TheCanterbury  Tales
I. Geoffrey Chaucer        Son of vinter        Held civil service positions        Well-travelled        Read English...
II. The Tales   Begun: 1386   Planned: 120 tales   Completed: 22 and 2 fragments   Remaining: 80 manuscripts   Most h...
III. Pilgrimage Very popular to go on pilgrimage Pilgrims often want to Rome or Jerusalem Canterbury Cathedral: shrine ...
IV. The Three EstatesThose who work Those who fight Those who pray
V. Pilgrim descriptions   Show social rank   Show moral and spiritual condition   Include many of the following      P...
VI. Four Humours Black bile    Cold and dry; earth; melancholy Blood    Hot and moist; air; sanguine Yellow bile    ...
VII. “Gentilesse”The firste stok, fader of gentilesse—What man that desireth gentil for to beMust folowe his trace, and al...
Attribution Sounds are from the Chaucer Metapage audio page      General Prologue: Alan Baragona      “Gentilesse”: Ala...
Attribution Sounds are from the Chaucer Metapage audio page      General Prologue: Alan Baragona      “Gentilesse”: Ala...
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Chaucer2

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Chaucer2

  1. 1. TheCanterbury Tales
  2. 2. I. Geoffrey Chaucer  Son of vinter  Held civil service positions  Well-travelled  Read English, Latin, Italian, and French  His work was popular  He was praised for making English suitable for poetry
  3. 3. II. The Tales Begun: 1386 Planned: 120 tales Completed: 22 and 2 fragments Remaining: 80 manuscripts Most highly decorated: Ellesmere Manuscript Variety of genres: general prologue is estates satire Pilgrimage as a framing device for tales Conventional springtime opening Ernest and game – instruction and entertainment
  4. 4. III. Pilgrimage Very popular to go on pilgrimage Pilgrims often want to Rome or Jerusalem Canterbury Cathedral: shrine to Thomas a Becket Reasons  Hope of heavenly reward  Penance  Pubs People went in groups for safety
  5. 5. IV. The Three EstatesThose who work Those who fight Those who pray
  6. 6. V. Pilgrim descriptions Show social rank Show moral and spiritual condition Include many of the following  Physiognomy  Clothes (array)  Work  Hobbies  Food  Humour
  7. 7. VI. Four Humours Black bile  Cold and dry; earth; melancholy Blood  Hot and moist; air; sanguine Yellow bile  Hot and dry; fire; choleric Phlegm  Cold and moist; water; phlegmatic
  8. 8. VII. “Gentilesse”The firste stok, fader of gentilesse—What man that desireth gentil for to beMust folowe his trace, and alle his wittes dresseVertu to love and vyces for to flee.For unto vertu longeth digniteeAnd noght the revers, saufly dar I deme,Al were he mytre, croune, or diademe.
  9. 9. Attribution Sounds are from the Chaucer Metapage audio page  General Prologue: Alan Baragona  “Gentilesse”: Alan Baragona
  10. 10. Attribution Sounds are from the Chaucer Metapage audio page  General Prologue: Alan Baragona  “Gentilesse”: Alan Baragona
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