Art and Architecture of Ancient
Rome
What can you remember about
ancient Greek art and architecture?
Where is Rome?
This is where it used to be.
Rome the Republic
• Period of ancient Rome when it operated as a
Republic (the type of government we have in
the U.S.)
• T...
• Verism- The preference of
the truthful representation
of an image over an
idealized version.

Head of a Roman patrician
...
• Portrait of a Roman General
• Tivoli, Italy
• ca. 75 - 50 B.C.E.
marble
6 ft. 2 in. high
• First Style wall painting
• fauces of the Samnite House,
Herculaneum, Italy
• late 2nd century B.C.E.
fresco
Pompeii
• Pompeii was a city in
Rome which was
“destroyed” by the
volcano Mt.
Vesuvius.
• The destruction of
this city als...
•

Dionysiac mystery frieze

•

Room 5, Pompeii, Italy

•

ca. 60-50 B.C.E.
fresco
frieze approximately 64 in. high
• Like the roman mixture for concrete, we also have not
yet found the recipe for Pompeiian red.
The Roman Empire
• Where the Roman Republic was a republic
government,
• The Roman Empire is an autocratic system of
gover...
Portrait of Augustus as general
from Primaporta, Italy
ca. 20 B.C.E.
marble
80 in. high
Head of Caesar Augustus
ca. 100 C.E.
marble with traces of polychrome
AraPacisAugustae
Rome, Italy
ca. 13-9 B.C.E.
marble
63 in. high
Pont-du-Gard
Nimes, France
ca. 16 B.C.E.
Pont-du-Gard
Nimes, France
ca. 16 B.C.E.
Colosseum
Rome, Italy
ca. 70-80 C.E.
Colosseum
Rome, Italy
ca. 70-80 C.E.
Arch of Titus
Rome, Italy
81 C.E.
Arches
• Arches have a long history beginning in the second century
BCE, and ending in the era of Christian Roman emperors...
Arch of Titus
• Dimensions: 15.4 meters high by 13.5 meters
wide.
• The inscription reads: The Roman Senate and
People to ...
Titus Reliefs and Inscription

Relief: Spoils of Jerusalem
Inscription.

Relief: Triumph of Titus
Arch of Titus
Portrait bust of a Flavian woman
from Rome, Italy
ca. 90 C.E.
marble
25 in. high
Pantheon
Rome, Italy
ca. 118-125 C.E.
Pantheon
Rome, Italy
ca. 118-125 C.E.
Pantheon
Rome, Italy
ca. 118-125 C.E.
Al-Khazneh
Petra, Jordan
2nd century C.E.
Equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius
from Rome, Italy
ca. 175 C.E.
bronze
11 ft. 6 in. high
Equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius
from Rome, Italy
ca. 175 C.E.
bronze
11 ft. 6 in. high
Portraits of the four tetrarchs
St. Mark’s, Venice
ca. 305 C.E.
porphyry
51 in. high
Arch of Constantine
Rome, Italy
ca. 312-315 C.E.
Portrait of Constantine
from the Basilica Nova, Rome, Italy
ca. 315-330 C.E.
marble
head approximately 8 ft. 6 in. high
Basilica Nova reconstruction drawing
Rome, Italy
306-312 C.E.
Aula Palatina (Basilica)
Trier, Germany
early 4th century C.E.
Ancient rome
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Ancient rome

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Transcript of "Ancient rome"

  1. 1. Art and Architecture of Ancient Rome
  2. 2. What can you remember about ancient Greek art and architecture?
  3. 3. Where is Rome?
  4. 4. This is where it used to be.
  5. 5. Rome the Republic • Period of ancient Rome when it operated as a Republic (the type of government we have in the U.S.) • This facet of Roman history began circa 509 BCE. • Republic - Type of government where the public governs.
  6. 6. • Verism- The preference of the truthful representation of an image over an idealized version. Head of a Roman patrician ca. 75-50 B.C.E. marble approximately 1 ft. 2 in. high
  7. 7. • Portrait of a Roman General • Tivoli, Italy • ca. 75 - 50 B.C.E. marble 6 ft. 2 in. high
  8. 8. • First Style wall painting • fauces of the Samnite House, Herculaneum, Italy • late 2nd century B.C.E. fresco
  9. 9. Pompeii • Pompeii was a city in Rome which was “destroyed” by the volcano Mt. Vesuvius. • The destruction of this city also solidified it’s place in history. Pompeii forum, or city center
  10. 10. • Dionysiac mystery frieze • Room 5, Pompeii, Italy • ca. 60-50 B.C.E. fresco frieze approximately 64 in. high
  11. 11. • Like the roman mixture for concrete, we also have not yet found the recipe for Pompeiian red.
  12. 12. The Roman Empire • Where the Roman Republic was a republic government, • The Roman Empire is an autocratic system of government. • Autocratic – System of government where one person holds all political power.
  13. 13. Portrait of Augustus as general from Primaporta, Italy ca. 20 B.C.E. marble 80 in. high
  14. 14. Head of Caesar Augustus ca. 100 C.E. marble with traces of polychrome
  15. 15. AraPacisAugustae Rome, Italy ca. 13-9 B.C.E. marble 63 in. high
  16. 16. Pont-du-Gard Nimes, France ca. 16 B.C.E.
  17. 17. Pont-du-Gard Nimes, France ca. 16 B.C.E.
  18. 18. Colosseum Rome, Italy ca. 70-80 C.E.
  19. 19. Colosseum Rome, Italy ca. 70-80 C.E.
  20. 20. Arch of Titus Rome, Italy 81 C.E.
  21. 21. Arches • Arches have a long history beginning in the second century BCE, and ending in the era of Christian Roman emperors. • Early triumphal arches contained only one passage way. • Squandrels (Area between framing and arch) contain reliefs. • Usually contain inscription at top. • Triumphal arches are dedicated to emperors who have been deified. If an emperor goes against the senate he is not deified, his statues are all destroyed, and he is erased from public inscriptions. This is known as Damnatio Memoriae
  22. 22. Arch of Titus • Dimensions: 15.4 meters high by 13.5 meters wide. • The inscription reads: The Roman Senate and People to Deified Titus, Vespasian Augustus, son of Deified Vespasian. • The reliefs in the Arch of Titus represent the triumphal parade of Titus after the conquest of Judea at end of Jewish wars.
  23. 23. Titus Reliefs and Inscription Relief: Spoils of Jerusalem Inscription. Relief: Triumph of Titus
  24. 24. Arch of Titus
  25. 25. Portrait bust of a Flavian woman from Rome, Italy ca. 90 C.E. marble 25 in. high
  26. 26. Pantheon Rome, Italy ca. 118-125 C.E.
  27. 27. Pantheon Rome, Italy ca. 118-125 C.E.
  28. 28. Pantheon Rome, Italy ca. 118-125 C.E.
  29. 29. Al-Khazneh Petra, Jordan 2nd century C.E.
  30. 30. Equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius from Rome, Italy ca. 175 C.E. bronze 11 ft. 6 in. high
  31. 31. Equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius from Rome, Italy ca. 175 C.E. bronze 11 ft. 6 in. high
  32. 32. Portraits of the four tetrarchs St. Mark’s, Venice ca. 305 C.E. porphyry 51 in. high
  33. 33. Arch of Constantine Rome, Italy ca. 312-315 C.E.
  34. 34. Portrait of Constantine from the Basilica Nova, Rome, Italy ca. 315-330 C.E. marble head approximately 8 ft. 6 in. high
  35. 35. Basilica Nova reconstruction drawing Rome, Italy 306-312 C.E.
  36. 36. Aula Palatina (Basilica) Trier, Germany early 4th century C.E.
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