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  1. 1. Buddhism The Rise and Development of Buddhism By: El Rey del Mundo
  2. 2. The Buddha Siddhartha Gautama (563-483 BC) <ul><li>Birth </li></ul><ul><li>Youth </li></ul><ul><li>Marriage & parenthood </li></ul><ul><li>The Four Passing Sights (aging, sickness, death, renunciation) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Origin of Buddhism Spread of Buddhism during the lifetime of the Buddha (missionary work)
  4. 4. The Teachings of the Buddha The Four Noble Truths
  5. 5. Preface to the Four Noble Truths: The Middle Path Two extremes to be avoided: (1) Hedonism (Pleasure) (2) Asceticism (Deny Plesure) <ul><li>This Middle Path is the Noble Eightfold Path : </li></ul><ul><li>Right Views </li></ul><ul><li>Right Intent </li></ul><ul><li>Right Speech </li></ul><ul><li>Right Conduct </li></ul><ul><li>Right Livelihood </li></ul><ul><li>Right Effort </li></ul><ul><li>Right Mindfulness </li></ul><ul><li>Right Concentration </li></ul>By avoiding these two extremes, we discover a Middle Path , a path which opens the eyes, which allows understanding, and leads to peace of mind, to wisdom, to full enlightenment, to Nirvana.
  6. 6. 1. The Noble Truth of Suffering
  7. 7. 2. The Noble Truth of the Cause of Suffering
  8. 8. 3. The Noble Truth of the Cessation of Suffering Nirvana
  9. 9. 4. The Noble Truth of the Path that leads to the cessation of suffering
  10. 10. Elaboration of the Noble Eightfold Path <ul><li>Right thought/views </li></ul><ul><li>Right intent </li></ul><ul><li>Right speech </li></ul><ul><li>Right action/conduct </li></ul><ul><li>Right livelihood </li></ul><ul><li>Right effort </li></ul><ul><li>Right mindfulness </li></ul><ul><li>Right concentration </li></ul>Wisdom Morality Meditation
  11. 11. 1. Right Thought/Views <ul><li>The Four Noble Truths </li></ul><ul><li>The idea of no-self - impermanence </li></ul><ul><li>Karma(past actions) & Samsara (rebirth) </li></ul><ul><li>Nirvana (Ultimate happiness) </li></ul>Wisdom
  12. 12. 2. Right Intent (Resolution) Right intent or resolution is the intent or resolution to live & act in accordance with right views. Purposefully doing good Wisdom
  13. 13. 3. Right Speech <ul><li>No lying </li></ul><ul><li>No slander </li></ul><ul><li>No harsh or rude talk </li></ul><ul><li>No profanity </li></ul><ul><li>No impolite or abusive language </li></ul><ul><li>No idle or foolish chatter </li></ul><ul><li>Strive to use language meaningfully & usefully, with wisdom & kindness </li></ul><ul><li>Learn to maintain “noble silence” </li></ul>Morality
  14. 14. 4. Right Action/Conduct <ul><li>No harming & killing </li></ul><ul><li>No stealing </li></ul><ul><li>No lying & deceitfulness </li></ul><ul><li>No sexual immorality </li></ul><ul><li>No use of intoxicants </li></ul><ul><li>Eat moderately & not after noon. </li></ul><ul><li>Stay away from dancing, singing, & dramatic spectacles. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not use garlands, scents, unguents, or ornaments. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not use high or broad (soft) beds. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not accept gold or silver (money in general?). </li></ul>Morality The Five Precepts (for everybody) & the Ten Precepts (for monks & nuns)
  15. 15. 5. Right Livelihood (Vocation or Work) <ul><li>Choose professions that promote life, peace, & spiritual progress </li></ul><ul><li>Specifically prohibited professions: poison peddler, slave trader, prostitute, butcher, manufacturer & trader of liquor & other intoxicants, weapons manufacturer & trader, tax collector, caravan trader. </li></ul>Morality
  16. 16. 6. Right Effort (purification of the mind) <ul><li>Preventing evil & unwholesome states of mind from arising </li></ul><ul><li>Getting rid of such states of mind that may already exist </li></ul><ul><li>Bringing about good & wholesome states of mind </li></ul><ul><li>Developing & perfecting good & wholesome states of mind that are already present </li></ul>Meditation
  17. 17. 7. Right Mindfulness <ul><li>Activities of the body (breathing, walking, sitting, eating, heartbeat, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Feelings (anger, fear, joy, pleasure, pain, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>States of mind (thoughts, ideas, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Ways of conceptualizing things (the Four Noble Truths, the Wheel of Becoming, etc.) </li></ul>Focusing of attention on: Meditation
  18. 18. 8. Right Concentration <ul><li>One-pointed concentration </li></ul><ul><li>Detachment from all sense objects & from negative states of mind; thought processes accompanied by joy </li></ul><ul><li>Cessation of all mental activities; internal calm, peace of mind, joy to the point of great elation </li></ul><ul><li>Cessation of all passions & prejudices; continued sense of joy </li></ul><ul><li>Cessation of joy; total tranquillity & equanimity -- Nirvana (& arhatship) </li></ul>Preliminary concentration on the Four Moods: love, compassion, cheerfulness, & impartiality (weighing both views equally) The highest level of Meditation
  19. 19. The Major Buddhist Traditions <ul><li>Theravada (“The Way of the Elders”) - Sri Lanka & Southeast Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Mahayana (“The Greater Vehicle”) - China, Korea, & Japan (& Tibet & Mongolia) </li></ul><ul><li>Vajrayana (“The Way of the Diamond Thunderbolt”) - Tibet & Mongolia </li></ul>* * * Vajrayana is a development within the Mahayana tradition.
  20. 20. The Spread of Buddhism Spheres of Influence Theravada Mahayana Vajrayana * * Buddhism out of India by 1000 AD