U.S. Fights Communism<br />Containment: plan to stop the spread of communism<br />The Truman Doctrine: U.S. policy to help weaker nations prevent communist takeover<br />Money and weapons were given to countries that were fighting against communist rebels<br />Ex. Greece and Turkey<br />Introduced containment policy<br />The Marshall Plan: U.S. plan to give aid to nations of Western Europe to prevent communist takeovers <br />Gave $13 billion to help rebuild economies damaged by WWII<br />Western Europeans were no longer desperate and most weren’t interested in turning to communism<br />
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)<br />NATO: anti-communist military alliance created to protect member nations from threats by communist forces<br />Led by the United States<br />Included anti-communist nations from all over the world<br />Helped fight the spread of communism<br />
The Warsaw Pact<br />The Warsaw Pact: communist military alliance created to protect member nations from anti-communist forces<br />Created in response to the creation of NATO<br />Led by the Soviet Union<br />Included communist nations from Central and Eastern Europe <br />
Communism Spreads to China<br />China during WWII<br />Ruled by Nationalist Party (KMT)<br />Led by Chiang Kai-shek<br />Anti-communist ally of the United States<br />Communist Revolution<br />Communist rebels fight Nationalists for power<br />Nationalists flee to Taiwan<br />Communists take control of China (1949)<br />People’s Republic of China is established<br />Mao Zedong becomes dictator<br />
Communist China<br />Great Leap Forward (1958): Chairman Mao’s five-year economic plan to modernize China<br />Rapid shift from farming to industry<br />Privately-owned farms seized and combined to form large government-run farms<br />Many peasants taken from farms and forced to work in factories<br />Very harsh treatment of those who resisted<br />
Results<br />Production of low-quality manufactured goods<br />Food shortages: 15-20 million people died of starvation<br />Many Chinese began rebelling against Mao’s harsh form of communism<br />
Communist China<br />Cultural Revolution (1966-1976): Chairman Mao’s effort to increase control of China and create a more “pure” communist state<br />Red Guards: gangs of young people ordered by Chairman Mao to destroy “old” ideas and attack anyone who opposed communist views<br />Mao’s enemies were purged from Communist Party<br />Led to years of chaos<br />
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