Overview• What is an Epistemic Game• What is an Epistemic Frame• Assessing Learning in the 21st Century• Epistemic Games and Resources
What is an Epistemic Game?• “Authentic Professionalism”• “Explicit instructions to specific contexts and situations”• Include Communities of Practice, reflective practice, and epistemic frames Source: Shaffer, D.W. (2004). Epistemic games. Innovate.
What is an Epistemic Frame?• Includes targeted community’s practice, identity, interest, understanding, and epistemology• Different communities have different epistemic frames• Must embody the targeted affinity group Source: Shaffer, D.W. (2004). Epistemic games. Innovate.
Affinity Group• “A group of people associated with a given semiotic domain” (p. 27)• Examples: Lawyers, Educators, Gamers, WoW players, Olympians,• Can be large or small Source: Gee, J.P., (2007). What video games have to teach us about learning and literacy. Palgrave McMillan, NY.
Cross Functional Team• Gee video: – Each person must have deep expertise in one skill set, but understand the big picture. They retain expertise but must integrate with the other different skill sets to be successful. – http://spotlight.macfound.org/blog/entry/jim- gee-on-the-use-of-video-games-for-learning- about-learning/
Assessing Learning in the 21st Century• Epistemic Games change the focus of assessment to mastery of: – Skills – Knowledge – Identity – Values – i.e. the Epistemic FrameSource: Shaffer, D.W., (Paris juin 2011) Epistemic Games. at http://www.slideshare.net/thomasconstant/david-williamson-shaffer-epistemic- games-paris-juin-2011
Assessing Learning in the 21st Century • How well does the student’s performance match the community of practice? • How well does the student role play their chosen profession? (Levasseur 2012) • Qualitative v. Quantitative VariablesSource: Levasseur, A. (February 6, 2012). Epistemic games are the future of learning, letting students role –play professions. Retrieved at: http://www.pbs.org/mediashift/2012/02/epistemic-games-are-the-future-of-learning- letting-students-role-play-professions037.html
Assessing Learning in the 21st Century• Assessment might also include: – Performance in Cross Functional Group (Leadership?) – Performance in Affinity Spaces (Game, guild site, forums, etc.) – Depth and Duration of Immersion – Reflection of Experience – Level of Change in Post Experience Activities – Justification of Actions / Decisions – Others
Epistemic Games and Resources• American Institute for Certified Public Accountants – only students have access• http://www.startheregoplaces.com/ – Need to create a student account • Scroll to the bottom and click on simulations • Create your faux student profile make sure you click Community College instead of high school and use 2012 as your anticipated graduation date.
Epistemic Games and Resources• World of Warcraft – Cross Functional Teams – Dungeons and Raids – Epistemic Entrepreneurship – Crafting and Auction House