GY341




Is an 8.8 quake more deadly than a 7.3
quake?


Isabel Carreras-Baquer                                          ...
The paradox of the Richter scale




      CHILE 8.8                              HAITI 7.3
    (900 times stronger)
    (...
Why was Chile quake less deadly
than Haiti quake?




http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/8543324.stm
Visualising Resilience
                1.Vulnerability   2.Reaction
                   factors          factors




      ...
1.Vulnerability
               factors




         quake
                                       time



                 ...
1. Vulnerability
1.1 City morphology
  1.1.1 Density >> People and buildings
  1.1.2 Emergency places >> plazas, street wi...
1.1 City morphology
   Density: People and buildings




Port-au-Prince                     Concepcion
During: How you go out?         After: How you get in?
        But Different Urban Structure




Haiti                    ...
1.1.3 Hazardousness of the location

                       Santiago
                                  Concepción




  (E...
1.2 Building codes

               Haiti: no building codes                                Chile: 7.5 (Nch433, 1996)




 ...
1.2 Building codes




      Informal Construction      Formal Construction
      Application also matters
Formal Construction
Ethics of profit making
1.3 Information
   Individual Knowledge

   Distribution Channels
Individual Knowledge  Looking for safe places/ alerting hazards


_Tsunami Alert System Fails
_Lack of communication with...
Channels of distribution  transforming local knowledge in a Tsunami alert


"¡Se sale el mar!" gritó con megáfono el cabo...
1.4 Gender?

“one woman for every three men survived” Aceh, Indonesia earthquake

Vulnerability factors>>
_Lack of informa...
2. Reaction
                            factors




         quake
                 High        Medium    Low
            ...
2. Capacity to recover
2.1 Economic Factors
  2.1.1 Individual financial capacity
        savings (past) and income (prese...
2.1.1 Individual financial capacity

        + Savings (past)

       + Income (present)
       + Access to credits (futur...
CHILE: 14,900 US dollar                          HAITI: 1,300 US dollar


                                                ...
2.1.2 Public financial capacity

   + Savings (past)

   + National GDP (present)
   + Access to International credits (fu...
2.1.3 Insurance coverage
                                      CHILE        HAITI

          -Transport Infrastructure   M...
2.1.3 Insurance coverage
                           USA                     MEX




                                 (Come...
2.1.4 Location of productive areas
“Quake crushes Haiti’s economic revival Nation was moving toward stability, growth
when...
Damage


30% GDP   30% GDP

                    30%
2.2 Institutional Capacity
             -International help
             -National: Vertical, Horizontal,

               ...
horizontal     vertical




Santiago
                               State




Concepción




             International
horizontal       vertical




Port-au-Prince
                                   State




Jacmel




                 Inte...
Opportunistic behaviour
2.3 Social factors   “Atemorizados, los ciudadanos de ese barrio y de sus alrededores se andan por...
Collaborative behaviour

 _Sharing Food
 _Sharing Shelter
 _Rescuing tasks
 _Social order
2.3.2 Activation of Social Networks
1. Vulnerability   2. Reaction
                        factors           factors




                 Quake 8.8

CHILE



...
Remark Section 1:
Clear correlation between poverty and vulnerability/reaction

Vulnerability Factors >>

                ...
3. Chain effects


“No necesitamos ayuda internacional”
(Bachelet, February 2010)


 “...Traditional   measures   of geolo...
Quake
Telecom
                        Victims
    Electricity
     Water
                                 Police
               ...
15

    Telecom
                        Victims
    Electricity
     Water
                                 Police
       ...
Tsunami




    Telecom
                         Victims
    Electricity
     Water
                                  Poli...
Tsunami
                                                    Lack

            No Water                                reac...
Tsunami
                                                    Lack

            No Water                                reac...
Diseases
                           Water
                          Telecom
                          Electricity

       ...
Diseases
                           Water
                          Telecom
                          Electricity

       ...
Diseases
                           Water
                          Telecom
                          Electricity

       ...
Diseases
                           Water
                          Telecom
                          Electricity

       ...
Diseases
                           Water
                          Telecom
                          Electricity

       ...
Diseases
                           Water
                          Telecom
                          Electricity

       ...
Diseases
                           Water
                          Telecom
                          Electricity

       ...
Diseases
                           Water
                          Telecom
                          Electricity

       ...
Diseases
                           Water
                          Telecom
                          Electricity

       ...
Diseases
                           Water
                          Telecom
                          Electricity

       ...
1.Victims and housing issues

                                                                  Rural-urban
              ...
1.Victims and housing issues
1. First housing damage resulting in first victims and potential victims trapped

           ...
1.Victims and housing issues
1. First housing damage resulting in first victims and potential victims trapped

2. Tsunami ...
1.Victims and housing issues
1. First housing damage resulting in first victims and potential victims trapped
2. Tsunami
 ...
1.Victims and housing issues
1. First housing damage resulting in first victims and potential victims trapped
2. Tsunami
 ...
1.Victims and housing issues
1. First housing damage resulting in first victims and potential victims trapped
2. Tsunami
 ...
1.Victims and housing issues
1. First housing damage resulting in first victims and potential victims trapped
2. Tsunami
 ...
1.Victims and housing issues
1. First housing damage resulting in first victims and potential victims trapped
2. Tsunami
 ...
1.Victims and housing issues
1. First housing damage resulting in first victims and potential victims trapped
2. Tsunami
 ...
1.Victims and housing issues
1. First housing damage resulting in first victims and potential victims trapped
2. Tsunami
 ...
1.Victims and housing issues
1. First housing damage resulting in first victims and potential victims trapped
2. Tsunami
 ...
2.Economic impacts


                                                                                 Rural
              ...
2.Economic impacts
1. Immediate destruction of the industries and             the business sectors



                    ...
2.Economic impacts
1. Immediate destruction of the industries and              the business sectors
2. Productivity ceases...
2.Economic impacts
1. Immediate destruction of the industries and                 the business sectors
2. Productivity cea...
2.Economic impacts
1. Immediate destruction of the industries and                     the business sectors
2. Productivity...
2.Economic impacts
1. Immediate destruction of the industries and                     the business sectors
2. Productivity...
2.Economic impacts
1. Immediate destruction of the industries and                      the business sectors
2. Productivit...
2.Economic impacts
1. Immediate destruction of the industries and                     the business sectors
2. Productivity...
2.Economic impacts
1. Immediate destruction of the industries and                     the business sectors
2. Productivity...
2.Economic impacts informal economy


                                                                                    ...
Economic impacts in the short term
_ Informal sector gains and becomes literally the only way to survive



              ...
2.Economic impacts
_ Informal sector gains and becomes literally the only way to survive
_Providing informal livelihoods o...
2.Economic impacts
_ Informal sector gains and becomes literally the only way to survive
_Providing informal livelihoods o...
Hoping for costumers in Haiti (providing a livelihood )
“Mr. Jules, 48, home gone, several relatives dead, goes to the Gra...
Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos
Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos
Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos
Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos
Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos
Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos
Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos
Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos
Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos
Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos
Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos
Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos
Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos
Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos
Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos
Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos
Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos
Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos
Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos
Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos
Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos
Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos
Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos
Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos
Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos
Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos
Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos
Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos
Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos
Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos
Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos
Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos
Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos
Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos
Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos
Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos
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Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos

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Pablo Navarrete. "Why was Chile's quake less deadly than Haiti's quake?". Arquitecto Universidad de Chile, Msc Sciences-Po, Msc London School of Economics
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18/04/10
Why was Chile's quake less deadly than Haiti's quake? Terremotos Chile - Haiti.

Categories: Seminarios y estudios

Pablo Navarrete. "Why was Chile's quake less deadly than Haiti's quake?". Arquitecto Universidad de Chile, Msc Sciences-Po, Msc London School of Economics
Exposición en Seminario Instituto de Estudios Urbanos PUC, Santiago de Chile 12/04/2010

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Transcript of "Terremotos en Haiti Chile. Comparación de impactos"

  1. 1. GY341 Is an 8.8 quake more deadly than a 7.3 quake? Isabel Carreras-Baquer Pablo Navarrete London School of Economics and Political Science London School of Economics and Political Science MSc in Regional and Urban Planning Studies MSc in Regional and Urban Planning Studies i.carreras-baquer@lse.ac.uk Sciences-Po Paris MSC in Urban and Regional Strategies p.j.navarrete@lse.ac.uk
  2. 2. The paradox of the Richter scale CHILE 8.8 HAITI 7.3 (900 times stronger) (5th biggest in human history) Tsunami no Tsunami 13.6 M/ 17M people affected 9M/ 9M people affecte 723 Death 230.000 Death (5th deathly earthquake in the human history)
  3. 3. Why was Chile quake less deadly than Haiti quake? http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/8543324.stm
  4. 4. Visualising Resilience 1.Vulnerability 2.Reaction factors factors quake time damage
  5. 5. 1.Vulnerability factors quake time Low impact damage Medium impact High Impact
  6. 6. 1. Vulnerability 1.1 City morphology 1.1.1 Density >> People and buildings 1.1.2 Emergency places >> plazas, street width, cores 1.1.3 Hazardousness of the location 1.2 Building codes 1.2.1 Existance 1.2.1 Application -Informal construction -Construction ethics of profit making 1.3 Information 1.3.1 Individual Knowledge 1.3.2 Channels of distribution 1.4 Gender?
  7. 7. 1.1 City morphology Density: People and buildings Port-au-Prince Concepcion
  8. 8. During: How you go out? After: How you get in? But Different Urban Structure Haiti Concepcion
  9. 9. 1.1.3 Hazardousness of the location Santiago Concepción (Elo et al., 1995)
  10. 10. 1.2 Building codes Haiti: no building codes Chile: 7.5 (Nch433, 1996) “Earthquakes don’t kill people,” says John Mutter, a seismologist. “Bad buildings kill them.” http://www.infrastructurist.com/2010/01/20/earthquakes-dont-kill-peoplebad-buildings-do-more-on-haitis-building-codes/ Port-au-Prince Concepción
  11. 11. 1.2 Building codes Informal Construction Formal Construction Application also matters
  12. 12. Formal Construction Ethics of profit making
  13. 13. 1.3 Information Individual Knowledge Distribution Channels
  14. 14. Individual Knowledge  Looking for safe places/ alerting hazards _Tsunami Alert System Fails _Lack of communication with many costal zones “Policemen didn’t wait for the official order to evacuate and sent everybody to the hills”
  15. 15. Channels of distribution  transforming local knowledge in a Tsunami alert "¡Se sale el mar!" gritó con megáfono el cabo José Arévalo, quien fue la única persona que avisó sobre el tsunami. El carabinero logró salvar a numerosas personas que se encontraban en los pubs de la costanera y en la playa en Pichilemu. (La Tercera 3 March 2010 ) “Éste les confirmó la magnitud del sismo y Martina corre a la plaza de Robinson Crusoe para activar la alarma Tsunami, permitiendo salvar muchas vidas. Hoy es una heroína reconocida por todos los sobrevivientes de la isla”. (LUN 3 March) pellehue Carabineros de Iloca. El lugar era el principal balneario costero de la provincia de Curicó, la dotación de carabineros del lugar orientados por su sentido común evacuó a la mayoría de los habitantes y turistas de Iloca, dando aviso de tsunami sin recibir aviso oficial del riesgo.
  16. 16. 1.4 Gender? “one woman for every three men survived” Aceh, Indonesia earthquake Vulnerability factors>> _Lack of information about evacuation warnings _Culturally restricted mobility _Growing responsibility within the family (after shock) Evidence>> Chile shows no correlation >> 246 M / 255 F No data on Haiti (World Bank 2006:50)
  17. 17. 2. Reaction factors quake High Medium Low speed impact impact damage
  18. 18. 2. Capacity to recover 2.1 Economic Factors 2.1.1 Individual financial capacity savings (past) and income (present), Access to credits (future) 2.1.2 Public financial capacity National, Regional , local 2.1.3 Insurance coverage National, Local, ¿International? 2.1.4 Location of productive areas 2.2 Institutional Capacity International, Vertical, Horizontal 2.3 Social factors 2.3.1 Opportunistic vs collaborative behaviour >> Game theory 2.3.2 Activation of Social Networks/ rural urban linkages
  19. 19. 2.1.1 Individual financial capacity + Savings (past) + Income (present) + Access to credits (future) Individual financial capacity
  20. 20. CHILE: 14,900 US dollar HAITI: 1,300 US dollar + Savings (past) + Savings (past) + Income (present) + Income (present) + Access to credits (future) + Access to credits (future) financial capacity of the rich > financial capacity of the poor *Difference between individuals in Rich and Poor Nation *Difference between Rich and Poor individuals within a Nation
  21. 21. 2.1.2 Public financial capacity + Savings (past) + National GDP (present) + Access to International credits (future) National financial capacity *Differences at a National, Regional, Local scale
  22. 22. 2.1.3 Insurance coverage CHILE HAITI -Transport Infrastructure Medium Low Public -Public Buildings Low Low -Business Medium-Low Low Private -Houses= Formal, Informal Medium-Low Low
  23. 23. 2.1.3 Insurance coverage USA MEX (Comerio, 1997)
  24. 24. 2.1.4 Location of productive areas “Quake crushes Haiti’s economic revival Nation was moving toward stability, growth when disaster struck” http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/34866872 infrastructure damage textile manufacturing
  25. 25. Damage 30% GDP 30% GDP 30%
  26. 26. 2.2 Institutional Capacity -International help -National: Vertical, Horizontal, State International vertical horizontal city city
  27. 27. horizontal vertical Santiago State Concepción International
  28. 28. horizontal vertical Port-au-Prince State Jacmel International
  29. 29. Opportunistic behaviour 2.3 Social factors “Atemorizados, los ciudadanos de ese barrio y de sus alrededores se andan por las calles con palos, hierros, bates de béisbol, cuchillos e incluso escopetas para proteger sus casas” La Tercera, 2 March 2010 “Piñera critica errores del gobierno de Bachelet tras el terremoto” La Tercera, 3th March 2010 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 2
  30. 30. Collaborative behaviour _Sharing Food _Sharing Shelter _Rescuing tasks _Social order
  31. 31. 2.3.2 Activation of Social Networks
  32. 32. 1. Vulnerability 2. Reaction factors factors Quake 8.8 CHILE Quake 7.3 HAITI damage
  33. 33. Remark Section 1: Clear correlation between poverty and vulnerability/reaction Vulnerability Factors >> poor nations than rich nations More vulnarable the poor than the rich within a nation the poor than the rich within a city the women than the men within a household Reaction Factors >> poor nations than rich nations Less capacity to poor than the rich within a nation recover poor than the rich within a city men than women?
  34. 34. 3. Chain effects “No necesitamos ayuda internacional” (Bachelet, February 2010) “...Traditional measures of geological or hydro meteorological intensity, casualty rates, even the numbers of people made homeless, are not the appropriate indicators of a need for outside aid.” (Comerio, Mary 1997:324)
  35. 35. Quake
  36. 36. Telecom Victims Electricity Water Police Hospitals Transport Firemen Quake Network Housing damage Retail Industry Business
  37. 37. 15 Telecom Victims Electricity Water Police Hospitals Transport Firemen Quake Network Housing damage Retail Industry Business
  38. 38. Tsunami Telecom Victims Electricity Water Police Hospitals Transport Firemen Quake Network Housing damage Retail Industry Business
  39. 39. Tsunami Lack No Water reaction capacity Victims Telecom Victims Victims Electricity Water Police Isolation Hospitals Transport Firemen Quake Trapped Network Housing damage No Water Retail Industry Business lack of shelter No Food No productivity Uncertainty
  40. 40. Tsunami Lack No Water reaction capacity Victims Telecom Victims Victims Electricity Water Police Isolation Hospitals Transport Firemen Quake Trapped Network Housing damage No Water Retail Industry Business lack of shelter No Food No productivity Uncertainty
  41. 41. Diseases Water Telecom Electricity Tsunami Lack No Water reaction Victims + capacity Putrefaction Victims Telecom Victims Victims Electricity Water Police Displacement Isolation Hospitals Lack Firemen Urb-Rural Transport reaction Quake Trapped Migration Network capacity Housing damage No Water Retail Industry No S / Business lack of shelter Increase D Local No Food Informal economy Inflation No productivity Uncertainty Reactivation Industry Fall Stock destroyed Social Exchange disorder
  42. 42. Diseases Water Telecom Electricity Tsunami Lack No Water reaction Victims + capacity Putrefaction Victims Telecom Victims Victims Electricity Water Police Displacement Isolation Hospitals Lack Firemen Urb-Rural Transport reaction Quake Trapped Migration Network capacity Housing damage No Water Retail Industry No S / Business lack of shelter Increase D Local No Food Informal economy Inflation No productivity Uncertainty Reactivation Industry Fall Stock destroyed Social Exchange disorder
  43. 43. Diseases Water Telecom Electricity Tsunami Victims + Lack reaction disappeared No Water Victims + capacity Putrefaction Victims Telecom Victims Victims Electricity Rural Water Police Displacement Overpopulation Isolation Hospitals Lack Firemen Urb-Rural Transport reaction Quake Trapped Migration Network capacity Housing damage Increase No Water Retail Industry Prices No S / Business lack of shelter Increase D Local No Food Informal economy Inflation No productivity Uncertainty Reactivation Firms Industry disappeared Fall Stock destroyed Firms Social Exchange disorder Relocation Nat. internat. Political Lack FDI outflow disorder reaction Political capacity Instability
  44. 44. Diseases Water Telecom Electricity Tsunami Victims + Lack reaction disappeared No Water Victims + capacity Putrefaction Victims Telecom Victims Victims Electricity Rural Water Police Displacement Overpopulation Isolation Hospitals Lack Firemen Urb-Rural Transport reaction Quake Trapped Migration Network capacity Housing damage Increase No Water Retail Industry Prices No S / Business lack of shelter Increase D Local No Food Informal economy Inflation No productivity Uncertainty Reactivation Firms Industry disappeared Fall Stock destroyed Firms Social Exchange disorder Relocation Nat. internat. Political Lack FDI outflow disorder reaction Political capacity Instability
  45. 45. Diseases Water Telecom Electricity Tsunami Victims + Lack reaction disappeared No Water Victims + capacity Putrefaction Victims Telecom Victims Victims Electricity Rural Water Police Displacement Overpopulation Isolation Hospitals Lack Firemen Urb-Rural Transport reaction Quake Trapped Migration Network capacity Housing damage Increase No Water Retail Industry Prices No S / Business lack of shelter Increase D Local No Food Informal economy Inflation No productivity Uncertainty Reactivation Firms Industry disappeared Fall Stock destroyed Firms Social Exchange disorder Relocation Nat. internat. Political Reg+Nat Lack FDI outflow disorder Unemployment reaction Political capacity Instability
  46. 46. Diseases Water Telecom Electricity Tsunami Victims + Lack reaction disappeared No Water Victims + capacity Putrefaction Victims Telecom Victims Victims Electricity Rural Water Police Displacement Overpopulation Isolation Hospitals Lack Firemen Urb-Rural Transport reaction Quake Trapped Migration Network capacity Housing damage Increase No Water Retail Industry Prices No S / Business lack of shelter Increase D Local No Food Informal economy Inflation No productivity Uncertainty Reactivation Firms Industry disappeared Fall Stock destroyed Firms Social Exchange disorder Relocation Nat. internat. Political Reg+Nat Lack FDI outflow disorder Unemployment reaction Political capacity Instability
  47. 47. Diseases Water Telecom Electricity Tsunami Victims + Lack reaction disappeared No Water Victims + capacity Putrefaction Victims Telecom Victims Victims Electricity Rural Water Police Displacement Overpopulation Isolation Hospitals Lack Firemen Urb-Rural Transport reaction Quake Trapped Migration Network capacity Housing damage Increase No Water Retail Industry Prices No S / Business lack of shelter Increase D Local No Food Informal economy Inflation No productivity Uncertainty Reactivation Firms Industry disappeared Fall Stock destroyed Firms Informal Social Exchange eco disorder Relocation Nat. internat. Political Reg+Nat Lack FDI outflow disorder Unemployment reaction Political Fall GDP capacity Instability
  48. 48. Diseases Water Telecom Electricity Tsunami Victims + Lack reaction disappeared No Water Victims + capacity Putrefaction Victims Telecom Victims Victims Electricity Rural Water Police Displacement Overpopulation Isolation Hospitals Lack Firemen Urb-Rural Transport reaction Quake Trapped Migration Network capacity Housing damage Increase No Water Retail Industry Prices No S / Business lack of shelter Increase D Local No Food Informal economy Inflation No productivity Uncertainty Reactivation Firms Industry disappeared Fall Stock destroyed Firms Informal Social Exchange eco disorder Relocation Nat. internat. Political Reg+Nat Lack FDI outflow disorder Unemployment reaction Political Fall GDP capacity Instability
  49. 49. Diseases Water Telecom Electricity Tsunami Victims + Lack reaction disappeared No Water Victims + capacity Putrefaction Victims Telecom Victims Victims Electricity Rural Water Police Displacement Overpopulation Isolation Hospitals Lack Firemen Urb-Rural Transport reaction Quake Trapped Migration Network capacity Housing damage Increase No Water Retail Industry Prices No S / Business lack of shelter Increase D Local No Food Informal economy Inflation No productivity Uncertainty Reactivation Firms Industry disappeared Fall Stock destroyed Firms Informal Social Exchange eco disorder Relocation Nat. internat. Political Reg+Nat Lack FDI outflow disorder Unemployment reaction Political Fall GDP capacity Instability
  50. 50. Diseases Water Telecom Electricity Tsunami Victims + Lack reaction disappeared No Water Victims + capacity Putrefaction Victims Telecom Victims Victims Electricity Rural Water Police Displacement Overpopulation Isolation Hospitals Lack Firemen Urb-Rural Transport reaction Quake Trapped Migration Network capacity Housing damage Increase No Water Retail Industry Prices No S / Business lack of shelter Increase D Local No Food Informal economy Inflation No productivity Uncertainty Reactivation Firms Industry disappeared Fall Stock destroyed Firms Informal Social Exchange eco disorder Relocation Nat. internat. Political Reg+Nat Lack FDI outflow disorder Unemployment reaction Political Fall GDP capacity Instability
  51. 51. 1.Victims and housing issues Rural-urban links Victims Trapped Rural Displacement Overpopulation Trapped Urb-Rural Quake Tsunami Migration Housing Affordabili loss damage Increase Housing No S / Prices damage lack of shelter Increase D Temporary Informal shelter shelter Formal shelter
  52. 52. 1.Victims and housing issues 1. First housing damage resulting in first victims and potential victims trapped Rural-urban links Victims Trapped Rural Displacement Overpopulation Trapped Urb-Rural Quake Tsunami Migration Housing Affordabili loss damage Increase Housing No S / Prices damage lack of shelter Increase D Temporary Informal shelter shelter Formal shelter
  53. 53. 1.Victims and housing issues 1. First housing damage resulting in first victims and potential victims trapped 2. Tsunami Rural-urban links Victims Trapped Rural Displacement Overpopulation Trapped Urb-Rural Quake Tsunami Migration Housing Affordabili loss damage Increase Housing No S / Prices damage lack of shelter Increase D Temporary Informal shelter shelter Formal shelter
  54. 54. 1.Victims and housing issues 1. First housing damage resulting in first victims and potential victims trapped 2. Tsunami Rural-urban 3. Second housing damage links Victims Trapped and more victims Rural Displacement Overpopulation Trapped Urb-Rural Quake Tsunami Migration Housing Affordabili loss damage Increase Housing No S / Prices damage lack of shelter Increase D Temporary Informal shelter shelter Formal shelter
  55. 55. 1.Victims and housing issues 1. First housing damage resulting in first victims and potential victims trapped 2. Tsunami Rural-urban 3. Second housing damage links Victims Trapped and more victims Rural Displacement Overpopulation 4. Lack of shelter: (WBIEG, 2006) Quake Trapped Urb-Rural Tsunami Migration Affordabili need of temporary-informal Housing loss damage Increase Housing No S / Prices shelter. It may become permanent damage lack of shelter Increase D in the long run (Chile, Haiti?) Temporary Informal shelter shelter Formal shelter
  56. 56. 1.Victims and housing issues 1. First housing damage resulting in first victims and potential victims trapped 2. Tsunami Rural-urban 3. Second housing damage links Victims Trapped and more victims Rural Displacement Overpopulation 4. Lack of shelter: (WBIEG, 2006) Quake Trapped Urb-Rural Tsunami Migration Affordabili need of temporary-informal Housing loss damage Increase Housing No S / Prices shelter. It may become permanent damage lack of shelter Increase D in the long run (Chile, Haiti?) Temporary Informal shelter shelter Formal shelter
  57. 57. 1.Victims and housing issues 1. First housing damage resulting in first victims and potential victims trapped 2. Tsunami Rural-urban 3. Second housing damage links Victims Trapped and more victims Rural Displacement Overpopulation 4. Lack of shelter: (WBIEG, 2006) Quake Trapped Urb-Rural Tsunami Migration Affordabili need of temporary-informal Housing loss damage Increase Housing No S / Prices shelter. It may become permanent damage lack of shelter Increase D in the long run (Chile, Haiti?) Temporary Informal shelter shelter Formal shelter
  58. 58. 1.Victims and housing issues 1. First housing damage resulting in first victims and potential victims trapped 2. Tsunami Rural-urban 3. Second housing damage links Victims Trapped and more victims Rural Displacement Overpopulation 4. Lack of shelter: (WBIEG, 2006) Quake Trapped Urban-Rural Tsunami Migration Affordabili need of temporary-informal Housing loss damage Increase Housing No S / Prices shelter. It may become permanent damage lack of shelter Increase D in the long run (Chile, Haiti?) Temporary Informal shelter shelter 5. Displacement, urban-rural migration Formal and activation of rural-urban linkages (in an opposite way) shelter
  59. 59. 1.Victims and housing issues 1. First housing damage resulting in first victims and potential victims trapped 2. Tsunami Rural-urban 3. Second housing damage links Victims Trapped and more victims Rural Displacement Overpopulation 4. Lack of shelter: (WBIEG, 2006) Quake Trapped Urban-Rural Tsunami Migration Affordabili need of temporary-informal Housing loss damage Increase Housing No S / Prices shelter. It may become permanent damage lack of shelter Increase D in the long run (Chile, Haiti?) Temporary Informal shelter shelter 5. Displacement, urban-rural migration Formal and activation of rural-urban linkages (in an opposite way) shelter 6. Rural overpopulation threatening the communities sustainability (environment degradation and increase in vulnerability)
  60. 60. 1.Victims and housing issues 1. First housing damage resulting in first victims and potential victims trapped 2. Tsunami Rural-urban 3. Second housing damage links Victims Trapped and more victims Rural Displacement Overpopulation 4. Lack of shelter: (WBIEG, 2006) Quake Trapped Urban-Rural Tsunami Migration Affordabili need of temporary-informal Housing loss damage Increase Housing No S / Prices shelter. It may become permanent damage lack of shelter Increase D in the long run (Chile, Haiti?) Temporary Informal shelter shelter 5. Displacement, urban-rural migration Formal and activation of rural-urban linkages (in an opposite way) shelter 6. Rural overpopulation threatening the communities sustainability (environment degradation and increase in vulnerability) 5. An increase in demand and a lack of supply leads to an increase of prices (Gilbert, 2001)
  61. 61. 1.Victims and housing issues 1. First housing damage resulting in first victims and potential victims trapped 2. Tsunami Rural-urban 3. Second housing damage links Victims Trapped and more victims Rural Displacement Overpopulation 4. Lack of shelter: (WBIEG, 2006) Quake Trapped Urban-Rural Tsunami Migration Affordabili need of temporary-informal Housing loss damage Increase Housing No S / Prices shelter. It may become permanent damage lack of shelter Increase D in the long run (Chile, Haiti?) Temporary Informal shelter shelter 5. Displacement, urban-rural migration Formal and activation of rural-urban linkages (in an opposite way) shelter 6. Rural overpopulation threatening the communities sutainability (environment degradation and increase in vulnerability) 5. An increase in demand and a lack of supply leads to an increase of prices and exclusion of the poor from the housing market (Gilbert, 2001)
  62. 62. 2.Economic impacts Rural Overpopulation Quake Industry Business Tsunami Victims Informal economy No productivity Reactivation Firms Industry disappeared Informal Fall Stock destroyed Firms economy Exchange Relocation Nat. internat. Reg+Nat FDI outflow Unemployment Fall GDP
  63. 63. 2.Economic impacts 1. Immediate destruction of the industries and the business sectors Rural Overpopulation Quake Industry Business Tsunami Victims Informal economy No productivity Reactivation Firms Industry disappeared Informal Fall Stock destroyed Firms economy Exchange Relocation Nat. internat. Reg+Nat FDI outflow Unemployment Fall GDP
  64. 64. 2.Economic impacts 1. Immediate destruction of the industries and the business sectors 2. Productivity ceases Rural Overpopulation Quake Industry Business Tsunami Victims Informal economy No productivity Reactivation Firms Industry disappeared Informal Fall Stock destroyed Firms economy Exchange Relocation Nat. internat. Reg+Nat FDI outflow Unemployment Fall GDP
  65. 65. 2.Economic impacts 1. Immediate destruction of the industries and the business sectors 2. Productivity ceases 3. Impacts on the Stock Exchange (Chile: cement industries up) 4. First signs reactivation Rural Overpopulation Quake Industry Business Tsunami Victims Informal economy No productivity Reactivation Firms Industry disappeared Informal Fall Stock destroyed Firms economy Exchange Relocation Nat. internat. Reg+Nat FDI outflow Unemployment Fall GDP
  66. 66. 2.Economic impacts 1. Immediate destruction of the industries and the business sectors 2. Productivity ceases 3. Impacts on the Stock Exchange (Chile: cement industries up) 4. First signs reactivation Rural Overpopulation 5. Risk of investment Quake outflow due to affected SE 6. Firms relocate Industry Business Tsunami Victims nationally and internationally Informal economy No productivity Reactivation Firms Industry disappeared Informal Fall Stock destroyed Firms economy Exchange Relocation Nat. internat. Reg+Nat FDI outflow Unemployment Fall GDP
  67. 67. 2.Economic impacts 1. Immediate destruction of the industries and the business sectors 2. Productivity ceases 3. Impacts on the Stock Exchange (Chile: cement industries up) 4. First signs reactivation Rural Overpopulation 5. Risk of investment Quake outflow due to affected SE 6. Firms relocate Industry Business Tsunami Victims nationally and internationally Informal economy No productivity 7. Growth of regional and national unemployment in the long run Reactivation Firms Industry disappeared Informal Fall Stock destroyed Firms economy Exchange Relocation Nat. internat. Reg+Nat FDI outflow Unemployment Fall GDP
  68. 68. 2.Economic impacts 1. Immediate destruction of the industries and the business sectors 2. Productivity ceases 3. Impacts on the Stock Exchange (Chile: cement industries up) 4. First signs reactivation Rural Overpopulation 5. Risk of investment Quake outflow due to affected SE 6. Firms relocate Industry Business Tsunami Victims nationally and internationally Informal economy No productivity 7. Growth of regional and national unemployment in the long run Reactivation Firms Industry disappeared 8. Overall fall in the GDP Fall Stock destroyed Firms Informal economy Exchange Relocation “The long-term outlook for Haiti’s Nat. internat. Reg+Nat economy won’t be known until the crisis subsides” FDI outflow Unemployment Fall GDP (msnbc news, 2010)
  69. 69. 2.Economic impacts 1. Immediate destruction of the industries and the business sectors 2. Productivity ceases 3. Impacts on the Stock Exchange (Chile: cement industries up) 4. First signs reactivation Rural Overpopulation 5. Risk of investment Quake outflow due to affected SE 6. Firms relocate Industry Business Tsunami Victims nationally and internationally Informal economy No productivity 7. Growth of regional and national unemployment in the long run Reactivation Firms Industry disappeared 8. Overall fall in the GDP Fall Stock destroyed Firms Informal economy Exchange Relocation 9. Of course, all relates to the Nat. internat. Reg+Nat enormous losses of population FDI outflow Unemployment Fall GDP
  70. 70. 2.Economic impacts 1. Immediate destruction of the industries and the business sectors 2. Productivity ceases 3. Impacts on the Stock Exchange (Chile: cement industries up) 4. First signs reactivation Rural Overpopulation 5. Risk of investment Quake outflow due to affected SE 6. Firms relocate Industry Business Tsunami Victims nationally and internationally Informal economy No productivity 7. Growth of regional and national unemployment in the long run Reactivation Firms Industry disappeared 8. Overall fall in the GDP Fall Stock destroyed Firms Informal economy Exchange Relocation 9. Of course, all relates to the Nat. internat. Reg+Nat enormous losses of population FDI outflow Unemployment Fall GDP
  71. 71. 2.Economic impacts informal economy Rural Overpopulation Quake Industry Business Tsunami Victims Informal economy No productivity Reactivation Firms Industry disappeared Informal Fall Stock destroyed Firms economy Exchange Relocation Nat. internat. Reg+Nat FDI outflow Unemployment Fall GDP
  72. 72. Economic impacts in the short term _ Informal sector gains and becomes literally the only way to survive Rural Overpopulation Quake Industry Business Tsunami Victims Informal economy No productivity Reactivation Firms Industry disappeared Informal Fall Stock destroyed Firms economy Exchange Relocation Nat. internat. Reg+Nat FDI outflow Unemployment Fall GDP
  73. 73. 2.Economic impacts _ Informal sector gains and becomes literally the only way to survive _Providing informal livelihoods opportunities essential to recover (WB, 2006): Economic recovery Rural Overpopulation but also…. Quake psychological Industry Business Tsunami Victims Informal economy No productivity Reactivation Firms Industry disappeared Informal Fall Stock destroyed Firms economy Exchange Relocation Nat. internat. Reg+Nat FDI outflow Unemployment Fall GDP
  74. 74. 2.Economic impacts _ Informal sector gains and becomes literally the only way to survive _Providing informal livelihoods opportunities essential to recovery (WB, 2006): Economic recovery Rural Overpopulation but also…. Quake psychological Industry _In the case of Haiti Business Tsunami Victims the most prominent sectors are: Informal economy No productivity _Mobile barbers Reactivation Firms _Improvised phone booths Industry disappeared Informal _Hot dog stalls and furniture Fall Stock destroyed Firms economy Exchange Relocation Nat. internat. Reg+Nat FDI outflow Let’s visit Mr Jules in Rua Grande… Unemployment Fall GDP http://transformationallogistics.wordpress.com/2010/01/27/haiti-and-the-informal-response/
  75. 75. Hoping for costumers in Haiti (providing a livelihood ) “Mr. Jules, 48, home gone, several relatives dead, goes to the Grand Rue with Mr Frade to move from grieving to doing. “You never know, maybe someone will come and buy something”. He smiled, then added “Unfortunately, though, they never do”” http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2010/02/07/world/grand-rue-pano.html

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