FANRPAN Climate Change Initiatives Presented by Sepo Hachigonta at theSACAU consultation workshop on climate change and agriculture, 19 October 2011, Johannesburg, South Africa
Background to FANRPAN• Call by Ministers of Agriculture from East and Southern Africa in 1994• Created in 1997, registered in 2002 in Zimbabwe, relocated to RSA in 2005• Focus: § Improving policy research, analysis and formulation on key SADC priority themes § Developing human and institutional capacity for coordinated policy dialogue among all stakeholders § Improving policy decision making by enhancing the generation, exchange and use of policy-related information• Stakeholder categories: Farmers, Government, Parliamentarians, Researchers, Private sector, Media, Development Partners• National nodes in 16 east and southern African countries: Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Food, Agriculture and Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)AimTo promote appropriate agricultural and natural resources policies in order to reduce poverty, increase food security and enhance sustainable agricultural development in AfricaVisionA food secure Africa free from hunger and povertyMissionTo promote evidence based policy development in the Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources (FANR) sectorHow? q facilitating linkages and partnerships between government and civil society q building the capacity for policy analysis and policy dialogue in Africa q Create capacity to demand evidence for policy development
FANRPAN Structure A network of networks Commercial Farmers Farmers CSOs Commodity Associations Malawi Government Small-scale farmers associations Zimbabwe Namibia Private Sector Botswana Zambia Researchers Mozambique FANRPANAngola Regional Madagascar Secretariat TanzaniaLesotho DRC Swaziland Mauritius South Africa
Future change Southern Africa projected temperature change at the large scale Regional temperature: - Historical observed (Black line) - Historical simulated by 21 global models (Red envelope) - Projected ranges by 21 global models
Strategies for Adapting to Climate Change inRural Sub-Saharan Africa: Targeting the Most Vulnerable In partnership with International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and CGIAR
Objectivesn Promote adaptation among vulnerable populations through developing comprehensive systems for assessing global changes and the changes of these impacts across disaggregated systems, groups, and factors influencing initial state of vulnerability.n Provide regional organisations, policy-makers and farmers in sub-Saharan Africa with tools to identify and implement appropriate adaptation strategies.n Study countries: Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Swaziland scenarios for 2050 Maize Production Population projections Number of malnourished children under 5 GDP per capita
Some adaptation recommendations identified in the country chapters include:n Development of policies on climate change that would support increased investment in adaptation programmes highlighted in the NAPA reports;n Incorporation of climate change adaptation in long-term planning and developmental programmes including budgetary allocations to climate change adaptation strategies;n Smallholder irrigation development targeting the vulnerable communitiesn Capacity building in skills and tools for technical assessments, planning and policy development in the context of climate changen Awareness raising: A sufficient political awareness of climate change issues is required to gather the support for action, within government, NGOs, private sector and the public at large;n Developing and promote drought-tolerant crop varieties and hardy livestock.
Knowledge gaps in estimating regional climate change • The impact of regional changes in other drivers are not sufficiently understood e.g. land use change, aerosol emissions - what will be the impact of increases in biomass burning ? • Bridging the gap in historical and far future change – the next 20 years ? • Regional ocean temperatures are only crudely represented • The effect of topography as a modifier of change i.e. temperature changes at higher altitudes (will come with running models at a higher spatial resolution) • How do all the above interact with the greenhouse gas forced changes ? – do they act in concert (pushing the system into further change) or mitigate some of the change ?Information should be presented within the context of uncertainty and projections from multiplemodels – choices are informed by carefully evaluated risks !
Strengthening Evidence-Based Climate Change Adaptation Policies (SECCAP) for Agriculture with support from Project inception meeting for Malawi 27 May 2011 email@example.com www.fanrpan.org
Focal CountriesLesotho, Malawi and Swaziland
SECCAP Objectives1. To generate solid scientific understanding on climate change downscaling;2. To integrate downscaled climate scenarios with district-wide household vulnerability information;3. To determine the socio-economic feasibility of recommended cropping options;4. To develop appropriate policy recommendations, in particular the NAPA priorities in agriculture;5. To transfer the knowledge generated to decision/policy makers and local communities;
Future change Downscaling The challenge of bring confident large scale projections to scales of adaptation and policy
Expected outcomes• Strengthened local scientific, expertise and local knowledge;• Strengthened partnership and networking on adaptation research among different institutions;• Use integrated approach to assesses adaptation investment options (combining climate, crop, productivity and livelihoods);• Rank cropping adaptation options on the basis of feasibility (climate, cost benefit and policy);
Project partnersUniversity of Cape Town University of Malawi National University of Lesotho University of Venda University of Swaziland International Food Policy (South Africa) Research Institute
Building Climate Change Resilience in Africas Agricultural Research Programmes The Rockefeller Foundation Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
Objectivesn Improving food security throughout sub-Saharan Africa by promoting the integration of climate change adaptation into agriculture research and policy agendas, and making climate change science more comprehensible to policy-makers, scientists and the private sector.n To provide advocacy support on policy research initiative on climate change.
Outputsn Advisory Notes to governments based on dialogue proceedingsn Ministerial/Parliamentarians’ responsesn Policy Briefs on mainstreaming climate change knowledge into agriculture research programmesn A database of stakeholders keen on interfacen A long-term research proposal on climate proofing agriculture researchn Information and Knowledge Dissemination
Copyright FANRPAN Regional Secretariat141 Cresswell Road, Weavind Park 0184, Private Bag X2087 ,Pretoria, South Africa Tel: +27 (0) 12 804 2966 , Fax: +27 (0) 12 804 0600 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.fanrpan.org