“Cleaning reduces or eliminates the reservoirs of potential pathogenic organisms. It is accomplished with water, detergents and mechanical action.
We prevent cross-infection from patient/patient things to the health care worker whether it’s direct contact or indirect contact.
As per CDC guidelines , instrument machines that is with contact with patients tissue and or blood must be sterilized before use to other patient. Such as instrument used during operation.
Saurfa’fast-(Didecyldimethyammonium chloride-N, Polyhexamethylene biguanide Hydrochloride.. SSDD-50= strong surfaces disinfectant and devices. Phenolics- strong chemical compound consist of hydroxyl group.
Transesophageal Echocardiogram (TEE)-ultrasound of the heart.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is the national public health institute of the United States. CDC is dedicated to protecting health & promoting quality of life through prevention and control of disease, injury, and disability.
Cleaning and disinfection of p atient care equipment
Cleaning & Disinfection of
Patient Care Equipment
A. Cleaning – The physical removal of foreign material.
e.g. dust, oil, organic material such as blood,
secretions, excretions and micro-organisms.
B. Disinfection – A process that eliminates many or all
pathogenic microorganisms with the exception of
bacterial spores from inanimate objects. This is
generally accomplished by the use of liquid
C. Sterilization- The complete elimination or
destruction of all forms of microbial life.
It is accomplished in the hospital by either physical
or chemical processes. Steam under pressure,
dry heat, low temperature sterilization processes
(plasma sterilization), and liquid chemicals are
principal sterilizing agents used in the hospital.
D. Non-Critical Equipment – Those items that
either touch only intact skin (but not mucous
membranes )or do not directly touch the
E. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) – Equipment
to be worn if hazardous situations. PPE will either
prevent or reduce the severity of an injury
should an accident occur. PPE can include, but
is not limited to: Safety Goggles, Respirators,
Gloves, Protective Gowns, face shield.
The overall goal of infection prevention
practices is to eliminate the risk of the
transmission of pathogens between
patients and between patients and the
health care worker.
1)Critical medical and surgical devices
and instruments that enter normally
sterile tissue or the vascular system or
through which a sterile body fluid flows
(e.g., blood) are sterilized before use on
3) Noncritical patient-care surfaces / equipment
(e.g., bedrails, over-the-bed table)
and equipment (e.g., blood pressure cuff)
that touch intact skin receive low-level
disinfection with a hospital-grade
disinfectant before us on each patient,
e.g., surfaces that come into contact only with
intact skin, but could be contaminated with
e.g. stethoscopes, blood pressure cuffs, splints.
Cleaning is a shared
responsibility between the
NURSING and HOUSEKEEPING
1. Disposable gloves. Gloves must be changed as
required, i.e., when torn, when hands become
wet inside the glove or when moving between
2. Household gloves can be worn, but they must be
discarded when the cleaning is complete.
3. Protective Eye wear (goggles, face shield or mask
with eye protection)
4. Masks (surgical or procedural masks sufficient)
Disinfectant Solutions Used for
Low-Level Disinfection include:
1. Alcohol (Isopropyl alcohol 70%(Ultrafast)
3. Quaternary Ammonium Compounds (S.S.D.D.-50)
The concentration and contact time for each product
will differ. For that reason it is important to read the
product label prior to commencing any cleaning
and disinfection process.
RECOMMENDED PROCEDURES FOR CLEANING AND
DISINFECTION OF PATIENT CARE EQUIPMENT
1. Gather all equipment, cleaning solutions and materials
to clean the patient care devices.
2. WASH hands and put gloves prior to cleaning the
devices. Personal protective equipment should be
changed if torn or soiled.
3. Visible or gross soil present and/or blood or body
fluid spills must be removed prior to cleaning.
[See Protocol for Cleaning & Disinfecting a Blood or Body Fluid spill.]
4. As appropriate, clean all surfaces of the
patient care equipment or devices using
a detergent or enzymatic solution. When
appropriate, dismantle the devices
to ensure that all surfaces can be cleaned.
To ensure that cross contamination does
not occur use clean cloths for each device
to be cleaned.
6. If using a 1‐Step Cleaning‐Disinfecting
Solution a separate cleaning step is not
necessary unless the surfaces are visibly
soiled. To ensure disinfection occurs,
the cleaner‐disinfectant solution may need
to be applied multiple times in order to
achieve the contact time as specified on the
7. Soiled rags should be placed in a bag for
laundering. Disposable cloths should
disposed as regular waste in garbage bags.
8. Remove and discard gloves, PPE.
Table I: Non-Critical Items - Items on this list must be disinfected
between patients. The focus is on parts that touch patients or HCW
High Touch Components . Product
1. Carts – CPR Trolley, Medication Trolley,
Dressing Trolley, drawers & surfaces
3. BP machines (Dynamap), ECG machine,
Steam Inhalation machine
4. ICU equipment: (Cardiac Monitor, Ventilators,
CPAP mask, NIV machine, infusion/syringe
pump suction machine.
5. X-ray & Ultrasound machine contact points
HIGH TOUCH COMPONENTS PRODUCT
6. Pulse Oximeter probes (reusable) Ultrafast
7. Stethoscope, Thermometers
8. Glucose meter and B/P cuff,
9. Keyboards on computers or portable
10. Monitor cables
11. Walker – hand rail,
Wheelchairs – hand contact points
12. Clipboards, notebooks, charts
Table II: Semi-critical Patient Care Equipment
Product Contact time U Uses Used by
5-minute soak time at
a minimum of 25°C in
12-minute soak time
at room temperature
TEE scope Cardiology
Snares, scope Endoscopy
TEE Scope Surgery
Urology Scopes OR
Sleep Lab. And
INDICATIONS FOR USE:
CIDEX OPA Solution =is a high level disinfectant for
reprocessing heat sensitive semi-critical medical
devices, for which sterilization is not suitable, and
when used according to the Directions for Use.
High Level Disinfectant at a minimum of 20ϒC (68ϒF). CIDEX OPA
Solution is a high level disinfectant when used or reused, according to
the Directions for Use.
1.Provincial Infectious Diseases Advisory Committee, Best
Practices for Cleaning, Disinfection and
Sterilization in All Healthcare Settings, 2006
2.Public Health Agency of Canada, Infection Control Guidelines
for Hand Washing, Cleaning, Disinfection and Sterilization in
Healthcare, Volume 24S8, 1998 .
3. Central Disease Control and Prevention.
4. Mayhall CG. Hospital Epidemiology and Infection Control,
3rd Ed. Philadelphia. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2004