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Innovación Social: Parte importante de un nuevo paradigma de innovación
Innovación Social: Parte importante de un nuevo paradigma de innovación
Innovación Social: Parte importante de un nuevo paradigma de innovación
Innovación Social: Parte importante de un nuevo paradigma de innovación
Innovación Social: Parte importante de un nuevo paradigma de innovación
Innovación Social: Parte importante de un nuevo paradigma de innovación
Innovación Social: Parte importante de un nuevo paradigma de innovación
Innovación Social: Parte importante de un nuevo paradigma de innovación
Innovación Social: Parte importante de un nuevo paradigma de innovación
Innovación Social: Parte importante de un nuevo paradigma de innovación
Innovación Social: Parte importante de un nuevo paradigma de innovación
Innovación Social: Parte importante de un nuevo paradigma de innovación
Innovación Social: Parte importante de un nuevo paradigma de innovación
Innovación Social: Parte importante de un nuevo paradigma de innovación
Innovación Social: Parte importante de un nuevo paradigma de innovación
Innovación Social: Parte importante de un nuevo paradigma de innovación
Innovación Social: Parte importante de un nuevo paradigma de innovación
Innovación Social: Parte importante de un nuevo paradigma de innovación
Innovación Social: Parte importante de un nuevo paradigma de innovación
Innovación Social: Parte importante de un nuevo paradigma de innovación
Innovación Social: Parte importante de un nuevo paradigma de innovación
Innovación Social: Parte importante de un nuevo paradigma de innovación
Innovación Social: Parte importante de un nuevo paradigma de innovación
Innovación Social: Parte importante de un nuevo paradigma de innovación
Innovación Social: Parte importante de un nuevo paradigma de innovación
Innovación Social: Parte importante de un nuevo paradigma de innovación
Innovación Social: Parte importante de un nuevo paradigma de innovación
Innovación Social: Parte importante de un nuevo paradigma de innovación
Innovación Social: Parte importante de un nuevo paradigma de innovación
Innovación Social: Parte importante de un nuevo paradigma de innovación
Innovación Social: Parte importante de un nuevo paradigma de innovación
Innovación Social: Parte importante de un nuevo paradigma de innovación
Innovación Social: Parte importante de un nuevo paradigma de innovación
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Innovación Social: Parte importante de un nuevo paradigma de innovación

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Presentación Jürgen Howaldt en el

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  • Auch prominente Fachvertreter wie Lord Dahrendorf weisen vor dem Hintergrund der aktuellen Krise auf die Notwendigkeit (und Möglichkeit) umfassender sozialer Innovationen hin. Deren Kern ist laut Dahrendorf ein neues Verhältnis zur Zeit in Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft, die Ablösung des kurzfristigen durch das mittelfristige Denken und daran orientiertes - verantwortliches – Handeln: „Verantwortlicher Kapitalismus“ – „Kurswechsel“, „Nachhaltigkeit“ Was das i.e. an zukunftsfähigen sozialen Innovationen im Großen wie im Kleinen erfordert, zu entwickeln und mitzugestalten, ist eine große und aktuelle Herausforderung gerade für die praxisorientierte Soziologie. michael
  • Prof. Dr. Jürgen Howaldt
  • Nach diesen Ankündigungen von Obama und seiner Frau verbreitete u.a. das Centre for social Innovation, London, die Einschätzung, dass die Bedeutung sozialer Innovationen nun endlich von einem Randphänomen zum Mainstream geworden sei. Auch der Präsident der EU-Kommission denkt öffentlich darüber nach, wie Europa SI unterstützen und beschleunigen kann. Rund um die Welt beginnt sich das Feld zu etablieren. Immer mehr ist davon die Rede, dass eine Wiederbelebung der Wirtschaft viel breiter angelegte Strategien, als die Förderung von technischen Innovationen und mehr soziale Innovation erfordert. http://www.youngfoundation.org.uk/ centre for social innovation, London michael
  • Prof. Dr. Jürgen Howaldt
  • Prof. Dr. Jürgen Howaldt
  • Prof. Dr. Jürgen Howaldt
  • Transcript

    • 1. Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Central Scientific Institute Social Innovation: important part of a new innovation paradigm Foro Unidos por la innovación social Bogotá, Colombia March 2012 Prof. Dr. Jürgen Howaldt Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund – TU DortmundHowaldt/Bog otà 2012 1
    • 2. Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Central Scientific Institute High-Tech Strategy for Germany Emerging technologies are the basis for new products, processes and services which can contribute to mastering current social challenges. Without them, innovation would be unthinkable today. Our countrys economic future depends on how effectively we use the opportunities linked to key technologies. The Federal Government wants to further strengthen Germanys top position in the field of technology within the framework of its High-Tech Strategy.Howaldt/Bog otà 2012 2
    • 3. Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Central Scientific Institute “The tracks of international research on innovation demonstrate that the technology-oriented paradigm – shaped by the industrial society – does not cover the broad range of innovations indispensable in the transition from an industrial to a knowledge and services-based society: Such fundamental societal changes require the inclusion of social innovations in a paradigm shift of the innovation system.” Vienna Declaration: The most relevant topics in social innovation researchHowaldt/Bog otà 2012 3
    • 4. Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Central Scientific InstituteSocial Innovation will play an important role in the Europe 2020strategy "Creativity and innovation in general and social innovation in particular are essential factors for fostering sustainable growth, securing jobs and increasing competitive abilities, especially in the midst of the economic and financial markets crisis."Howaldt/Bog otà 2012 4
    • 5. Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Central Scientific Institute My Topics I want to  outline the main characteristics of a sociologically enlightened new paradigm of innovation  touch upon the increasing relevance of social innovation and provide a short overview of the main fields of application  define mayor challenges regarding the promotion of social innovationHowaldt/Bog otà 2012 5
    • 6. Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Central Scientific InstituteBasic assumptionThe transition from an industrial to a knowledge and services-based society corresponds with a paradigm shift of theinnovation system.This paradigm shift also implies an increasing importance ofsocial innovation as compared to technological innovation.Howaldt/Bog otà 2012 6
    • 7. Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Central Scientific InstituteMain characteristic This New Innovation Paradigm – as described by the experts of the OECD Study “New Nature of Innovation” – is essentially characterised by the opening of the innovation process to society. Alongside companies, universities and research institutes, citizens and customers, NGOs and social movements become relevant actors within the innovation process.Howaldt/Bog otà 2012 7
    • 8. Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Central Scientific InstituteHowaldt/Bog otà 2012 A New Nature of Innovation” (OECD 2010) 8
    • 9. Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Central Scientific InstituteSocial Innovation moves from the margins to the mainstreamAt the start of 2009 President Obama announced the establishment of a new “Office forSocial Innovation at the White House“ and allocated USD 50million to a fund for socialinnovation.The Fund will focus on priority policy areas, including education, health care, and economicopportunity.Howaldt/Bog otà 2012 9
    • 10. Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Central Scientific InstituteSocial innovation moves from the margins to the mainstream 1985: Institute for social Inventions, London 1986: Centre de recherche sur les innovations sociales, (CRISIS), Montreal 1990: Zentrum für Soziale Innovation (ZSI), Wien 1995: Soziale Innovation GmbH, Dortmund 2000: Stanford University 2004: Centre for Social Innovation (CSI), Toronto 2004: Institut für Sozialinnovation, Berlin 2005: Institut für soziale Innovationen, Solingen 2005: Young Foundation, London 2005: Preis für soziale Innovation, Wien 2006: Nederlands Centre for Social Innovation (NCSI), Utrecht 2006: New Zealand Centre for Social Innovation (NZCSI), Auckland 2008: „Management Sozialer Innovationen“; Hochschule München 2009: The Australian Centre for Social Innovation (TACSI), Adelaide 2010: Social Innovation and Social Entrepreneurship Centre, New ZealandHowaldt/Bog otà 2012 10
    • 11. Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Central Scientific InstituteHowaldt/Bog otà 2012 © European Union/The Young Foundation 11 2010
    • 12. Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Central Scientific Institute Social Innovation in the European Union „Empowering people, driving change“ „Social innovations are innovations that are social in both their ends and their means. Specially we define social innovation as new ideas (products, services and models) that simultaneously meet social needs (more effectively than alternatives) and create new social relationsships or collaborations. They are innovations that are not only good for society but also enhance society‘ s capacity to act.“ Bepa report 2010, 9Howaldt/Bog otà 2012 12 12
    • 13. Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Central Scientific InstituteAreas of social innovationcivil society: the increase in the significance of cohabitation or the environmental movementstate action: the introduction of social security and national insurancebusiness world: the advent of team work, knowledge management or new social services (Katrin Gillwald 2000) Howaldt/Bog otà 2012 13
    • 14. Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Central Scientific InstituteSocial Innovation – Social Entrepreneurship An innovative, pragmatic and sustainable entrepeneurial activity for a significant, positive change in society Connection between entrepeneurial activity and social goals Multitude of global initiatives (e.g. Ashoka, Grameen Bank) and a barely clear number of regional initiatives http://www.businesspj.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/socialentrepreneurship.jpgHowaldt/Bog otà 2012 14
    • 15. Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Central Scientific InstituteSocial Innovators – Mohammad Yunus Founder of Grameen Bank in Bangladesh, that makes available microcredits for low-income clientele The method of Grameen Bank is practice in 58 countries today Bearer of the Nobel price for Peacewww.grameen-info.org http://www.br-online.de/content/cms/Universalseite/8MIGRATION/ wissen-bildung/thema/nobelpreis/struktur/cumulus/ BR-online-Publikation--51823.jpgHowaldt/Bog otà 2012 15
    • 16. Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Central Scientific InstituteSocial Innovators – Victoria Hale Founder of Institute for OneWorld Health (IOWH), a welfare oriented pharmaceutical firm in the USA IOWH develops pharmaceuticals, which are not financially profitable In large part the projects are financed by the Gates foundationwww.oneworldhealth.org http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_wuoU3fxG-Sc/RkE-tD2ltmI/AAAAAAAAACY/ 3OACCwc4AMw/s320/sos_hale_225.jpgHowaldt/Bog otà 2012 16
    • 17. Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Central Scientific InstituteSocial Innovation – Carsharing Common use of cars through the provision of vehicles in main areas Carsharing-organisation professionalized the traditional „driving communities“ In Germany there are around 110 carsharing-organisations with 158.000 customers http://www.carsharing-vergleich.de/wp-content/uploads/2009/12/carsharing-münchen.jpgHowaldt/Bog otà 2012 17
    • 18. Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Central Scientific InstituteSocial Innovation – Corporate Social Responsibilitiy (CSR) Responsible entrepeunerial activity referering to the environment, employees and other stakeholders Voluntary, ethical motivated acting that exceeds the legal duties by far CSR influences economic success and earns social and ecological benefit in the long term www.sierraexpressmedia.net/Home/wp-content/uploads/2010/11/ Corporate-Social-Responsibility.jpgHowaldt/Bog otà 2012 18
    • 19. Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Central Scientific InstituteSocial Innovation – Short-time work Reduction of working time instead of dismissal Developed in collaboration between economy and politics with the goal of maintaining workplaces in times of crises In 2009 over 1.4 million short-time workers in Germany, which prevented a drastic rise of unemployment http://www.bundesregierung.de/Content/DE/Artikel/2009/02/Bild/ diagramm-zur-konjunkturbedingten-kurzarbeit,property=poster.jpgHowaldt/Bog otà 2012 19
    • 20. Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Central Scientific InstituteSocial Innovation – The welfare programme of Krupp Extensive social benefits for employees, e.g. flats and medical provision Not only monetary rewards for employees Long-term, generation-spanning attachment of the employees and innovator for the social responsibility of firms and corporations http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5e/Ehem._Konsumanstalt_Margarethenh %C3%B6he.jpgHowaldt/Bog otà 2012 20
    • 21. Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Central Scientific Institute Challenge 1: We have to develop a clear concept of social innovation Overall scientific advancement required to meet expectations and developments in social innovation practices  Elaboration on the particular features of the concept and clarification of definitions  Embedding the concept of social innovation in a comprehensive theory of innovation  Development of coherent methodologies to identify and measure social innovations Vienna Declaration: The most relevant topics in social innovation researchHowaldt/Bog otà 2012 21
    • 22. Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Central Scientific InstituteChallenge 2:„Redraw the boundaries”“The world needs more social innovation - and so all who aspire to solve theworld’s most vexing problems - entrepreneurs, leaders, managers, activists,and change agents - regardless of whether they come from the world ofbusiness, government, or nonprofits, must shed old patterns of isolation,paternalism, and antagonism and strive to understand, embrace, andleverage cross-sector dynamics to find new ways of creating social value.”(Phills et al. 2008)Howaldt/Bog otà 2012 22
    • 23. Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Central Scientific Institute Combine the potential of social innovation in the social economy, civil society, business firms and the state (Multi-level governance) Promote alliances between universities, companies and the state around social innovation Opening the process of innovation to society including all stakeholders in the development and diffusion of innovation Empowering people: Include citizens, clients, social movements, communities in the process of social innovation Innovation „bottom up“: learning from experiences of innovation research and business and public service innovation Ameliorate the conditions of participation and self-management in social innovations aimed at overcoming poverty and pauperisationVienna Declaration: The most relevant topics in social innovation researchHowaldt/Bog otà 2012 23
    • 24. Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Central Scientific InstituteChallenge 3:Networks as Success Factor for Social InnovationNetworks can be described as one of the most importantfeatures of the new innovation paradigm, a result of aprofound transformation of the innovation process.(Howaldt and Schwarz, 2010)Howaldt/Bog otà 2012 24
    • 25. Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Central Scientific InstituteSocial Innovators – Mohammad Yunus “Most social businesses are likely to originate with one person, or perhaps with a small group of people - friends, work colleagues, or people with a shared interest in a particular social problem. Within such a small group, you may not have all the expertise, experience, ideas and resources needed to make your social business idea into a reality. Don’t let that stop you! Look around for others you can partner with.” http://www.br-online.de/content/cms/Universalseite/ 8MIGRATION/wissen-bildung/ thema/nobelpreis/struktur/cumulus/BR-online- Publikation--51823.jpgHowaldt/Bog otà 2012 25
    • 26. Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Central Scientific InstituteNetworks for Social Innovation Social Services in general Health Care Services for Elderly and Dependent Persons Modernization of Education Systems (LLL) Social Integration and Equal Opportunities Clean Technologies Sustainable Development Climate Change http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_wuoU3fxG-Sc/RkE- tD2ltmI/AAAAAAAAACY/ 3OACCwc4AMw/s320/sos_hale_225.jpgHowaldt/Bog otà 2012 26
    • 27. Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Central Scientific Institute Challenge 4: New ways of diffusion and scaling up of social innovation One critical question is “whether and how networks can help facilitate innovations to bridge the seemingly insurmountable chasms that separate local solutions from broad system transformation: that is, how they help innovations to ’cross scales’”. (Moore and Westley, 2011)Howaldt/Bog otà 2012 27
    • 28. Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Central Scientific Institute  Organise learning processes between social economy, civil society, business firms and the state  Share knowledge and promising practices  Use opportunities of social media for enabling large scale and systemic social innovations  Develop a Knowledge Bank for social innovation  Identify venture capital for social entrepreneursHowaldt/Bog otà 2012 28
    • 29. Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Central Scientific Institute Challenge 5: Social Innovation must become a priority on the political agenda •Multi-level governance and receptivity of governments to social innovations •Incentives from government to promote social innovation •More resources (incl. research programmes) to foster/promote social innovation •Establish a multi-national evidence base of promising practices for inclusion and integrationHowaldt/Bog otà 2012 29
    • 30. Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Central Scientific Institute Social innovation topics e.g. SSH Work Programme 2012, recent calls  Social innovation against inequalities  Social innovation for vulnerable populations  Social innovation in the public sector  Smart specialisation for regional innovation  Innovative policies for employment and labour markets  Unveiling creativity for innovation in Europe  Mobilising institutional reforms in research and innovation systems for better scientific, innovation and economic performances in Europe  Challenge: Education systems in the 21st century  Challenge: Making longevity an asset for economic and social developmentHowaldt/Bog otà 2012 30
    • 31. Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Central Scientific Institute “The most urgent and important innovations in the 21st century will take place in the social field. This opens up the necessity as well as possibilities for Social Sciences and Humanities to find new roles and relevance by generating knowledge applicable to new dynamics and structures of contemporary and future societies.” Vienna Declaration: The most relevant topics in social innovation researchHowaldt/Bog otà 2012 31
    • 32. Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Central Scientific Institute “You can resist an invading army; you cannot resist an idea whose time has come.” Victor HugoHowaldt/Bog otà 2012 32
    • 33. Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Central Scientific Institute Social Innovation: Concepts, Research Fields and International Trends Studies for Innovation in a Modern Working Environment 5 Jürgen Howaldt/Michael Schwarz www.sfs-dortmund.de howaldt@sfs-dortmund.deHowaldt/Bog otà 2012 33

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