20. frankenstein


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20. frankenstein

  1. 1. FrankensteinA scene taken from the film version of Frankenstein directed by James Whalein 1931, starring Boris Karloff.
  2. 2. Frankenstein 1. Mary Shelley’s life • The daughter of Mary Wollstonecraft and William Godwin, both believers in the Enlightened power of reason. • She eloped to France with the Romantic poet Percy B. Shelley. • The writing of Frankenstein took place at Villa Diodati on the banks of Lake Geneva. Mary Shelley Only Connect ... New Directions
  3. 3. Frankenstein 2. Frankenstein and its plot • Frankenstein, a Swiss scientist, creates a human being by joining parts selected from corpses. • The result of the experiment is ugly and revolting. Only Connect ... New Directions
  4. 4. Frankenstein 2. Frankenstein and its plot • The Monster becomes a murderer. • At the end he destroys his creator. • The story is introduced by a series of letters written by Walton, a young explorer on an expedition voyage to the North Pole, to his sister, Margaret Walton Saville. Only Connect ... New Directions
  5. 5. Frankenstein 3. The influence of science The latest scientific theories of chemistry and electricity influenced Mary Shelley The protagonist of He creates a Frankenstein is the human being first embodiment through the use of of the theme of electricity and science chemistry Only Connect ... New Directions
  6. 6. Frankenstein 4. Influences: from Prometheus to Frankenstein • The myth of Prometheus  Frankenstein is an example of overreacher. • Rousseau  The Monster is a noble savage. • Locke  The Monster’s self-awareness and his education. Only Connect ... New Directions
  7. 7. Frankenstein 4. Influences: from Prometheus to Frankenstein • Gothic stories read by Mary and Percy B. Shelley. • S. T. Coleridge’s Rime of the Ancient Mariner  Both the novel and the poem are stories of a crime against nature. Only Connect ... New Directions
  8. 8. Frankenstein 5. Narrative structure: an epistolary novel Walton’s narration to his sister Margaret Walton Saville (chapters 1-10) Frankenstein’s narration to Walton (chapters 11-17) The Monster’s narration to Frankenstein (chapters 18-24) Only Connect ... New Directions
  9. 9. Frankenstein 6. Main characters • Both Captain Walton and Doctor Frankenstein tried to go beyond human limits. • The Monster is complementary to his creator: they both suffer from isolation and they both begin with a desire to be good. Only Connect ... New Directions
  10. 10. Frankenstein 7. Themes • The quest for forbidden knowledge (Walton and Dr Frankenstein) is related to the theme of the overreacher. • The double (Dr Frankenstein and the Monster). Only Connect ... New Directions
  11. 11. Frankenstein 7. Themes • The overcoming of natural and divine rules  the creation of a human being without the participation of a woman. • Social prejudices  the Monster as an outcast. • Education and experience  the Monster’s intellectual and emotional development. Only Connect ... New Directions
  12. 12. Frankenstein 8. Frankenstein on the screen A being created by man Boris Karloff in Frankenstein by James Whale, 1931 Robert De Niro in Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein by Kenneth Branagh, 1994 Only Connect ... New Directions
  13. 13. Frankenstein 9. Frankenstein and cloning Cloning is the creation of an organism that is an exact genetic copy of another. This means that every single bit of DNA is the same between the two. Can you consider the Monster a sort of a clone? Sheep cloning. Only Connect ... New Directions
  14. 14. Frankenstein 10. Cloning steps The first European transgenic mouse Sheep Dolly Parliament voted Scientists discovered stem was born was born against cells inside placenta and therapeutic amniotic fluid able to give cloning rise to specialized cells 1952 1982 1984 1996 1998 2000 2001 2007 First nuclear ‘Embryo splitting’ Thomson The Advanced Cell transposition of technique was found out Technology announcedthe nucleus of a discovered: from a embryo stem its success in cloning afrog embryo cell single embryo, 5 cells human embryo identical sheep were obtained Only Connect ... New Directions