First peter 1 14 18 outline


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Notes from the sermon First Peter 1 On Holiness

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First peter 1 14 18 outline

  1. 1. FIRST PETER CHAPTER ONE: FOURTEEN TO SIXTEEN TAKE A LOOK AT THE ASPECT OF HOLINESS Charles e Whisnant, Teacher, Learner, Expositor December 04, 2013 1A HOLINESS HAS TO DO WITH MY HEART The heart of motivation The seat of passion the spring of all thought processes and conscience. Holiness is always the saved sinner's response of gratitude for grace received. 2A HOLINESS HAS TO DO WITH MY TEMPERAMENT The factors that make specific ways of reacting and behaving natural to me. Its what inclines me to transact with my enviroment (situations , things, people. Its the raw material out of which temperament is formed.. Character is what we do with our temperament. Personality is the final produce. 3A HOLINESS HAS TO DO WITH MY HUMANNES Jesus model for us human goodness. What is that? Human live lived as God intened. Where the human person is completely united in God honoring and nature fulfilling way. It is the reverse of secular humanism. Genuine holiness is genuine Christ-likeness , and genuine Christ likeness is genuine humanness, the only genuine humanness there is. Love in the service of the Lord Jesus Christ and others Humility and meekness under the Divine hand Integrity of behavior expressing interrogation of character Wisdom with faithfulness
  2. 2. Sorrow at people's sin Joy at the Father's goodness Single mindedness in seeking to please the Father, morning, noon and night Christians are meant to become human as Jesus was human. Called to imitate the character of Christ. 4A HOLINESS HAS TO DO WITH MY RELATIONSHIPS Holiness is not isolationism, but relationship. Not detached from ordinary human involvement. Its not becoming materialistic, extravagant or a grabber and empire builder, But must operate as a servant of God in the world, HOLINESS IS A NUMBER OF THINGS: • Both outward and inward aspect • A matter of both action and motivation • Conduct and character • Divine grace and human effort • Obedience and creativity • Submission and imitative • Conservation to God and commitment to people • Self discipline and self giving • Righteousness and love • A matter of Spirit-led keeping • A walk, of conduct of life • In the Spirit that displays the fruit of the Spirit • It is a matter of seeking to imitate Jesus way of behaving • It is a matter of patient, persistent unrighteousness • Taking God's side against sin in our own lives and in lives of others. • Of worshiping God in the Spirit as one serves Him in the world. • Single-mindedness, wholehearted • Free and glad concentration on the business of pleasing God
  3. 3. • It is the distinctive form and so to speak, flavor of a live set apart from God that is now being inwardly renewed by His power. • Holiness is thus the demonstration of faith, working by love. • Therefore it is whole supernatural in the sense of being God's gracious achievement within us, and wholly natural in the sense of being our own true humanness. How then are we to be holy? Peter gives us several directives. • We are to be holy in all our conduct. Holiness is not to be compartmentalized into certain “religious” areas of our life. Holiness is a way of life that affects everything we do. Holiness is a lifestyle, rather than mere conformity to a list of rules. • We are to be holy by not being conformed to our former lusts. Holiness is a lifestyle which differs dramatically from our manner of life before we were saved . Leviticus 18:1-8. Romans 123:1-2; Romans 1:21-25; Romans 6:16; Ephesians 4:17-24, 2 Peter 2:12-13; I Corinthians 9:24-27; • We are to be holy by imitating God. We are to be holy because God is holy (see above). We are also to be holy as God is holy. As Jesus once put it,“Therefore you are to be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect” (Matthew 5:48). I John 3:1- 12 • We are to be holy by obeying God’s Word. Romans 8:1-4; I Corinthians 2:6-16 Let me try to draw a picture of Biblical holiness (J.C. Ryle, “Holiness, Its Nature, Hindrances, Difficulties, and Roots“) “Without holiness, no man shall see the Lord!” Hebrews 12:14 Are we holy? Shall we see the Lord? In this hurrying, bustling world–let us stand still for a few minutes and consider the matter of holiness. It is a solemn thing to hear the Word of God saying, “Without holiness, no man shall see the Lord!”A man may go great lengths in religionand yet never reach true holiness.
  4. 4. What is true practical holiness? It is not knowledge–Balaam had that. It is not great profession–Judas Iscariot had that. It is not doing many things–Herod had that. It is not zeal for certain matters in religion–Jehu had that. It is not morality and outward respectability of conduct–the rich young ruler had that. It is not taking pleasure in hearing preachers–the Jews in Ezekiel’s time had that. It is not keeping company with godly people–Joab and Gehazi and Demas had that. Yet none of these were holy people! These things alone, are not holiness. A man may have any one of them–and yet never see the Lord! Let me try to draw a picture of Biblical holiness, that we may see it clearly before the eyes of our minds. 1. Holiness is the habit of being of one mind with God, according as we find His mind described in Scripture. 2. A holy man will endeavor to shun every known sin, and to keep every known commandment. 3. A holy man will strive to be like our Lord Jesus Christ. 4. A holy man will follow after meekness, patience, gentleness, patience, kind tempers, and government of his tongue. 5. A holy man will follow after temperance and self-denial. 6. A holy man will follow after love and brotherly kindness. 7. A holy man will follow after a spirit of mercy and benevolence towards others. 8. A holy man will follow after purity of heart. 9. A holy man will follow after the fear of God. 10. A holy man will follow after humility. 11. A holy man will follow after faithfulness in all the duties and relations in life. 12. Last–but not least, a holy man will follow after spiritual-mindedness.
  5. 5. HOLINESS: THE DIVINE IMPERATIVE 1 .I suspect that this valley has yet to see what God can do through a body of believers fully yielded to Him. 2 .If we desire to be a church that is effective, effusive, and infectious for Christ, we must be a people of holiness. We can devise all kinds of games, gimmicks, and gadgets to attract people, but God wants us to be wholly like him and holy like Him. 3. Do you ever wonder why we so often limp along spiritually, licking our wounds and longing for victory? Why we so often stagnate or settle for mediocrity in the things of Christ? Perhaps it’s because we’ve lost our PASSION FOR HOLINESS. And it’s that passion I want to call us to. 4. Dr. J. Sidlow Baxter comments, “No subject which ever engages the thought of Christian believers can be more sacredly commanding than that of our personal holiness, by which I mean an in wrought holiness of heart and life. Beyond contradiction, this is our ‘priority- number-one’ concern. Admittedly, one would not infer so from the general appearance of things just now, but it is so, if the New Testament is true. “Although this deeper work of the Holy Spirit in the consecrated believer seems little expounded in the average church today, with the unhappy consequence that comparatively few Christians seem to know much about it in experience, it still remains true that this call to holiness is the first call of the New Testament to all Christians. For the moment, let just one text of Scripture represent the many to us: Ephesians 1:4, staggering in its mystery and immensity 5.Reasons for the decline in holiness preaching and living: a. Undermining of biblical authority We’ll never aspire to a holy standard of living without an authoritative base. b. The standard seems too high: Some people, even some preachers, are intimidated to speak of it, lest they be viewed as hypocrites. Granted, it is convicting to preach such a high standard of holiness, but it is God’s standard and we must proclaim nothing less. c. Absence of role models
  6. 6. We need truly godly leaders to emulate holiness and to hold us accountable. Ungodly or complacent spiritual leaders confuse the issue. d. Our current self-centered/man-centered theology: Many professing Christians are so focused on what they think God should give them that they’ve apparently lost sight of what He wants to make them. They’ve exchanged what they can becomefor what they can get. Like the prophet Isaiah, they need a fresh vision of God’s holiness (Isaiah 6). We all do! Many professing Christians are so focused on what they think God should give them that they’ve apparently lost sight of what He wants to make them. They’ve exchanged what they can become for what they can get . Like the prophet Isaiah, they need a fresh vision of God’s holiness (Isaiah 6). We all do! e. Theological tradition Currently there is a much debate over the “Lordship Salvation” issue (i.e., does salvation require yielding to Christ’s lordship, or must we simply receive Him as our Savior?).Many people have so separated justification from sanctification that they believe it is possible to be a true believer and never manifest the fruit of repentance. However, Scripture has much to say to the contrary. CULTIVATING HOLINESS ROMANS CHAPTER ONE VERSES FOURTEEN TO SIXTEEN SALVATION PRODUCES HOLINESS December 11, and 18, 2013 PASTOR/TEACHER CHARLES e. WHISNANT THE PURPOSE OF IS THAT SALVATION WILL PRODUCE HOLINESS IN US 1A WHAT IS SALVATION: 1B Salvation means being rescued from jeopardy and misery, so that one is now safe. Exodus 52:2; Jonah 2:9 and Psalms 116:6 2B Salvation from sin and its consequences. 3B Salvation has three tenses 1C from sin's guilt (the past aspect, exposure to penalty is gone)
  7. 7. 2C from its power (the present apsect: sin no longer rules us 3C from its presence (the future aspect: sin will one day be no more than a bad memory.) 4B Christians have been saved from: 1C from the wrath of God (Romans 5:9; 1 Thess. 1:10 2C from eternal death: Romans 6:21 and 23 3C from the dominion of sin: Romans 6:14, 18 4C from the life of fear: Romans 8:15 5C from controlling habits of ungodliness and immorality: Titus 2:12 Christians will one day be fully conformed to Jesus in body and moral character: Philippians 3:20 and I John 3:2. 5B While we live in joyful favor with God, we serve out of a gratitude of worship, there is this indwelling sin.But through the energy of the Holy Spirit we gain victory: Romans 5:12; 12:1; 8:14; Galatians 5:16.Romans 7:24 and 8:23. 6B The Desire For Holiness: For the moment the ability for holiness exceeds our ability. God's does give us salvation, and we are into our salvation, but salvation is not yet fully into us. We have a taste, but the full effect is yet future. 7B Salvation Gives Us The Following 1C Forgiveness, justification, reconciliation, pardon, acceptance, standing, fellowship. John 5:24 and Romans 8:32-39. 2C Salvation also put us in Christ: called "union with Christ.". Romans 5:12-19 Ephesians 4:20-24 and Colossians 1:27; 5:4. 3C Our life as a moral person is supernaturalized by the Holy Spirit which makes the presence of Christ "to us", and reproduces in us the what God's gives us: 1D The desires, aims, attitudes, and behavior patterns that we see in Jesus Christ. 2A THE PURPOSE OF OUR SALVATION: BECAUSE OF SIN
  8. 8. 1B The question is why do we need salvation: Note: Martyn Lloyd Jones gives a great reason why we need salvation. 2B The Definition of Sin 1C Any want of conformity unto, or transgression of, the law of God. 2C It is an energy, an obsession, an allergic reaction to God's law, an irrational anti-God syndrome. 3C Our very nature is driven toward self-gratification. 4C Here is sin in action: it is nonconformity to God in several ways: 1E rebellion against God. 2E transgression of the bounds God's sets for us. 3E missing the mark God has told us to aim at. 4E defiling oneself in the sight of God 5C Sin: The mind of sinful man is death. its hostile to God, It do not submit to God's law, can the mind do so. Romans 8:6-8. 3B The Bible is like a mirror for self-knowledge, that is the Bible shows us ourselves as we are. 4B "No smokescreen of religioustiy can save us from sin." 5B Do all people know that they are sinners? Yes and No. All people know where are not they obey God or reject His ways. And as result they don't believe they are sinners. All people have a certain amount of knowledge of God, thus they are without excuse: Romans 1:18. 3A GOD'S PLAN FOR SALVATION: (Set the stage for holiness.)
  9. 9. 1B How did God bring me into salvation that I now enjoy? I Thessalonian 1:4 Well, we see this fleshed out in the life of Jesus Christ. I Timothy 2:56 2B Jesus Christ is the model for holiness: Mark 10:45, Matthew 26:28 and I Timothy 2:5 3B Through the work of the Holy Spirit's work in people's heart, once the message that invites them to faith in Christ has gotten in their heads, they become certain that Jesus Christ is act. One way or another, out of changed hearts there issues a commitment to live a changed live. This new life: A real and radical alteration of our personal being. We enjoy a new status: (1)Justified: (2) Adopted: and (4) Cleansed: (5) Put “In Christ”. Romans 6:3-11; Ephesians 2:4-10 and Colossians 2:11-14 The New behavior patterns: Romans 8:9-13; 2 Corinthians 3:18; Galatians 5:22-26. 5A GOD'S PURPOSE Why would God saved a person? Ephesians 1:3-7, 13-14; Romans 8:28-30; John 6:37-40,44-45 6A GOD'S SAVING PLAN What will God go on to do, here and hereafter, in order to finish what He has and complete the salvation He has in store for me? Hebrews 4:13; John 1:5; 4:8,16 The divine agenda for the rest of my life on earth is my SANCTIFICATION I have been raised from spiritual death and born again in Christ so that I might be changed into His moral likeness: Ephesians 4:22-24, Colossians 3:9-10. To increasing conformity to the image of Christ.
  10. 10. Conformity to His righteousness and holiness Conformiity to His love and humility Conformity to His self-denial and single-mindednes Conformity to His wisdom and prudence Conformity to His boldness and self-control Conformity to His faithfulness and strength under pressure Ephesians 2:10. 7A GOD IS IN THE HOLINESS BUSINESS: The answer to why life's roller coaster ride? Moral training and discipline. Hebrews 12:5-11 1B What is the Christian life? The life of growth into Christ-likeness. 1C I John 3:2; 2C Ephesians 4:24; 3C 2 Corinthians 3:8; 4C Philippians 3:29; 5C I Corinthians 9:49, 6C I John 3:2 2B We do not know the scenario of our Christian life? Romans 8:35-39, 28 3B We do not know what will happen next! 4B So, then we all must be prepared to fact tomorrow? 5B What does being prepared involved? Here it is 1C God-centered realism about living -- and actual holiness of life. 2C Those who cope best with all of life are those whose life a life-quest is to be holy.
  11. 11. HOLINESS LIVED OUT IN THE LIFE OF THE OBEDIENT CHRISTIAN First Peter 1:14-16 Charles e Whisnant, January 01 2014 WHAT IS HOLINESS? 1B Holiness is the habit of been of one mind with God. 2B A holy believer will strive to stay away from as much as possible sinful behavior. 3B A holy believer will desire to be as much like Jesus as possible. 4B A holy believer will follow after meekness, longsufferinging, gentleness, patience, watch his tongue, and be kind in his temperment. HOLINESS HAS TO DO WITH THE HEART! 1B Process of holiness starts with my salvation. From my inner life, from the seat of my passion, that which driven from within, my aim, passion, desire, longing, aspiration, goal, and drives me to PLEASE THE LORD JESUS CHRIST. 2B Worship starts with praise, worship and honoring and exalting God.. WHAT SHOULD I LEARN FROM THIS PROCESS OF SALVATION 1B To be awestruck at the greatness of my God, my Creation, by Lord and Savior. 2B To be grateful for the mercy of my salvation: We are to give thanks always. 3B To know that I can never do anything to earn, increase, or extend God's favor or to try to justify what God is doing in my life. 4B To know that from eternity God Himself has redeemed me from sin through the cross. 5B Out of what we learn from our salvation should be a sense of gratitude and is expressed in thanksgiving and should spontaneously break out as the ruling passion of my life.
  12. 12. WHAT HAVE WE (AND ARE) COVERED THUS FAR IN THIS SERIES ON HOLINESS 1B That holiness is every Christian's calling. It's not a osption, but a requirement. 2B That holiness is basically a relationship with God: I Corinthians 6:19-20 and Ephesians 4:30 3B That holiness of life is not precisely a human achievement, however much is demanded of human effort. It is the work of the Holy Spirit. Self-reliance is not the way of holiness. 4B Holiness involves two related but distinct aspects of Christian experience 1C Spirituality: Fellowship with God: prayer; worship; self-discipline; maintaining purity; peace; patience of heart; seeking and serving God. 2C Ethics: The determining to do God's revealed will, to develop and display those characteristic and qualities that reflect God's image . 5B Holiness is the imitation of Christ in His virtures of love to Christ and humanity. Trust Him. Accept His will. Submit to His providience, Zeal for His honor and glory. 1C 'I WANT TO BE LIKE JESUS IN MY HEART." 6B That personal holiness is personal and wholeness. Single-mindness, Jesus- likeness. 1C Development of the mastery over our lives to the glory of God is ever going. Failure does not stop us, we learn to handle our failures. We live in hope, we travel this life in confidence of arriving at the eternal destination that has been design by God. HOW DO WE LIVE THIS HOLY LIFE THAT IS A GIFT FROM GOD? 1B For absolutely everything that we have now and that we have ever had, including even our very being—absolutely everything is a gift of God 2B First thing in the morning turn first of all to the Lord God with some heartfelt appeal, such as “Glory to Thee, O Lord! Glory to Thee, O All-Merciful One!” We would be unworthy of the name of Christian if, waking from sleep, we were to open only our physical eyes, and not our spiritual ones, and were to think first of the earth and of earthly things, and not of the Lord God. 3B What do we know about ourselves after our gift of salvation? 1C Justified through faith; in Christ; adopted into God's royal family;
  13. 13. united to Christ; regenerated; sealed; indwelt by the Holy Spirit; 2C Sanctify, changed into Christ's likeness, energized by the Spirit for love and obedience. 3C Called to cooperate with what our God is doing in our lives HOW ARE WE TO "WORK OUT" OUR SALVATION? 1B Two ways we are not to work out our salvation: 1C Pharisaism: Outward actions with self serving motives. 2C Antinomianism: Love and liberty with out doing God's law. 2B In light of the fact that all Christians are more vulnerable to temptations than they believe, how are we to be holy in our living:? 1C There are no two Christians that have the saw way of living the Christian life. 2C I am not sure there is one right spiritual directory for the spiritual life. 3C It is a task for sure THE JOURNEY TO LIVING OUT WHAT IS ALREADY IN US 1B Holiness as viewed from the redirecting of desire: 1C A life of holiness is a life of prayer 1D Prayer is a struggle for Christians 2D Satan doesn't mind if we show on the outside our good behavior, if on the inside, our hearts are crooked before God, proud self absoration, and self indulgence in our fantasies and motivies. 2C A life of struggle: Why? 1D God allows stugggle so that we may be toughened, matured, and anchored in Him more deeply, through the experience of fighting back into His strenght. Ephesians 6:10-20 2C DESIRING GOD: 1C This is an often perplexing problem with Christians! 2C Dryness of spirit, where the sense of Christ is distance. 1D Often to induce a new depth of humble, hopeful opennes to Himself. Philippians 3:7-10 an Psalms 73:25-36 First, you must desire to live a life that will please the Lord. You have the .... I am so grateful to the Almighty God for the gift of the Holy Spirit. Second, be willing to surrender your life totally and irrevocably to our Lord Jesus Christ. Paul admonishes in Romans 12:1, 2: "I urge you, brothers, in view of God's mercy, to offer your bodies as living sacrifices, holy and pleasing to God -- which is your spiritual worship.
  14. 14. Do not conform any longer to the pattern of this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind. Then you will be able to test and approve what God's will is -- his good, pleasing and perfect will." Third, confess every known sin which the Holy Spirit calls to your remembrance and experience the cleansing and forgiveness which God promises in 1 John 1:9: "If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just and will forgive us our sins and purify us from all unrighteousness." [1] 1 Thessalonians 4:3 [2] 1 Corinthians 3:3 [3] Romans 12:1 [4] Hebrews 2:14 [5] Ephesians 5:26 [6] 2 Chronicles 29:5 [7] 2 Corinthians 7:1 [8] Romans 8:29 [9] Ephesians 4:31–32 [10] Colossians 1:13–15 [11] Romans 8:13 [12] Romans 6:21 [13] Romans 6:11 [14] Romans 6:7–8 [15] Romans 6:2–6 [16] Ephesians 4:25 [17] Ecclesiastes 7:9 [18] Ephesians 4:26 [19] 1 Corin 6:11 [20] Romans 1:4 [21] Colossians 3:9–10 [22] 1 John 3:9 [23] 1 Thessalonia 4:7 [24] Ephesians 4:28 [25] Colossians 3:13 [26] Romans 6:13 [27] Romans 6:19 [28] Romans 8:2 [29] Colossians 3:1 [30] 1 Timothy 4:5 [31] Hebrews 4:12 [32] 1 John 2:1 [33] Colossians 4:2 [34] 1 Peter 3:15 [35] Philippian3:10 [36] Hebrews 13:12 [37] Matthew 5:48 [38] 1 John 4:16 [39]
  15. 15. Romans 6:22 [40] Hebrews 10:14 [41] Philippians 3:12 [42] Ephesians 1:1 [43] Philippians 4:21 [44] 2 Corinthians 3:18[45] Hebrews 13:21 [46] 1 Thessalonians 5:23 [47] 2 Corinthians 4:12 [48] 1 Peter 1:22 [49] Hebrews 12:9 [50] Hebrews 12:23 [51] Philippians 1:6 [52] John 17:7 [53] Colossians 1:2 [54] Colossians 2:10 [55] Hebrews 5:13–14 [56] 1 Thessalon 3:12[57] 1 Thessalonians 5:23 [58] 1 Corinthians 13:10 [59] Psalms 73:24 [60] 1 Peter 5:10 [61] 1 Corinthians 10:13 [62] Mark 9:23 [63] Psalms 68:5 [64] Philippians 2:13 [65] Proverbs 16:3 [66] 2 Timothy 2:21 [67] Hebrews 13:21 [68] 1 Thessalonians 3:13 [69] 1 John 5:4 Verse 16 Because it is written, Be ye holy; for I am holy. Leviticus 11:44; 19:2; 20:7; Amos 3:3 8270 holiness, as set apart for God Believers are holy, in that they are called to be set apart from the world as God’s own people. Likewise certain days and articles are holy because they are set apart for God alone. ;Christians Eph 1:4; 1Pe 1:15-16 1Co 1:2; Col 3:12; 2Ti 1:9; 1Pe 2:9 8271 holiness, purpose of God in his holiness desires a holy people amongst whom he can dwell, and who can effectively worship, witness to and serve him as they prepare for a future with God and to be like God.
  16. 16. (1) The goal of holiness is to be like God Lev 19:2; Mt 5:48: Ro 8:29; Heb 12:10; 1Pe 1:15-16; 1Jn 3:2-3 (2) God dwells with holy people God dwelt with the people of Israel Dt 23:14; Ex 29:42-46; Nu 5:1-3; 1Ki 9:3; Eze 37:26-28; Zec 2:10-12 God dwells with Christians Eph 2:19-22: 1Co 3:16-17 (3) Holiness is required for acceptable worship Heb 10:19-22: Lev 22:17-22; 2Ch 29:15-31; Isa 56:6-7; Mt 15:7- 9 pp Mk 7:6; Isa 29:13; Ro 12:1 (4) Holiness is needed for effective witness 1Pe 2:9-12; Eze 20:41; Eze 36:20; Eze 39:7; 1Pe 3:1-2 (5) Holiness is needed for godly service Heb 9:13-14; Ex 28:41; Lev 21:6-8; 2Ch 35:3; Zep 3:9; Lk 1:74- 75; 2Ti 2:20-21; Tit 2:14 (6) Holiness leads to a future hope Holy people will see God Heb 12:14: Mt 5:8; 1Th 3:13; 2Th 1:10 Holy people will receive eternal life Ro 6:22 2Pe 3:11 Holy people will inherit the kingdom Col 1:12: Da 7:18,22,27; Eph 1:18; Rev 20:6 Holy people will judge the world 1Co 6:2 Believers’ ultimate destiny is to share God’s holiness for ever Eph 5:25-27; Rev 21:2-3 2 Chronicles 29:5 And said unto them, Hear me, ye Levites, sanctify now yourselves, and sanctify the house of the Lord God of your fathers, and carry forth the filthiness out of the holy place.
  17. 17. Psalm 68:5 A father of the fatherless, and a judge of the widows, is God in his holy habitation. Psalm 73:24 Thou shalt guide me with thy counsel, and afterward receive me to glory. Proverbs 16:3 Commit thy works unto the Lord, and thy thoughts shall be established. Matthew 5:48 Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect. Mark 9:23 Jesus said unto him, If thou canst believe, all things are possible to him that believeth. John 17:7 Now they have known that all things whatsoever thou hast given me are of thee. Romans 1:4 And declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead: Romans 6:2-6 God forbid. How shall we, that are dead to sin, live any longer therein? Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death? Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life. For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death, we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection: Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with him, that the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve sin. Romans 6:7-8 For he that is dead is freed from sin. Now if we be dead with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with him: Romans 6:11 Likewise reckon ye also yourselves to be dead indeed unto sin, but alive unto God through Jesus Christ our Lord. Romans 6:13 Neither yield ye your members as instruments of unrighteousness unto sin: but yield yourselves unto God, as those that are alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness unto God. Romans 6:19 I speak after the manner of men because of the infirmity of your flesh: for as ye have yielded your members servants to uncleanness and to iniquity unto iniquity; even so now yield your members servants to righteousness unto holiness. Romans 6:21 What fruit had ye then in those things whereof ye are now ashamed? for the end of those
  18. 18. things is death. Romans 6:22 But now being made free from sin, and become servants to God, ye have your fruit unto holiness, and the end everlasting life. Romans 8:2 For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death. Romans 8:13 For if ye live after the flesh, ye shall die: but if ye through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live. Romans 8:29 For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren. Romans 12:1 12 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service. 1 Corinthians 3:3 For ye are yet carnal: for whereas there is among you envying, and strife, and divisions, are ye not carnal, and walk as men? 1 Corinthians 6:11 And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God. 1 Corinthians 10:13 There hath no temptation taken you but such as is common to man: but God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able; but will with the temptation also make a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear it. 1 Corinthians 13:10 But when that which is perfect is come, then that which is in part shall be done away. 2 Corinthians 3:18 But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord. 2 Corinthians 4:12 So then death worketh in us, but life in you. 2 Corinthians 7:1 7 Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God. Ephesians 1:1 1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, to the saints which are at Ephesus, and to the faithful in Christ Jesus:
  19. 19. Ephesians 4:25 Wherefore putting away lying, speak every man truth with his neighbour: for we are members one of another. Ephesians 4:26 Be ye angry, and sin not: let not the sun go down upon your wrath: Ephesians 4:28 Let him that stole steal no more: but rather let him labour, working with his hands the thing which is good, that he may have to give to him that needeth. Ephesians 4:31-32 Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamour, and evil speaking, be put away from you, with all malice: And be ye kind one to another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, even as God for Christ’s sake hath forgiven you. Ephesians 5:26 That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word, Philippians 1:6 Being confident of this very thing, that he which hath begun a good work in you will perform it until the day of Jesus Christ: Philippians 2:13 For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure. Philippians 3:10 That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable unto his death; Philippians 3:12 Not as though I had already attained, either were already perfect: but I follow after, if that I may apprehend that for which also I am apprehended of Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:21 Salute every saint in Christ Jesus. The brethren which are with me greet you. Colossians 1:2 To the saints and faithful brethren in Christ which are at Colosse: Grace be unto you, and peace, from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. Colossians 1:13-15 Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son: In whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins: Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature: Colossians 2:10 And ye are complete in him, which is the head of all principality and power: Colossians 3:1 3 If ye then be risen with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ sitteth on
  20. 20. the right hand of God. Colossians 3:9-10 Lie not one to another, seeing that ye have put off the old man with his deeds; And have put on the new man, which is renewed in knowledge after the image of him that created him: Colossians 3:13 Forbearing one another, and forgiving one another, if any man have a quarrel against any: even as Christ forgave you, so also do ye. Colossians 4:2 Continue in prayer, and watch in the same with thanksgiving; 1 Thessalonians 3:12 And the Lord make you to increase and abound in love one toward another, and toward all men, even as we do toward you: 1 Thessalonians 3:13 To the end he may stablish your hearts unblameable in holiness before God, even our Father, at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ with all his saints. 1 Thessalonians 4:3 For this is the will of God, even your sanctification, that ye should abstain from fornication: 1 Thessalonians 4:7 For God hath not called us unto uncleanness, but unto holiness. 1 Thessalonians 5:23 And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly; and I pray God your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. 1 Timothy 4:5 For it is sanctified by the word of God and prayer. 2 Timothy 2:21 If a man therefore purge himself from these, he shall be a vessel unto honour, sanctified, and meet for the master’s use, and prepared unto every good work. Hebrews 4:12 For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart. Hebrews 5:13-14 For every one that useth milk is unskilful in the word of righteousness: for he is a babe. But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, even those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil. Hebrews 10:14 For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified. Hebrews 12:9
  21. 21. Furthermore we have had fathers of our flesh which corrected us, and we gave them reverence: shall we not much rather be in subjection unto the Father of spirits, and live? Hebrews 12:14 Follow peace with all men, and holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord: Hebrews 12:23 To the general assembly and church of the firstborn, which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect, Hebrews 13:12 Wherefore Jesus also, that he might sanctify the people with his own blood, suffered without the gate. Hebrews 13:21 Make you perfect in every good work to do his will, working in you that which is wellpleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ; to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen. 1 Peter 1:22 Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren, see that ye love one another with a pure heart fervently: 1 Peter 3:15 But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts: and be ready always to give an answer to every man that asketh you a reason of the hope that is in you with meekness and fear: 1 Peter 5:10 But the God of all grace, who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after that ye have suffered a while, make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle you. 1 John 2:1 2 My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous: 1 John 3:9 Whosoever is born of God doth not commit sin; for his seed remaineth in him: and he cannot sin, because he is born of God. 1 John 4:16 And we have known and believed the love that God hath to us. God is love; and he that dwelleth in love dwelleth in God, and God in him. 1 John 5:4 For whatsoever is born of God overcometh the world: and this is the victory that overcometh the world, even our faith. AN IMPERATIVE, A SOLEMN COMMAND THE CHRISTIAN DIRECTORY
  22. 22. Charles e Whisnant, January 15, 2014 I Peter 1:10, 15 A Calling (2812) The Called: The Calling To: Called in First Peter 1:15 Verb: (2564) Invite. Matthew 20:89, 25:14 To Partake of the blessings of redemption Noun: (2821) An invitation by God to men to accept the benefit of salvation; Romans 11:29. I Corinthians 1:26; 7:20 Ephesians 1:18 "His Calling, Philippians 3:14 "The high calling' 2 Thessalonians 1:11; 2 Peter 1:10; "your calling". 2 Timothy 1:9 "a holy calling". Hebrews 3:1 "a heavenly calling." Ephesians 4:1 "a calling where with ye weere called" Ephesians 4:4 "in one hope of your calling." First Peter 1:10, 15 "which hath called" (2564) "you" is holy you be holy (40) you be holy (40) in all manner (3956) of conversation (every kind) (391) (life, behavior, conduct) HOW OUR HOLINESS IS TO BE LIVED OUT IN OUR DAILY LIVING First Peter Chapter One: Fourteen thru Sixteen Pastor/Teacher Charles e Whisnant February 13, 2014 1A HOLINESS IS VIEWED AND FOREMOST AS THE DETACHING OF DESIRES FROM THE WORLD AND ATTACHING OUR DESIRE TO CHRIST: Prayer. John 18:36, Matthew 7:16-20; John 15:;7; Philippians 4:6 2A HOLINESS AS THE CULTIVATING OF VIRTURE: 2 Peter 1:5; Philippians 4:8; Ephesians 4:2; Matthew 7:1-2; Matthew 18:15- 17, Proverbs 31:11-2 3A HOLINESS AS THE FOLLOWING OF THE HOLY SPIRIT'S URGINGS John 14:26; Romans 8:26; 1 Corinthians 6:19; John 14:15-17 4A HOLINESS AS THE OVERCOMING OF SIN'S DOWNDRAG: 1 Corinthians 10;13; James 4:17; I John 5:4; Galatians 5:16; Revelation 3:5
  23. 23. 1B How the Puritans Viewed Sin: Thomas Manton, John Flavel, Richard Sibbes, Stephen Chamock John Owens, John Howe, Richard Baxter, Cotton Mather. Johnathan Edwards, Matthew Henry, Thomas Hooker, 5A HOLINESS AS THE EXERCISING OF FAITH Romans 10:17; Hebrews 11:6; Mark 11:22-24; Luke 1:37; 1B No Biblical teadcing on a need of a "second blessing 6A HOLINESS AS THE PRACTICAL OF SPIRITUAL DISCIPLINES: Hebrews 12:11; Proverbs 22:15; Proverbws 13:24; Titus 3:10; 2 Timothy 1:7 1B Christians must learn deliberately and regularly to do what makes for their spiritual well being: but not becoming self sufficient legalism. 2 Thessalonians 3:6; 2:15; Amos 3:3; Proverbs 22:6; Revelation 3:11 Godliness is far more than a checklist. It is a relationship 2B What Disciplines do you have in your life to keep you on the holiness track? 2 Corinthians 7:1; 1 Peter 2:9, Hebrews 12:14 7A The overview of the leading features of the landscape of Holiness What has emerged is a profile of a person: Who can love God enough. Luke 10:27; Deuteronomyu 6:5 Who adoration of Him is unceasing. John 4:24; Colossians 3:16 Who is always seeking to live nobly, loveingly, & honorable for God. Romans 12:2; 2 Corinthians 5:17; James 1:2-4 Who reveres the indwelling Holy Spirit. Acts 1:8; John 14:16 Who battles constantly against indwelling sin. Romans 7:1-25; Who pleads God's promises & waits expectantly for their fulfillments. Phillipans 4:19; 2 Peter 1:4; Jeremiah 29:11 Who practices self-discipline maturely and thoughtfully. 1 Corinthians 14:20;1 Corinthians 13:11; Ephesians 4:4:14-15; Hebrews 5:12-13
  24. 24. Passion, compassion, prayer, purdence, gentleness, Generosity. Colossians 3:23 Galatians 5:24 I Corinthians 7:9 Romans 1:24-17 Psalms 73:25-26 Colossians 3:5 Psalms 23:1 ------------------------ Genesis 6:6 Ephesians 4:32 Mark 6:34 Colossians 3:12-13 2 Corinthians 1:3-4 Galatians 6:2 Isaiah 49:15 ---------------------------- John 15:7 Philippians 4:6 Matthew 6:7 2 Thessalonians 5:17 Luke 11:9 Romans 8:16 ----------------------------- I John 2:2;7 I John 2:20 Hebrews 11:3 Jeremiah 11:33-34 ---------------------------------- Titus 3:2 1 Peter 3:15 Psalms 18:35 2 Timothy 2:24-26 James 3:17 Galatians 5:22-23 -------------------------------- Acts 20:35Luke 6:38Proverbs 11:24-25Luke 21:1-4Matthew 6:22Matthew 10:42
  25. 25. THE FIRST EPISTLE OF PETER 1:18 "The Precious Blood of Redemption Pastor/Teacher Charles e Whisnant Rivers of Joy Baptist Church, Minford, Ohio March 19 2014 / April 9 1995 FBC Altoona, KS "Forasmuch as ye know that you were not redeemed with corruptible things as silver and gold. ..but with the precious blood of Christ as of a lamb without blemish and without spot." First Peter 1:18a, 19 Exodus 1-12, Isaiah 53:7; John 1:29;36; I Corinthians 5:7; Revelation 5:9 Verse 18 Knowing (ειδοτες — eidotes). Second perfect active participle of οιδα — oida causal participle. The appeal is to an elementary Christian belief (Hort), the holiness and justice of God with the added thought of the high cost of redemption (Bigg). Ye were redeemed (ελυτρωτητε — elutrothete). First aorist passive indicative of λυτροω — lutroo old̄ ̄ ̄ verb from λυτρον — lutron (ransom for life as of a slave, Matthew 20:28), to set free by payment of ransom, abundant examples in the papyri, in N.T. only here, Luke 24:21; Titus 2:14. The ransom is the blood of Christ. Peter here amplifies the language in Isaiah 52:3. Not with corruptible things (ου πταρτοις — ou phthartois). Instrumental case neuter plural of the late verbal adjective from πτειρω — phtheirō to destroy or to corrupt, and so perishable, in N.T. here, 1 Peter 1:23; 1 Corinthians 9:25; 1 Corinthians 15:53.; Romans 1:23. Αργυριωι η χρυσιωι — Argurioi e chrusioi (silver or gold) are in explanatory apposition with πταρτοις̄ ̄ ̄ — phthartois and so in the same case. Slaves were set free by silver and gold. From your vain manner of life (εκ της ματαιας υμων αναστροπης — ek tes mataias humon̄ ̄ anastrophes̄ ). “Out of” (εκ — ek), and so away from, the pre-Christian αναστροπη —
  26. 26. anastrophe of 1 Peter 1:15, which was “vain” (ματαιας — mataias Cf.̄ Ephesians 4:17- 24). Handed down from your fathers (πατροπαραδοτου — patroparadotou). This adjective, though predicate in position, is really attributive in idea, like χειροποιητου — cheiropoietou in̄ Ephesians 2:11 (Robertson, Grammar, p. 777), like the French idiom. This double compound verbal adjective (πατερ παρα διδωμι — paterparadidomi),̄ though here alone in N.T., occurs in Diodorus, Dion. Halic, and in several inscriptions (Moulton and Milligan‘s Vocabulary; Deissmann, Bible Studies, pp. 266f.). The Jews made a wrong use of tradition (Matthew 15:2.), but the reference here seems mainly to Gentiles (1 Peter 2:12). Verse 19 But with precious (5093) blood (αλλα τιμιωι αιματι — alla timioi haimatī ). Instrumental case of αιμα — haima after ελυτρωτητε — elutrothetē ̄ (repeated from 1 Peter 1:18). Peter here applies the old adjective τιμιος — timios (from τιμη — time of Christ in̄ 1 Peter 2:7) to Christ as in 1 Peter 1:7 πολυτιμοτερον — polutimoteron to testing of faith. The blood of anyone is “precious” (costly), far above gold or silver, but that of Jesus immeasurably more so. As of a lamb (ως αμνου — hos amnou).̄ This word occurs in Leviticus 12:8; Numbers 15:11; Deuteronomy 14:4 of the lamb prescribed for the passover sacrifice (Exodus 12:5). John the Baptist applies it to Jesus (John 1:29, John 1:36). It occurs also in Acts 8:32 quoted from Isaiah 53:7. Undoubtedly both the Baptist and Peter have this passage in mind. Elsewhere in the N.T. αρνιον — arnion is used of Christ (Revelation 5:6, Revelation 5:12). Jesus is the Paschal Lamb. Peter sees clearly that it was by the blood of Christ that we are redeemed from sin. Without blemish (αμωμου — amomoū ). Without (alpha privative) spot (μωμος — momos)̄ as the paschal lamb had to be (Leviticus 22:21). So Hebrews 9:14. Without spot (ασπιλου — aspilou). Without (alpha privative) stain (σπιλος — spilos spot) as in James 1:27; 2 Peter 3:14; 1 Timothy 6:14 Even the blood of Christ (Χριστου — Christou). Genitive case with αιματι — haimati but in unusual position for emphasis and clearness with the participles following.
  27. 27. INTRODUCTION: The young fellow who build a little sail boat, and lost it and found it THE THEME: Redemption: Every time we say we have been saved, we should say we have been redeemed. Everytime we call Jesus Savior, we should call Him Redeemer. Thomas Watson: "Great was the work of creation, but greater was the work of Redemption. It cost more to redeem us than to make us." Redemption is a more specific term than salvation. Salvation looks at the whole saving work, redemption looks at the price involved. Redemption focus on how God got us back even though he made us. He bought us back so that we could become His own. THE STORY OF THE PASSOVER: Exodus 12 is the story: The Redemption by Blood: 12:7-14 The Passover became the typical picture of the sacrificial work of Christ. The Passover became the symbol of deliverance from death. This became to symbol of substitutional redemption. Israel saw God as one who bought them out of slavery. They today celebrate the Passover. But because of the Cross we have communion, rather than the passover.
  28. 28. God back to 1 Peter 1, "We were not redeemed with perishable things," that's for sure, like silver or gold or any other perishable thing. The price, the ransom price paid to God was not material. There was no amount of earthly wealth symbolized by silver and gold that could deliver the eternal souls of people from the bondage of sin and death and hell. There is no price within the reach of man that could satisfy God. Psalm 49 Verses 7 and 8, "No man can, by any means, redeem his brother or give to God a ransom for Him, for the redemption of his soul is costly. You don't have the capability to come up with a price to redeem somebody's soul, not yours and not your brother's. There is no earthly commodity that is subject to decay, corruption and perishing that can pay the price that God requires to redeem a soul from sin and its consequence. On the other hand, you were redeemed, Verse 19 says, "with precious blood as a lamb unblemished and spotless, the Blood of Christ." This is why we come to the Lord's Table because we come to celebrate that precious blood. It isn't the fluid that saved us. I say that often because people misunderstand it. Blood is simply a metaphor for death, a vivid metaphor for death. It's a vivid way to describe death, and Jesus died a bloody death, a death that a sacrifice dies, but His death was precious because He's precious. He is that lamb without blemish and without spot, pictured in all the Old Testament sacrifices by that spotless lamb that was selected to be the symbol of the final lamb, who would take away sin. He is precious. Why precious? Well, I'll show you why. Precious because predestined, Verse 20, "Precious for He was foreknown before the foundation of the world;" precious because He was having been foreknown that is to be planned by God from before the foundation of the world. "He was the lamb slain from before the foundation of the world," so it says in the Book of Revelation, "The preciousness of Christ is, first of all,' expressed in that exquisite reality of his predestination, his foreordination, precious because perfect from before time ever began, eternally perfect; precious in his predestination before the foundation of the world; precious secondly in his incarnation. FIRST PETER CHAPTER ONE VERSES 18-19 THRU 21C Charles e . Whisnant, Pastor/Teacher Wednesday, 05 March, 2014 A Call to Be Holy …17If you address as Father the One who impartially judges according to each one's work, conduct yourselves in fear during the time of your stay on earth; 18knowing that
  29. 29. you were not redeemed with perishable things like silver or gold from your futile way of life inherited from your forefathers, 19but with precious blood, as of a lamb unblemished and spotless, the blood of Christ.… 1 Peter 1:18 knowing (RAP) that you were not redeemed (API) with perishable things like silver or gold from your futile way of life inherited from your forefathers, 1 Peter 1:19 but with precious blood, as of a lamb unblemished and spotless, the blood of Christ. Redeem, Redemption Finding its context in the social, legal, and religious customs of the ancient world, the metaphor of redemption includes the ideas of loosing from a bond, setting free from captivity or slavery, buying back something lost or sold, exchanging something in one's possession for something possessed by another, and ransoming. The verb gaal 1. Leviticus 25:24-25 ; "Ruth 4:1-6 ; 2. "Jeremiah 32:6-9 ). Exodus 21:30 ; "30:11-16 ). 3. "Genesis 48:16 ; "2 Samuel 4:9 ; 4. "Psalm 26:11 ; "69:18 ; "Psalm 130:8 ), "Romans 4:25 ; 5. "2 Corinthians 5:18-19 ). Matthew 20:28 6. "Mark 10:45 ; "1 Timothy 2:6 ). 7. 1 Corinthians 1:30 "Ephesians 1:7 ,14 ; 4:30 ), 8. 12:18 ; "Acts 4:27,30 ; 8:32-33 ; "Romans 15:21 9. 1 Peter 2:22-25 ). An important text with regard to Jesus' understanding of his redemptive work "Ephesians 1: 10. "Colossians 1:14 ), but also newness of life 11. "Romans 6:4 ). Even though Christ's redemptive work is perfect 12. Hebrews 9:25-28 ), the redemption of the believer will not be complete until the return of Christ 13. "Luke 21:28 ; "Romans 8:23 ; "Ephesians 4:30 ). The central theme of redemption in Scripture is that God has taken the initiative to act compassionately on behalf of those who are powerless to help themselves. The New Testament makes clear that divine redemption includes God's identification with humanity in its plight, and the securing of liberation of humankind through
  30. 30. the obedience, suffering, death, and resurrection of the incarnate Son. Redemption Defined -1 Corinthians 6:20; 7:23 Is of God -Isaiah 44:21-23; 43:1; Luke 1:68 Is by Christ Matthew 20:28; Galatians 3:13 Is by the blood of Christ -Acts 20:28; Hebrews 9:12; 1 Peter 1:19; Revelation 5:9 Christ sent to effect -Galatians 4:4,5 Christ is made, to us -1 Corinthians 1:30 IS FROM The bondage of the law -Galatians 4:5 The curse of the law -Galatians 3:13 The power of sin -Romans 6:18,22 The power of the grave -Psalms 49:15 All troubles -Psalms 25:22 All iniquity -Psalms 130:8; Titus 2:14 All evil -Genesis 48:16 The present evil world -Galatians 1:4 Vain conversation -1 Peter 1:18 Enemies -Psalms 106:10,11; Jeremiah 15:21 Death -Hosea 13:14 Destruction -Psalms 103:4 Man cannot effect -Psalms 49:7 Corruptible things cannot purchase -1 Peter 1:18 PROCURES FOR US Justification -Romans 3:24 Forgiveness of sin -Ephesians 1:7; Colossians 1:14 Adoption -Galatians 4:4,5 Purification -Titus 2:14 The present life, the only season for -Job 36:18,19 DESCRIBED AS Precious -Psalms 49:8 Plenteous -Psalms 130:7 Eternal -Hebrews 9:12 SUBJECTS OF The soul -Psalms 49:8 The body -Romans 8:23 The life -Psalms 103:4; Lamentations 3:58 The inheritance -Ephesians 1:14 MANIFESTS THE Power of God -Isaiah 50:2 Grace of God -Isaiah 52:3 Love and pity of God -Isaiah 63:9; John 3:16; Romans 6:8; 1 John 4:10 A subject for praise -Isaiah 44:22,23; 51:11 Old Testament saints partakers of -Hebrews 9:15 THEY WHO PARTAKE OF Are the property of God -Isaiah 43:1; 1 Corinthians 6:20 Are first-fruits to God Revelation 14:4 Are a peculiar people -2 Samuel 7:23; Titus 2:14; 1 Peter 2:9 Are assured of -Job 19:25; Psalms 31:5 Are sealed to the day of -Ephesians 4:30 Are Zealous of good works Ephesians 2:10; Titus 2:14; 1 Peter 2:9 Walk safely in holiness -Isaiah 35:8,9 Shall return to Zion with joy -Isaiah 35:10 Alone can learn the songs of heaven -Revelation 14:3,4 Commit themselves to God Psalms 31:5 Have an earnest of the completion of Ephesians 1:14; 2 Corinthians 1:22 Wait for the completion of -Romans 8:23; Philippians 3:20,21; Titus 2:11-13 Pray for the completion of -Psalms 26:11; 44:26 Praise God for -Psalms 71:23; 103:4; Revelation 5:9 Should glorify God for -1 Corinthians 6:20
  31. 31. Should be without fear -Isaiah 43:1 TYPIFIED Israel -Exodus 6:6 First-born -Exodus 13:11-15; Numbers 18:15 Atonement-money -Exodus 30:12-15 Bond-servant -Leviticus 25:47-54