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Causes of the french revolution

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Causes of the french revolution Causes of the french revolution Presentation Transcript

  • Enlightenment
    Presented new ideas about the role of the people in government
    John Locke: the purpose of government is to protect life, liberty, and property
    If government doesn’t do its job, the people have the right to overthrow the government and form a new one.
  • American Revolution
    Thomas Jefferson used Locke’s ideas in writing the Declaration of Independence.
    The success of the American Revolution was a model for the French.
  • Struggle between Classes
    France was split into 3 classes, called Estates
    In this system the nobility and clergy had all of the power, most of the land, and paid none of the taxes
    The common people had none of the power, only a little of the land, and paid all of the taxes
  • King’s Spending
    King Louis XVI was an extravagant spender
    Went into debt over war spending (including money spent to help America defeat the British)
    The people were already highly taxed
    The banks wouldn’t lend the king any money
  • National Assembly / Tennis Court Oath
    The king called the Estates-General together to vote to raise taxes
    The 3rd Estate insisted on a bigger say in the government, but the king refused
    The 3rd Estate formed their own body called the National Assembly
    They met on the king’s tennis court to form a new constitution, called the Tennis Court Oath
  • Storming the Bastille
    July 14, 1789 a group of peasants stormed the Bastille, a prison and armory
    Riots broke out across France
    The French Revolution had officially begun