20th cent art


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20th cent art

  1. 1. th 20 Century art A revising of what art is.
  2. 2. 20th Century art • Several Influences – Post-Impressionism – Photography – World Events • Challenging of what art is. • Shift from what is it, to how and why. • Artist role changes.
  3. 3. How did photography change art? • Photography captures image instantaneously. • Exact depiction of image. • Decreases the need for many types of art. • Changes the reasons people create art.
  4. 4. Post-Impressionism influence on 20th century. • Abstraction follows postimpressionist focus on elements and principles. • Composition hugely important for many 20th century movements. • Other 20th century artists begin to look within to find subject matter. – Personal experiences – Emotionalism
  5. 5. What is art? • Even early 20th Century art challenged the purpose and the meaning of art. – Fountain • This challenging of art, also marks a shift in the role of the artist. • No longer just about technical skill.
  6. 6. Why make art? • Aesthetics • Personal expression • Social commentary
  7. 7. Artists who work for personal expression. • • • • • • Frida Kahlo Pablo Picasso Chagall Pollock Matisse Dali? The artists use art to express inner thoughts feelings or struggles.
  8. 8. Frida Kahlo • Mexican Painter • Created artwork based on personal life. • Influence by Magic-realism. • NOT A SURREALIST. • Darkness of work mimics hardships in personal life. • Painting for personal reasons. • Diego Y Yo, or Diego and I • Painted shortly after divorce from Mexican Muralist Diego Rivera. • Interpret this art work.
  9. 9. Pablo Picasso • Prior to the development of Cubism Picasso worked much like the expressionists of the late 19th Century. • Picasso’s blue period was brought on by a deep depression. • The blue pallet represents the sadness in Picasso’s life. • The subjects of the time represent people low in status. • Vastly different than Picasso’s later work.
  10. 10. Cubist Picasso • In 1907 Picasso along with friend George Braque began Cubism. • Influenced by Cezanne • Though Picasso was a master of many styles Cubism became his legacy. • In cubist works, the relationship between shapes and colors becomes more important that the subject matter. • The maids of Avaignon1907 often recognized as Picasso’s first cubist work.
  11. 11. De Stijlor The Style • Dutch • Artists were relying only on design, eliminating all emotion. • Exact opposite of Expressionism.
  12. 12. Piet Mondrian • Gradually flattening natural forms and reducing them to linear patterns, such as in Tree. • Later restricts design to primary colors, and black lines. The “white squares” in diagonal composition are actually varying shades of grey. • No center of interest, viewer must see whole design all at once. • Careful calculations and mathematical precision are essential to such a dehumanizing artistic style.
  13. 13. Giacometti • Alberto Giacometti (Swiss) • Beginning in 1934 his series of figure works will become what he is known for. • Giacometti says this is a powerful symbol of the loneliness and alienation of humanity in this century. • What does he mean by that? • What would he say about 21st century?
  14. 14. Surrealism • Sur- above or beyond realism- reality. • Dream-like imagery, often comes from dreams. • Surrealists use several techniques to achieve these images. – Juxtaposition – Levitation – Repetition – Diminishing Proportion
  15. 15. Salvador Dali • Most famous Surrealist. • Kicked out of Surrealist club for being a facist. • Persistence of Memory Dali’s best known painting. • Small painting of soft objects that usually represent objects metallic and solid. • Hated anything abstracted • 1931 • 9 ½”X13”
  16. 16. Marc Chagall • Chagall’s style is based somewhat on Cubism, but images are very surreal and personal. • Main subject is the Russia he remembered, before he left in 1920. • Often features funloving peasants, folklore, and fairy tells.
  17. 17. Alexander Calder • American Sculptor • Invented the Mobile • Calder’s Mobiles hung from a single point • Lobster Trap and Fish Tail is balanced so carefully a single breath of air can send it moving. • With this type of work endless possibilities of visual interest. Rarely seen the same by two people. • Size : 101”X115”
  18. 18. 20th Century Architecture • Breaking from the past • Surge of Construction • New types of construction – Steel and Metal-frame • Buildings no longer needed traditional arches and columns – Take on a grid-like shape • Lines of buildings are clean and function becomes a priority.
  19. 19. Frank Lloyd Wright • Primary concern to develop a compatible relationship between structure an location • Disregarded tradition enclosed rooms with doors, rooms would be separated only by partial walls • Let exterior space flow through interior space (creek) • Overall horizontal feel (calm) • Kaufmann house • 1936 • Marriage of location and construction