Isolation precautions
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Isolation precautions

on

  • 2,942 views

Lecture By.sr.Nancy Alex

Lecture By.sr.Nancy Alex
ICU Staff Nurse.MGH

Statistics

Views

Total Views
2,942
Views on SlideShare
2,936
Embed Views
6

Actions

Likes
3
Downloads
73
Comments
0

1 Embed 6

http://study.myllps.com 6

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Isolation precautions Isolation precautions Presentation Transcript

  • ISOLATION PRECAUTIONS. NANCY ALEX BSN RN 1
  • DEFINITION • Special precautionary measures,practices and procedures used in care of patients with contagious or communicable diseases by wearing nonporous articles such as gloves,gowns.goggles,and face mask. 2
  • 3
  • EVERY HEALTH CARE PROFFESSIONAL SHOULD BE A CHAIN BREAKER ! 4
  • PURPOSES  To prevent cross contamination between patients and hospital personnel. To confine and contain any infectious disease agent. To confine and contain all blood and body fluids. 5
  • BASIC PRINCIPLES • Wash hands prior to entering and exiting rooms. • Careful disposal of contaminated materials. • Knowledge of disease and mode of transmission. • Protection of client and public during transport. 6
  • 2007 GUIDELINE FOR ISOLATION PRECAUTION-CDC /HICPAC Centre for Disease Control and Prevention distinguish two types of isolation precautions: Standard precautions Transmission based precautions 1) airborne precautions 2) droplet precautions 3) contact precautions 7
  • Standard Precautions . Hand washing PPE – gloves,mask,goggles ,gown. Proper - handling of soiled patient care equipments, environmental cleaning,disposal of sharps. Minimal handling of soiled linen. Private room. 8
  • 9
  • 10
  • NEW ELEMENTS OF STANDARD PRECAUTIONS.  Respiratory hygiene  Safe injection practices  Use of masks 11
  • Transmission Based Precautions 12
  • Airborne PRECAUTIONS Tuberculosis Measles chickenpox Herpes zoster Small pox 13
  • Droplet precautions Meningitis Influenza Mumps Pertussis Rubella Common cold Measles Diphtheria Rubella 14
  • Contact precautions Hepatitis -A Antibiotic resistant bacteria Scabies Impetigo Lice MDRO s- MRSA,VRE.. 15
  • REVERSE ISOLATION • Isolation procedure designed to protect a patient from infectious organisms that might be carried by staff ,other patients, visitors or on droplet in air or equipment or materials. 16
  • PATIENT PLACEMENT  Spacing between beds  Single rooms  Ante rooms  Cohorting 17
  • CLIENT CONSIDERATION Isolation Loneliness Self esteem –body image Boredom 18
  • CONCLUSION • As with all infection control measures,isolation precautions are designed to prevent the spread of infection from one person to another.The RESPONSIBILITY for the practice of infection control lies in the hands of every HEALTH CARE WORKER. 19
  • 20