Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Isolation precautions
Isolation precautions
Isolation precautions
Isolation precautions
Isolation precautions
Isolation precautions
Isolation precautions
Isolation precautions
Isolation precautions
Isolation precautions
Isolation precautions
Isolation precautions
Isolation precautions
Isolation precautions
Isolation precautions
Isolation precautions
Isolation precautions
Isolation precautions
Isolation precautions
Isolation precautions
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Isolation precautions

5,491

Published on

Lecture By.sr.Nancy Alex …

Lecture By.sr.Nancy Alex
ICU Staff Nurse.MGH

0 Comments
4 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
5,491
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
203
Comments
0
Likes
4
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. ISOLATION PRECAUTIONS. NANCY ALEX BSN RN 1
  • 2. DEFINITION • Special precautionary measures,practices and procedures used in care of patients with contagious or communicable diseases by wearing nonporous articles such as gloves,gowns.goggles,and face mask. 2
  • 3. 3
  • 4. EVERY HEALTH CARE PROFFESSIONAL SHOULD BE A CHAIN BREAKER ! 4
  • 5. PURPOSES  To prevent cross contamination between patients and hospital personnel. To confine and contain any infectious disease agent. To confine and contain all blood and body fluids. 5
  • 6. BASIC PRINCIPLES • Wash hands prior to entering and exiting rooms. • Careful disposal of contaminated materials. • Knowledge of disease and mode of transmission. • Protection of client and public during transport. 6
  • 7. 2007 GUIDELINE FOR ISOLATION PRECAUTION-CDC /HICPAC Centre for Disease Control and Prevention distinguish two types of isolation precautions: Standard precautions Transmission based precautions 1) airborne precautions 2) droplet precautions 3) contact precautions 7
  • 8. Standard Precautions . Hand washing PPE – gloves,mask,goggles ,gown. Proper - handling of soiled patient care equipments, environmental cleaning,disposal of sharps. Minimal handling of soiled linen. Private room. 8
  • 9. 9
  • 10. 10
  • 11. NEW ELEMENTS OF STANDARD PRECAUTIONS.  Respiratory hygiene  Safe injection practices  Use of masks 11
  • 12. Transmission Based Precautions 12
  • 13. Airborne PRECAUTIONS Tuberculosis Measles chickenpox Herpes zoster Small pox 13
  • 14. Droplet precautions Meningitis Influenza Mumps Pertussis Rubella Common cold Measles Diphtheria Rubella 14
  • 15. Contact precautions Hepatitis -A Antibiotic resistant bacteria Scabies Impetigo Lice MDRO s- MRSA,VRE.. 15
  • 16. REVERSE ISOLATION • Isolation procedure designed to protect a patient from infectious organisms that might be carried by staff ,other patients, visitors or on droplet in air or equipment or materials. 16
  • 17. PATIENT PLACEMENT  Spacing between beds  Single rooms  Ante rooms  Cohorting 17
  • 18. CLIENT CONSIDERATION Isolation Loneliness Self esteem –body image Boredom 18
  • 19. CONCLUSION • As with all infection control measures,isolation precautions are designed to prevent the spread of infection from one person to another.The RESPONSIBILITY for the practice of infection control lies in the hands of every HEALTH CARE WORKER. 19
  • 20. 20

×