Participatory Budgeting


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Workshop Organized by CUE, CEPT University
30th June 2014

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Participatory Budgeting

  2. 2. What is Participatory Budgeting Democratic process In which the citizens directly decide on how to spend a part of the public budget.
  3. 3. 1989 Participatory Budgeting was initiated Porte Alegre, Brazil 300 + Practice Participatory Budgeting Cities worldwide Pune, India With Fully functional Participatory Budgeting Only major city Where did it all began?
  4. 4. Source: citizens-make-decisions-about-city-budgets-heres-what-happened/ - Education - Sanitation BrianWampler and MikeTouchton, Boise State University Municipal governments in Brazil that adopted Participatory Budgeting spent more on - Infant MortalityDropped by 20% Has Participatory Budgeting worked?
  5. 5. Prior to the initiation of participatory budgeting, there was no formally instituted method for the citizens of Pune to directly make suggestions to the Pune Municipal Corporation for •Projects •Developmental work •Civic services enhancement Participatory Budgeting in India THE PUNE EXPERIMENT
  6. 6. 2005 Inception in Pune Nagrik Chetna Manch National Society for Clean Cities (NSCC) At the request of local citizens’ group PMC described the process of making the municipal budget and invited suggestions from citizens Participatory Budgeting in India THE PUNE EXPERIMENT
  7. 7. 2006-07 Real action began A more detailed and formalized process was evolved by: •The then Municipal Commissioner, Dr. Nitin Kareer •Facilitation support provided by Janwani •Centre for environment Education In 2006, Dr. Kareer discussed the idea of citizens’ involvement in budgeting with the PMC Standing Committee members. However, the idea was not accepted, with one of the members even terming the proposal as the ‘death of democracy’ Participatory Budgeting in India THE PUNE EXPERIMENT
  8. 8. However, when the elections were announced and the General body dissolved, the Municipal Commissioner institutionalized Participatory Budgeting. When the new General Body was formed, they opposed Participatory budgeting in the beginning but later accepted it due to efforts of various Civil Society Organizations and demand of the citizens Participatory Budgeting in India THE PUNE EXPERIMENT
  9. 9. Process of Participatory Budgeting IN PUNE PMC Invites Suggestions Citizens submits suggestions at the Ward office through a prescribed form Suggestions are compiled by the Ward office and submitted to the Prabhag Samiti Prabhag Samiti approves or rejects the suggestions and compiles a list of approved suggestions List of approved suggestions are sent to Accounts department for Scrutiny Accounts department scrutinizes the list and compiles a final list that is included in the Commissioner’s budget
  10. 10. The categories that in which citizens may suggest works are: • Footpaths/ cycle tracks • Road • Street lights • Traffic signals • Bus stops • Public parking • Public toilets • Solid waste management • Water (supply) • Storm water • Gardens • Public buildings • Signage • Others What can citizens suggest?
  11. 11. Rs. 50 Lakh Upper limit of allocation towards Participatory Budget for each Prabhag Allocation towards Participatory Budgeting 76 Prabhags in Pune 2 Electoral wards in each Prabhag. Rs. 5 Lakh Each work suggested should not exceed (Financial limit of projects that can be tendered at the PMC ward offices)
  12. 12. How to suggest? Pro forma of the Participatory Budgeting form
  13. 13. How does the citizens know about Participatory Budgeting?
  14. 14. Participatory Budgeting in Pune BRIEF COMPARISION OFYEARS 2012-13, 2013-14, 2014-15
  15. 15. Rs. 38 Crores Rs. 37.52 Crores 846 allocated this year Upper limit of under Participatory Budget Works suggestion included in the budget of 4645 works suggested Participatory Budgeting 2014 -15
  16. 16. Number of suggestions submitted by the citizens to the PMC 4645 3300 600 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 Participatory Budgeting 2014 -15
  17. 17. Allocation by PMC towards Participatory Budget (Budgeted - In Rs. Cr.) 37.52 29.52 23.28 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 Participatory Budgeting 2014 -15
  18. 18. Status of Participatory Budgeting in Pune Year Budgeted (in Rs. Crore) Actual (in Rs. Crore) 2007 – 08 17.62 11.32 2008 – 09 27.27 20.75 2009 – 10 35.00 21.62 2010 – 11 30.16 16.55 2011 – 12 34.73 23.28 2012 – 13 26.24 16.67 2013 - 14 29.52 27.03 2014 – 15 37.52 N/A Data to be collected & tracked by Janwani team and through Crowdsourcing
  19. 19. ROADS BUILDINGS ELECTRICITY SLUM IMPROVEMENT WATER SUPPLY DRAINAGE PLANNED ALLOCATION ( IN RS. CRORES) NON-PLANNED TOTAL 3.86 8.90 12.76 2.68 4.90 7.58 1.24 4.16 5.40 0.68 4.22 4.90 0.4 1.18 1.58 0.99 4.31 5.30 TOTAL 37.52 Participatory Budgeting 2014 -15 ANALYSIS - DEPARTMENT WISE
  20. 20. Participatory Budgeting 2014 -15 ANALYSIS - DEPARTMENT WISE
  21. 21. Aundh 6% Kothrud 7% Ghole Road 8% Warje Karvenagar 6% Dhole Patil Road 7% Nagar Road 8% Sangamwadi 6% Bhavanipeth 8% KasbaVishrambaugwada 8% Tilak Road 7% Sahakarnagar 5% Hadapsar 5% Bibwewadi 5% Dhankawadi 7% Kondhwa Wanaori 7% Participatory Budgeting 2014 -15 WARD WISE ALLOCATION
  22. 22. Facilitation by the Civil Society Organizations Centre for Environment Education Has prepared a menu card with pictures and descriptions of what all can be suggested under Participatory Budgeting.Also working on systemic improvements of PB processes. Mohalla Committees Organize meetings to discuss the projects for their locality to be suggested under Participatory Budgeting
  23. 23. The design team of Leverant, a company run by Mr.Vishal Jain designed and printed over 1000 posters that were stuck at various places across the city. Role of Corporate Companies KPIT Technologies LTD. Has built a web application on Participatory Budgeting that enabled citizens to participate in the budgeting process with a click of the mouse. KPIT is currently working on a mobile application on Participatory Budgeting. Leverant
  24. 24. Posters on Participatory Budgeting
  25. 25. Media has been one of the biggest supporters of Participatory Budgeting in Pune. In 2013, 2 months (August – September), 57 print articles on Participatory budgeting were published covering every single newspaper in the city 2 Radio interviews broadcasted during prime time. Role of Media
  26. 26. •In past two years (2012 and 2013), Janwani has conducted over 60 workshops on Participatory Budgeting in the city of Pune. (20 of these workshops have been forWomen Self Help Groups) •Janwani played an important role in getting the Web application built and assisted CEE in preparation of the menu card on Participatory Budgeting. Role of Janwani
  27. 27. Role of Janwani
  28. 28. Role of Janwani
  29. 29. Role of Janwani
  30. 30. Role of Janwani
  31. 31. Role of Janwani
  32. 32. Role of Janwani
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  35. 35. Dedicated twitter handle for Participatory Budgeting in Pune - @PuneBudget run by Janwani Role of Janwani
  36. 36. Current Stage - Participatory Budgeting in Pune • List of works completed through Participatory Budgeting in PMC Budget 2013-14 has been collated from all 76 Prabhags • Janwani team visited around 200 locations and clicked pictures. • Geo tagging of these pictures has been done and the web link will be available by the end of first week of July • Prabhag wise list of works included in PMC Budget 2014-15 under Participatory Budget has been prepared and uploaded on Janwani’s website. • Lists have been publicized through Twitter and Facebook • Corporators have took notice of the list and acted upon it Role of Janwani
  37. 37. Participatory Budgeting Outcomes– Aundh Gaon Sabzi Mandi re- painted and re-floored (PMC Budget 2013-14)
  38. 38. Participatory Budgeting Outcomes – Stage of Golvarkar Municipal School repaired & ready to use (PMC Budget 2013-14)
  39. 39. Participatory Budgeting Outcomes – Footpath in front of Shivaji Maharaj Udyan Repaired (PMC Budget 2013-14)
  40. 40. Response from Citizens & Corporators • Corporator from Prabhag no. 61, Mrs. Nanda Lonkar tweeted the link of list of PB works for her prabhag on Janwani’s website • She organized a meeting with the local citizens to discuss the works under PB and has already got 3 works completed from her list. • Citizen group of Prabhag no. 61 felicitated Mrs. Nanda Lonkar for her swift response Role of Janwani
  41. 41. Role of Janwani
  42. 42. To Summarise: •Pros •Simple / User friendly process •Has been a continuous process since 2006-07 •Decent allocation towards PB •Cons •Inaccessibility to Prabhag Samiti Meetings •Low participation by urban poor •Role of Corporators
  43. 43. What’s Next? Janwani is working on the following: •Comprehensive report of Participatory Budgeting in Pune •Mobile application on Participatory Budgeting in Pune •Guidebook on Participatory Budgeting •Facilitation of Participatory Budgeting 2015-16 in Pune – focussing on inclusion ofWomen, Urban poor & other marginalized groups •Expansion of Participatory Budgeting to other cities
  44. 44. Thank you Naim Keruwala Assistant Director Janwani Ph: +91 9921 697 589 Web: Janwani, meaning ‘Voice of the people’ is a Public Trust (Registered under Bombay PublicTrust Act, 1950) an initiative supported by Mahratta Chamber of Commerce, Industries & Agriculture (MCCIA) based in Pune, India. It was formed in the year 2006 under the chairmanship of Dr. B.G. Deshmukh and it is currently chaired by Dr.Vijay Kelkar (Chairman, 13th Finance Commission, Government of India) Janwani works on advocating and promoting equitable and sustainable development of Pune Metropolitan Region by addressing six major concerning the region, namely: •City Structure, •Environment, •Energy, •Governance, •Heritage and •Traffic &Transportation