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Here is my rapid fire, one hour lecture on Impressionism, trying to provide a historical context to better understand the effect it had on art of the 20th century.

  • A lot of this stuff is not Impressionism. A LOT.
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  • Ignore the transcript below. Slideshare doesn't let me edit it, and it is from an older version of this lecture. I've tried to add the notes into it, but Slideshare doesn't allow that either. They really need to fix these very basic elements of their service.
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  • This presentation doesn’t contain the lecture notes that I use to discuss this art movement. I wish that there was a way to attach a word file to presentation so that the textual content would be available.

    This is a bit rushed at the end, as I was a bit short for time, and I found that I had to cut out Degas. Not good. But it is a fairly complete lecture.
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  • That the function of art is to address the contemporary. To raise challenging issues and ask difficult questions of the artist, society and the viewer. Barbara Kruger in using mass media style raises questions of identity and self-definition and the way that media is involved in the process of defining the self.
  • That the perspective of the artist is as important as what they are depicting , sometimes more so. Rothko, in completely abstract paintings, with no representation whatsoever, addresses his inner emotional and spiritual state. The subjective view of the artist is the subject of the art.
  • That art does NOT have to be concerned with replicating reality as it appears to the eye. That sometimes what is most meaningful to say is best communicated through forms that suggest another level of reality rather than literal depiction. Picasso addresses the bombing of a village and the horror of the massacre in ways that address more than could be done with literal representation.
  • The idea that the medium of art itself could be the subject of the art. That it wasn’t simply an invisible method to communicate an idea, but that the medium itself IS the content. Nam June Paik uses the very material of televisions and media to comment on the pervasiveness of video in out culture and our attitudes toward it.
  • Separated art from the patronage system and developed the relationship of artist/critic/dealer . Art and artists could be marketed and sold, and even in the case of Andy Warhol duplicated quickly for consumption. His studio called “The Factory.” Even though this has its problems, it puts more control in the hands of the artist, and allows for more people to be involved in the consumption of art. One step in the democratization of art.
  • Democratization of art . Art could be produced by anyone, about anyone, and for anyone. Frank portrays rough candid shots of common people, addressing and crossing economic, social and racial boundary lines. The art of photography is much more democratic in that almost anyone can participate in the production of it. Since they can be easily reproduced they can be purchased cheaply, allowing access to art for almost anyone. The movement by Impressionism away from academic art and toward an art that represents normal people, made art accessible to the public at large.
  • That the function of art, rather than promoting an ideas or providing an answer, can be to confront, challenge and ask questions – without providing answers . This involves the viewer rather than placing them as a passive observer. They are involved in creating meaning and struggle to provide answers. Art is about the audience, as much as the artist. Duchamp’s “Fountain” challenged every notion of what defines art and asks us to consider the question – what is art? What is its purpose? Duchamp does not provide an answer for us.
  • Impressionism

    1. 1. Impressionism
    2. 2. “ Impression Sunrise” – Claude Monet 1873
    3. 3. “ Ballet Rehearsal on the Stage” - Edgar Degas 1874
    4. 4. “ The Death of Socrates” - Jacques-Louis David 1787
    5. 5. “ Liberty Leading the People” – Eugene Delacroix 1830
    6. 6. “ The Lion Hunt” – Eugene Delacroix 1860
    7. 7. “ The Stone Breakers” - Gustave Courbet 1850
    8. 8. “ The Painter's Studio” - Gustave Courbet 1855
    9. 9. “ Portrait of Charles Baudelaire” – Gustave Courbet 1848
    10. 10. “ Edouard Manet” – Henri Fantin-Latour 1867
    11. 11. “ Music in the Tuileries” – Edouard Manet 1862
    12. 12. “ Luncheon on the Grass” – Edouard Manet 1863
    13. 13. “ Olympia” – Edouard Manet 1863
    14. 14. “ Studio at Batignolles” – Henri Fantin-Latour 1870
    15. 15. “ Impression Sunrise” – Claude Monet 1873
    16. 16. “ The Beach at St. Adresse” – Claude Monet 1867
    17. 17. “ The Beach at St. Adresse” – Claude Monet 1867
    18. 18. “ The Terrace at St. Adresse” – Claude Monet 1867
    19. 19. Rouan Cathedral series – Claude Monet 1892
    20. 20. Rouan Cathedral series – Claude Monet 1892
    21. 21. Rouan Cathedral series – Claude Monet 1892
    22. 22. “ Woman of Algiers” – Pierre-Auguste Renoir 1870 or “Odalisque”
    23. 23. “ The Ball at Moulin de la Galette” – Pierre-Auguste Renoir 1876
    24. 24. “ La Loge” – Pierre-Auguste Renoir 1874
    25. 25. “ The Bar at the Folies Bergere” – Edouard Manet 1882
    26. 26. “ Ballet Rehearsal on the Stage” - Edgar Degas 1874
    27. 27. “ The Little Fourteen Year Old Dancer” Edgar Degas 1881
    28. 28. “ The Tub” - Edgar Degas 1886
    29. 29. “ Woman Bathing” Mary Cassatt 1891
    30. 30. “ Not Stupid Enough” Barbara Kruger 1997
    31. 31. “ Untitled” Mark Rothko
    32. 32. “ Guernica” – Pablo Picasso 1937
    33. 33. “ The More the Better: Three channel video installation with 1,003 monitors and steel structure” Nam June Paik 1988
    34. 34. “ Self Portrait” Andy Warhol 1966
    35. 35. “ Canal Street” – Robert Frank 1958
    36. 36. “ Fountain” Marcel Duchamp 1917