Sending soldiers to America to fight + 7 long years of fighting = broke British government<br />The king and Parliament decided to tax the American colonies to help pay for some of the war debt.<br />They thought because they were fighting to protect the colonies, the colonies should help pay for it.<br />Colonists didn’t disagree with the idea of paying taxes, but with the idea that the British government could tax them without their consent.<br />French & Indian War<br />
This wasn’t the first tax, but it was the most important because it was the first direct taxplaced on the colonists.<br />Before this all taxes were indirect, or paid by the merchants.<br />Taxed paper – legal documents, newspapers, playing cards.<br />Stamp Act<br />
“No taxation without representation!”<br />Colonists felt they should not have to obey a government that didn’t give them a vote. <br />Colonists thought all taxes should be enacted through their local colonial legislature/assemblies.<br />Colonists met in a “Stamp Act Congress” to organize a boycott of British goods.<br />The boycott worked, causing Parliament to repeal the Stamp Act.<br />
Sons (and Daughters) of Liberty<br />Groups of colonists organized to protest the taxes being imposed by Parliament.<br />Christopher Gadsden was a merchant from Charles Town who spoke out against the British taxes.<br />Served as a delegate to the Stamp Act Congress<br />Founder and leader of the Charles Town Sons of Liberty<br />The Sons of Liberty enforced boycotts through persuasion and intimidation.<br />
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