<ul>Openness? </ul>
<ul>Availability of content </ul>
<ul>User freedoms </ul>
<ul>(with the help of digital technologies) </ul>
 
<ul>Remix culture </ul>
Read My Lips
<ul>Mash-ups </ul>
<ul>The President's Plane Tracker </ul>
<ul><li>Access to knowledge, information, culture </li></ul>
 
 
 
 
„ Traditional” regulation •  made to fit the needs of analog times: a limited number of authors, works, distribution chann...
„ Traditional” regulation • anachronistic in digital times: many and multiple authors, works, channels; unlimited copying
<ul><li>„ All rights reserved”
vs.
„ Some rights reserved” </li></ul>
<ul>Aspects of openness </ul><ul>•  economic openness  – available for free •  technical openness  – accessible to humans ...
 
Some rights reserved
<ul>Creative Commons licenses </ul><ul><li>free
standard
varied
internationally compatible </li></ul>
Attribution
NonCommercial
No Derivatives
ShareAlike
 
<ul>© </ul>
<ul>© </ul>
<ul>Open licensing </ul><ul>All Creative Commons licenses </ul><ul>= Public <li>Domain </li></ul><ul>= Some rights <li>res...
<ul>Creative Commons provides licenses in three layers </ul><ul>XHTML code „ human readable” (commons deed) „ legal code” ...
<ul>Degrees of openness </ul><ul>•  Not available online / all rights reserved •  Open access </ul>•  Some rights reserved...
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fun facts #1 Doctorow  - two books on the bestseller list New York Times, published in over 60 countries Nine Inch Nails  ...
 
Open Resources <ul>accessibility flexibility durability low costs of creating </ul>
Open Source... Term open source describes practices in production and development that promote access to the end product's...
<ul>Open source </ul><ul><li>Not just programming tools and code
Rules and cooperation mechanisms, Non-market incentives
Specificity of digital production: public good, marginal copying and distribution costs </li></ul>
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Open licensing

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Infoactivism workshop, Warsaw, June 27-28

Published in: News & Politics, Technology
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Open licensing

  1. 2. <ul>Openness? </ul>
  2. 3. <ul>Availability of content </ul>
  3. 4. <ul>User freedoms </ul>
  4. 5. <ul>(with the help of digital technologies) </ul>
  5. 7. <ul>Remix culture </ul>
  6. 8. Read My Lips
  7. 9. <ul>Mash-ups </ul>
  8. 10. <ul>The President's Plane Tracker </ul>
  9. 11. <ul><li>Access to knowledge, information, culture </li></ul>
  10. 16. „ Traditional” regulation • made to fit the needs of analog times: a limited number of authors, works, distribution channels and copying possibilities
  11. 17. „ Traditional” regulation • anachronistic in digital times: many and multiple authors, works, channels; unlimited copying
  12. 18. <ul><li>„ All rights reserved”
  13. 19. vs.
  14. 20. „ Some rights reserved” </li></ul>
  15. 21. <ul>Aspects of openness </ul><ul>• economic openness – available for free • technical openness – accessible to humans and machine readable („if it's not online, it does not exist”) <li>• legal openness – freedom to use, reduced intellectual property rights protection </li></ul>
  16. 23. Some rights reserved
  17. 24. <ul>Creative Commons licenses </ul><ul><li>free
  18. 25. standard
  19. 26. varied
  20. 27. internationally compatible </li></ul>
  21. 28. Attribution
  22. 29. NonCommercial
  23. 30. No Derivatives
  24. 31. ShareAlike
  25. 33. <ul>© </ul>
  26. 34. <ul>© </ul>
  27. 35. <ul>Open licensing </ul><ul>All Creative Commons licenses </ul><ul>= Public <li>Domain </li></ul><ul>= Some rights <li>reserved </li></ul>
  28. 36. <ul>Creative Commons provides licenses in three layers </ul><ul>XHTML code „ human readable” (commons deed) „ legal code” </ul>
  29. 37. <ul>Degrees of openness </ul><ul>• Not available online / all rights reserved • Open access </ul>• Some rights reserved • No rights reserved / public domain
  30. 44. Fun facts #1 Doctorow - two books on the bestseller list New York Times, published in over 60 countries Nine Inch Nails - Ghosts album is available for free with CC license, in 2009 was also the best selling album in MP3 format at Amazon.com
  31. 46. Open Resources <ul>accessibility flexibility durability low costs of creating </ul>
  32. 47. Open Source... Term open source describes practices in production and development that promote access to the end product's source materials (not only in programing)...
  33. 48. <ul>Open source </ul><ul><li>Not just programming tools and code
  34. 49. Rules and cooperation mechanisms, Non-market incentives
  35. 50. Specificity of digital production: public good, marginal copying and distribution costs </li></ul>
  36. 51. <ul>Open source </ul><ul><li>Copyright licenses : GNU General Public License
  37. 52. 4 freedoms: run the program, study how the program works, redistribute copies, improve the program </li></ul>
  38. 53. <ul><li>The freedom to run the program, for any purpose ( freedom 0 ).
  39. 54. The freedom to study how the program works, and change it to make it do what you wish ( freedom 1 ). Access to the source code is a precondition for this.
  40. 55. The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor ( freedom 2 ).
  41. 56. The freedom to distribute copies of your modified versions to others (freedom 3 ). By doing this you can give the whole community a chance to benefit from your changes. Access to the source code is a precondition for this. </li></ul>
  42. 57. <ul>Open source </ul><ul><li>Steven Weber: success of open source - as a model
  43. 58. “ open source is not necessarily good or morally beneficial”
  44. 59. … but we tend to underestimate value of openness (James Boyle) </li></ul>
  45. 60. <ul>Open source </ul><ul><li>25 years old
  46. 61. A sustainable ecology of actors and institutions, with established methods of work </li></ul>
  47. 62. What does it mean? <ul>Community support, knowlegde and usage Lower cost = higher accessibilty Every need can be satisfied, even unprofitable If you use it or creatre new you also share it and help next users </ul>
  48. 64. ...journalism art medicine and more
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