William WordsworthBenjamin Robert Haydon, William Wordsworth, 1842,London, National Portrait Gallery.
William Wordsworth      2. Life  •   Born in Cockermouth in      Cumberland in 1770.  •   His father, a lawyer, taught    ...
William Wordsworth      2. Life  •   In 1791 he travelled to      Revolutionary France      and was fascinated by the     ...
William Wordsworth      2. Life  •   The Reign of Terror led      him to become estranged      to the Republic, and the   ...
William Wordsworth   2. Life  •   In 1795 he developed a      close friendship with      Samuel Taylor Coleridge,      wit...
William Wordsworth    3. Main works                                                              •    Lyrical Ballads, wit...
William Wordsworth   4. The object of poetry                From the Preface to Lyrical Ballads        “The principal obje...
William Wordsworth   5. The language of poetry                From the Preface to Lyrical Ballads          “The language [...
William Wordsworth   6. Who is the poet?                From the Preface to Lyrical Ballads          “What is a poet? […] ...
William Wordsworth   7. What is poetry?                From the Preface to Lyrical Ballads          “Poetry is the spontan...
William Wordsworth   8. Poetic composition                From the Preface to Lyrical Ballads        “In this mood success...
William Wordsworth    9. The poetic process                                         Sensory                     Poet      ...
William Wordsworth    10. Man and nature      • Man and nature are        inseparable.      • Pantheistic view of        n...
William Wordsworth   11. The senses and memory     • Wordsworth exploited the       sensibility of the eye and       ear t...
William Wordsworth   11. The senses and memory  • The sensations caused by    physical experience lead to    simple though...
William Wordsworth   12. The poet’s task                     The poet = a teacher  • Shows men how to understand their fee...
William Wordsworth   13. Wordsworth’s style     • Abandoned 18th-century       poetic diction.     • Almost always used bl...
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22. wordsworth

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22. wordsworth

  1. 1. William WordsworthBenjamin Robert Haydon, William Wordsworth, 1842,London, National Portrait Gallery.
  2. 2. William Wordsworth 2. Life • Born in Cockermouth in Cumberland in 1770. • His father, a lawyer, taught him poetry and allowed him access to his library. • 1791: B. A. Degree at St John’s College, Cambridge. Wordsworth’s House in Cockermouth, Cumberland Only Connect ... New Directions
  3. 3. William Wordsworth 2. Life • In 1791 he travelled to Revolutionary France and was fascinated by the Republican movement. • In 1792 he had a daughter, Caroline, from a French aristocratic woman, Annette Vallon. Wordsworth’s House in Cockermouth, Cumberland Only Connect ... New Directions
  4. 4. William Wordsworth 2. Life • The Reign of Terror led him to become estranged to the Republic, and the war between England and France caused him to return to England. Wordsworth’s House in Cockermouth, Cumberland Only Connect ... New Directions
  5. 5. William Wordsworth 2. Life • In 1795 he developed a close friendship with Samuel Taylor Coleridge, with whom he collaborated in the 1797-1799 period to write Lyrical Ballads. • In 1843 he became the Poet Laureate. • He died in 1850. Wordsworth’s House in Cockermouth, Cumberland Only Connect ... New Directions
  6. 6. William Wordsworth 3. Main works • Lyrical Ballads, with a Few Other Poems (1798). • Lyrical Ballads, with Other Poems (1800). This edition contains the famous Preface, the Manifesto of English Romanticism. • Poems, in Two Volumes (1807). • The Excursion (1814). • The Prelude (1850). William Wordsworth, Shreveport, James Smith Noel Collection Only Connect ... New Directions
  7. 7. William Wordsworth 4. The object of poetry From the Preface to Lyrical Ballads “The principal object […] was to choose incidents and situations from common life […] to make these incidents and situations interesting by tracing in them […] the primary laws of our nature”. Only Connect ... New Directions
  8. 8. William Wordsworth 5. The language of poetry From the Preface to Lyrical Ballads “The language […] of these men is adopted […] because such men hourly communicate with the best objects from which the best part of language is originally derived”. “[…] and because, being less under the influence of social vanity, they convey their feelings and notions in simple and unelaborated expressions”. Only Connect ... New Directions
  9. 9. William Wordsworth 6. Who is the poet? From the Preface to Lyrical Ballads “What is a poet? […] He is a man speaking to men: a man […] endued with more lively sensibility who has a greater knowledge of human nature, and a more comprehensive soul, than are supposed to be common among mankind”. Only Connect ... New Directions
  10. 10. William Wordsworth 7. What is poetry? From the Preface to Lyrical Ballads “Poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings: it takes its origins from emotion recollected in tranquillity: the emotion is contemplated till by a species of reaction the tranquillity gradually disappears, and an emotion, kindred to that which was before the subject of contemplation, is gradually produced, and does itself actually exist in the mind”. Only Connect ... New Directions
  11. 11. William Wordsworth 8. Poetic composition From the Preface to Lyrical Ballads “In this mood successful composition generally begins, and in a mood similar to this it is carried on; but the emotion (…) from various causes is qualified by various pleasures, so that in describing any passions whatsoever, which are voluntarily described, the mind will upon the whole be in a state of enjoyment”. Only Connect ... New Directions
  12. 12. William Wordsworth 9. The poetic process Sensory Poet experience Emotion Object Emotion Memory = Recollection In Tranquillity Reader Kindred Poem emotion Only Connect ... New Directions
  13. 13. William Wordsworth 10. Man and nature • Man and nature are inseparable. • Pantheistic view of nature: it is the seat of the spirit of the universe. • Nature comforts man in sorrow, it is a source of John Constable, The White Horse, 1819, New York, The Frick Collection. joy and pleasure, it teaches man to love, to act in a moral way. Only Connect ... New Directions
  14. 14. William Wordsworth 11. The senses and memory • Wordsworth exploited the sensibility of the eye and ear to perceive the beauty of nature. • He believed that the moral character develops during childhood  influence of David Hartley (1705-1757). William Hawell, Waterfall at Ambleside seen through a window, 1807, Wordsworth Trust. Only Connect ... New Directions
  15. 15. William Wordsworth 11. The senses and memory • The sensations caused by physical experience lead to simple thoughts. • These simple thoughts later combine into complex and organised ideas. • Memory is a major force in the The Chancel and Crossing of Tintern Abbey, Looking towards process of growth. the East Window by J. M. V. Turner, 1794. Only Connect ... New Directions
  16. 16. William Wordsworth 12. The poet’s task The poet = a teacher • Shows men how to understand their feelings and improve their moral being. • Draws attention to the ordinary things of life where the deepest emotions are to be found. Only Connect ... New Directions
  17. 17. William Wordsworth 13. Wordsworth’s style • Abandoned 18th-century poetic diction. • Almost always used blank verse. • Proved skilful at verse View of Buttermere, Crummock Water and the surrounding forms such as sonnets, Fells from Fleetwith Pike in the English Lake District odes, ballads and lyrics. Only Connect ... New Directions

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