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Ceramics
Creating a ceramic vessel
Clay
 Clay is a natural 3-d medium

made from earth and water.
 Clay is different from mud

because it has plasticity, t...
Basic Terms
 Ceramics – objects that

permanently retain their
shape when heated to the
necessary temperature.
 Pottery ...
Basic Terms Continued
 Wedge – A way of improving

the workability of the clay by
reforming the mixture to be
homogeneous...
Basic Terms Continued
 Kiln – may also be pronounced kill, is a specialized oven design

to heat clay to the high tempera...
Basic Terms Continued

 Fire – Heating pottery to a temperature high enough to

change it’s chemical make-up to render it...
Hand Building Methods
 Pinch pot
 Slab Building
 Coil Building
Hand Building Methods
 Pinch pot - Hand

building method which
involves squeezing clay
between thumb and
fingers.
Hand Building Methods
 Coil Building – Attaching

long thin rolls of clay
together to create a
ceramic work.
Hand Building Methods
 Slab Building - Clay

building technique where
thin sheets of clay are
attached together to create...
Construction terms
 Scoring – scratching the

edges of clay before
jointing. (ALWAYS SCORE
DEEP)
 Slip – a mixture of cl...
Clay Stages
 Greenware - moist workable unfired clay.
 Leatherhard - stage of clay where joining should happen, at

this...
Clay Stages
 Bisqueware – clay which has

gone through a low fire in a
kiln, this can not be recycled,
will not yet hold ...
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Ceramics

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Transcript of "Ceramics"

  1. 1. Ceramics Creating a ceramic vessel
  2. 2. Clay  Clay is a natural 3-d medium made from earth and water.  Clay is different from mud because it has plasticity, this means I can hold shape while being handled.  In Asheville at highwaterclays.com North Carolina wet clay is sold as cheap as $.55 per pound, but has a fifty pound minimum.
  3. 3. Basic Terms  Ceramics – objects that permanently retain their shape when heated to the necessary temperature.  Pottery – Moist clay shaped into utilitarian objects such as bowls, cups, plates, etc. then hardened by heat.
  4. 4. Basic Terms Continued  Wedge – A way of improving the workability of the clay by reforming the mixture to be homogeneous by evening the texture and eliminating the air bubbles.
  5. 5. Basic Terms Continued  Kiln – may also be pronounced kill, is a specialized oven design to heat clay to the high temperatures needed to change it’s chemical make-up.
  6. 6. Basic Terms Continued  Fire – Heating pottery to a temperature high enough to change it’s chemical make-up to render it a final product.
  7. 7. Hand Building Methods  Pinch pot  Slab Building  Coil Building
  8. 8. Hand Building Methods  Pinch pot - Hand building method which involves squeezing clay between thumb and fingers.
  9. 9. Hand Building Methods  Coil Building – Attaching long thin rolls of clay together to create a ceramic work.
  10. 10. Hand Building Methods  Slab Building - Clay building technique where thin sheets of clay are attached together to create a ceramic work.
  11. 11. Construction terms  Scoring – scratching the edges of clay before jointing. (ALWAYS SCORE DEEP)  Slip – a mixture of clay and water which acts as a clay glue.
  12. 12. Clay Stages  Greenware - moist workable unfired clay.  Leatherhard - stage of clay where joining should happen, at this point clay is not moldable but may still be worked with.  Bone Dry - this is as dry as the clay gets without firing it. It is now ready for firing.
  13. 13. Clay Stages  Bisqueware – clay which has gone through a low fire in a kiln, this can not be recycled, will not yet hold water.  Glazeware - clay which has been glazed and fired at a high temperature, now is a finished product.  Glaze - a liquid glasslike substance which when fired creates a glasslike coating on a ceramic artwork.
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