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    Strategy and framework for developing text Strategy and framework for developing text Document Transcript

    • STRATEGY AND FRAMEWORK FOR DEVELOPINGA COMMUNITY OF CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMPIONS 2010 - 2015 This publication is an output from a project supported by a grant provided to NARO by the Rockfeller Foundation (2009 CLI 321)
    • Executive summary____________________________________________________________________In this document, a five-year (2010 – 2015) strategy andframework are proposed for the National Agricultural ResearchOrganization (NARO), Uganda, to create champions who willbecome a voice and means to generate, disseminate informationand leverage support and funds for climate change agenda at local,national, regional and international levels. The climate changechampions will play a leadership role in inspiring and helpingdifferent stakeholders to discuss, articulate a shared vision of asustainable future, and to create cohesion as a team.The basic prerequisites for Champions in providing effectivestewardship in climate change include, but not exclusively, thefollowing:  Ability to communicate, influence, inspire and engage different target audiences  Should be equipped with different skills and perceptions that cross-sector culturally diverse teams offer in order to generate innovative solutions  Ability to conduct climate resilience studies in aspects of adaptation, mitigation, early warning systems, crop modelling, statistical analyses, carbon printing, policy etc  Identification of priority-planning areas for action, based on assessment of vulnerability and risk, and making the target communities get involved and own the process  Setting goals and development of action points based on requisite resources and capacity available  Measuring progress and updating action plans using versatile monitoring and evaluation versatile tools jointly developed by the Champions and climate resilient communitiesSTRATEGY/ STRATEGYORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMPIONS AT NARO UGANDA,2010-2015, PAGE 2 FRAMEW / FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMPIONS AT NARO UGANDA, 2010-2015 2
    • NARO has taken steps to initiate projects specifically designed toaddress the impacts of climate change/ variability. Despite theinitiatives, however, adaptation and mitigation progress is stilllimited, implemented in a piecemeal and uncoordinated manner.Moreover a number of challenges still prevail such as project-specific or single-institute approach to complex climate change/variability issues; poor networking within NARO institutes; lack ofawareness on issues of climate change and variability;uncoordinated research initiatives and inadequate knowledge onclimate change information packaging and dissemination.To address these challenges, the Climate Change Strategy/Framework has been formulated to:1. Assess what farmers are doing to adapt to climate change/variability impacts and adaptation2. Analyze gaps in what is currently being done by NARO scientists to help farmers adapt to the impacts of climate change and variability and the mitigation initiatives3. Recruit NARO champions4. Train and build common interest learning alliances for the selected champions - Training on climate change/ variability interpretation and relation to agriculture5. Create a network to link the champions of climate change within NARO (community of practice).6. Conduct sensitization workshops and seminars on issues of climate change/ variabilityAn institutional framework within which the plan will beimplemented is outlined. The framework presented indicates thatNARO champions will operate from their Institutes but collaboratewith other stakeholders in climate change information chain:STRATEGY/ FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMPIONS AT NARO UGANDA,2010-2015, PAGE 3 STRATEGY / FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMPIONS AT NARO UGANDA, 2010-2015 3
    • 1- Climate data producers: institutions that have their primary mandate to generate climate data such as Meteorological Department. 2- Audience: NARO champions will work to understand and respond to the needs of the audience including farmers, policy makers and the regional and international community. Most importantly, NARO champions will need to interact and form alliances with the media for effective communication with the public.To implement the above strategies, UDS 3,564,100 will berequired for the five years. Three main sources of funding areexpected, that is: 1- Government of Uganda through NARO annual budget. 2- Internally generated revenue from website (portal) which will be established for exchange of data/innovation and information products on climate change will be used to maintain the network. 3- Solicitation from donorsA monitoring and evaluation framework has been included toelaborate targeted strategies, indicators and the means to monitorthese indicators over time.STRATEGY/ FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATECLIMATE CHANGE PIONS AT NARO UGUGANDA, 2010-2015 PAGE 4 STRATEGY / FRAMEWORK FOR CHANGE CHAMCHAMPIONS AT NARO ANDA,2010-2015, 4
    • Table of ContentsExecutive summary................................................................................................2Table of Contents ....................................................................................................51. Introduction.......................................................................................................6 1.1 Background....................................................................................................6 1.2 Strategic focus..............................................................................................7 1.3 The current situation and way forward ..............................................8 1.4 Guiding Principles......................................................................................10 1.4.1 Climate resilient community .........................................................10 1.4.2 Effective communication of climate change information...112. The strategy ....................................................................................................14 2.1 Assess how farmers adapt to climate change ...............................15 2.2 Analyze gaps in what is currently being done by NARO scientists to help farmers adapt..........................................................15 2.3 Recruit NARO champions .......................................................................16 2.4 Train and build common interest learning alliances for the selected champions ..................................................................................18 2.5 Create a network to link the NARO champions .................. 19 2.6 Increase awareness on climate change/variability and adaptation in NARO ..................................................................................205. Institutional Framework...............................................................................206. Financing Mechanism....................................................................................237. Monitoring and Evaluation............................................................................27Annex 1 Planning Process .............................................................................33Annex 1 Planning Process .................................. Error! Bookmark not defined.STRATEGY/ FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATECLIMATE CHANGE PIONS AT NAT NARO UGANDA, 2010-2015 PAGE 5 STRATEGY / FRAMEWORK FOR CHANGE CHAMCHAMPIONS ARO UGANDA,2010-2015, 5
    • 1. Introduction1.1 BackgroundThis document presents a strategy and framework for the NationalAgricultural Research Organization (NARO), Uganda, to become avoice and means to generate and disseminate information andleverage support and funds for climate change agenda at local,national and international levels. Prerequisite to this goal is theneed for creation of champions to communicate messages thatelaborate impacts of climate change and variability that relate toagriculture and guide adaptation.Climate change and variability affect agricultural productivitydirectly through drought, floods, pests, diseases and catastrophicevents, as well as by temperature changes that affect plantproductivity. The changes may affect mankind livelihoods for a longtime. Despite this emerging high-level consensus, many people feelthat there is a leadership gap both globally and locally regardingmulti-lateral action to stop climate chaos and reduce the impacts ofhuman activity on the environment. The main question is whetherthe lack of leadership is by default or design. Locally, it can beattested that both scenarios are occurring. By default in that thereis no capacity built and dedicated to meet the challenges of climatechange holistically. By design, in that climate change is taken as aparadigm shift and there was never a contingency plan developed torespond to it accordingly. Therefore the mishaps of climate changeand variability have been largely unattended to, and the subtleresponses that are made are un-coordinated, untimely and morethan often result in only ephemeral solutions.STRATEGY/ STRATEGYORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMPIONS AT NARO UGANDA,2010-2015, PAGE 6 FRAMEW / FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMPIONS AT NARO UGANDA, 2010-2015 6
    • 1.2 Strategic focusThe National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO) Uganda, isthe institution for guidance and coordination of all agriculturalresearch activities in Uganda. One of the key mandates is to assistfarmers in responding to climate change and variability. Thismandate is derived from the Plan for modernization of Agriculture(PMA). The Plan for Modernization of Agriculture (PMA) is a holistic,strategic framework for eradicating poverty through multi-sectionalinterventions enabling the people to improve their livelihoods in asustainable manner. Modernizing agriculture will contribute toincreasing incomes of the poor by raising farm productivity as partof Uganda’s broader strategy, the Poverty Eradication Action Plan(PEAP). NARO has its vision, mission, and goal guided by the PMAas follows:NARO Vision: “A farmer responsive research system thatgenerates and disseminates problem-solving, profitable andenvironmentally sound technologies, knowledge and information ona sustainable basis”.NARO Mission: “The generation, adoption and dissemination ofappropriate and demand-driven technologies, knowledge andinformation through an effective, efficient, sustainable,decentralized and well co-coordinated agricultural research system”.Main goal of NARO: “To enhance the contribution of agriculturalresearch to sustainable agricultural productivity, economic growth,food security and poverty eradication through generation anddissemination of appropriate technologies, knowledge andinformation”.To realize the NARO vision, mission and goal amidst the challengesof climate change and variability, therefore, NARO Uganda seeks todevelop a strategic plan and framework to strengthen capacities ofSTRATEGY/ FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMPIONS AT NARO UGANDA,2010-2015, PAGE 7 STRATEGY / FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMPIONS AT NARO UGANDA, 2010-2015 7
    • its staff in climate change information collation, interpretation,packaging, dissemination and advocacy. Strategies are needed toguide NARO on what capacities are required and how to develop thecapacities in packaging and disseminating information relevant toimplementation and garnering support for climate change andvariability prediction and adaptation.1.3 The current situation and way forwardA survey has been conducted targeting all NARO institutes to takestock of what is being done to help farmers adapt to the impacts ofclimate change and variability and the mitigation initiatives. Thesurvey also took stock of the existing infrastructure and tools/equipment used for recording various weather parameters.The stocktaking exercise has revealed that there are someinitiative/ projects specifically designed to address the impacts ofclimate change/ variability. However, these initiatives which areintended to prepare farmers to adapt to the impacts of climatechange/ variability and for mitigation are very few, implemented ina piecemeal and uncoordinated manner, and efforts have beeninsufficient in comparison to the scale of the problem.This has been precipitated by several critical challenges. Keychallenges include a project-specific or single-institute approach tocomplex climate change/ variability issues; poor networking withinNARO institutes; lack of awareness on issues of climate change andvariability; uncoordinated research initiatives and inadequateknowledge on climate change information packaging.Institutionalisation of mechanisms that enable appropriate responseto the vagaries of climate change and variability in a morecoordinated manner, and the actors being held more accountable, isSTRATEGY/ FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMCHAMPIONS ATRO UGUGANDA, 2010-2015 PAGE 8 STRATEGY / FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE PIONS AT NA NARO ANDA,2010-2015, 8
    • considered very appropriate. Generally, as part of preparedness indealing with climate change impacts it is important to have well-facilitated and dedicated stewardship in place. The need for skillsdedicated to developing and promoting climate change adaptationtechnologies is considered long over-due. Recruitment of climatechange leaders within the organisation, in this respect referred to,as ‘Champions’, to inspire and help different stakeholders discuss,articulate shared vision of a sustainable future, and create cohesionas a team, is highly commendable and timely.The basic prerequisites for Champions in providing effectivestewardship in climate change include, but not exclusively, thefollowing:  Ability to communicate, influence, inspire and engage different target audiences  Should be equipped with different skills and perceptions that cross-sector culturally diverse teams offer in order to generate innovative solutions  Ability to conduct climate resilience studies in aspects of adaptation, mitigation, early warning systems, crop modelling, statistical analyses, carbon printing, policy etc  Identification of priority-planning areas for action, based on assessment of vulnerability and risk, and making the target communities get involved and own the process  Setting goals and development of action points based on requisite resources and capacity available  Measuring progress and updating action plans using versatile monitoring and evaluation versatile tools jointly developed by the Champions and climate resilient communitiesSTRATEGY/ FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATECLIMATE CHANGE PIONS AT NARO UGUGANDA, 2010-2015 PAGE 9 STRATEGY / FRAMEWORK FOR CHANGE CHAMCHAMPIONS AT NARO ANDA,2010-2015, 9
    • 1.4 Guiding principlesTwo principles guide the creation of champions at NARO: 1- A climate resilient community 2- Effective communication of climate change/variability information1.4.1 Climate resilient communityGrowing recognition that greater community participation andstakeholder engagement is the key to managing change/variabilityeffectively and building sustainable futures. A climate resilientcommunity is therefore one that takes proactive steps to preparefor (i.e. reduce the vulnerabilities and risks associated with)projected climate change/variability impacts.To achieve this, the following guiding principles for resilience areespoused: i. Increase public awareness of climate change/variability and its projected impacts on the community: can influence changes in behaviours to decrease vulnerability and risk to climate change, encourage community to reduce collective and individual green house gas emissions and environmental degradation to prevent the worst impacts of climate change and variability in the future ii. Increase technical capacity to prepare for climate change/variability impacts: opportunities for learning about climate change and variability, causes, its impacts, information sharing and networkingSTRATEGY/ FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMCHAMPIONS ATRO UGUGANDA, 2010-2015 PAGE 10 STRATEGY / FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE PIONS AT NA NARO ANDA,2010-2015, 10
    • iii. Mainstream information about climate change vulnerability risks and preparedness into planning, policy and investment decisions iv. Increase the adaptive capacity of built, natural and human systems in communities: including mobility, erosion and flood control or habitat and public health services v. Strengthen community partnerships that reduce vulnerability and risks to climate change/variability impacts: climate change/variability impacts may originate outside the jurisdictional boundaries of a community (e.g. vector-borne diseases)1.4.2 Effective communication of climate change informationCreation of a community of champions will provide opportunity forNARO to engage with complex issues of the science of certaintiesand uncertainties on climate change/variability, and vulnerabilityreduction. This will enhance the organisation’s understanding ofcomplex and uncertain scientific findings, enable understanding offuture vulnerability to inform long term organisation’s strategiesand can seek to inform the focus of future relevant scientificresearch. Currently NARO does not have the time or capacity torefer to ‘in-house’ original data sources. NARO relies on secondaryinterpretations and in many cases, summaries and interpretationsof interpretations. Where there has been engagement with primaryclimate data source, this has been achieved throughpartnerships/collaboration with Meteorological Department of theMinistry of Water and Environment. The created community ofchampions, therefore, should work within a framework that enablesSTRATEGY/ FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATECLIMATE CHANGE PIONS AT NARO UGUGANDA, 2010-2015 PAGE 11 STRATEGY / FRAMEWORK FOR CHANGE CHAMCHAMPIONS AT NARO ANDA,2010-2015, 11
    • timely and appropriate information from existing data sources tovarious audiences (see Figure 1 and 2).Figure 1 Climate information flow to and from NARO ChampionsThree factors that are seen as key to winning organisation buy-in onclimate change: climate change champions who are instrumental inraising awareness and enlisting top-level support; membership ofthe climate change coalitions that has provided valuable impetus;and framing climate change in a way that relates to organisation’spriorities. As a strategy in planning for climate change/variabilityadaptation the following areas of climate science are consideredrelevant to NARO:  More detailed seasonal forecasts in formats suitable and accessible for local communities and this is justified by revamping weather stations in the different agro-ecological zonesSTRATEGY/ FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATECLIMATE CHANGE PIONS AT NARO UGUGANDA, 2010-2015 PAGE 12 STRATEGY / FRAMEWORK FOR CHANGE CHAMCHAMPIONS AT NARO ANDA,2010-2015, 12
    •  Assistance in using existing sources of statistics or climate- related data through capacity building in data analyses, interpretation based on intra- and inter-seasonal climatic variations  Support for using local climate data where available nationally through data acquisition from meteorological department and/or IGAD Climate Prediction and Application Centre (ICPAC)  Harnessing the climate science information and harmonising it with indigenous technical knowledge within the communities  Climate science information in more accessible and user- friendly language and formatsSTRATEGY/ FSTRATEGY / FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE E CHAMPIONS AT NARNARO ANDA,2010-2015, PAGE 13 RAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANG CHANGE CHAMPIONS AT O UG UGANDA, 2010-2015 13
    • 2. The strategyThis strategic plan is designed to be implemented in the period2010-2015. Cognizant of the impacts of climate change andvariability on local farmers and noting the slow progress made inadaptation and mitigation initiatives in Uganda, NARO has identifiedstrategies that will help to create a community of climate changechampions. The plan will aim to achieve the following strategicobjectives:1. Assess what farmers are doing to adapt to climate change/variability impacts and adaptation2. Analyze gaps in what is currently being done by NARO scientists to help farmers adapt to the impacts of climate change and variability and the mitigation initiatives3. Recruit NARO champions4. Train and build common interest learning alliances for the selected champions - Training on climate change/ variability interpretation and relation to agriculture5. Create a network to link the champions of climate change within NARO (community of practice6. Conduct sensitization workshops and seminars on issues of climate change/ variabilityThe strategic plan includes a monitoring and evaluation frameworkthat elaborates strategies and the appropriate indicators to monitorthese indicators over time. As the plan is being rolled out, and theplanning process becomes institutionalized, indicators will be refinedand the NARO will be able to better measure its implementationprogress as well as benchmark itself with other similar institutions.STRATEGY/ STRATEGYORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMPIONS AT NARO UGANDA,2010-2015, PAGE 14 FRAMEW / FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMPIONS AT NARO UGANDA, 2010-2015 14
    • 2.1 Assess how farmers adapt to climate changeRecognizing that farmers have devised to reduce their vulnerabilityand to better adapt to climate change/variability, NARO will ensurethat the knowledge used is integrated in the scientific data andinformation system. This requires continuous collection ofinformation on what the farmers know about the climate changeand variability and what they are doing to cope. Incorporatingindigenous knowledge is expected to add value to the developmentof sustainable climate change/variability mitigation and adaptation.Key strategies and initiatives: • Design and implement a standard participatory protocol for yearly assessment of strategies that are being devised by farmers to cope with climate change and variability • Design and implement a system to integrate the knowledge in the design and implementation of NARO scientific mitigation and adaptation strategies2.2 Analyze gaps in what is currently being done by NAROscientists to help farmers adaptThe stock taking (section 1.3) shows various initiatives by NAROscientists in helping farmers adapt to the impacts of climate changeand variability and mitigation. This information is valuable baselinefor evaluating the gaps that may affect the implementation of thisplan. The analysis of the gaps will integrate outputs of strategicobjective 1 and will include visioning of a benchmark of what can bedone.STRATEGY/ FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMCHAMPIONS ATRO UGUGANDA, 2010-2015 PAGE 15 STRATEGY / FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE PIONS AT NA NARO ANDA,2010-2015, 15
    • Key strategies and initiatives: • Carry out a participatory gap analysis on what is currently done by NARO scientists • Create and implement a system to integrate outputs of strategic objective 1 with gap analysis on what NARO scientists are doing • Carry out visioning of a benchmark on what can be done2.3 Recruit NARO championsFor this exercise, there will be need to have a focal person onclimate change/ variability in each NARO institute – the institutedirectors will be required to identify a suitable person to take on thisresponsibility. Since the responsibilities of the focal point will notattract remuneration, the suitable person should be a NARO staff. Inregard to the responsibilities of the focal point, the coordinationoffice at NARL – Kawanda will be required to develop standardterms of reference following the goals shown in Box 1.Box 1: Goals for the Climate Change Focal Point• Documentation of climate change activities in the institute• Documentation of products/ achievements coming out of the activities• Documentation of challenges/ constraints in regard to climate change studies and adaptation and mitigation strategies• Documentation of participating institutions/ collaborators• Documentation of opportunities and needs• Monthly feedback to the coordination unit• Liaison with weather observers at the institutes• Documentation of policies, by-laws, regulations, etc. on climate change in their local environment (institutional/ local government)• Create awareness about climate change in the institute and beyond• Identification of CBOs, CSOs, NGOs, etc. for collaboration• Response to calls for writing climate change proposals• Continuous recommendationsSTRATEGY/ FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMCHAMPIONS ATRO UGUGANDA, 2010-2015 PAGE 16 STRATEGY / FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE PIONS AT NA NARO ANDA,2010-2015, 16
    • The research institutes hosting the focal points will be required todo the following:• Encourage project leaders to compile and provide information to the climate change champions in user-friendly formats• Give all the necessary support to the focal point – office space, equipment (computers and accessories, telephone), guidance, visibility/publicity, supervise mainstreaming climate change/variability into agricultural research and development activities• The institute should be in position to facilitate and release the focal point at any given time to communicate climate change issues; attend meetings; and national, regional and international workshops/ conferences• The focal point should be given audience to articulate issues of climate change within and outside the institute.• The focal point should be facilitated to respond to calls for writing climate change proposal.Key strategies and initiatives: • Create a system to identify NARO staff as focal persons on climate change/variability • Establish standard Terms of Reference for the NARO Champions. The outputs of strategic objective 1 and 2 and the goals outlined in Box 1 will be used. • Inaugurate champions and gazette roles and sensitize Directors on the roles of the institutes hosting the focal persons or champions – inauguration workshop • Implement of institutes ‘mandate of hosting the focal persons or championsSTRATEGY/ FSTRATEGY / FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE E CHAMPIONS AT NARNAROANDA,2010-2015, PAGE 17 RAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANG CHANGE CHAMPIONS AT O UG UGANDA, 2010-2015 17
    • 2.4 Train and build common interest learning alliancesfor the selected championsThis will require re-position the NARO research function to improvethe understanding of climate change and relation to agriculture. Thestrategic focus will be on training of the champions in climatedata/information collation and interpretation in relation toagriculture. Sensitization/ training will entail a 3-day sensitizationworkshop on aspects of climate change and variability. Thechampions will also be introduced to international frameworks formitigating the effects of climate change e.g. REDD (ReducingEmissions from Deforestation and Degradation), CDM (CleanDevelopment Mechanism). Other aspects of training will be onclimate change information packaging and dissemination.In order to create a pool of climate change /variability experts fromwhich the champions will be continually drawn, a systematictraining program on climate change for NARO scientists will bedesigned and implemented.Key strategies and initiatives: • Design and implement a training program for the champions on climate change/ variability data collation and interpretation in relation to agriculture • Train the climate change champions in information packaging and dissemination • Develop a systematic training program for NARO scientists to create a pool of climate change /variability experts beyond the championsSTRATESTRATEGY /EWORK FOR FOR MATE CHANGE CCHAMPIONS ATT NARO UGANDA,2010-2015, PAGE 18 GY/ FRAM FRAMEWORK CLI CLIMATE CHANGE HAMPIONS A NARO UGANDA, 2010-2015 18
    • 2.5 Create a network to link the NARO climate change championsTo address the challenge of poor networking among the NAROinstitutes, there will be need to establish a network to link climatechange champions, to garner synergies and partnerships betweenvarious players addressing the challenges of climate change. Thisinitiative is aimed at eliminating duplication, increase collaborationand sharing of research findings across a community of practice. Atthe national level, the climate change champions will be broughttogether in climate change forums to provide them a platform forcommunication. NARO through the Agricultural Technology andAdvisory Services (ATAS) project will be required to provide fundsfor this communication strategy. Create website (portal) forexchange of climate/innovations and products:To operationalize the network, there will be need for a web designwhere the champions will load climate change adaptationinnovations/ information/ outputs. For sustainability, the championswill be given passwords to access the website, but all other userswill be required to pay in order to access the website. The revenuethus generated will be used to maintain the network.Key strategies and initiates: 1- Create website (portal) for exchange of climate/innovations and information products 2- Establish a billing system for collecting funds from the website portal non NARO users and use the collected revenue to maintain the network.STRATEGY/ FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMCHAMPIONS ATRO UGUGANDA, 2010-2015 PAGE 19 STRATEGY / FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE PIONS AT NA NARO ANDA,2010-2015, 19
    • 2.6 Increase awareness on climate change/ variability and adaptation in NAROFollowing the initial workshop to sensitize Institute Directors ontheir roles and responsibilities, NARO-wide quarterly briefings andyearly workshops will be undertaken.Key strategies and initiatives: • Sensitize NARO management on the work of the champions – yearly seminars/workshops • Communicate upcoming issues of climate change/ variability – quarterly briefs; and yearly workshops • Communicate adaptation measures – quarterly briefs and yearly workshops • Share challenges and opportunities - quarterly briefs and yearly workshops5. Institutional FrameworkA framework for creation of NARO community of climate changechampions is presented. The framework enables NARO to workwithin limitations that may hamper its commitments to addressingclimate change impacts judiciously. The limitations include but arenot limited to: 1- Limited economic resources and infrastructure, 2- Low levels of technology, 3- Poor access to information and knowledge 4- Non-mainstreaming of climate change and variability activities in the current research portfolioSTRATEGY/ STRATEGYORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMPIONS AT NARO UGANDA,2010-2015, PAGE 20 FRAMEW / FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMPIONS AT NARO UGANDA, 2010-2015 20
    • 5- Non-dedicated and predictable resources to research on climate change and variability.An institutional framework and arrangement that encompassintegration of climate change activities in public agriculturalresearch institutions (PARIs) is, therefore, considered appropriatein demonstrating NARO’s potential and contribution to climatechange mitigation and adaptation technologies. Presently NAROhas adaptation technologies that can be scaled-out through a three-tier interactive framework of various stakeholders as shown inFigure 2.This means that beyond NARO, other stakeholders are importantplayers in climate change information chain: 3- Climate data producers: NARO champions will rely on and or work closely with institutions that have their primary mandate to generate climate data 4- Audience: NARO champions will work to understand and respond to the needs of the audience including farmers, policy makers and the regional and international community. Most importantly, NARO champions will need to interact and form alliances with the media for effective communication with the public.STRATEGY/ FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATECLIMATE CHANGE PIONS AT NARO UGUGANDA, 2010-2015 PAGE 21 STRATEGY / FRAMEWORK FOR CHANGE CHAMCHAMPIONS AT NARO ANDA,2010-2015, 21
    • Figure 2 Key stakeholders in agro-climate change informationThe envisaged climate change champions will therefore be expectedto: 1- Position the target audience, especially farming communities with relevant information and knowledge on how they can adapt to the changing scenarios. 2- Champion adaptation strategies such as: • Seasonal changes and sowing dates • Different variety or species of crops • Water harvesting, containment, supply and irrigation system • Other inputs (fertiliser, tillage methods, grain drying, storage) • New crop varieties • Forest fire management with suitable species and silvicultural practicesThe adaptation strategies would help in:  Reducing food security risk  Identifying present vulnerabilities  Adjusting agricultural research priorities  Protecting genetic resources and intellectual property rightsSTRATEGY/ FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATECLIMATE CHANGE PIONS AT NARO UGUGANDA, 2010-2015 PAGE 22 STRATEGY / FRAMEWORK FOR CHANGE CHAMCHAMPIONS AT NARO ANDA,2010-2015, 22
    •  Strengthening agricultural extension and communication systems  Adjustment in commodity and trade policy  Increased training and education  Identification and promotion of climatic benefits and environmental services of trees and forests6. Financing MechanismThe total expenditure is estimated at US Dollars 3,564,100.A detailed breakdown according to each strategy is presented inTable 1 below.The budget is expected from the following main sources: 1- Government through NARO 3- Internally generated - The revenue generated from website (portal) will be used to maintain the network 4- Solicitation from DonorsNARO Management responsibilities:• Institutes/ NARO will be required to support the activities of the climate change champions in their constituencies e.g. the sensitization workshops.• Institutes will establish a reward system to motivate the champions on an annual basis• NARO will be required to provide funds for establishing the network to link champions• NARO will also be required to meet the cost of the 3-day sensitization workshopSTRATEGY/ STRATEGYORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMPIONS AT NARO UGANDA,2010-2015, PAGE 23 FRAMEW / FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMPIONS AT NARO UGANDA, 2010-2015 23
    • Role of champions:As indicated in section (2.3), one of the goals for creating the NAROchampions will be to solicit funding for climate change science atNARO. The champions will, therefore, as part of their ToR engage inproposal writing to garner financial support for their campaigns andsupplement Government funding.STRATEGY/ FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMPCHAMPIONSARO UGANDA,2010-2015, PAGE 24 STRATEGY / FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE IONS AT N AT NARO UGANDA, 2010-2015 24
    • Table 1 Planned expenditure for the plan period (2010 – 2015)SO TOTAL# Strategies Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 COST USD STRATEGY / FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMPIONS AT NARO UGANDA, 2010-2015 Strategic objective 1: Assess how farmers adapt to climate change 1.1 Design and implement a standard participatory protocol for yearly assessment of farmers adaptation to climate change and variability 12,800 7,800 7,800 7,800 2,000 38,200 1.2 Design and implement a system to integrate the knowledge in theSO 1 design and implementation of NARO scientific mitigation and adaptation strategies 5,000 5,000 SO1 TOTAL 17,800 7,800 7,800 7,800 2,000 43,200 Strategic objective 2: Assess how farmers adapt to climate change 2.1 Carry out a participatory gap analysis on what is currently done by NARO scientists - workshop 12,000 12,000SO 2 2.2 Create and implement a system to integrate outputs of strategic objective 1 with gap analysis on what NARO scientists are doing 10,000 5,000 5,000 5,000 2,000 27,000 2.3 Carry out visioning of a benchmark on what can be done- workshop 10,000 10,000 SO2 TOTAL 32,000 5,000 5,000 5,000 2,000 49,000 25 Strategic Objective 3: Recruit and deploy NARO Climate Change Champions 3.1 Create a system to identify NARO staff as focal persons on climate change/variability 0 3.2 Establish standard Terms of Reference for the NARO Champions. 0 3.3 Inaugurate champions and gazette roles and sensitize Directors on SO 3 the roles of the institutes hosting the focal persons or champions – inauguration workshop 80,000 80,000 3.4 Implement institutes ‘mandate of hosting the focal persons or champions 350,000 12,000 12,000 6,000 6,000 386,000 SO3 TOTAL 430,000 12,000 12,000 6,000 6,000 466,000 Strategic Objective 4: Train and build common interest learning alliances for the selected champions 4.1 Design and implement a training program for the champions on climate change/ variability data collation and interpretation in relation to agriculture 200000 50000 50000 50000 50000 400000SO 4 4.2 Train the climate change champions in information packaging and dissemination 150000 30000 30000 30000 35000 275000 4.3 Develop a systematic training program for NARO scientists to create a pool of climate change /variability experts beyond the champions 9500 4000 4000 17500STRATEGY/ FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMPIONS AT NARO UGANDA,2010-2015, PAGE 25
    • SO TOTAL # Strategies Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 COST USD SO4 TOTAL 359500 84000 84000 80000 85000 692500 Strategic objective 5: Create a network to link the NARO climate change champions STRATEGY / FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMPIONS AT NARO UGANDA, 2010-2015 5.1 Create website (portal) for exchange of climate/innovations and information products 55200 12000 12000 12000 12000 103200 SO 5 5.2 Establish a billing system for collecting funds from the website portal non NARO users and use the collected revenue to maintain the network 5000 5000 SO5 TOTAL 60200 12000 12000 12000 12000 108200 Strategic objective 6: Increase awareness on climate change/ variability and adaptation in NARO 6.1 Sensitize NARO management on the work of the champions – yearly seminars/workshops 62600 62600 62600 62600 62600 313000 6.2 Communicate upcoming issues of climate change/ variability – bulletin, quarterly briefs; and yearly workshops 120000 120000 120000 120000 120000 600000 SO 6 6.3 Communicate adaptation measures – Bulletin, quarterly briefs and yearly workshops 120000 120000 120000 120000 120000 600000 6.4 Share challenges and opportunities - Bulletin, quarterly briefs and 26 yearly workshops 120000 120000 120000 120000 120000 600000 SO6 TOTAL 422600 422600 422600 422600 422600 2113000 Establish and document an institutional framework and arrangementInstitutional Framework that encompass integration of climate change activities in public agricultural research institutions (PARIs) 20,000.00 20,000.00 Institutional Framework TOTAL 20000 0 0 0 0 20000 Implement M&E : Quarterly reports by champions to the directors; Yearly progress reports , Mid-term evaluation of the plan , and Final M&E evaluation at the end of the plan 6,400.00 6,400.00 36,500.00 6,400.00 36,500.00 92,200.00 M&E TOTAL 6400 6400 36500 6400 36500 92200TOT AL GRAND TOTAL 1,328,500 549,800 579,900 539,800 566,100 3,564,100 STRATEGY/ FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMPIONS AT NARO UGANDA,2010-2015, PAGE 26
    • 7. Monitoring and Evaluation7.1 Measuring the mainstreaming of climate change andvulnerability in NAROThe strategy being developed is to enable the mainstreaming ofinformation on climate change vulnerabilities, risks andpreparedness into the research agenda, policy-making and planningof future NARO programmes. The following parameters, but notexclusively, will be used to measure mainstreaming climate changeinformation in NARO’s research agenda:  Number of research plans in which climate change is addressed qualitatively and quantitatively  Existence and thoroughness of guidelines on how to integrate new or updated information on climate change vulnerability, risk and preparedness into decision-making  Existence and number of dedicated staff to help facilitate preparedness actions on climate change variabilities  Existence and amounts of funds for vulnerability and risk assessment, preparedness actions, measurement of resilience  Existence of fora which have been established for information sharing about vulnerabilities.To implement the M & E plan, the following will be undertaken: 1- Quarterly reports by champions to the directors 2- Yearly evaluation of progress according to the log-frame (Table 2) 3- Mid-term evaluation of the plan 4- Final evaluation at the end of the planSTRATEGY/ FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATECLIMATE CHANGE CHAMPIONS ATRO UGUGANDA, 2010-2015 PAGE 27 STRATEGY / FRAMEWORK FOR CHANGE CHAMPIONS AT NA NARO ANDA,2010-2015, 27
    • Table 2 Monitoring ad Evaluation plan: Strategic plan Log Frame Strategies Indicators Means of Verification Responsibility STRATEGY / FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMPIONS AT NARO UGANDA, 2010-2015 Strategic objective 1: Assess how farmers adapt to climate change .1 Design and implement a standard • Survey protocol document in place • Survey protocol document • Climate change focal person participatory protocol for yearly • 5 survey reports: 1 report /year • Survey Reports at NARL- Kawanda assessment of farmers adaptation to for the five year plan • Administrative: Quarter/Annual • Consultant climate change and variability Reports .2 Design and implement a system to • Integrated system of local and • Reports • Climate change focal person integrate the knowledge in the design and scientific knowledge on climate • Onsite visit at NARL- Kawanda implementation of NARO scientific change adaptation • Consultant mitigation and adaptation strategies Strategic objective 2: Analyze gaps in what is currently being done by NARO scientists to help farmers adapt 2.1 Carry out a participatory gap analysis on • Gap Analysis report • Gap Analysis report • Climate change focal person what is currently done by NARO scientists Administrative: Quarter/Annual at NARL- Kawanda 28 • Reports 2.2 Create and implement a system to integrate • System to integrate local • Documentation on system • Climate change focal person outputs of strategic objective 1 with gap knowledge with what NARO • Reports at NARL- Kawanda analysis on what NARO scientists are doing scientists are doing in place • Consultant 2.3 Carry out visioning of a benchmark on what • Visioning workshop • Visioning report • Climate change focal person can be done- workshop • Benchmark of what can be done in at NARL- Kawanda place • Consultant Strategic Objective 3: Recruit and deploy NARO Climate Change Champions 3.1 Create a system to identify NARO staff as • System in place • Reports • Climate change Focal Person focal persons on climate change/variability • Onsite visit at NARL Kawanda 3.2 Establish standard Terms of Reference for • ToR in place • Climate change Focal Person the NARO Champions. at NARL KawandaSTRATEGY/ FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMPIONS AT NARO UGANDA,2010-2015, PAGE 28
    • Strategies Indicators Means of Verification Responsibility 3.3 Inaugurate champions and gazette roles • Inaugurated champions • Document gazetting roles for • Climate change Focal Person and sensitize Directors on the roles of the • Roles confirmed and gazetted at an champions and institutes at NARL Kawanda institutes hosting the focal persons or inauguration workshop- 100 • Workshop report STRATEGY / FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMPIONS AT NARO UGANDA, 2010-2015 champions – inauguration workshop participants 3.4 Implement institutes ‘mandate of hosting • Implementation of institutes • Reports • Institute Directors the focal persons or champions: mandate of hosting focal persons: • On-site visits • Climate change champions − Encourage project leaders to compile and − Amount of usable climate provide information to the climate change information provided to the climate champions in user-friendly formats change champions − Give necessary support to the focal point – − Kinds of support provided to the office space, equipment (Computers and focal point- office space, mentoring, accessories, telephone), guidance, visibility/publicity, supervision, etc. visibility/publicity, etc. − Number of activities the focal point − 29 The institute to facilitate and release the has undertaken in communication focal point at any given time to of climate change issues; attended communicate climate change issues; attend meetings and national, regional and meetings; and national, regional and international workshops/ international workshops/ conferences conferences − Facilitated focal point to respond to calls for − Number of proposals a champion writing climate change proposal. has responded to Strategic Objective 4: Train and build common interest learning alliances for the selected champions 4.1 Design and implement a training program • Training program on climate • Training manual • Institute Directors for the champions on climate change/ change data and information • Training report • Climate change Focal person variability data collation and interpretation collation and interpretation in place • Administrative reports at NARL Kawanda in relation to agriculture • Training manual in place • Consultant • Number of champions trainedSTRATEGY/ FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMPIONS AT NARO UGANDA,2010-2015, PAGE 29STRATEGY/ FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMPIONS AT NARO UGANDA,2010-2015, PAGE 29
    • Strategies Indicators Means of Verification Responsibility 4.2 Train the climate change champions in • Training program on climate • Training manual • Institute Directors information packaging and dissemination change data and information • Training report • Climate change Focal person collation and interpretation in place • Administrative reports at NARL Kawanda STRATEGY / FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMPIONS AT NARO UGANDA, 2010-2015 • Number of champions trained • Consultant 4.3 Develop a systematic training program for • Training program on climate • Training manual • Institute Directors NARO scientists to create a pool of climate change data and information • Training report • Climate change Focal person change /variability experts beyond the collation and interpretation in place • Administrative reports at NARL Kawanda champions • Number of NARO Scientists • Consultant trained Strategic objective 5: Create a network to link the NARO climate change champions 5.1 Create website (portal) for exchange of • Website portal in place • Onsite visit • Institute Directors climate/innovations and information • Number of Champions on the • Reports • Climate change Focal person products network • Internet checks at NARL Kawanda • Consultant 30 5.2 Establish a billing system for collecting • Billing system in place • Reports • Institute Directors funds from the website portal non NARO • Number of outsiders ( Non-NARO) • Internet checks • Climate change Focal person users and use the collected revenue to users on the net at NARL Kawanda maintain the network • Consultant Strategic objective 6: Increase awareness on climate change/ variability and adaptation in NARO 6.1 Sensitize NARO management on the work of • Sensitization workshops (1 per • Workshop reports • Champions the champions – yearly year over the five years of • Administrative quarterly reports seminars/workshops implementation) 6.2 Communicate upcoming issues of climate • Quarterly briefs • Bulletins • Champions change/ variability – bulletin, quarterly • Monthly bulletins in place • Workshop reports briefs; and yearly workshops • 5 Sensitization workshops (1 per • Administrative quarterly reports year over the five years)STRATEGY/ FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMPIONS AT NARO UGANDA,2010-2015, PAGE 30
    • Strategies Indicators Means of Verification Responsibility 6.3 Communicate adaptation measures – • Quarterly briefs • Bulletins • Champions Bulletin, quarterly briefs and yearly • Monthly bulletins • Workshop reports workshops • 5 Sensitization workshops (1 per • Administrative quarterly reports STRATEGY / FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMPIONS AT NARO UGANDA, 2010-2015 year over the five years) 6.4 Share challenges and opportunities - • Quarterly briefs • Bulletins • Champions Bulletin, quarterly briefs and yearly • Monthly bulletins • Workshop reports workshops • 5 Sensitization workshops (1 per • Administrative quarterly reports year over the five years) Institutional Framework Establish and document an institutional • Framework document in place • Framework document in place • Institute directors framework and arrangement that encompass • Communication channels • Reports • Climate change Focal person integration of climate change activities in public documented at NARL Kawanda agricultural research institutions (PARIs) • Champions Financial mechanisms 31 Secure budget from Government and solicit • Number of budget items on climate • Budget papers • Institute directors funds from donors change submitted to Government • Budget reports • Climate change Focal • Number of proposals submited • Administrative reports person at NARL • Number of projects funded by • Project reports Kawanda donors • On-site visits • Champions • Existence and amounts of funds for vulnerability and risk assessment, preparedness actions, measurement of resilience Monitoring and Evaluation Implement M&E • M and E reports in place • M & E reports • Institute directors Administrative reports Climate change Focal − Quarterly reports by champions to the − Quarterly reports by champions • • person at NARLSTRATEGY/ FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMPIONS AT NARO UGANDA,2010-2015, PAGE 31STRATEGY/ FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMPIONS AT NARO UGANDA,2010-2015, PAGE 31
    • Strategies Indicators Means of Verification Responsibility directors Kawanda − Yearly evaluation of progress Champions − Yearly evaluation of progress according reports • to the log-frame (Table 2) − Mid-term evaluation report STRATEGY / FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMPIONS AT NARO UGANDA, 2010-2015 − Mid-term evaluation of the plan − Final evaluation report − Final evaluation at the end of the plan 32STRATEGY/ FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMPIONS AT NARO UGANDA,2010-2015, PAGE 32
    • Annex 1 Planning ProcessApproachA participatory / consultive process was followed in the preparation of this strategy/framework asfollows: 1-First, a participatory situation analysis was undertaken. Discussions and interviews were held with selected staff of NARO to obtain information on the existing capacity and infrastructure for climate change. 2- Consultative meeting was held with the Director and senior staff responsible for climate change at NARL Kawanda 3- Brainstorming sessions were held on how to create the champions and the formulation of strategic objectives. 4- A draft strategy was developed and discussed amongst selected senior staff of NARO 5- Integrating comments on a final document was producedPlanning teamDr. Jane Bemigisha (planning Leader)programme ManagerInternational Foundation for Science (IFS)Eastern Africa HubHosted at the Regional Universities Forum forcapacity Building in Agriculture (RUFORUM)plot 151 Garden Hill, Makerere University,Kampala - UgandaFax: +256-414 567 649Tel: + 256-414 535939: Mobile: +256 772467709Email 1: jane.bemigisha@ifs.seEmail 2: j.bemigisha@ruforum.orgDr. Evelyn Komutunga,Agronomist/Agro meteorologistNational Agricultural Research Laboratories Institute - KawandaNationalNational Agricultural Research Organization (NARO),Box 7065 Kampala, Uganda,Tel: +256 414 567 649Tel Mobile: +256 772 573687E-mail: komutungae@gmail.com STRATEGY / FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMPIONS AT NARO UGANDA, 2010-2015 33
    • Dr. Drake MubiruTeam Leader of Natural Resources Research GroupNational Agricultural Research Laboratories Institute-Kawanda,National agricultural Research Organization (NARO)Box 7065 Kampala, UgandaTel: +256 414 567 649Mobile: +256 782415843Email: dnmubiru@kari.go.ugDr. Ambrose AgonaDirectorNational Agricultural Research OrganisationNational Agricultural Research Laboratories Institute - KawandaP.O. Box 7065KampalaUgandaTel: +256 414 567 649Mobile: +256 (0) 772 423 245Email : karidir@imul.comEmail: aagona@hotmail.com STRATEGY / FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE CHAMPIONS AT NARO UGANDA, 2010-2015 34