CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION AND          AFRICAN AGRICULTURE GRANTEE CONVENING                    24-25 February 2011  Makin...
Brief Background of EIARThe Ethiopian Institute of              EIAR -- overall coordination ofAgricultural Research (EIAR...
Brief Background of EIAR                                                 Technical Man Power                             D...
Other projects on Climate Change                                   Adaptation                Project Title                ...
Objectives of the Rockefeller Foundation Grant1. To form a consortium that ensures networking among climate     and agricu...
Key Activities1. Coordination and networking: Seven key climate-agriculture      institutions with common goals have forme...
EIAR has taken the precedence in mainstreaming CCA, not onlyinto its own system, but also in bridging the other key climat...
Table:Working groups by objectives                       matrices in CCA mainstreamingPillars                         Work...
Key activitiesDeveloping M & E Tool: Logical Framework Matrix  Narrative    Objectively      Means of       Important  Sum...
Key Activities Continued        2. Capacity building for effective mainstreamingShort term training     Climate change vu...
Key Activities Continued4. Climate change policy formulation  Policy gap analyses for agriculture sector   Policy gaps a...
Highlight on the Progress to dateThe seven-step Project level CCA mainstreaming tool in place                             ...
Highlight on the Progress to dateHigher Learning Institutions level entry points for mainstreaming CCA in place           ...
Highlight on the Progress to dateFarmers Training Centers (FTCs) level entry point for mainstreaming CCA in place         ...
Communication Tool Among Partners                                    14
Highlight on the Progress to dateTraining Specific area                                                      No of        ...
Challenges Currently, initiatives are many across a wide ranging institutions,         However, climate change is such a ...
Lessons LearntNARS can not have any priority agenda than considering climate as avariable or treatment , largely in transl...
Lessons LearntClimate science courses structuring and accreditation identified tomake the best entry point in mainstreamin...
Emerging Opportunities for CollaborationOpportunities are also many, especially since the time is right andripe to confron...
Next stepsEnhancing analytical capacity in CC vulnerability andimpact mappingBuilding on existing farmers capacitiesWorkin...
AcknowledgementWe would like to thank the Rockefeller Foundation forfunding the projectEIAR for capacity building efforts ...
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EIAR Girma Mamo

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Rockefeller convening presentation by EIAR's Girma Mamo

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EIAR Girma Mamo

  1. 1. CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION AND AFRICAN AGRICULTURE GRANTEE CONVENING 24-25 February 2011 Making Ethiopian Agriculture Climate Resilient: TowardsNetworking and Coordination to Mainstream Climate Change Adapataion into Food Security and Sustaiable Developemnt Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR) Girma Mamo, Principal Investigator 0
  2. 2. Brief Background of EIARThe Ethiopian Institute of EIAR -- overall coordination ofAgricultural Research (EIAR) has agricultural research countrywideevolved through several stages since  advising Gov’t on agric-researchits first initiation during the late policy and practices1940s. NARS -- 55 research centers acrossThe establishment of the Institute of various agro-ecological zones.  variation in experience, humanAgricultural Research (IAR) in 1966 and facility.saw the first nationally coordinated Few research centers -- one ornational agric-research system more sub-centers and testing sites.(NARS)NARS EIAR+ Regional Agricultural Research Institutes (RARIs) + Higher Learning Institutions (HLIs) 1
  3. 3. Brief Background of EIAR Technical Man Power DirectoratePrime responsibility to PhD MSc/MA BSc/BA/BEd Totaladdress climate issues in Crop Livestock 48 7 108 56 76 37 232 100Growth and Transformation Forestry 9 27 21 57Plan (GTP) Soil and 11 35 48 94 Water Agricultural 0 5 7 12 MechanizationCore value of EIAR. Better Total 75 231 189 495position in terms oftechnically capablemanpower in climatescience 2
  4. 4. Other projects on Climate Change Adaptation Project Title Ongoing /new Funder/s1. Integrated Technologies to mitigate Ongoing ASARECA drought and increase smallholder sorghum productivity2. Linking seasonal climate outlook and Ongoing World Bank weather info into food security under rain-fed cropping3. Assessing vulnerability and exploring 12 new Government best options4. Making the best of climate variability in Ongoing ASARECA agriculture 3
  5. 5. Objectives of the Rockefeller Foundation Grant1. To form a consortium that ensures networking among climate and agriculture institutions for mainstreaming climate change adaptations Capacity building2. To develop a standard methodological tool for monitoring progresses from mainstreaming of CCA and sustain the impact beyond the project life Scalability/Sustainability3. To assess vulnerability (social, economic and environmental) and map impacts Science4. To create relevant climate risk adaptation policies and practices suited to effective networking Policy5. To develop institutional capacity for technology dissemination, uptake and impact pathways to enhance climate change adaptations Technology/communication/impact 4
  6. 6. Key Activities1. Coordination and networking: Seven key climate-agriculture institutions with common goals have formed alliance 5
  7. 7. EIAR has taken the precedence in mainstreaming CCA, not onlyinto its own system, but also in bridging the other key climate- agriculture institutions 6
  8. 8. Table:Working groups by objectives matrices in CCA mainstreamingPillars Working Group Objectives 1 2 3 4 5Capacity Building 1Scalability/Sustainability 2Science/Knowledge/info 3Policy and Strategy 4Technology-communication 5Piloting Seasonal Climate 6Outlook: The Case of CBATechnology-Methods of crop 7monitoring & yield estimationCommunication 8 7
  9. 9. Key activitiesDeveloping M & E Tool: Logical Framework Matrix Narrative Objectively Means of Important Summary verifiable Verification Assumptions indicator (external) Goal Purposes Outputs Activities 8
  10. 10. Key Activities Continued 2. Capacity building for effective mainstreamingShort term training  Climate change vulnerability and risk mapping  Climate change impact assessmentLong term training  Climate & development oriented courses institutionalization and accreditation  MSc students Procurement  Computing facilities, including for Farmers Training Centers Development of  Social Media,commutation tools  Own Web page  RANET (Radio Internet) 9
  11. 11. Key Activities Continued4. Climate change policy formulation Policy gap analyses for agriculture sector  Policy gaps analyses on climate data use  Build on existing policy documents on agriculture and climate data use5. Adaptation technology & communication mainstreaming Assess project activities for climate risk management  Identification of adaptation options  Prioritize adaptation options  Select best adaptation options  Evaluation of adaptation options (convene workshops)  Redefine the conceptual framework of NMA-Research- Extension- Farmers linkage 10
  12. 12. Highlight on the Progress to dateThe seven-step Project level CCA mainstreaming tool in place 11
  13. 13. Highlight on the Progress to dateHigher Learning Institutions level entry points for mainstreaming CCA in place 12
  14. 14. Highlight on the Progress to dateFarmers Training Centers (FTCs) level entry point for mainstreaming CCA in place 13
  15. 15. Communication Tool Among Partners 14
  16. 16. Highlight on the Progress to dateTraining Specific area No of traineesShort term • Climate change adaptation related project proposal writing 20 • Focal Personnel in climate change impact assessment and 22 downscaling of GCM outputs • Experts from NARS and Arba Minch University in using 16 RegCM 4.1 for downscaling (Abdus Salam International Center for Theoretical Physics) •Training on Social Media 15 •Sensitization workshop for community at 4 EIAR research 900 centers • Sensitization workshop for environmental clubs in 200 4 High SchoolsLong Term MSc students in climate science 15 + 6 Resource persons (international) offering courses at Arba 7 Minch University expressed commitment 15
  17. 17. Challenges Currently, initiatives are many across a wide ranging institutions, However, climate change is such a complex challenge that, neither research nor development efforts can solve its adverse impacts in isolation In Ethiopian context, with almost virtually rain-fed system, agriculture will continue to take the lead in the Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP) of the nation over the coming 5 years  But, existing adaptation options can not carry this ambitious plan:  Poor networking and coordination  Poor institutional capacity to analyze climate vulnerability and risks  Poor technology,  Poor financial backup  Poor infrastructure 16
  18. 18. Lessons LearntNARS can not have any priority agenda than considering climate as avariable or treatment , largely in translating forecast products intotechnologies and best practicesClearly, adaptation to the constraint in point will require new levelof thinking and technologies (Business as usual can not be the wayforward)Re-positioning the existing technologies in response to ensuingopportunities (dismantling the system and resynthesis in a newway).Government funded research projects identified to make the bestentry point in mainstreaming CCA in the research 17
  19. 19. Lessons LearntClimate science courses structuring and accreditation identified tomake the best entry point in mainstreaming CCA in higher learninginstitutionsThe need for graduation of institutions for mainstreaming CCAThe identified explicit expectations from the project partnerinstitutions will solve part of the problems, while EIAR as the projectcoordination office will make extra efforts to realize the anticipatedsuccess 18
  20. 20. Emerging Opportunities for CollaborationOpportunities are also many, especially since the time is right andripe to confront climate change through networking, and that,international donors are demonstrating great interest.Opportunity of expanding (scaling out) the project idea andpractices to Rockefeller Foundation grant receiving countries in EastAfricaStrong commitment from African governments on climate change 19
  21. 21. Next stepsEnhancing analytical capacity in CC vulnerability andimpact mappingBuilding on existing farmers capacitiesWorking towards the graduation of partner institutions formainstreaming CCABuilding on existing policies in climate and agricultureStrengthening communication tools in reaching out thefarmers 20
  22. 22. AcknowledgementWe would like to thank the Rockefeller Foundation forfunding the projectEIAR for capacity building efforts 21

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