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    Eiar presentation 24th Eiar presentation 24th Presentation Transcript

    • CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION AND AFRICAN AGRICULTURE GRANTEE CONVENING 24-25 February 2011 Making Ethiopian Agriculture Climate Resilient: Towards Networking and Coordination toMainstream Climate Change Adapataion into Food Security and Sustaiable Developemnt Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR) Girma Mamo, Principal Investigator 0
    • Brief Background of EIAR EIAR: evolved through severalstages since its first initiationin late 1940s.Part of NARS= EIAR+ Regional Agricultural Research Institutes (RARIs) + Higher Learning Institutions (HLIs)EIAR Overall coordination countrywide55 research centers across various agro-ecologicalzones. 1
    • Brief Background of EIAR Technical Man Power DirectoratePrime responsibility to PhD MSc/MA BSc/BA/BEd Total Crop 48 108 76 232address climate issues in Livestock 7 56 37 100Growth and Forestry 9 27 21 57Transformation Plan Soil and 11 35 48 94 Water(GTP) Agricultural 0 5 7 12 Mechanization Total 75 231 189 495Current core value:Better position in terms oftechnically capablemanpower in climatescience 2
    • Other projects on CCA Project Title Ongoing /new Funder1. Integrated Technologies to mitigate Ongoing ASARECA drought and increase smallholder sorghum productivity2. Linking seasonal climate outlook and Ongoing World Bank weather info into food security under rain- fed cropping3. Assessing vulnerability and exploring best 12 new Government options4. Making the best of climate variability in Ongoing ASARECA agriculture5. Many more others forming leverage On going IDRC… 3
    • Objectives of the Rockefeller Foundation Grant1. To form a consortium that ensures networking among climate and agriculture institutions for mainstreaming climate change adaptations Capacity building2. To develop a standard methodological tool for monitoring progresses from mainstreaming of CCA and sustain the impact beyond the project life Scalability/Sustainability3. To assess vulnerability (social, economic and environmental) and map impacts Science4. To create relevant climate risk adaptation policies and practices suited to effective networking Policy5. To develop institutional capacity for technology dissemination, uptake and impact pathways to enhance climate change adaptations Technology/communication/impact 4
    • Partner InstitutionsNo. Institution Remark 1 Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR) NARS 2 Tigray Research Institute 3 Southern Agricultural Research Institute 4 Oromiya Agricultural Research Institute 5 Amhara Regional Agricultural Research Institute 6 Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Development support institutions 7 Climate Change Forum-Ethiopia (CCF-E) 8 National Meteorology Agency (NMA) 9 Extension Directorate, MoA 10 Adama University, Assela College of Agriculture Knowledge institutions 11 Jima , 12 Hawassa University, College of Agriculture 13 Arba Minch University 14 Andnet Secondary School (Assela) 15 Chilalo Terara Secondary School (Assela) 16 Hawas Preparatory School (Adama) 17 St. Joseph Preparatory School 18 Farmers Training Centres (FTCs) Target Groups 5
    • Key Activities1. Coordination and networking: Seven key climate-agriculture institutions with common goals have formed alliance 6
    • Key Activities Continued 2. Capacity building for effective mainstreamingShort term training  Climate change vulnerability and risk mapping  Climate change impact assessmentLong term training  Climate & development oriented courses institutionalization and accreditation  MSc students (climate change& development) Procurement  Computing facilities, including for Farmers Training Centers Development of  Social Media,commutation tools  Own Web page  RANET (Radio Internet) 7
    • Key Activities Continued4. Climate change policy formulation Policy gap analyses for agriculture sector  Policy gap analyses on climate data use  Build on existing policy documents on agriculture and climate data use5. Adaptation technology & communication mainstreaming Assess project activities for climate risk management  Identification of adaptation options  Prioritize adaptation options  Select best adaptation options  Evaluation of adaptation options (through work-shopping )  Scoping the existing national technology communication structure Value addition NMA-Research- Extension- Farmers chain 8
    • Entry points/Indicators for Mainstreaming CCA Project Level Higher Learning Farmer Training Institute Level Center Level Assess project activities for climate risk Curriculum review   Selection of FTCs Identify, Prioritize and  Curriculum  Module development Select best bet design/update adaptation options  Capacity building  Feedback collection training for Implement adaptation development agents options  Program accreditation  Farmers training  Enroll students 9
    • Communication Tool Among Partners 10
    • Highlight on the Progress to dateTraining Specific area No of traineesShort term • Climate change adaptation related project proposal writing 20 • Focal Personnel in climate change impact assessment and 22 downscaling of GCM outputs • Experts from NARS and Arba Minch University in using 16 RegCM 4.1 for downscaling (Abdus Salam International Center for Theoretical Physics) •Training on Social Media 15 •Sensitization workshop for community at 4 EIAR Research 900 Centers • Sensitization workshop for environmental clubs/scouts in 200 4 High SchoolsLong Term MSc students in climate science 15 + 6 Resource persons (international) offering courses at Arba 7 Minch University expressed commitment 11
    • Challenges Currently, initiatives are many across a wide ranging institutions, However, climate change is such a complex challenge that, neither research nor development efforts can solve its adverse impacts in isolation In Ethiopian context, with almost virtually rain-fed system, agriculture will continue to take the lead in the Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP) of the nation over the coming 5 years  But, existing adaptation options can not stand this ambitious plan:  Poor networking and coordination  Poor institutional capacity to analyze climate vulnerability, risks and impact mapping  Poor technology,  Poor financial backup  Poor infrastructure  Government funded research projects identified to make the best entry point in mainstreaming CCA in research 12
    • Lessons LearntNARS can not have any priority agenda than considering climate asa variable in its core businessClearly, adaptation to the constraint in point will require new levelof thinking and technologies (Business as usual can not be theway forward)Therefore, re-positioning the existing technologies in response toensuing opportunitiesClimate science courses structuring and accreditation identified tomake the best entry point in mainstreaming CCA in HLIs &secondary schoolsThe need for graduation of institutions for mainstreaming CCABuilding on existing climate related agriculture policy issuesOf partner local universities, only one is member of RUFORUM 13
    • Emerging Opportunities for CollaborationOpportunities are also many, especially since the time is right and ripeto confront climate change through networking, and that, internationaldonors are demonstrating great interest.Opportunity of expanding (scaling out) the project idea and practicesto Rockefeller Foundation grant receiving countries in East AfricaStrong commitment from African Governments on CCAEstablishment of 11,000 Farmer Training Centers (out reach )Public climate money is hovering (Copenhagen and Cancun texts) 14
    • Next stepsEnhancing analytical capacity in CC vulnerability and impactmappingBuilding on existing farmers capacitiesBuilding on existing policies in climate and agricultureStrengthening communication tools in reaching out the farmersScientific evidence (both historical and future scenario) Overall, working towards the graduation of partner institutionsfor mainstreaming CCA 15