Регистры выбросов и переноса     загрязнителей (PRTR)   «Общественные кампании в области   химической безопасности и отход...
Pollutant Release and Transfer         Register - PRTRWhat it is and how it worksHow it can be used by NGOs and other  sta...
ПРТР - диаграма
PRTRDatabase of chemical releases and transfers  from individual facilities across the countryGood PRTR:- Chemically speci...
PRTR in picturesFlows covered by the Czech PRTR                                  Releases                                 ...
PRTR in picturesFlows NOT covered by the Czech PRTR                                         Flow in;                      ...
PRTR in pictures
Other air emissions                          Air emissions from electrolysis                                       Water  ...
Mercury flow model for PRTR of individualchlor-alkali / PVC plant Spolana Neratovice    Other air emissions               ...
PRTR - chemicalsHeavy metalsVolatile Organic Compounds (VOC)Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)Greenhouse gasesAcid rain ...
History1978 – first PRTR inNew Jersey – 155 chemicals,7000 reporting facilities1986 – TRI and RTK inU.S. federal law – fol...
PRTRsToxic Release Inventory (TRI) – USAhttp://www.epa.gov/cgi-bin/broker?      view=USCH&trilib=TRIQ0&sort=_VIEW_&sort_fm...
PRTR in pictures
PRTR in pictures                         Amounts of top five                         substances targeted                  ...
PRTR in pictures  Changes in the amount  released of substances  subject to reduction  (Toshiba 2008)
Waste incinerator Liberec –        Dioxins (PCDD/Fs) balance   Rather model of PRTR for one facility:   Air emissions: 3...
Мусоросжигательный завод Либерец              2010               2011
Примеры информаций, которыеможно получить из регистров ПРТРРтуть в разных выбросах и переносах в Чешской республике  Relea...
Примеры информаций, которыеможно получить из регистров ПРТРВырбросы мышяка в воздух и воду и переносы в отходах  (Чешская ...
PRTR – top-ten polluters -carcinogenic compounds    Czech Rep. 2009 (Category 1 according IARC)Kronospan facility, Jihlava...
Decreased emissions of            dichloromethane– PRTR Czech Rep. – former top-ten polluters winners250000200000150000   ...
Пример унижения выбросов стирена впосле кампании НГО использующей ПРТР
Кампания про защиту ПРТРВ году 2007 – акция в Праге чтобы сохранить правона информации об токцических выбросах испредприят...
International ContextPRTR Protocol to the Aarhus Convention1996 - OECD has developed a  recommendation on PRTRPRTR Protoco...
PRTR and Stockholm          ConventionArticle 10, para 55. Each Party shall give sympatheticconsideration to developing me...
European Union       This presentation has been produced as part of the project called„Strengthening public participation ...
Регистры выбросов и переноса загрязнителей (PRTR)
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Регистры выбросов и переноса загрязнителей (PRTR)

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Cеминар-тренинг «Общественные кампании в области химической безопасности и отходов» 23-24 ноября 2012

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Регистры выбросов и переноса загрязнителей (PRTR)

  1. 1. Регистры выбросов и переноса загрязнителей (PRTR) «Общественные кампании в области химической безопасности и отходов» Минск, 23 ноября 2012 RNDr. Йиндржих Петрлик Арника – Программа по токсическим веществам и отходам
  2. 2. Pollutant Release and Transfer Register - PRTRWhat it is and how it worksHow it can be used by NGOs and other stakeholdersWhere does it come from?Examples of PRTRsInternational context – Relations to international conventions
  3. 3. ПРТР - диаграма
  4. 4. PRTRDatabase of chemical releases and transfers from individual facilities across the countryGood PRTR:- Chemically specific- Accessible to public (internet)- Every year reporting- Includes accidential releases- Covers waste stream (chemically specific reporting on wastes)- Includes on site as well as off site transfers- Covers all industry sectors and is specific on each facility releases and transfers
  5. 5. PRTR in picturesFlows covered by the Czech PRTR Releases to: Air Water Soil Transfers in: Waste waters Wastes Accidential releases
  6. 6. PRTR in picturesFlows NOT covered by the Czech PRTR Flow in; Chemicals used for production Vstupy látek On site transfers http://www.i rz.cz Přenosy v odpadech uvnitř provozovny
  7. 7. PRTR in pictures
  8. 8. Other air emissions Air emissions from electrolysis Water Releases to purification water station input Different waste transfersMercury flow model for PRTR of individualchlor-alkali / PVC plant Spolana Neratovice
  9. 9. Mercury flow model for PRTR of individualchlor-alkali / PVC plant Spolana Neratovice Other air emissions Air emissions from electrolysis Water Releases to purification water station input Different waste transfers
  10. 10. PRTR - chemicalsHeavy metalsVolatile Organic Compounds (VOC)Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)Greenhouse gasesAcid rain gasesSome specific pollutants – non chemically specific (e.g. PM10)Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS)PesticidesChemicals with great impact on water ecosystemsCarcinogens, Mutagens and Reprotoxics (CMRs)
  11. 11. History1978 – first PRTR inNew Jersey – 155 chemicals,7000 reporting facilities1986 – TRI and RTK inU.S. federal law – following Bhopal accident1991 – UK1993 – Canada2002 – Czech Republic
  12. 12. PRTRsToxic Release Inventory (TRI) – USAhttp://www.epa.gov/cgi-bin/broker? view=USCH&trilib=TRIQ0&sort=_VIEW_&sort_fmt=1&state=All+states&county=All+counties&chemical=All +chemicals&industry=ALL&year=2009&tab_rpt=1&fld=RELLBY&fld=TSFDSP&_service=oiaa&_program=x p_tri.sasmacr.tristart.macroEuropean PRTRE-PRTROECD – PRTR Task Forcehttp://www.oecd.org/env_prtr_rc/Kanada – Pollution Watch (NGO site)http://www.pollutionwatch.org/
  13. 13. PRTR in pictures
  14. 14. PRTR in pictures Amounts of top five substances targeted for usage reduction currently handled (Toshiba 2008)Emmissions of top fivesubstances targetedfor reduction (Toshiba2008)
  15. 15. PRTR in pictures Changes in the amount released of substances subject to reduction (Toshiba 2008)
  16. 16. Waste incinerator Liberec – Dioxins (PCDD/Fs) balance Rather model of PRTR for one facility: Air emissions: 3% PCDD/Fs Waste transfer – slag: 3% PCDD/Fs Waste transfer – fly ash: 94% PCDD/Fs Examples of PCDD/Fs waste transfers reported per facility: MWI – 8 g TEQ/y, HWI – 30 g TEQ/y Total air emissions: 178 g TEQ/y PCDD/Fs in wastes are not measured regularly Waste residues from waste incinerators are often declared as products
  17. 17. Мусоросжигательный завод Либерец 2010 2011
  18. 18. Примеры информаций, которыеможно получить из регистров ПРТРРтуть в разных выбросах и переносах в Чешской республике Releases and 2004 2005 2006 2007 Transfers Releases Air 3 140,9 2 970,9 2 843,0 3 396,4 to Water 73,2 86,7 189,2 144,6 (kg/year) Soil 8,7 2,6 0,0 48,3 Transfers Wastes 5 463,6 2 558,0 5 707,5 4 303,9 in Waste 88,3 67,7 44,8 57,5 (kg/year) waters Total 8 774,7 5 685,9 8 784,5 7 923,6
  19. 19. Примеры информаций, которыеможно получить из регистров ПРТРВырбросы мышяка в воздух и воду и переносы в отходах (Чешская Республика) Celkem ČR - arsen 140000 120000 100000 80000 60000 40000 20000 0
  20. 20. PRTR – top-ten polluters -carcinogenic compounds Czech Rep. 2009 (Category 1 according IARC)Kronospan facility, Jihlava(Czech Rep.)
  21. 21. Decreased emissions of dichloromethane– PRTR Czech Rep. – former top-ten polluters winners250000200000150000 2004 - celkem 2005 - celkem100000 2006 - celkem 2007 - celkem 2008 - celkem50000 0 IVAX Pharmaceuticals JITONA/Tusculum a.s. Celkem ohlášeno v ČR s.r.o.
  22. 22. Пример унижения выбросов стирена впосле кампании НГО использующей ПРТР
  23. 23. Кампания про защиту ПРТРВ году 2007 – акция в Праге чтобы сохранить правона информации об токцических выбросах испредприятий Петициа Чешскому парламенту – больше чем 16 тысяж подписов
  24. 24. International ContextPRTR Protocol to the Aarhus Convention1996 - OECD has developed a recommendation on PRTRPRTR Protocol was agreed at Aarhus Convention COP – May – 21 - 2003 in KievE-PRTR is a mirror of PRTR ProtocolChemically specific reporting on wastes is voluntary
  25. 25. PRTR and Stockholm ConventionArticle 10, para 55. Each Party shall give sympatheticconsideration to developing mechanisms,such as pollutant release and transferregisters, for the collection and disseminationof information on estimates of the annualquantities of the chemicals listed in Annex A,B or C that are released or disposed of.
  26. 26. European Union This presentation has been produced as part of the project called„Strengthening public participation on environmental decision making and SAICM implementation in Belarus “ with the financial assistance of the European Union. The contents of this presentation are sole responsibility ofArnika Association and can under no circumstances be regarded as reflecting the position of the European Union. It is cofinanced by Czech Development Agency, IPEN, and Global Greengrants http://www.ecoidea.by http://english.arnika.org/belarus Спасибо вам за внимание

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