Developing a T&P Narrative Including Philosophy of Teaching


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What is a philosophy of teaching? What goes in it and how do you get started? How do you connect your philosophy to your actual classroom practices? This highly interactive workshop will provide a discussion and resources for developing your philosophy of teaching, which is a component of one's T&P narrative. Tenure-track faculty and Lecturers who will submit portfolios for the first time are particularly encouraged to attend.

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  • Out of the 28 qualities….see handout
  • Out of the 28 qualities….see handout
  • Developing a T&P Narrative Including Philosophy of Teaching

    1. 1. Developing a T&P Narrative including Philosophy of Teaching Meghan Burke, Kennesaw State University   (with thanks to Bill Hill) March, 2010
    2. 2. Quotation for the Day <ul><li>If You Teach, Learn To Do It Well; </li></ul><ul><li>If You Do It Well, Learn To Do It Better </li></ul><ul><li>(Ludy Benjamin, Texas A & M University) </li></ul>
    3. 3. Workshop Goals <ul><li>Provide a broad overview of the elements of a narrative and of a philosophy of teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Provide some practical suggestions and activities that participants can use to develop their own narratives </li></ul>
    4. 4. Workshop Assumption <ul><li>Participants Will Vary in Teaching Experience and May or May or May Not Be Familiar With the Teaching Literature </li></ul>
    5. 5. What is the Narrative? <ul><li>A narrative is a way of walking the reviewer of your portfolio through your accomplishments. </li></ul><ul><li>It should include a philosophy of teaching, and describe how you conduct your teaching consistent with this philosophy. </li></ul><ul><li>It also should guide the reader through your accomplishments, which will be listed in your cv. </li></ul>
    6. 6. Things to Consider <ul><li>Your narrative is your primary statement (especially to reviewers outside your discipline) </li></ul><ul><li>Know the expectations for tenure or promotion to the next rank & write your narrative with an eye towards those expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t cover everything you’ve done – spotlight your best work </li></ul><ul><li>Should be well-written & well-organized </li></ul><ul><li>Find someone to review your narrative (preferably not someone who will be formally reviewing your portfolio) – no changes can be made after you submit it </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t procrastinate! Don’t procrastinate! </li></ul>
    7. 7. Guidelines for the Narrative <ul><li>Maximum 12 pages, double spaced, 12 point font, one-inch margins </li></ul><ul><li>Describes the quality and significance of the faculty member’s contributions during the period under review in the appropriate performance areas </li></ul>
    8. 8. Structure of the Narrative <ul><li>Introduction: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Context: current rank, how long at KSU, which review this is </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a brief summary of criteria for review, which areas you have emphasized, any special circumstances. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Areas (subtitled): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teaching, Supervising, and Mentoring, including philosophy of teaching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research and Creative Activity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Professional Service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Administration and Leadership </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conclusion: reiterate criteria & that you meet them </li></ul>
    9. 9. Web Resource <ul><li>Details and Sample narratives available at Academic Affairs web site: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    10. 10. Developing your Philosophy of Teaching
    11. 11. Small Group Discussion of Effective Teaching <ul><li>Form dyads/triads and generate a list of the “Top Five” characteristics of effective teaching. You might approach this through sharing descriptions of the “Best Teacher” you had as a student </li></ul>
    12. 12. Large Group Exchange of Ideas on Effective Teaching
    13. 13. What Do We Know About Effective Teachers? (see handout, p. 2) <ul><li>Peer perceptions of awardees (Baiocco & DeWaters, 1998) </li></ul><ul><li>Personal observations (Beidler, 1997) </li></ul><ul><li>Descriptions of award nominees (Lowman, 1996) </li></ul><ul><li>Author/student perceptions (Strube, 1991) </li></ul>
    14. 14. A Summary of the Qualities of Master Teachers Based on a Brief Literature Review <ul><li>See your handout, p. 3. </li></ul>
    15. 15. Qualities of Master Teachers (Buskist, et al. 2002, see handout, p. 4) <ul><li>Accessible </li></ul><ul><li>Approachable/Personable </li></ul><ul><li>Authoritative </li></ul><ul><li>Confident </li></ul><ul><li>Creative/Interesting </li></ul><ul><li>Effective Communicator </li></ul><ul><li>Encourages/Cares for Students </li></ul><ul><li>Enthusiastic </li></ul><ul><li>Establishes Goals </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible/Open Minded </li></ul><ul><li>Good Listener </li></ul><ul><li>Happy/Positive/Humorous </li></ul><ul><li>Humble </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledgeable </li></ul><ul><li>Prepared </li></ul><ul><li>Presents Current Information </li></ul><ul><li>Professional </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes Class Discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes Critical Thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Provides Constructive Feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Manages Class time </li></ul><ul><li>Rapport </li></ul><ul><li>Realistic Expectations/Fair </li></ul><ul><li>Respectful </li></ul><ul><li>Sensitive/Persistent </li></ul><ul><li>Strives to be Better Teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Technologically Competent </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding </li></ul>
    16. 16. Qualities of Master Teachers (from Buskist, et al. 2002) <ul><li>Students’ Top 10 </li></ul><ul><li>Realistic Expectations/Fair (9) </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledgeable (1) </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding (21) </li></ul><ul><li>Approachable/Personable (5) </li></ul><ul><li>Respectful (7) </li></ul><ul><li>Creative/Interesting (8) </li></ul><ul><li>Happy/Positive/Humorous (27) </li></ul><ul><li>Encourages/Cares for Students (12) </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible/Open Minded (13) </li></ul><ul><li>Enthusiastic (2) </li></ul><ul><li>Faculty Top 10 </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledgeable (2) </li></ul><ul><li>Enthusiastic (10) </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes Critical Thinking (23.5) </li></ul><ul><li>Prepared (20) </li></ul><ul><li>Approachable/Personable (4) </li></ul><ul><li>Master Communicator (15) </li></ul><ul><li>Respectful (5) </li></ul><ul><li>Creative/Interesting (6) </li></ul><ul><li>Realistic Expectations/Fair (1) </li></ul><ul><li>Presents Current Information (23.5) </li></ul>
    17. 17. A Philosophy of Teaching….. What Is It? <ul><li>The main components of philosophy of teaching statements are descriptions of how the teachers think learning occurs, how they think they can intervene in this process, what chief goals they have for students, and what actions they take to implement their intentions. (Handout, p. 5) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Developing a Philosophy of Teaching Statement,” Nancy Van Note Chism, The Ohio State University (, Retrieved on October 6, 2004) </li></ul>
    18. 18. A Philosophy of Teaching….. What Is It? <ul><li>A teaching philosophy is an expression of individual values. It is like a personal mission statement. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Teaching Philosophy,” The Center for Effective Teaching and Learning (, Retrieved on December 7, 2004) </li></ul>
    19. 19. Purpose of a Teaching Philosophy Statement <ul><li>Expresses Your Personal Beliefs, Opinions, and Views About What You Do As a Teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Intended to Be Used for Reflection, Guidance, and Personal Development of Yourself as a Teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Is Most Effective When You Revisit and Revise it Frequently </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a Developmental History of Your Growth as a Teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Can be supplemented with “Semesterly Reflections”—Short Essays that Reflect on Your Teaching Experiences Over the Course of Each Semester </li></ul>
    20. 20. Some Questions to Guide Yourself in Writing a Teaching Philosophy Statement (Thanks to Steve Davis for this list) <ul><li>General Overview of You as a Teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Why do you teach? </li></ul><ul><li>What do you find rewarding about teaching? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the basic principles that underlie your teaching? </li></ul><ul><li>What are your standards or criteria for effective teaching? </li></ul><ul><li>Your Style of Teaching </li></ul><ul><li>What is unique about your teaching? </li></ul><ul><li>How do you establish rapport with your students? </li></ul><ul><li>What are your expectations for your students’ intellectual accomplishments? </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching Goals </li></ul><ul><li>What do you wish for your students learn? </li></ul><ul><li>Within what sort of context do you teach (liberal arts, preprofessional training, or both)? </li></ul><ul><li>What sorts of skills do you deliberately attempt to teach in your classes and why? </li></ul><ul><li>How will you evaluate whether you’ve accomplished your teaching goals? </li></ul>
    21. 21. <ul><li>See handout, pp. 5-8 for additional guidance on developing a philosophy of teaching statement </li></ul>
    22. 22. <ul><li>I believe that a teacher’s role is primarily to provide guidance to students in their study of any subject matter. Teachers are not all-knowing, all-powerful sages who sit on their thrones and dispense knowledge to others. Rather, the learning process is collaborative—student and teacher joining together in working toward a better understanding of the subject matter. I will provide you specific goals for you to accomplish on your way to achieving this understanding. Likewise, you will challenge me to find new and interesting ways to help you learn about psychology in the process. I will urge you to take an active role in what you are learning and how you will learn it. I will answer your questions to the best of my ability and throw a few questions your way every now and then. Finally, I believe that teaching and learning should be fun. I want all of us to enjoy the class, the experience of learning about psychology, and learning about ourselves and our humanity. </li></ul><ul><li>I also believe that students should be expected to read the text and understand a sizeable portion of its content. Thus, I do not feel compelled to lecture word-for-word from the text. Instead, I will supplement what the text covers with additional material. I will review those concepts discussed in the book that are particularly difficult to understand, but beyond that, I will be covering fresh ground. I encourage you to ask questions at any time to clarify text material or the content of my presentations. </li></ul><ul><li>(Bill Buskist) </li></ul>
    23. 23. <ul><li>My philosophy and practice of teaching embodies several basic tenets. First, I believe that a good teacher must approach the classroom situation as a shared learning experience. This requires me to make every effort to involve the students in their educational experience. I try to accomplish this through an enthusiastic attitude toward the material, encouraging students to participate in class through the use of a Socratic method of teaching, helping students make connections between the course material and their everyday experiences, and attempting to establish an atmosphere where students can be free to express their ideas and opinions. Secondly, I want to challenge the student to use the course material as a foundation for life-long learning. I attempt to accomplish this goal through the development of creative projects and exercises both within and outside class that are both designed to stimulate their interest in the course content and relate it to their future career goals. Next, I believe that I must be fair and objective in my course planning and follow through. Finally, I hope that I can be a role model of excellent teaching for my students thus inspiring some of them to pursue a teaching career in higher education. </li></ul><ul><li>(Bill Hill) </li></ul>
    24. 24. Write First Draft of Your “Brief” Statement <ul><li>Working alone, each of you will draft/revise your Statement </li></ul>
    25. 25. Sharing Statement Drafts
    26. 26. Some Course Contexts That Can Embody Your Philosophy <ul><li>The first day </li></ul><ul><li>Course syllabus </li></ul><ul><li>Performance assessments </li></ul><ul><li>Everyday classroom activities (e.g., lectures, activities, discussions) </li></ul><ul><li>Out-of-class interactions </li></ul>
    27. 27. Student Performance Assessments <ul><li>Breakout Groups </li></ul><ul><li>Individually list the main ways that you assess student performance in the primary course you teach. </li></ul><ul><li>What are the matches and mismatches between the assessments on your list and your philosophy of teaching? </li></ul>
    28. 28. Student Performance Assessments <ul><li>Categories of Assessments </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose: </li></ul><ul><li>Formative v. Summative </li></ul><ul><li>Focus: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Skills </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Values </li></ul></ul></ul>
    29. 29. Formative Assessments <ul><li>Major Resources: </li></ul><ul><li>Text ancillaries </li></ul><ul><li>Angelo and Cross (1993) </li></ul>
    30. 30. Other Methods for Engaging and Assessing Students <ul><li>Student Response Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Case- or Problem-Based Teaching & Learning </li></ul><ul><li>What else? </li></ul>
    31. 31. Out-of-Class Interactions <ul><li>Class does not end when we walk out the door!! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Accessibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Approachable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Listen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive/Encouraging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Constructive Feedback </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rapport </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual and group interactions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Service through student organization advisement and presentations </li></ul></ul>
    32. 32. 5 Criteria For Appraising Teaching Effectiveness <ul><li>1. Pedagogical Skills that exemplify Mastery of Existing Knowledge, Effectiveness of Communication, and Significance of Results </li></ul><ul><li>2. Professionalism that exemplifies Consistently Ethical behavior </li></ul><ul><li>3. Assessment of Student Learning that exemplifies Mastery of Existing Knowledge and Significance of Results </li></ul>
    33. 33. 5 Criteria For Appraising Teaching Effectiveness <ul><li>4. Professional Development that exemplifies Clarity and Relevance of Goals and Mastery of Existing Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>5. Reflective Practice that exemplifies Clarity and Relevance of Goals and Effective Communication </li></ul>
    34. 34. <ul><li>Comments </li></ul><ul><li>& </li></ul><ul><li>Questions </li></ul>