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20 iv cannulation

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Meeqat Hospital, Madina.KSA

Meeqat Hospital, Madina.KSA

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    20 iv cannulation 20 iv cannulation Presentation Transcript

    • IV CANNULATION PRESENTED BY: NAJAH AL-JOHANI
    • WHAT IS CANNULA? • A cannula is a flexible tube that can be inserted into the body. For medical use, there are 11 different types of cannula. The most commonly used are the intravenous and the nasal cannula.
    • TYPES OF CANNULA • • • • Iv cannula pen-like model. Iv cannula with wings model. Iv cannula with injection part model. Iv cannula y-type model.
    • Pen-like model
    • With wings model
    • With injection part model
    • Y-type model
    • LENGTH OF CANNULA
    • INDICATION OF CANNULATION • • • • • • Repeated blood sampling Intravenous fluid administration Intravenous medications administration Intravenous chemotherapy administration Intravenous nutritional support Intravenous blood or blood products administration • Intravenous administration of radiological contrast agents for computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, or nuclear imaging
    • PROCEDURE • Introduce your self to patient. • Explain the procedure. • Approach with a confident, calm, caring attitude
    • • Collect your equipment.
    • • wash hand.
    • • Selecting a vein Veins of the Forearm 1. Cephalic vein 2. Median Cubital vein 3. Accessory Cephalic vein 4. Basilic vein 5. Cephalic vein 6. Median antebrachial vein
    • CONT.. Veins of the Hand 1. Digital Dorsal veins 2. Dorsal Metacarpal veins 3. Dorsal venous network 4. Cephalic vein 5. Basilic vein
    • THE SITES SHOULD BE AVOIDED 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Wrist Legs, feet, ankles Veins below a previous IV infiltration Vein below a phlebitic area Sclerosed or thrombosed veins Areas of skin inflammation An arm affected by a radial mastectomy, edema, blood clot, or infection. 8. An arm with an arteriovenous shunt of fistula
    • • Apply tourniquet. • Clean area with alcohol s
    • • Remove needle cover
    • • Insert the needle bevel up ward at about 30ᶜ& ̊ advance the rest of cannula into the vien
    • • Release the tourniquet & apply pressure at the tip of cannula & remove the needle .
    • • Apply the plaster to fix it on the place
    • COMPLICATION OF CANNULATION 1-local complication: -Infiltration. -Extravasation. -Thrombosis. -Cellulitis. -Phlebitis. 2-systmic complication: -Embolism. *pulmonary embolism *air embolism *catheter embolism. -Hematoma. -Systemic infection. -Speed shock. -Circulatory overload. -Allergic reaction.
    • Local complication 1- Infiltration:
    • Local complication 2-Extravasation:
    • Local complication 3-Thrombosis: Occurs when blood flow through a vein is obstructed by a local thrombus
    • Local complication 4-Cellulities:
    • Local complication 5-Phlibitis:
    • WHAT ARE IV FLUIDS? -Solutions administered through an IV -Helps maintain: Blood pressure Hydration Electrolyte balance
    • TYPES OF IV FLUID 1-NS 0.9% 2-NS 0.45% 3-NS 0.225% 4-RL 5-D5% 6-D10% 7-D5%NS0.9% 8-D5%NS0.45% 9-D5%NS0.225%