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Ancient rome


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  • 1. Art and Architecture of Ancient Rome
  • 2. What can you remember about ancient Greek art and architecture?
  • 3. Where is Rome?
  • 4. This is where it used to be.
  • 5. Rome the Republic • Period of ancient Rome when it operated as a Republic (the type of government we have in the U.S.) • This facet of Roman history began circa 509 BCE. • Republic - Type of government where the public governs.
  • 6. • Verism- The preference of the truthful representation of an image over an idealized version. Head of a Roman patrician ca. 75-50 B.C.E. marble approximately 1 ft. 2 in. high
  • 7. • Portrait of a Roman General • Tivoli, Italy • ca. 75 - 50 B.C.E. marble 6 ft. 2 in. high
  • 8. • First Style wall painting • fauces of the Samnite House, Herculaneum, Italy • late 2nd century B.C.E. fresco
  • 9. Pompeii • Pompeii was a city in Rome which was “destroyed” by the volcano Mt. Vesuvius. • The destruction of this city also solidified it’s place in history. Pompeii forum, or city center
  • 10. • Dionysiac mystery frieze • Room 5, Pompeii, Italy • ca. 60-50 B.C.E. fresco frieze approximately 64 in. high
  • 11. • Like the roman mixture for concrete, we also have not yet found the recipe for Pompeiian red.
  • 12. The Roman Empire • Where the Roman Republic was a republic government, • The Roman Empire is an autocratic system of government. • Autocratic – System of government where one person holds all political power.
  • 13. Portrait of Augustus as general from Primaporta, Italy ca. 20 B.C.E. marble 80 in. high
  • 14. Head of Caesar Augustus ca. 100 C.E. marble with traces of polychrome
  • 15. AraPacisAugustae Rome, Italy ca. 13-9 B.C.E. marble 63 in. high
  • 16. Pont-du-Gard Nimes, France ca. 16 B.C.E.
  • 17. Pont-du-Gard Nimes, France ca. 16 B.C.E.
  • 18. Colosseum Rome, Italy ca. 70-80 C.E.
  • 19. Colosseum Rome, Italy ca. 70-80 C.E.
  • 20. Arch of Titus Rome, Italy 81 C.E.
  • 21. Arches • Arches have a long history beginning in the second century BCE, and ending in the era of Christian Roman emperors. • Early triumphal arches contained only one passage way. • Squandrels (Area between framing and arch) contain reliefs. • Usually contain inscription at top. • Triumphal arches are dedicated to emperors who have been deified. If an emperor goes against the senate he is not deified, his statues are all destroyed, and he is erased from public inscriptions. This is known as Damnatio Memoriae
  • 22. Arch of Titus • Dimensions: 15.4 meters high by 13.5 meters wide. • The inscription reads: The Roman Senate and People to Deified Titus, Vespasian Augustus, son of Deified Vespasian. • The reliefs in the Arch of Titus represent the triumphal parade of Titus after the conquest of Judea at end of Jewish wars.
  • 23. Titus Reliefs and Inscription Relief: Spoils of Jerusalem Inscription. Relief: Triumph of Titus
  • 24. Arch of Titus
  • 25. Portrait bust of a Flavian woman from Rome, Italy ca. 90 C.E. marble 25 in. high
  • 26. Pantheon Rome, Italy ca. 118-125 C.E.
  • 27. Pantheon Rome, Italy ca. 118-125 C.E.
  • 28. Pantheon Rome, Italy ca. 118-125 C.E.
  • 29. Al-Khazneh Petra, Jordan 2nd century C.E.
  • 30. Equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius from Rome, Italy ca. 175 C.E. bronze 11 ft. 6 in. high
  • 31. Equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius from Rome, Italy ca. 175 C.E. bronze 11 ft. 6 in. high
  • 32. Portraits of the four tetrarchs St. Mark’s, Venice ca. 305 C.E. porphyry 51 in. high
  • 33. Arch of Constantine Rome, Italy ca. 312-315 C.E.
  • 34. Portrait of Constantine from the Basilica Nova, Rome, Italy ca. 315-330 C.E. marble head approximately 8 ft. 6 in. high
  • 35. Basilica Nova reconstruction drawing Rome, Italy 306-312 C.E.
  • 36. Aula Palatina (Basilica) Trier, Germany early 4th century C.E.