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Open licensing

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Infoactivism workshop, Warsaw, June 27-28

Infoactivism workshop, Warsaw, June 27-28

Published in: News & Politics, Technology
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Transcript

  • 1.  
  • 2.
      Openness?
  • 3.
      Availability of content
  • 4.
      User freedoms
  • 5.
      (with the help of digital technologies)
  • 6.  
  • 7.
      Remix culture
  • 8. Read My Lips
  • 9.
      Mash-ups
  • 10.
      The President's Plane Tracker
  • 11.
    • Access to knowledge, information, culture
  • 12.  
  • 13.  
  • 14.  
  • 15.  
  • 16. „ Traditional” regulation • made to fit the needs of analog times: a limited number of authors, works, distribution channels and copying possibilities
  • 17. „ Traditional” regulation • anachronistic in digital times: many and multiple authors, works, channels; unlimited copying
  • 18.
    • „ All rights reserved”
    • 19. vs.
    • 20. „ Some rights reserved”
  • 21.
      Aspects of openness
      • economic openness – available for free • technical openness – accessible to humans and machine readable („if it's not online, it does not exist”)
    • • legal openness – freedom to use, reduced intellectual property rights protection
  • 22.  
  • 23. Some rights reserved
  • 24.
      Creative Commons licenses
  • 28. Attribution
  • 29. NonCommercial
  • 30. No Derivatives
  • 31. ShareAlike
  • 32.  
  • 33.
      ©
  • 34.
      ©
  • 35.
      Open licensing
      All Creative Commons licenses
      = Public
    • Domain
      = Some rights
    • reserved
  • 36.
      Creative Commons provides licenses in three layers
      XHTML code „ human readable” (commons deed) „ legal code”
  • 37.
      Degrees of openness
      • Not available online / all rights reserved • Open access
    • Some rights reserved • No rights reserved / public domain
  • 38.  
  • 39.  
  • 40.  
  • 41.  
  • 42.  
  • 43.  
  • 44. Fun facts #1 Doctorow - two books on the bestseller list New York Times, published in over 60 countries Nine Inch Nails - Ghosts album is available for free with CC license, in 2009 was also the best selling album in MP3 format at Amazon.com
  • 45.  
  • 46. Open Resources
      accessibility flexibility durability low costs of creating
  • 47. Open Source... Term open source describes practices in production and development that promote access to the end product's source materials (not only in programing)...
  • 48.
      Open source
    • Not just programming tools and code
    • 49. Rules and cooperation mechanisms, Non-market incentives
    • 50. Specificity of digital production: public good, marginal copying and distribution costs
  • 51.
      Open source
    • Copyright licenses : GNU General Public License
    • 52. 4 freedoms: run the program, study how the program works, redistribute copies, improve the program
  • 53.
    • The freedom to run the program, for any purpose ( freedom 0 ).
    • 54. The freedom to study how the program works, and change it to make it do what you wish ( freedom 1 ). Access to the source code is a precondition for this.
    • 55. The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor ( freedom 2 ).
    • 56. The freedom to distribute copies of your modified versions to others (freedom 3 ). By doing this you can give the whole community a chance to benefit from your changes. Access to the source code is a precondition for this.
  • 57.
      Open source
    • Steven Weber: success of open source - as a model
    • 58. “ open source is not necessarily good or morally beneficial”
    • 59. … but we tend to underestimate value of openness (James Boyle)
  • 60.
      Open source
    • 25 years old
    • 61. A sustainable ecology of actors and institutions, with established methods of work
  • 62. What does it mean?
      Community support, knowlegde and usage Lower cost = higher accessibilty Every need can be satisfied, even unprofitable If you use it or creatre new you also share it and help next users
  • 63.  
  • 64. ...journalism art medicine and more

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