Romans 5 1 & 2 charles notes
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Romans 5 1 & 2 charles notes Document Transcript

  • 1. ROMANS CHAPTER FIVE<br />[1] Therefore being justified by faith: we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ:<br />{1}Having been justified therefore by faith, peace we have [let us have] toward God through the Lord our Jesus Christ, {2} through whom also the access we have had by the faith into the grace this in which we stand, and we boast in hope of the glory of God. Not only and, but also we boast in the tribulation, knowing that the tribulation endurance works out; {4| the and endurance proof the and proof hope; {5} the and hope not does make ashamed, because the love of God has been poured out in the hearts our by the Spirit Holy the having been given to us: {6} still for if yet Christ being we being with strength (still) according to time for ungoldly died. (The complete Biblical Library Vol. 7 1989) <br />RESULTS OF JUSTIFICAITON<br />
    • Peace: v. 1
    • 2. Access to God: v. 2
    • 3. Grace: v. 2
    • 4. Rejoice in Hope: v. 2
    • 5. Rejoice in Adversity: v. 3
    • 6. Perseverance: v. 3-4
    • 7. Proven Character: v. 4
    • 8. Hope or Confidence: v. 5
    • 9. The love of God: v.5
    • 10. Production of the Spirit: v. 6
    [1] Therefore3767 (OUN) Basis on the previous truths: Paul now introduces us to the practical benefits of salvation. (term of conclusion) As a result of having been declared righteous (Romans 4:1-8)<br /> {Having} Being justified1344 ( HYPERLINK "http://www.preceptaustin.org/romans_324-26.htm" l "Justified" dikaioo from díkaios = just, righteous -  the same root for words translated righteous, righteousness, justification, just, justifier) Defines the act of declaring one not guilty. To treat as righteous. <br />“HAVING BEEN JUSTIFIED” verb ‘HAVING BEEN DECLARED RIGHTEOUS”<br />
    • defines the act of declaring one not guilty. It means to pronounce and treat as righteous. It is not as some have taught a "process".
    • 11. is justified, is declared righteous, he justified, justify , is vindicated, you will be justified, justified, have been declared righteous, You are trying to be declared righteous, Was justified, I am acquitted, acknowledged justice, are justified, has been freed, he will justify, have been justified 1, justifies, will be declared righteous, who declares, will be justified, would justify, you were justified, we may be justified, we could be declared righteous, to justify, to be justified, vindicated, was declared righteous, was justified, justifie
    • 12. Definition:1) to render righteous or such he ought to be 2) to show, exhibit, evince, one to be righteous, such as he is and wishes himself to be considered 3) to declare, pronounce, one to be just, righteous, or such as he ought to be
    • 13. from 1342; to render (i.e. show or regard as) just or innocent:-free, justify(-ier), be righteous. see GREEK for 1342
    • 14. An aorist tense: that is a one time event in the past. Justification is not something that is going on in the life of the believer, Justification was complete the moment you were saved.
    • 15. An passive voice: that is justification came from an outside Source. Here God Himself. They were acquitted of the charges against them, having been trasferrred to the account of their Sin Bearer, the substitutionary Lamb of God.
    • 16. In simple, non-technical language it refers to the act of God removing the guilt and penalty of sin from a sinner who places his faith in the Lord Jesus as Saviour, and the bestowal of a positive righteousness, Jesus Christ, in Whom that believer stands a righteous person before God’s law for time and eternity, all this made possible by and based upon the satisfaction (hilasmos), propitiation) which Jesus Christ offered on the Cross as a complete payment of the penalty imposed by the law because of human infractions of that law, thus satisfying His justice, maintaining His government, and making possible the bestowal of mercy upon the basis of justice satisfied. Wuest.
    By faith,4102 (pistis) Trust or belief, <br />
    • is synonymous with trust or belief and is the conviction of the truth of anything, but in Scripture usually speaks of belief  respecting man's relationship to God and divine things, generally with the included idea of trust and holy fervor born of faith and joined with it.
    • 17. As faith relates to Christ it represents a strong and welcome conviction or belief that Jesus is the Messiah, through Whom we obtain eternal salvation and entrance into the Kingdom of Heaven. 
    • 18. Stated another way, eternal salvation comes only through belief in Jesus Christ and no other way.
    • 19. the conviction of the truth, Belief that Jesus is the Messiah, through Whom we obtain eternal salvation. Belief in respect to Christ as reveal in scripture.
    • 20. An intellectual element: “a positive recognition of the truth.”
    • 21. An emotional element: “a deep conviction of the truth.”
    • 22. An volitional element: “a personal trust in Christ as Savior and Lord, including a surrender to Christ.”
    • 23. Saving faith, that is a trust in Jesus Christ as a living person for forgiveness of sins and for eternal life with God.
    We have peace515 with God or Let us have peace with God.<br />
    • Have: (objective) to hold or to possess: present tenses, God continual possession
    • 24. Peace:515 (eirene) Speaks of the fact that we are no longer God’s enemies, but objects of His favor.
    • 25. Is derived from the verb eiro which means “to bind together that which has been separated.”
    • 26. Isaiah 32:17 “absence of war.” The war, the wrath of God is over.
    • 27. Conscious peace with God
    • 28. More than mere tranquility of mind, God has ceased righteous hostility toward us.
    • 29. Active Voice: i.e. the subject is acted upon or doing the acting.
    • 30. Indicative Mood: i.e. take it to the bank.
    • 31. The war is done. God has nothing again us.
    • 32. God has fully Judged sin, upon Christ, our Substitute.
    • 33. God was so wholly satisfied with Christ’s sacrifice, that He will eternally remain so, never taking up the judgment of our sins again.
    • 34. God is therefore at rest about us forever.
    • 35. Peace by what God had done, not by what we did. Peace outside our self.
    • 36. 1000’s strive for inner peace, never once resting where God is resting-in-the-finished work of Christ on Calvary.
    • 37. Peace with God (always) vs. “peace of God.”(possible)
    • 38. “Sets a garrison around our hearts and thoughts in Christ” when we refuse to be anxious about circumstances, “in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving…” Philippians 4:7.
    • 39. Our battle, and it’s a battle, against the devil, the world, the flesh, sin, but not against God.
    • 40. The conflict between God and the believer is over.
    • 41. The moment you put your faith (given by God to you to have the faith) the war between you and God is permanently over. Colossianss 2:14, Romans 8:1;Colossians 1:21;
    • 42. When you have Christ you can sign a enormous sigh of relief and simply thank God that this is a settled issue
    • 43. It is an invitation from God to come into His presence and enjoy relational closeness with Him, Hebrews 10:19-20; I Peter 3:18
    • 44. Justification has a proper legal dimension, but its purpose is personal reconciliation. Wuest.
    With : pros }<br />
    • A Greek preposition: “pros” which means toward and is a marker of closeness or being near and can mean “facing.”
    • 45. CORAM DEO: BEFORE THE FACE OF GOD Hebrew 12:28
    • 46. The channel or conduit through Whom the benefits of justification flow.
    GOD2316<br />Through 1223 dia<br />Indicates the channel or conduit through Whom the benefits of justification flow.  Of which in some way speak of Christ the Mediator between God and man, Christ the channel of blessing and channel of access)<br />All things are from Him, through Him and to Him. To Him be the glory forever. Amen.<br />Our Lord Jesus Christ:<br />
    • God has declared Himself to be at war with every human being because of man’s sinful rebellion against Him and His laws. But the first great result of justification is that the sinner’s war with God is ended forever. Scripture refers to the end of this conflict as a person’s being reconciled to God.
    [2] BY WHOM ALSO WE HAVE ACCESS BY FAITH INTO THIS GRACE WHEREIN WE STAND AND REJOICE IN HOPE OF THE GLORY OF GOD.<br />[2] By whom 1223 Through whom dia<br />
    • i.e. the benefits of justification comes through Christ, our Mediator and Great High Priest.
    • 47. Indicates the channel or conduit through Whom the benefits of justification flow.
    • 48. All God’s gifts are channeled through Jesus Christ.
    • 49. Not a subjective, internal sense of calm, but an external , objective reality.
    • 50. John 10:7; 9; 14:6; Acts14:27; Ephesians 2:18; 3:12; Hebrews 10:19- 20 I Peter 3:18
    Also2532<br />
    • sets this blessings forth as distinct from and additional to that of peace with God.
    We have. Have Access {Obtained}<br />
    • Perfect tense, we have obtained, a past completed actions.
    • 51. Perfect tense, speaks of the permanency of our access to God, independent of human merit.
    • 52. We gain access into an indescribable position of favor with God.
    • 53. We are near and dear to God.
    • 54. God extends the golden scepter to us and welcomes us as sons and not as strangers
    • 55. Ephesians 1:17-19, Colossians 1:9-12
    Access4318 prosagoge Introduction<br />
    • It means providing admission or access (freedom, permission and/or the ability to enter) into the presence of.
    • 56. Entry.
    • 57. The one gaining access has freedom to enter by virtue of the assistance or favor of another.
    • 58. It includes the idea of the right to address someone, the one addressed being of higher status.
    • 59. It describes the approach to one we could never approach in our mortal unredeemed flesh.
    • 60. Ephesians 2:18, 3:12 2 Corinthians 5:21; Hebrews 4:16; Luke 11:11-13; ITimothy 2:5; Hebrews 10:19-22.
    • 61. Pictures fellowship and communion eternally available to redeemed rebels.
    • 62. Christ provides for a believing sinner. Clothes him with Himself as His righteousness, cleanses him in His precious blood, and brings him into the full unmerited favor (grace) of God the Father.
    • 63. Access to this grace. Grace is not something aprart from God, but is God giving Himself to us in His graciousness.
    • 64. We are giving our introduction to the Divine presence, and is a lasting privilege. This is not an interview, but to remain with Him, to be in His household, and it is by faith… To behold His face, and to walk in the light of his countenance.
    • 65. Access is based on standing, not on state.
    • 66. Standing (position) refers to the new place in which I am put by grace as justified before the throne of God and risen in Christ forever beyond the reach of judgment Gives me title to enter consciously as a purged worshiper into the holiest and to boldly approach the throne of grace in prayer. 1 John 4:17
    • 67. State (practice) is condition of soul. It is experience. Fluctuating, depends on the measure in which I walk with “God. Will be good or bad as I walk in the Sprit or walk in the flesh. Romans 8:5
    By faith4102 <br />
    • Romans 5:9-`10; 8:1, 30-39; 14:4; John 5:24; 1 Corinthians 15:1; Ephesians 6:13; 1 Peter 1:4)
    Into1519 this5026 Grace5485 charis <br />
    • God’s undeserved favor given freely to us .2 Timothy 2:1, Hebrews 10:19-21
    In Which (Wherein we )<br />Stand,2476 histemi<br />
    • A perfect tense: a past complete action with a present and continuing result
    • 68. The payment of Christ is permanent, and secure the position of the believer to enjoy God’s grace forever.
    • 69. Stand in the midst of God’s grace permanently and does not mean that we are standing here now, and maybe later will go stand somewhere else.
    • 70. The state, therefore, into which the believer is introduced by Christ is not a precarious one. He has not only firm ground to stand on, but divine strength to enable him to keep his foothold. Hodge.
    And rejoice2744 kauchaomai Exult <br />
    • To be extremely happy or joyful
    • 71. And we feel proud as we hope, let us triumph in.
    • 72. Present tense: this should be every saved person’s lifestyle.
    • 73. Boast over a privilege or possession.
    • 74. So to feel joy or great delight. Jubilation and confidence.
    • 75. Confidence expectation of the glory of God.
    • 76. What is felt and not simply the feeling.
    In <br />
    • Upon. We just don’t hope, we will see Him, but we know that one day we will see Him in all His glory. Psalms 119:114
    Hope1680 elpis<br />“ of the <br />
    • Defined as a desire for some future good with the expectation of obtaining it.
    • 77. Is confident expectancy or the joyful confident anticipation of that which we do not yet see.
    • 78. The glory has shone upon us through the Gospel, which says we shall be participators of the Divine nature, for when we shall see God face to face, we shall be like Him, 2 Peter 1:4; 1 John 3:2, Psalms 119:81.114.
    • 79. “Upon, on,” in other words on the basis of…..
    Glory1391 doxa of God. <br />
    • Upon, on the basis of.
    • 80. An assurance of ultimate salvation.
    • 81. Every believer’s glorification.
    • 82. Of a manifestation of God’s true nature, presence, or likeness.
    • 83. To be where God is will be glory.
    • 84. To do what God purpose will be glory.
    • 85. Romans 8:17,21,30; Romans 923
    • 86. Isaiah 40:3; 60:19; 61:3; 62:2
    • 87. Psalms 119:81
    • 88. That illumination of man’s whole being by the radiance of the divine glory which is man’s true destiny but which was lost through sin, as it will be restored (not just as it was, but immeasurably enriched through God’s own personal participation in man’s humanity in Jesus Christ—
    [3] Romans 5:3 And not only [so] this, but we also glory in our tribulations, knowing that tribulation [also] brings about perseverance or {patience}.<br />And1181 not3756 only3440 [so] this:<br />
    • But this is not all that being justified will bring, peace, and access, and hope.`1
    But325 we also glory2744kauchaomai: {rejoice} Exult<br />
    • There is a sense or attitude of jubilation and confidence in what is going to be achieving by.
    • 89. Acts 14:22; 2 Thessalonians 3:3-
    • 90. Rejoicing in suffering? Grin and bear it’ attitude, or tough it out’ and see how much you can take it, or just hang in there until it’s over’? No. Pretend that we are happy? No
    • 91. Means to take pride in something or to boast over a privilege or possession. The idea is rejoice with (appropriate) pride.
    • 92. As used in the positive sense self-confidence is radically excluded and all self-boasting is abandoned. Faith implies the surrender of all self-glorying.
    • 93. 1 Chro. 16:35; Psalms 5:11; Psalms 32:11; Psalms 149:5; Jeremiah 923-24
    In our tribulation2347 [affliction, distress; persecution}<br />
    • We what? We also rejoice in our troubles? No. It’s the knowledge of the effects of afflictions. Acts. 14:22, 2 Corinthians 1:4; 1 Corinthians 3:22. Matthew 5:4, 10-12, 1 Thessalonians 1:5-6
    • 94. Troubles: refers not to minor inconveniences, but to real hardships/
    • 95. Press together, crush, squash, squeezed. John 16:33
    • 96. Pressing together as of grapes. Put under pressure or crushed under a weight in the spirit.
    • 97. When you squeeze something, what comes out is what is on the inside.
    Knowing1492 that3754 tribulation 2347 thlipsis {worketh} brings about {accomplishes}<br />
    • A clear perception of the face, to be fully aware. Intuitive knowledge of the fact as a result of being justified. Romans 8:28.
    • 98. Knowledge is the ground of faith in Paul's mind, and in this case it is the knowledge of a spiritual process.
    • 99. Tribulation introduces a pattern of growth in the believer's life
    • 100. Acts 5:41; 1 Peter 4:13-14
    • 101. Suffering is consider an honor to suffer for Christ
    • 102. Rejoicing in being given the opportunity of showing His power in their support and deliverance.
    • 103. Suffering is made the means of our own sanctification and preparation for usefulness here and for heaven hereafter.
    • 104. 2 Corinthians 8:1-2
    • 105. You don’t grin and bear it attitude or tough it out and see how much you can take or just hang in there until it’s over .
    • 106. You are not expected to enjoy the pain.
    • 107. You just are not to pretend that you are happy in public.
    "I never would have chosen one of the trials that I've gone through, but I wouldn't have missed any of them for the world!" <br /> <br />Now that is saying it. There is an awareness that this suffering has done something of supreme value; therefore, you wouldn't have missed it. But you wouldn't have chosen it, either! <br />That tribulation2347 thlipsis <br />
    • To crush, press together, squash, hem in, compress, squeeze in turn derived from thláo = to break) originally expressed sheer, physical pressure on a man.
    • 108. Is a strong term which does not refer to minor inconveniences, but to real hardships.
    • 109. Matthew 13:21; 24:9; Mark 4:17; 13:19; John 16:21; Acts 7:10; 11;19; 14:22;
    • 110. Translated: affliction (inflicting on a person something that is hard to bear), afflictions, ; anguish,; distress (the state of being in great trouble),; persecution (harassment in a manner designed to injure, grieve, or afflict); tribulation (distress or suffering resulting from oppression or persecution), 16; tribulations, trouble,
    • 111. Figuratively thlipsis pictures one being "crushed" by intense pressure, difficult circumstances, suffering or trouble pressing upon them from without. Thus persecution, affliction, distress, opposition or tribulation, all press hard on one's soul.
    • 112. does not refer to mild discomfort but to great difficulty.
    • 113. In Scripture the thlipsis is most often used of outward difficulties, but it is also used of emotional stress and sorrows which "weighs down" a man’s spirit like the sorrows and burden his heart.
    • 114. Thlipsis then includes the disappointments which can "crush the life" out of the one who is afflicted.
    • 115. Colossians 1:24. Ephesians 3:13. 2 Corinthians 4:17-18
    {worketh}2716 brings about {accomplishes} katergazomai<br />Brings about {accomplishes} <br />
    • from katá = intensifies meaning of verb + ergazomai =  work or engage in an activity involving considerable expenditure of effort)
    • 116. The means to accomplish what is meant for tribulation to accomplished.
    • 117. Means to accomplish which means to bring about (a result) by effort, to bring to completion with emphasis on the successful completion in this case of the "fruit" of tribulation, which is perseverance.
    • 118. Matthew 5:4, 10-12;
    • 119. The truth you need to understanding regarding suffering, etc.
    (1) tribulations have a purpose (2) one's response to tribulations demonstrates the reality of one's faith (3) temporal tribulations produce inestimable future, eternal glory <br />(4) God will avenge tribulations you have endured for His Name and Word <br />Patience: {Perseverance}5281 hupomone<br />
    • From hupo = under + meno = abide
    • 120. When you put pressure on something and squeeze it, what’s on the inside is going to come out.
    • 121. When a believer goes through tribulation, suffering, of any kind in his life, he knows the thing tribulation will squeeze out of him is something that he desperately needs. It’s already there, but the trial will bring it out.
    • 122. The Holy Spirit lives in the believer and produces the ability to cause them to be able to bear up under anything that comes their way.
    • 123. Without the trials, suffering, most of us would not have a clue what is on the inside of us.
    • 124. The effect of afflictions on the minds of Christians is to make them patient.
    • 125. Is  the ability to continue working in the face of strong opposition and great obstacles
    • 126. It portrays a picture of steadfastly and unflinchingly bearing up under a heavy load and describes that quality of character which does not allow one to surrender to circumstances or succumb under trial.
    • 127. Describes a bearing up under or remaining under trials in a God-honoring way so as to learn the lesson for which they have been sent, rather than attempting to squirm out from under them in an effort to be relieved of their pressure. Colosssians 1:11
    • 128. Is that spiritual staying power that will die before it gives in. It is the virtue which can endure, not simply with resignation, but with a vibrant hope.
    • 129. It portrays a picture of steadfastly and unflinchingly bearing up under a heavy load and describes that quality of character which does not allow one to surrender to circumstances or succumb under trial. Hebrews12:2
    • 130. Means the spirit which can overcome the world; it means the spirit which does not passively endure but which actively overcomes the trials and tribulations of life. When Beethoven was threatened with deafness, that most terrible of troubles for a musician, he said: “I will take life by the throat.”
    • 131. Is the triumphant adequacy which can cope with life; it is the strength which does not only accept things, but which, in accepting them, transmutes them into glory. 
    • 132. Is not simply the ability to bear things; it is the ability to turn them to greatness and to glory.
    • 133. Never means simply the ability to sit down and bear things but the ability to rise up and conquer them.
    • 134. God is He who gives us the power to use any experience to lend greatness and glory to life.
    <br />