CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION AND AFRICAN AGRICULTURE GRANTEE CONVENING 24-25 February 2011Project title: Strengthening ISAR’s Capacity to Develop Climate Change Adaptation Interventions and Policy Recommendations that Ensure their Adoption Grantee: Institut des Sciences Agronomiques du Rwanda (ISAR) Presenter : Dr. Daphrose Gahakwa Time allocated – 10 minutes 0
Brief Background of the Institution ISAR is a public institution, established in 1962 with a mandate to carry out research in agronomy, livestock and environmental sciences. Mission: To generate and develop demand driven technology to increase agricultural productivity for food security and improved incomes while conserving natural resources base. Vision: Enhance food security, economic growth and integrated agric research for development ISAR has got 14 research stations in different agro ecological zoneshttp://www.isar.rw/ 1
Your other projects/programs on climate change adaptation• None directly implemented by ISAR 2
Objectives of the Rockefeller Foundation Grant• Mainstream awareness and understanding of CCA concepts throughout Rwanda in order to prepare ISAR staff to be a champion for climate change adaptation• Deliver agro-meteorological data analyses to customers and develop policy recommendations that address CCA at the organizational, local, national and regional levels in order to facilitate the passage of policies that promote food security and well being for the region’s population• Capture demand of farmers and other stakeholders and translate their needs into the development of relevant interventions in order to increase uptake of effective climate change adaptation technologies 3
Key Activities Related to the Grant• Establish a National Steering Committee on Climate Change Adaptation at ISAR• Create a community of climate change adaptation champions within each research program;• Capacity development (Automatic Weather Station acquisition and postgraduate training in agro-meteorology, climate science and modeling skills);• Organize short-term training in agro-meteorology, climate science and modeling skills—using train the trainer approach;• Assess success of technologies through field surveys at the start (baseline) and end of the project and document lessons learnt;• Develop a competitive grant scheme that funds field testing for climate change adaptation technologies;• Contract a climate change research expert for improving local capacity.• Contract an expert in policy to undertake policy analyses and recommendations on climate change adaptation in Rwanda 4
Highlight on the Progress to dateCreation of the National Steering Committee of the CCAProject; 9 institutions involvedAcquisition and Installation of 10 AWS at 10 ISAR stations;One MSc student at Nairobi UniversityCreate a community of climate change adaptation championswithin each research program: 34 Heads of Research programscommitted;A competitive grant scheme that funds field testing forclimate change adaptation technologies has been developedand launched;Field surveys at the start (baseline) to assess successfultechnologies;Logistics: Transport and computers facilities Vehicle (Toyota 4x4 double cabin); Laptop (4) and Desktop Computers and accessories (2); 5
Early Findings (optional)• Meteorological data collection: 197 WS up 1994 with complete climate data, only 20 WS are operational to date Data gaps from 1994-1999 Complete data for Kigali city• Baseline Survey have been conducted: Farmers in the eastern province have changed cropping patterns due to drought, in the north frequent floods; 6
Early Findings (optional)• Annual average temperature in Rwanda has increased gradually from 1971 to 2007, increase of 0.9 C in 27 years• Average value was 19.8 °C in 1971 and 20.7 °C in 2007. 22.0 21.5 21.0 Température (°C) 20.5 20.0 19.5 19.0 18.5 1971 1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 Années 7
Key Challenges• Meteorological Data gaps between 1994-2000 at most of the stations;• Skilled personnel: – in using current models such GCM, LEAP, DSSAT, APSIM, IMPACT, etc; Weak involvement of climate change aspects in different research programs and institutions• The contractual experts not readily available;• Draw strategies to make a two years climate change adaptation research for development project sustainable; 8
Lessons Learnt• Farmers are aware on climate change phenomenon• Determining the impact of climate change on livelihood requires skills;• Climate change is affecting rain-fed agriculture;• Determining and predicting the impact of climate change on agricultural sector and population livelihood requires multidisciplinary skills• climate change impacts alone are difficult to separate them from impacts of soil fertility changes, technologies changes, land area change 9
Emerging Opportunities for Collaboration• ISAR Participates in the Elaboration of National Communication relative to United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change at REMA2 new projects in Rwanda coordinated by REMA• Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa – Building a comprehensive national approach in Rwanda Supported: Gov. of Japan, 1 year (ending with 2011)• Reducing Vulnerability to Climate Change by Establishing Early Warning and Disaster Preparedness System and Support for Integrated Watershed Management in Flood Prone Areas Donor: GEF, 4 years (2010-2014) 10
Next steps• Analyze long-term climate data from established climate stations and mobilize funds for Climate Change adaptation and resilience based on results• Provide two small grants to projects that will test the success of technology linked to climate change adaptation;• Contract experts in climate modeling and policy formulation in relation to climate change adaptation and resilience• Sensitize agricultural researchers to include climate change in their research agenda 11
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