Korea After WWII, Korea was divided North Korea was communist South Korea was anti-communist
Korean War (1950-1953) North Koreans invaded South Korea Supplied by USSR and China who wanted to unite the two Koreas under a communist government The United Nations (UN) sent troops (mostly Americans) to protect South Korea and to stop the spread of communism The Chinese sent troops into North Korea to fight the UN Armistice (ceasefire) signed (1953) The border between North and South Korea was set at the 38th Parallel (38 ۫۫ N latitude) Communism was contained and South Korea remained non-communist
Vietnam Vietnam was divided (1955) North Vietnam was communist Led by Ho Chi Minh Supported by China and the Soviet Union South Vietnam was anti-communist Supported by the U.S. and France
Vietnam War (1957-1975) Vietnam War (1957-1975) Viet Cong communist guerrillas tried to take over South Vietnam Backed by North Vietnam, China, and USSR
U.S. involvement in Vietnam (1960s - 1973) U.S. sent money, weapons, and military advisors to South Vietnam U.S. began sending troops to Vietnam (1964) 1.5 million Vietnamese and 58,000 Americans died Americans were bitterly divided over war Anti-war protests push U.S. to end war U.S. withdrew troops from Vietnam (1969-1973) Communists took over South Vietnam (1975) Vietnam reunited as communist nation U.S. failed to contain communism
Cuba Cuba was communist Led by Fidel Castro Supported by the Soviet Union
The Cuban Missile Crisis (1962) Soviet Union brought nuclear missiles to Cuba American spy planes took photos of the missile sites Huge threat to U.S. security! Cuba is only 90 miles away from the U.S. Missiles could easily reach major U.S. cities The U.S. and the Soviets came very close to nuclear war U.S. President John F. Kennedy demanded that the Soviets remove the missiles from Cuba Cuba was blockaded by the U.S. navy until the Soviets agreed to remove the missiles Nikita Khrushchev, the Soviet leader, agreed to remove the missiles as long as the U.S. agreed not to invade Cuba and nuclear war was avoided!
Struggle for Influence in Africa After WWII, African nations began fighting for independence The United States and the Soviet Union competed for influence in the African countries Gave money and military aid Tried to spread their ideas Some African nations chose not to take sides