Reniassance artists


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An in depth look at the artists you need to know about in the Renaissance

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  • The Mourning of Christ
  • Reniassance artists

    1. 1. Chapter 17: Page 471 The Renaissance
    2. 2. The Growth of Italian City-States
    3. 3. Why were Italian citystates so rich and powerful?
    4. 4. • Overseas trade, spurred by the Crusades, led to their growth • Northern Italy had a wealthy merchant class • It’s classical heritage of Greece and Rome
    5. 5. How did Florence become the most influential city-state?
    6. 6. • Florence was mostly urban while the rest of Europe was rural • Because of the plague, many of the city’s survivors could demand higher wages • Because Florence was small, many of its citizens could be involved in politics
    7. 7. What was the Renaissance and why did it begin in Italy?
    8. 8. • Renaissance means “re-birth” which refers to revival in arts and learning • Italian merchants displayed their wealth by giving financial support to artists • Lorenzo de Medici (Lorenzo the Magnificent) was a generous patron of the arts
    9. 9. The Spirit of the Renaissance
    10. 10. Why People Like Me Became Interested in Ancient Culture…
    11. 11. • The Crusades made Europeans eager to learn about the world around them • Church leaders became patrons of the arts by financially supporting artists
    12. 12. A Fascination with Classical Cultures
    13. 13. • Scholars became interested in ancient Greek and Roman culture • Artists used ancient art as models • Brunelleschi designed buildings after studying Roman ruins
    14. 14. • Filippo Brunelleschi • Commissioned to build the cathedral dome in Florence (Il Duomo) – Used unique architectural concepts. • He studied the ancient Pantheon in Rome
    15. 15. Brunelleschi’s Dome
    16. 16. Dome Comparisons Il Duomo St. Peter’s (Florence) (Rome) St. Paul’s (London) US capital (Washington)
    17. 17. A New Type of Scholar Called a Humanist
    18. 18. • • • • Humanists adopted many Roman and Greek beliefs 1.) seeking fulfillment in daily life 2.) all people have dignity and worth 3.) the ideal person—one who can do almost anything (the Renaissance Man)
    19. 19. • Humanists learned many subjects, such as Latin, Greek history, and mathematics • In the Middle Ages, religious people proved their piety by living a plain life—humanists enjoyed life without offending God
    20. 20. • • • • Machiavelli—wrote The Prince The Prince was a book about Italian government Machiavelli supported the idea of absolute power In order to keep power, a ruler must do some evil
    21. 21. Petrarch • Father of Renaissance humanism • Poet • sonnets
    22. 22. A Belief in Human Potential
    23. 23. • Emphasized human achievement on earth, rather than the afterlife • Renaissance thinkers strove to master almost every art • Later ages called such people “Renaissance men”
    24. 24. Renaissance Artists
    25. 25. • Individuals became the center of attention during the Renaissance as the belief in human potential & ability began to emerge from Medieval ways of thinking
    26. 26. • Ideal Man—was well educated in the Classics; should be charming, witty, & smart; can dance, write poetry, & play music; should be physically fit (called a “Renaissance Man”)
    27. 27. • Ideal Woman—study Classics; write, dance, paint, make music well; but should not seek fame or political power (Renaissance women were far better educated but had fewer rights than Medieval women)
    28. 28. Giovanni Giotto
    29. 29. • Giotto developed a new artistic style for creating frescos (paint on wet plaster walls): – Painted human figures that appeared lifelike – Painted people with emotion – Painted people in frescos interacting with each other
    30. 30. Giotto’s “ Lamentation over Christ”
    31. 31. Donato Donatello
    32. 32. • • • Donatello was a great sculptor of the Renaissance Medieval sculptors only carved the front of a statue, but Donatello wanted sculptures to be viewed from all sides like Greek & Roman statues This technique has become known as in-theround
    33. 33. Donatello’s “David” became the first large, free-standing human sculpture •Donatello's bronze statue of David (circa 1440s) is famous as the first unsupported standing work of bronze cast during the Renaissance, •and the first freestanding nude male sculpture made since antiquity. •It depicts David with an enigmatic smile, posed with his foot on Goliath's severed head just after defeating the giant.
    34. 34. Tommaso Masaccio
    35. 35. • Masaccio added to Giotto’s innovative style by using perspective: – Shows objects in the foreground as larger than objects in the background which gives the illusion of depth
    36. 36. Michelangelo
    37. 37. • Michelangelo was a great painter & sculptor; his “Pieta” & “David” sculptures are perceived as masterpieces • His work includes the 130 ft x 44 ft ceiling of the Sistine Chapel; which shows biblical images of amazing detail, power, & beauty
    38. 38. Michelangelo’s “Pieta” depicts the Virgin Mary cradling the limp body of the crucified Jesus
    39. 39. Michelangelo’s statue of “David” expresses the Renaissance belief in human dignity and greatness
    40. 40. Compare the David of Donatello and Michelangelo
    41. 41. • Michelangelo painted more than 300 massive human figures onto the 5,800 squarefoot ceiling while laying on his back • The ceiling contains illustrations from the creation of Adam to the story of Noah
    42. 42. • istina_vr/
    43. 43. The Creation of the Heavens
    44. 44. The Sistine Chapel Details Creation of Man
    45. 45. • Michelangelo returned to the chapel to begin painting the altarpiece “The Last Judgment” • This painting features Christ judging souls as the rise and fall from each side of the painting
    46. 46. Bartholomew's flayed skin
    47. 47. Raphael
    48. 48. • • • Raphael “Perfected” Renaissance painting He became the favorite painter of the Pope because of his amazing detailed paintings showing Greeks & Romans along with Renaissance people “School of Athens” is his greatest work
    49. 49. • All of the important Greek philosophers and thinkers are included in this painting  all of the great personalities of the classical period • A great variety of poses • Raphael worked on this commission simultaneously as Michelangelo was doing the Sistine Chapel
    50. 50. Plato and Aristotle Socrates Raphael
    51. 51. Alexander the Great Michelangelo
    52. 52. Pythagoras
    53. 53. Zoroaster Ptolemy Euclid
    54. 54. Perspective! Betrothal of the Virgin Raphael
    55. 55. Leonardo da Vinci
    56. 56. • A true “Renaissance Man” Leonardo was an inventor, painter, sculptor, & scientist
    57. 57. Leonardo, the Artist
    58. 58. From his Notebooks of over 5000 pages)
    59. 59. His “Last Supper” shows Jesus’ last meeting with the 12 apostles before the crucifixion The facial expressions, detail, and emotion had made it a masterpiece
    60. 60. The Last Supper – da Vinci, & Geometry
    61. 61. vertical The Last Supper and Perspective horizontal
    62. 62. A Da Vinci “Code” St. John or Mary Magdalene?
    63. 63. Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie Milan, Italy
    64. 64. da Vinci’s Mona Lisa is great for its emotion and depth
    65. 65. Mona Lisa has no visible facial hair at all - including eyebrows and eyelashes
    66. 66. A Picasso Mona
    67. 67. • On August 12, 1911, a Louvre employee stole it by entering the building during regular hours, hiding in a broom closet and walking out with it hidden under his coat after the museum had closed • After keeping the painting in his apartment for two years, the man grew impatient and was caught when he attempted to sell it to an art dealer; it was exhibited all over Italy and returned to the Louvre in 1913
    68. 68. • In 1956, the lower part of the painting was severely damaged when someone doused it with acid • On December 30 of that same year, another person damaged the painting by throwing a rock at it • The result was a speck of pigment near Mona Lisa's left elbow • The painting is now covered with bulletproof security glass
    69. 69. Leonardo, the Scientist (Biology): Pages from his Notebook
    70. 70. Leonardo, the Engineer:
    71. 71. • Leonardo sketched several designs for flying machines including this one with a rotating screw • He intended to power it with a wound-up spring
    72. 72. • Leonardo’s many military inventions included this design for an armored tank • Four soldiers sitting inside could turn cranks to move the wheels on this tank”
    73. 73. • da Vinci also invented a gigantic crossbow • It's difficult to know whether it would have worked, or whether it would have been superior to cannons of the same period
    74. 74. Vitruvian Man
    75. 75. • The length of a man's outspread arms is equal to his height • The maximum width of the shoulders is a quarter of a man's height • The distance from the elbow to the tip of the hand is onefifth of a man's height
    76. 76. • The Renaissance spread from Italy as scholars from other areas visited Italian city-states & took the new ideas they saw back
    77. 77. • Kings bought Renaissance art, helping to spread new ideas • Renaissance ideas spread to the Holy Roman Empire (Germany), England, France, Belgium, Netherlands
    78. 78. • Renaissance in Germany was very religious—Christian humanists criticized the church & society (will lead to Protestant Reformation) • In 1516 the reformation began with Martin Luther’s protests Catholic church (why we have protestant religions today)
    79. 79. • Renaissance in England focused on social issues—Thomas More criticized society through Utopia • William Shakespeare— playwright who wrote plays based on ideas from classics & universal human qualities • Dante Alighieri – wrote “The Divine Comedy
    80. 80. • The Renaissance encouraged a new spirit of adventure and discovery • The Renaissance spirit played an important role in helping to launch the Age of Exploration