Where sin reached a high-water mark, grace completely flooded the world. A MOST OFTEN ASKED QUESTION OVER THE YEARS IS THIS: Why did God allow sin to enter into the world? The answer might be, God has received far more glory and man has received far more blessings through Christ’s sacrifice than if sin had never come into the world. We are far better off in Christ than we ever could have been in an unfallen Adam. If Adam had never sinned, he would have enjoyed continued life on earth in the Garden of Eden. But he had no prospect of becoming a redeemed child of God, an heir of God or a joint-heir with Christ. He had no promise of a home in heaven or of being with Christ and like Him forever. And all these could have only come through the redemptive work of Jesus Christ our Lord.21 Romans 5 complete Outline Charles e. Whisnant, Pastor/Teacher, Rivers of Joy Baptist Church, Minford Ohio
  22. 22. 22 Romans 5 complete Outline Charles e. Whisnant, Pastor/Teacher, Rivers of Joy Baptist Church, Minford Ohio