“Each of us is in the world to make him self perfectly”
Oscar Wilde was born in
1854 in Dublin.
His father Sir William was
a doctor and his mother
was an Irish poet.
When he was a child, he
studied at home. Then he
went to university.
He was a dandy.
In 1884 he married
Constance Lloyd and he had
two children but they
In 1891 he wrote his most
famous novel , “The
Picture of Dorian Gray”.
He died In 1900
Dorian Gray - He is the protagonist, a radiantly
handsome and wealthy young gentleman. But when he
meets Lord Henry Wotton he will be influenced by
him and he will begin to pursue his own pleasure.
In fact when Dorian realises of his beauty looking
at the picture Basil had done for him, he makes a
terrible wish: that the portrait will grow older
and that he will remain young forever.
Lord Henry Wotton - a nobleman and a close friend
of Basil. He has a fascinating personality and he
always has prompt responses. In fact he influences
Dorian with his cynical words and makes him a cruel
Basil Hallward - an artist and a friend of Lord
Henry’s. He meets Dorian at a party and from that
Sibyl Vane - a poor, beautiful talented actress
with whom Dorian falls in love. She also loves
Dorian but this relationship compromises her
ability to act.
James Vane - Sybil’s brother. He is very protective
to Sybil and he doesn’t accept her relationship
Alan Campbell – A chemistry student . Once he was a
friend of Dorian’s but now they are estranged.
Dorian will blackmail him to force him to help.
Hallward’s studio to
himself by the painter.
Dorain meets Lord Henry
Wotton, Basil’s friend,
in the studio.
Dorian and makes him
realize the power of
the portrait is
finished, Dorian wishes
that the picture will
grow older and that he
Vane, a poor actress,
at theatre and he falls
in love with her.
after she acts horribly
and she kills herself.
picture has changed.
picture, Dorian kills
him. He then calls
Alan Campbell and asks
him to destroy Basil’s
dead body, blackmailing
Dorian, haunted by his
actions, destroys the
picture but, being the
The overreacher - Dorian challenges Nature and goes
beyond the limits imposed by it desiring and
obtaining eternal youth. For this reason, he is
punished with death, like all overreachers.
Art - It is the only thing that is immortal.
The Double - The portrait is the soul of Dorian
Gray. An atypical kind of double, being the alter
ego a picture not a human being.
The conflict between the good side and the dark
The Victorian Compromise – Dorian’s fake youth is
the symbol of the hypocricy of the Victorian middle
Dandyism was an English cultural movement of 19th
It searched for perfection in all things -
especially in clothes conventions.
to the social
“living life as a work of art” became a life style.
Victorianism collided with dandyism.
Mary Shelly’s Frankenstein:
Dorian is like Faustus. Lord Henry is close to be
like Mefistopheles (He offered to Faustus magic
power in exchange for his soul . After 22 years
Mefistopheles comes back to Faustus to take his
soul, but he refuses. So Mefistopheles kills
Faustus and takes his soul)